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H.B. 315 Enrolled
8 LONG TITLE
9 General Description:
10 This bill amends the Budgeting title related to the Office of Inspector General of
11 Medicaid Services.
12 Highlighted Provisions:
13 This bill:
14 . amends the duties and powers of the inspector general;
15 . amends the period of time in which the inspector general can review claims for
16 waste and abuse;
17 . amends the manner in which the inspector general accesses records;
18 . establishes that a health care provider may rely on Medicaid provider manuals and
19 Medicaid information bulletins available to the public;
20 . requires the Office of Inspector General of Medicaid Services to adopt
21 administrative rules in consultation with health care providers to develop audit and
22 investigation procedures;
23 . requires the Office of Inspector General of Medicaid Services to review Medicaid
24 provider manuals and Medicaid information bulletins prior to publication;
25 . requires the Office of Inspector General of Medicaid Services to educate health care
26 providers about the audit and investigation procedures; and
27 . amends the reporting requirements to the Legislature.
28 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
30 Other Special Clauses:
32 Utah Code Sections Affected:
34 63J-4a-202, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 151
35 63J-4a-204, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 151
36 63J-4a-301, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 151
37 63J-4a-302, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 151
38 63J-4a-501, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 151
39 63J-4a-502, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 151
40 63J-4a-602, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 151
42 63J-4a-305, Utah Code Annotated 1953
44 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
45 Section 1. Section 63J-4a-202 is amended to read:
46 63J-4a-202. Duties and powers of inspector general and office.
47 (1) The inspector general shall:
48 (a) administer, direct, and manage the office;
49 (b) inspect and monitor the following in relation to the state Medicaid program:
50 (i) the use and expenditure of federal and state funds;
51 (ii) the provision of health benefits and other services;
52 (iii) implementation of, and compliance with, state and federal requirements; and
53 (iv) records and recordkeeping procedures;
54 (c) receive reports of potential fraud, waste, or abuse in the state Medicaid program;
55 (d) investigate and identify potential or actual fraud, waste, or abuse in the state
56 Medicaid program;
57 (e) consult with the Centers for Medicaid and Medicare Services and other states to
58 determine and implement best practices for:
59 (i) educating and communicating with health care professionals and providers about
60 program and audit policies and procedures;
61 (ii) discovering and eliminating fraud, waste, and abuse of Medicaid funds; and
62 (iii) differentiating between honest mistakes and intentional errors, or fraud, waste, and
63 abuse, if the office enters into settlement negotiations with the provider or health care
65 (f) obtain, develop, and utilize computer algorithms to identify fraud, waste, or abuse
66 in the state Medicaid program;
67 (g) work closely with the fraud unit to identify and recover improperly or fraudulently
68 expended Medicaid funds;
69 (h) audit, inspect, and evaluate the functioning of the division [
70 making recommendations to the Legislature and the department to ensure that the state
71 Medicaid program is managed:
72 (i) in the most efficient and cost-effective manner possible; and
73 (ii) in a manner that promotes adequate provider and health care professional
74 participation and the provision of appropriate health benefits and services;
75 (i) regularly advise the department and the division of an action that [
76 taken to ensure that the state Medicaid program is managed in the most efficient and
77 cost-effective manner possible;
78 (j) refer potential criminal conduct, relating to Medicaid funds or the state Medicaid
79 program, to the fraud unit;
80 (k) refer potential criminal conduct, including relevant data from the controlled
81 substance database, relating to Medicaid fraud, to law enforcement in accordance with Title 58,
82 Chapter 37f, Controlled Substance Database Act;
84 (i) identify, prevent, and reduce fraud, waste, and abuse in the state Medicaid program;
86 (ii) [
87 costs of the state Medicaid program with the need to encourage robust health care professional
88 and provider participation in the state Medicaid program;
92 (i) report on the actions and findings of the inspector general; and
93 (ii) make recommendations to the Legislature and the governor;
95 (i) agencies and employees on identifying potential fraud, waste, or abuse of Medicaid
96 funds; and
97 (ii) health care professionals and providers on program and audit policies, procedures,
98 and compliance; and
100 duties of the inspector general, based on principles and standards used by:
101 (i) the Federal Offices of Inspector General;
102 (ii) the Association of Inspectors General; and
103 (iii) the United States Government Accountability Office.
104 (2) (a) The office may, in fulfilling the duties under Subsection (1), conduct a
105 performance or financial audit of:
107 described in Subsection 63J-4a-301 (3), that:
110 funds; or
112 state executive branch entity or a local government entity.
113 (b) (i) The office may not, in fulfilling the duties under Subsection (1), amend the
114 Medicaid state program or change the policies and procedures of the Medicaid state program.
115 (ii) The office may identify conflicts between the state Medicaid plan, department
116 administrative rules, Medicaid provider manuals, and Medicaid information bulletins and
117 recommend that the department reconcile inconsistencies. If the department does not reconcile
118 the inconsistencies, the office shall report the inconsistencies to the Legislature's
119 Administrative Rules Review Committee created in Section 63G-3-501 .
120 (iii) Beginning July 1, 2013, the office shall review a Medicaid provider manual and a
121 Medicaid information bulletin in accordance with Subsection (2)(b)(ii), prior to the department
122 making the provider manual or Medicaid information bulletin available to the public.
123 (c) Beginning July 1, 2013, the Department of Health shall submit a Medicaid provider
124 manual and a Medicaid information bulletin to the office for the review required by Subsection
125 (2)(b)(ii) prior to releasing the document to the public.
126 (3) (a) The office shall, in fulfilling the duties under this section to investigate,
127 discover, and recover fraud, waste, and abuse in the Medicaid program, apply the state
128 Medicaid plan, department administrative rules, Medicaid provider manuals, and Medicaid
129 information bulletins in effect at the time the medical services were provided.
130 (b) A health care provider may rely on the policy interpretation included in a current
131 Medicaid provider manual or a Medicaid information bulletin that is available to the public.
133 may take a sworn statement or administer an oath.
134 Section 2. Section 63J-4a-204 is amended to read:
135 63J-4a-204. Selection and review of claims.
136 (1) (a) On an annual basis, the office shall select and review a representative sample of
137 claims submitted for reimbursement under the state Medicaid program to determine whether
138 fraud, waste, or abuse occurred.
139 (b) The office shall limit its review for waste and abuse under Subsection (1)(a) to 36
140 months prior to the date of the inception of the investigation or 72 months if there is a credible
141 allegation of fraud.
142 (2) The office may directly contact the recipient of record for a Medicaid reimbursed
143 service to determine whether the service for which reimbursement was claimed was actually
144 provided to the recipient of record.
145 (3) The office shall generate statistics from the sample described in Subsection (1) to
146 determine the type of fraud, waste, or abuse that is most advantageous to focus on in future
147 audits or investigations.
148 Section 3. Section 63J-4a-301 is amended to read:
149 63J-4a-301. Access to records -- Retention of designation under Government
150 Records Access and Management Act.
151 (1) In order to fulfill the duties described in Section 63J-4a-202 , and in the manner
152 provided in Subsection (4), the office shall have unrestricted access to all records of state
153 executive branch entities, all local government entities, and all providers relating, directly or
154 indirectly, to:
155 (a) the state Medicaid program;
156 (b) state or federal Medicaid funds;
157 (c) the provision of Medicaid related services;
158 (d) the regulation or management of any aspect of the state Medicaid program;
159 (e) the use or expenditure of state or federal Medicaid funds;
160 (f) suspected or proven fraud, waste, or abuse of state or federal Medicaid funds;
161 (g) Medicaid program policies, practices, and procedures;
162 (h) monitoring of Medicaid services or funds; or
163 (i) a fatality review of a person who received Medicaid funded services.
164 (2) The office shall have access to information in any database maintained by the state
165 or a local government to verify identity, income, employment status, or other factors that affect
166 eligibility for Medicaid services.
167 (3) The records described in Subsections (1) and (2) include records held or maintained
168 by the department, the division, the Department of Human Services, the Department of
169 Workforce Services, a local health department, a local mental health authority, or a school
170 district. The records described in Subsection (1) include records held or maintained by a
171 provider. When conducting an audit of a provider, the office shall, to the extent possible, limit
172 the records accessed to the scope of the audit.
173 (4) A record, described in Subsection (1) or (2), that is accessed or copied by the
175 (a) may be reviewed or copied by the office during normal business hours, unless
176 otherwise requested by the provider or health care professional under Subsection (4)(b); [
177 (b) unless there is a credible allegation of fraud, shall be accessed, reviewed, and
178 copied in a manner, on a day, and at a time that is minimally disruptive to the health care
179 professional's or provider's care of patients, as requested by the health care professional or
181 (c) may be submitted electronically;
182 (d) may be submitted together with other records for multiple claims; and
184 responsible for the record, under Title 63G, Chapter 2, Government Records Access and
185 Management Act.
186 (5) Notwithstanding any provision of state law to the contrary, the office shall have the
187 same access to all records, information, and databases [
188 division have access [
189 (6) The office shall comply with the requirements of federal law, including the Health
190 Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 and 42 C.F.R., Part 2, relating to [
192 (a) access, review, retention, and use of records; and
193 (b) use of information included in, or derived from, records.
194 Section 4. Section 63J-4a-302 is amended to read:
195 63J-4a-302. Access to employees -- Cooperating with investigation or audit.
196 (1) The office shall have access to interview the following persons if the inspector
197 general determines that the interview may assist the inspector general in fulfilling the duties
198 described in Section 63J-4a-202 :
199 (a) a state executive branch official, executive director, director, or employee;
200 (b) a local government official or employee;
201 (c) a consultant or contractor of a person described in Subsection (1)(a) or (b); or
202 (d) a provider or a health care professional or an employee of a provider or a health
203 care professional.
204 (2) A person described in Subsection (1) and each supervisor of the person shall fully
205 cooperate with the office by:
206 (a) providing the office or the inspector general's designee with access to interview the
208 (b) completely and truthfully answering questions asked by the office or the inspector
209 general's designee;
210 (c) providing the records, described in Subsection 63J-4a-301 (1), in the manner
211 described in Subsection 63J-4a-301 (4), requested by the office or the inspector general's
212 designee; and
213 (d) providing the office or the inspector general's designee with information relating to
214 the office's investigation or audit.
215 (3) A person described in Subsection (1)(a) or (b) and each supervisor of the person
216 shall fully cooperate with the office by:
217 (a) providing records requested by the office or the inspector general's designee in the
218 manner described in Subsection 63J-4a-301 (4); and
219 (b) providing the office or the inspector general's designee with information relating to
220 the office's investigation or audit, including information that is classified as private, controlled,
221 or protected under Title 63G, Chapter 2, Government Records Access and Management Act.
222 Section 5. Section 63J-4a-305 is enacted to read:
223 63J-4a-305. Audit and investigation procedures.
224 (1) (a) The office shall, in accordance with Section 63J-4a-602 , adopt administrative
225 rules in consultation with providers and health care professionals subject to audit and
226 investigation under this chapter to establish procedures for audits and investigations that are
227 fair and consistent with the duties of the office under this chapter.
228 (b) If the providers and health care professionals do not agree with the rules proposed
229 or adopted by the office under Subsection (1)(a) or Section 63J-4a-602 , the providers or health
230 care professionals may:
231 (i) request a hearing for the proposed administrative rule or seek any other remedies
232 under the provisions of Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act; and
233 (ii) request a review of the rule by the Legislature's Administrative Rules Review
234 Committee created in Section 63G-3-501 .
235 (2) The office shall notify and educate providers and health care professionals subject
236 to audit and investigation under this chapter of the providers' and health care professionals'
237 responsibilities and rights under the administrative rules adopted by the office under the
238 provisions of this section and Section 63J-4a-602 .
239 Section 6. Section 63J-4a-501 is amended to read:
240 63J-4a-501. Duty to report potential Medicaid fraud to the office or fraud unit.
241 (1) [
242 provider, or a state or local government official or employee who becomes aware of fraud,
243 waste, or abuse shall report the fraud, waste, or abuse to the office or the fraud unit.
244 (b) (i) The reporting exception in this Subsection (1)(b) does not apply to fraud and
246 (ii) If a person described in Subsection (1)(a) reasonably believes that the suspected
247 waste is a mistake and is not intentional or knowing, the person may first report the suspected
248 waste to the provider, health care professional, or compliance officer for the provider or health
249 care professional.
250 (iii) The person described in Subsection (1)(b)(ii) shall report the suspected waste to
251 the office or the fraud unit unless, within 30 days after the day on which the person reported the
252 suspected waste to the provider, health care professional, or compliance officer, the provider,
253 health care professional, or compliance officer demonstrates to the person that the waste has
254 been corrected.
255 (2) A person who makes a report under Subsection (1) may request that the person's
256 name not be released in connection with the investigation.
257 (3) If a request is made under Subsection (2), the person's identity may not be released
258 to any person or entity other than the office, the fraud unit, or law enforcement, unless a court
259 of competent jurisdiction orders that the person's identity be released.
260 Section 7. Section 63J-4a-502 is amended to read:
261 63J-4a-502. Report and recommendations to governor and Executive
262 Appropriations Committee.
263 (1) The inspector general shall, on an annual basis, prepare a written report on the
264 activities of the office for the preceding fiscal year.
265 (2) The report shall include:
266 (a) non-identifying information, including statistical information, on:
267 (i) the items described in Subsection 63J-4a-202 (1)(b) and Section 63J-4a-204 ;
268 (ii) action taken by the office and the result of that action;
269 (iii) fraud, waste, and abuse in the state Medicaid program;
270 (iv) the recovery of fraudulent or improper use of state and federal Medicaid funds;
271 (v) measures taken by the state to discover and reduce fraud, waste, and abuse in the
272 state Medicaid program;
273 (vi) audits conducted by the office; [
274 (vii) investigations conducted by the office and the results of those investigations; and
275 (viii) administrative and educational efforts made by the office and the division to
276 improve compliance with Medicaid program policies and requirements;
277 (b) recommendations on action that should be taken by the Legislature or the governor
279 (i) improve the discovery and reduction of fraud, waste, and abuse in the state
280 Medicaid program;
281 (ii) improve the recovery of fraudulently or improperly used Medicaid funds; and
282 (iii) reduce costs and avoid or minimize increased costs in the state Medicaid program;
283 (c) recommendations relating to rules, policies, or procedures of a state or local
284 government entity; and
285 (d) services provided by the state Medicaid program that exceed industry standards.
286 (3) The report described in Subsection (1) may not include any information that would
287 interfere with or jeopardize an ongoing criminal investigation or other investigation.
288 (4) The inspector general shall provide the report described in Subsection (1) to the
289 Executive Appropriations Committee of the Legislature and to the governor on or before
290 October 1 of each year.
291 (5) The inspector general shall present the report described in Subsection (1) to the
292 Executive Appropriations Committee of the Legislature before November 30 of each year.
293 Section 8. Section 63J-4a-602 is amended to read:
294 63J-4a-602. Rulemaking authority.
295 The office may make rules, pursuant to Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative
296 Rulemaking Act, and Section 63J-4a-305 , that establish policies, procedures, and practices, in
297 accordance with the provisions of this chapter, relating to:
298 (1) inspecting and monitoring the state Medicaid Program;
299 (2) discovering and investigating potential fraud, waste, or abuse in the State Medicaid
301 (3) developing and implementing the principles and standards described in Subsection
302 63J-4a-202 (1)[
303 (4) auditing, inspecting, and evaluating the functioning of the division under
304 Subsection 63J-4a-202 (1)(h);
305 (5) conducting an audit under Subsection 63J-4a-202 (1)(h) or (2); or
306 (6) ordering a hold on the payment of a claim for reimbursement under Section
307 63J-4a-205 .
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