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[Introduced][Status][Bill Documents][Fiscal Note] [Bills Directory]

H.B. 299 Enrolled

             1     

BICYCLE MODIFICATIONS

             2     
2013 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Johnny Anderson

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Daniel W. Thatcher

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies the Traffic Code by amending provisions relating to bicycles.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    amends the definition of a bicycle and an electric assisted bicycle;
             13          .    provides that equipping the operator of a bicycle, rather than the bicycle, with
             14      certain lamps and reflective material meets certain nighttime equipment
             15      requirements; and
             16          .    makes technical changes.
             17      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             18          None
             19      Other Special Clauses:
             20          None
             21      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             22      AMENDS:
             23          41-6a-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 311
             24          41-6a-1114, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
             25          41-6a-1634, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
             26     
             27      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             28          Section 1. Section 41-6a-102 is amended to read:
             29           41-6a-102. Definitions.


             30          As used in this chapter:
             31          (1) "Alley" means a street or highway intended to provide access to the rear or side of
             32      lots or buildings in urban districts and not intended for through vehicular traffic.
             33          (2) "All-terrain type I vehicle" has the same meaning as defined in Section 41-22-2 .
             34          (3) "Authorized emergency vehicle" includes:
             35          (a) fire department vehicles;
             36          (b) police vehicles;
             37          (c) ambulances; and
             38          (d) other publicly or privately owned vehicles as designated by the commissioner of the
             39      Department of Public Safety.
             40          (4) (a) "Bicycle" means [every device] a wheeled vehicle:
             41          (i) propelled by human power by feet or hands acting upon pedals or cranks;
             42          [(ii) upon which a person may ride; and]
             43          [(iii) having two tandem wheels.]
             44          (ii) with a seat or saddle designed for the use of the operator;
             45          (iii) designed to be operated on the ground; and
             46          (iv) whose wheels are not less than 14 inches in diameter.
             47          (b) "Bicycle" includes an electric assisted bicycle.
             48          [(b)] (c) "Bicycle" does not include scooters and similar devices.
             49          (5) (a) "Bus" means a motor vehicle:
             50          (i) designed for carrying more than 15 passengers and used for the transportation of
             51      persons; or
             52          (ii) designed and used for the transportation of persons for compensation.
             53          (b) "Bus" does not include a taxicab.
             54          (6) (a) "Circular intersection" means an intersection that has an island, generally
             55      circular in design, located in the center of the intersection where traffic passes to the right of
             56      the island.
             57          (b) "Circular intersection" includes:


             58          (i) roundabouts;
             59          (ii) rotaries; and
             60          (iii) traffic circles.
             61          (7) "Commissioner" means the commissioner of the Department of Public Safety.
             62          (8) "Controlled-access highway" means a highway, street, or roadway:
             63          (a) designed primarily for through traffic; and
             64          (b) to or from which owners or occupants of abutting lands and other persons have no
             65      legal right of access, except at points as determined by the highway authority having
             66      jurisdiction over the highway, street, or roadway.
             67          (9) "Crosswalk" means:
             68          (a) that part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the
             69      lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway measured from:
             70          (i) (A) the curbs; or
             71          (B) in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable roadway; and
             72          (ii) in the absence of a sidewalk on one side of the roadway, that part of a roadway
             73      included within the extension of the lateral lines of the existing sidewalk at right angles to the
             74      centerline; or
             75          (b) any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for
             76      pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.
             77          (10) "Department" means the Department of Public Safety.
             78          (11) "Direct supervision" means oversight at a distance within which:
             79          (a) visual contact is maintained; and
             80          (b) advice and assistance can be given and received.
             81          (12) "Divided highway" means a highway divided into two or more roadways by:
             82          (a) an unpaved intervening space;
             83          (b) a physical barrier; or
             84          (c) a clearly indicated dividing section constructed to impede vehicular traffic.
             85          (13) "Electric assisted bicycle" means a moped:


             86          (a) with an electric motor with a power output of not more than 1,000 watts; and
             87          (b) which is not capable of:
             88          (i) propelling the device at a speed of more than 20 miles per hour on level ground[;
             89      and] when:
             90          (A) powered solely by the electric motor; and
             91          (B) operated by a person who weighs 170 pounds; and
             92          (ii) increasing the speed of the device when human power is used to propel the device
             93      at more than 20 miles per hour[.];
             94          (c) has fully operable pedals on permanently affixed cranks; and
             95          (d) weighs less than 75 pounds.
             96          (14) (a) "Electric personal assistive mobility device" means a self-balancing device
             97      with:
             98          (i) two nontandem wheels in contact with the ground;
             99          (ii) a system capable of steering and stopping the unit under typical operating
             100      conditions;
             101          (iii) an electric propulsion system with average power of one horsepower or 750 watts;
             102          (iv) a maximum speed capacity on a paved, level surface of 12.5 miles per hour; and
             103          (v) a deck design for a person to stand while operating the device.
             104          (b) "Electric personal assistive mobility device" does not include a wheelchair.
             105          (15) "Explosives" means any chemical compound or mechanical mixture commonly
             106      used or intended for the purpose of producing an explosion and [which] that contains any
             107      oxidizing and combustive units or other ingredients in proportions, quantities, or packing so
             108      that an ignition by fire, friction, concussion, percussion, or detonator of any part of the
             109      compound or mixture may cause a sudden generation of highly heated gases, and the resultant
             110      gaseous pressures are capable of producing destructive effects on contiguous objects or of
             111      causing death or serious bodily injury.
             112          (16) "Farm tractor" means a motor vehicle designed and used primarily as a farm
             113      implement, for drawing plows, mowing machines, and other implements of husbandry.


             114          (17) "Flammable liquid" means a liquid [which] that has a flashpoint of 100 degrees F.
             115      or less, as determined by a tagliabue or equivalent closed-cup test device.
             116          (18) "Freeway" means a controlled-access highway that is part of the interstate system
             117      as defined in Section 72-1-102 .
             118          (19) "Gore area" means the area delineated by two solid white lines that is between a
             119      continuing lane of a through roadway and a lane used to enter or exit the continuing lane
             120      including similar areas between merging or splitting highways.
             121          (20) "Gross weight" means the weight of a vehicle without a load plus the weight of
             122      any load on the vehicle.
             123          (21) "Highway" means the entire width between property lines of every way or place of
             124      any nature when any part of it is open to the use of the public as a matter of right for vehicular
             125      travel.
             126          (22) "Highway authority" has the same meaning as defined in Section 72-1-102 .
             127          (23) (a) "Intersection" means the area embraced within the prolongation or connection
             128      of the lateral curblines, or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two or
             129      more highways which join one another.
             130          (b) Where a highway includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart:
             131          (i) every crossing of each roadway of the divided highway by an intersecting highway
             132      is a separate intersection; and
             133          (ii) if the intersecting highway also includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then
             134      every crossing of two roadways of the highways is a separate intersection.
             135          (c) "Intersection" does not include the junction of an alley with a street or highway.
             136          (24) "Island" means an area between traffic lanes or at an intersection for control of
             137      vehicle movements or for pedestrian refuge designated by:
             138          (a) pavement markings, which may include an area designated by two solid yellow
             139      lines surrounding the perimeter of the area;
             140          (b) channelizing devices;
             141          (c) curbs;


             142          (d) pavement edges; or
             143          (e) other devices.
             144          (25) "Law enforcement agency" has the same meaning as defined in Section 53-1-102 .
             145          (26) "Limited access highway" means a highway:
             146          (a) that is designated specifically for through traffic; and
             147          (b) over, from, or to which neither owners nor occupants of abutting lands nor other
             148      persons have any right or easement, or have only a limited right or easement of access, light,
             149      air, or view.
             150          (27) "Local highway authority" means the legislative, executive, or governing body of
             151      a county, municipal, or other local board or body having authority to enact laws relating to
             152      traffic under the constitution and laws of the state.
             153          (28) (a) "Low-speed vehicle" means a four wheeled electric motor vehicle that:
             154          (i) is designed to be operated at speeds of not more than 25 miles per hour; and
             155          (ii) has a capacity of not more than four passengers, including the driver.
             156          (b) "Low-speed vehicle" does not include a golfcart or an off-highway vehicle.
             157          (29) "Metal tire" means a tire, the surface of which in contact with the highway is
             158      wholly or partly of metal or other hard nonresilient material.
             159          (30) (a) "Mini-motorcycle" means a motorcycle or motor-driven cycle that has a seat or
             160      saddle that is less than 24 inches from the ground as measured on a level surface with properly
             161      inflated tires.
             162          (b) "Mini-motorcycle" does not include a moped or a motor assisted scooter.
             163          (c) "Mini-motorcycle" does not include a motorcycle that is:
             164          (i) designed for off-highway use; and
             165          (ii) registered as an off-highway vehicle under Section 41-22-3 .
             166          (31) "Mobile home" means:
             167          (a) a trailer or semitrailer [which] that is:
             168          (i) designed, constructed, and equipped as a dwelling place, living abode, or sleeping
             169      place either permanently or temporarily; and


             170          (ii) equipped for use as a conveyance on streets and highways; or
             171          (b) a trailer or a semitrailer whose chassis and exterior shell is designed and
             172      constructed for use as a mobile home, as defined in Subsection (31)(a), but [which] that is
             173      instead used permanently or temporarily for:
             174          (i) the advertising, sale, display, or promotion of merchandise or services; or
             175          (ii) any other commercial purpose except the transportation of property for hire or the
             176      transportation of property for distribution by a private carrier.
             177          (32) (a) "Moped" means a motor-driven cycle having:
             178          (i) pedals to permit propulsion by human power; and
             179          (ii) a motor [which] that:
             180          (A) produces not more than two brake horsepower; and
             181          (B) is not capable of propelling the cycle at a speed in excess of 30 miles per hour on
             182      level ground.
             183          (b) If an internal combustion engine is used, the displacement may not exceed 50 cubic
             184      centimeters and the moped shall have a power drive system that functions directly or
             185      automatically without clutching or shifting by the operator after the drive system is engaged.
             186          (c) "Moped" includes an electric assisted bicycle and a motor assisted scooter.
             187          (33) "Motor assisted scooter" means a self-propelled device with:
             188          (a) at least two wheels in contact with the ground;
             189          (b) a braking system capable of stopping the unit under typical operating conditions;
             190          (c) a gas or electric motor not exceeding 40 cubic centimeters;
             191          (d) either:
             192          (i) a deck design for a person to stand while operating the device; or
             193          (ii) a deck and seat designed for a person to sit, straddle, or stand while operating the
             194      device; and
             195          (e) a design for the ability to be propelled by human power alone.
             196          (34) (a) "Motor vehicle" means a vehicle [which] that is self-propelled and every
             197      vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not


             198      operated upon rails.
             199          (b) "Motor vehicle" does not include vehicles moved solely by human power,
             200      motorized wheelchairs, or an electric personal assistive mobility device.
             201          (35) "Motorcycle" means a motor vehicle, other than a tractor, having a seat or saddle
             202      for the use of the rider and designed to travel with not more than three wheels in contact with
             203      the ground.
             204          (36) (a) "Motor-driven cycle" means every motorcycle, motor scooter, moped, electric
             205      assisted bicycle, motor assisted scooter, and every motorized bicycle having:
             206          (i) an engine with less than 150 cubic centimeters displacement; or
             207          (ii) a motor [which] that produces not more than five horsepower.
             208          (b) "Motor-driven cycle" does not include an electric personal assistive mobility
             209      device.
             210          (37) "Off-highway implement of husbandry" has the same meaning as defined under
             211      Section 41-22-2 .
             212          (38) "Off-highway vehicle" has the same meaning as defined under Section 41-22-2 .
             213          (39) "Operator" means a person who is in actual physical control of a vehicle.
             214          (40) (a) "Park" or "parking" means the standing of a vehicle, whether the vehicle is
             215      occupied or not.
             216          (b) "Park" or "parking" does not include the standing of a vehicle temporarily for the
             217      purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading property or passengers.
             218          (41) "Peace officer" means a peace officer authorized under Title 53, Chapter 13, Peace
             219      Officer Classifications, to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of traffic
             220      laws.
             221          (42) "Pedestrian" means a person traveling:
             222          (a) on foot; or
             223          (b) in a wheelchair.
             224          (43) "Pedestrian traffic-control signal" means a traffic-control signal used to regulate
             225      pedestrians.


             226          (44) "Person" means every natural person, firm, copartnership, association, or
             227      corporation.
             228          (45) "Pole trailer" means every vehicle without motive power:
             229          (a) designed to be drawn by another vehicle and attached to the towing vehicle by
             230      means of a reach, or pole, or by being boomed or otherwise secured to the towing vehicle; and
             231          (b) that is ordinarily used for transporting long or irregular shaped loads including
             232      poles, pipes, or structural members generally capable of sustaining themselves as beams
             233      between the supporting connections.
             234          (46) "Private road or driveway" means every way or place in private ownership and
             235      used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the
             236      owner, but not by other persons.
             237          (47) "Railroad" means a carrier of persons or property upon cars operated on stationary
             238      rails.
             239          (48) "Railroad sign or signal" means a sign, signal, or device erected by authority of a
             240      public body or official or by a railroad and intended to give notice of the presence of railroad
             241      tracks or the approach of a railroad train.
             242          (49) "Railroad train" means a locomotive propelled by any form of energy, coupled
             243      with or operated without cars, and operated upon rails.
             244          (50) "Right-of-way" means the right of one vehicle or pedestrian to proceed in a lawful
             245      manner in preference to another vehicle or pedestrian approaching under circumstances of
             246      direction, speed, and proximity [which] that give rise to danger of collision unless one grants
             247      precedence to the other.
             248          (51) (a) "Roadway" means that portion of highway improved, designed, or ordinarily
             249      used for vehicular travel.
             250          (b) "Roadway" does not include the sidewalk, berm, or shoulder, even though any of
             251      them are used by persons riding bicycles or other human-powered vehicles.
             252          (c) "Roadway" refers to any roadway separately but not to all roadways collectively, if
             253      a highway includes two or more separate roadways.


             254          (52) "Safety zone" means the area or space officially set apart within a roadway for the
             255      exclusive use of pedestrians and [which] that is protected, marked, or indicated by adequate
             256      signs as to be plainly visible at all times while set apart as a safety zone.
             257          (53) (a) "School bus" means a motor vehicle that:
             258          (i) complies with the color and identification requirements of the most recent edition of
             259      "Minimum Standards for School Buses"; and
             260          (ii) is used to transport school children to or from school or school activities.
             261          (b) "School bus" does not include a vehicle operated by a common carrier in
             262      transportation of school children to or from school or school activities.
             263          (54) (a) "Semitrailer" means a vehicle with or without motive power:
             264          (i) designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle;
             265      and
             266          (ii) constructed so that some part of its weight and that of its load rests on or is carried
             267      by another vehicle.
             268          (b) "Semitrailer" does not include a pole trailer.
             269          (55) "Shoulder area" means:
             270          (a) that area of the hard-surfaced highway separated from the roadway by a pavement
             271      edge line as established in the current approved "Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices";
             272      or
             273          (b) that portion of the road contiguous to the roadway for accommodation of stopped
             274      vehicles, for emergency use, and for lateral support.
             275          (56) "Sidewalk" means that portion of a street between the curb lines, or the lateral
             276      lines of a roadway, and the adjacent property lines intended for the use of pedestrians.
             277          (57) "Solid rubber tire" means a tire of rubber or other resilient material [which] that
             278      does not depend on compressed air for the support of the load.
             279          (58) "Stand" or "standing" means the temporary halting of a vehicle, whether occupied
             280      or not, for the purpose of and while actually engaged in receiving or discharging passengers.
             281          (59) "Stop" when required means complete cessation from movement.


             282          (60) "Stop" or "stopping" when prohibited means any halting even momentarily of a
             283      vehicle, whether occupied or not, except when:
             284          (a) necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic; or
             285          (b) in compliance with the directions of a peace officer or traffic-control device.
             286          (61) "Street-legal all-terrain vehicle" or "street-legal ATV" means an all-terrain type I
             287      vehicle or utility type vehicle that is modified to meet the requirements of Section 41-6a-1509
             288      to operate on highways in the state in accordance with Section 41-6a-1509 .
             289          (62) "Traffic" means pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, and other
             290      conveyances either singly or together while using any highway for the purpose of travel.
             291          (63) "Traffic-control device" means a sign, signal, marking, or device not inconsistent
             292      with this chapter placed or erected by a highway authority for the purpose of regulating,
             293      warning, or guiding traffic.
             294          (64) "Traffic-control signal" means a device, whether manually, electrically, or
             295      mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and permitted to proceed.
             296          (65) "Traffic signal preemption device" means an instrument or mechanism designed,
             297      intended, or used to interfere with the operation or cycle of a traffic-control signal.
             298          (66) (a) "Trailer" means a vehicle with or without motive power designed for carrying
             299      persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and constructed so that no part of
             300      its weight rests upon the towing vehicle.
             301          (b) "Trailer" does not include a pole trailer.
             302          (67) "Truck" means a motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained primarily for the
             303      transportation of property.
             304          (68) "Truck tractor" means a motor vehicle:
             305          (a) designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles; and
             306          (b) constructed to carry a part of the weight of the vehicle and load drawn by the truck
             307      tractor.
             308          (69) "Two-way left turn lane" means a lane:
             309          (a) provided for vehicle operators making left turns in either direction;


             310          (b) that is not used for passing, overtaking, or through travel; and
             311          (c) that has been indicated by a lane traffic-control device [which] that may include
             312      lane markings.
             313          (70) "Urban district" means the territory contiguous to and including any street, in
             314      which structures devoted to business, industry, or dwelling houses are situated at intervals of
             315      less than 100 feet, for a distance of a quarter of a mile or more.
             316          (71) (a) "Utility type vehicle" means any recreational vehicle designed for and capable
             317      of travel over unimproved terrain:
             318          (i) traveling on four or more tires;
             319          (ii) having a width of 30 to 70 inches;
             320          (iii) having an unladen dry weight of 2,200 pounds or less;
             321          (iv) having a seat height of 25 to 40 inches when measured at the forward edge of the
             322      seat bottom; and
             323          (v) having side-by-side seating with a steering wheel for control.
             324          (b) "Utility type vehicle" does not include:
             325          (i) an all-terrain type I vehicle;
             326          (ii) an all-terrain type II vehicle;
             327          (iii) a motorcycle; or
             328          (iv) a snowmobile as defined in Section 41-22-2 .
             329          (72) "Vehicle" means a device in, on, or by which a person or property is or may be
             330      transported or drawn on a highway, except devices used exclusively on stationary rails or
             331      tracks.
             332          Section 2. Section 41-6a-1114 is amended to read:
             333           41-6a-1114. Bicycles -- Lamps and reflective material required.
             334          (1) [Every] A bicycle in use or a person operating a bicycle at the times described in
             335      Section 41-6a-1603 shall be equipped with a:
             336          (a) [lamp of a type approved by the department which is on the front emitting] forward
             337      facing lamp that emits a white light visible from a distance of at least 500 feet to the front; and


             338          (b) (i) rear facing red reflector [of a type approved by the department which] that is
             339      visible for 500 feet [to the rear] when directly in front of lawful lower beams of head lamps on
             340      a motor vehicle; or
             341          (ii) [red taillight] rear facing red lamp that is designed for use on a bicycle and
             342      [emitting] that emits flashing or nonflashing light visible from a distance of 500 feet to the rear.
             343          (2) [Every] A bicycle when in use or a person operating a bicycle at the times described
             344      in Section 41-6a-1603 shall be equipped with:
             345          (a) reflective material of sufficient size and reflectivity to be visible from both sides for
             346      500 feet when directly in front of lawful lower beams of head lamps on a motor vehicle; or
             347          (b) [in lieu of reflective material, a lighted lamp] a lamp that emits light visible from
             348      both sides from a distance of at least 500 feet.
             349          (3) A bicycle or [its rider] a person operating a bicycle may be equipped with [lights]
             350      lamps or reflectors in addition to those required by Subsections (1) and (2).
             351          Section 3. Section 41-6a-1634 is amended to read:
             352           41-6a-1634. Safety chains on towed vehicles required -- Exceptions.
             353          (1) A towed vehicle shall be coupled by means of a safety chain, cable or equivalent
             354      device, in addition to the regular trailer hitch or coupling.
             355          (2) Except as provided under Subsection (3), a safety chain, cable or equivalent device
             356      shall be:
             357          (a) securely connected with the chassis of the towing vehicle, the towed vehicle, and
             358      the drawbar;
             359          (b) of sufficient material and strength to prevent the two vehicles from becoming
             360      separated; and
             361          (c) attached to:
             362          (i) have no more slack than is necessary for proper turning;
             363          (ii) the trailer drawbar to prevent it from dropping to the ground; and
             364          (iii) assure the towed vehicle follows substantially in the course of the towing vehicle
             365      in case the vehicles become separated.


             366          (3) The provisions of Subsection (2) do not apply to a:
             367          (a) semitrailer having a connecting device composed of a fifth wheel and king pin
             368      assembly; [or]
             369          (b) pole trailer[.]; or
             370          (c) trailer being towed by a bicycle.


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