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H.B. 384 Enrolled

             1     

PROPERTY DISPOSITION AMENDMENTS

             2     
2013 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Brad L. Dee

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Curtis S. Bramble

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies the Utah Code regarding forfeiture provisions and consolidates
             10      provisions regarding forfeiture and disposition of property, including mislaid property.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    repeals the current Title 24, Forfeiture Procedures, and enacts a new Title 24,
             14      Forfeiture of Property Act, which reinstates forfeiture provisions and also includes
             15      various forfeiture provisions previously located in other sections of the Utah Code;
             16          .    provides that the provisions regarding attorney fees and costs are modified to
             17      establish that the prevailing party in a forfeiture action may not claim fees and costs
             18      in excess of 20% of the value of the property;
             19          .    renames the Crime Reduction Assistance Program to the State Asset Forfeiture
             20      Grant Program;
             21          .    provides that the Commission on Criminal and Juvenile Justice may retain up to 3%
             22      of the State Asset Forfeiture Grant Program appropriated funds to pay for
             23      administrative costs;
             24          .    amends sections of the code that include various forfeiture provisions by moving
             25      those sections into Title 24, Forfeiture of Property Act;
             26          .    repeals the State Law Enforcement Forfeiture Account and addresses distribution of
             27      money in the account;
             28          .    includes tobacco products, in addition to cigarettes, in the tobacco forfeiture
             29      provisions;


             30          .    amends Title 77, Chapter 24a, regarding unclaimed personal property, to address
             31      lost or mislaid personal property and procedures regarding turning found property to
             32      law enforcement, the claiming of the property by a rightful owner, and disposition
             33      of unclaimed property;
             34          .    provides that all property that has been used to facilitate the commission of a crime
             35      and any proceeds of criminal activity are subject to forfeiture unless a specific law
             36      addresses forfeiture, such as DUI and wildlife offense issues; and
             37          .    amends affected references in other sections.
             38      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             39          None
             40      Other Special Clauses:
             41          This bill takes effect on July 1, 2013.
             42          This bill coordinates with H.B. 287, Return of Weapons Recovered by Law
             43      Enforcement, by providing for a July 1, 2013 effective date.
             44      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             45      AMENDS:
             46          23-20-1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 297
             47          32B-4-206, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapters 307 and 334
             48          41-6a-527, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 81
             49          53-7-406, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 362
             50          63J-1-602.1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 332
             51          76-6-903, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1999, Chapter 51
             52          76-10-1603.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapters 129 and 180
             53          77-24a-2, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1986, Chapter 131
             54          77-24a-3, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1986, Chapter 131
             55          77-24a-4, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1986, Chapter 131
             56          77-24a-5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 388
             57      ENACTS:


             58          24-1-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             59          24-1-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             60          24-1-103, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             61          24-2-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             62          24-2-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             63          24-2-103, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             64          24-3-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             65          24-3-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             66          24-3-103, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             67          24-3-104, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             68          24-4-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             69          24-4-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             70          24-4-103, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             71          24-4-104, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             72          24-4-105, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             73          24-4-106, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             74          24-4-107, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             75          24-4-108, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             76          24-4-109, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             77          24-4-110, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             78          24-4-111, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             79          24-4-112, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             80          24-4-113, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             81          24-4-114, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             82          24-4-115, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             83          24-4-116, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             84          24-4-117, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             85      REPEALS AND REENACTS:


             86          77-24a-1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 126
             87      REPEALS:
             88          24-1-1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2002, Chapter 185
             89          24-1-2, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 296
             90          24-1-3, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 272
             91          24-1-3.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             92          24-1-4, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 388
             93          24-1-5, as enacted by Statewide Initiative B, Nov. 7, 2000
             94          24-1-6, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 296
             95          24-1-7, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 366
             96          24-1-8, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 297
             97          24-1-9, as enacted by Statewide Initiative B, Nov. 7, 2000
             98          24-1-10, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 296
             99          24-1-11, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 296
             100          24-1-12, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 296
             101          24-1-13, as enacted by Statewide Initiative B, Nov. 7, 2000
             102          24-1-14, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 296
             103          24-1-15, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 180
             104          24-1-17, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 296
             105          24-1-18, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 296
             106          24-1-19, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 342
             107          24-1-20, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 342
             108          41-6a-211, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
             109          58-37-13, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2002, Chapter 185
             110          76-3-501, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2002, Chapter 185
             111          76-10-525, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1973, Chapter 196
             112          76-10-1107, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 180
             113          76-10-1908, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2002, Chapter 185


             114          77-24-1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 126
             115          77-24-1.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 130
             116          77-24-2, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapters 47 and 284
             117          77-24-3, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1980, Chapter 15
             118          77-24-4, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 126
             119          77-24-5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 126
             120      Utah Code Sections Affected by Coordination Clause:
             121          77-24-2, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapters 47 and 284
             122      Uncodified Material Affected:
             123      ENACTS UNCODIFIED MATERIAL
             124     
             125      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             126          Section 1. Section 23-20-1 is amended to read:
             127           23-20-1. Enforcement authority of conservation officers -- Seizure and disposition
             128      of property.
             129          (1) Conservation officers of the division shall enforce the provisions of this title with
             130      the same authority and following the same procedures as other law enforcement officers.
             131          (2) (a) Conservation officers shall seize any protected wildlife illegally taken or held.
             132          (b) (i) Upon determination of a defendant's guilt by the court, the protected wildlife
             133      shall be confiscated by the court and sold or otherwise disposed of by the division.
             134          (ii) Proceeds of the sales shall be deposited in the Wildlife Resources Account.
             135          (iii) Migratory wildfowl may not be sold, but shall be given to a charitable institution
             136      or used for other charitable purposes.
             137          [(3) Materials and devices used for the unlawful taking or possessing of protected
             138      wildlife shall be seized, and upon a finding by the court that they were used in the unlawful
             139      taking or possessing of protected wildlife, the materials and devices shall be subject to criminal
             140      or civil forfeiture under the procedures and substantive protections established in Title 24,
             141      Chapter 1, Utah Uniform Forfeiture Procedures Act.]


             142          [(4)] (3) (a) Conservation officers may seize and impound a vehicle used for the
             143      unlawful taking or possessing of protected wildlife for any of the following purposes:
             144          (i) to provide for the safekeeping of the vehicle, if the owner or operator is arrested;
             145          (ii) to search the vehicle as provided in Subsection (2)(a) or as provided by a search
             146      warrant; or
             147          (iii) to inspect the vehicle for evidence that protected wildlife was unlawfully taken or
             148      possessed.
             149          (b) The division shall store any seized vehicle in a public or private garage, state
             150      impound lot, or other secured storage facility.
             151          [(5)] (4) A seized vehicle shall be released to the owner no later than 30 days after the
             152      date the vehicle is seized, unless the vehicle was used for the unlawful taking or possessing of
             153      wildlife by a person who is charged with committing a felony under this title.
             154          [(6) (a) Upon a finding by a court that the person who used the vehicle for the unlawful
             155      taking or possessing of wildlife is guilty of a felony under this title, the vehicle may be subject
             156      to criminal or civil forfeiture under the procedures and substantive protections established in
             157      Title 24, Chapter 1, Utah Uniform Forfeiture Procedures Act.]
             158          [(b)] (5) (a) The owner of a seized vehicle is liable for the payment of any impound fee
             159      if the owner used the vehicle for the unlawful taking or possessing of wildlife and is found by a
             160      court to be guilty of a violation of this title.
             161          [(c)] (b) The owner of a seized vehicle is not liable for the payment of any impound fee
             162      or, if the fees have been paid, is entitled to reimbursement of the fees paid, if:
             163          (i) no charges are filed or all charges are dropped which involve the use of the vehicle
             164      for the unlawful taking or possessing of wildlife;
             165          (ii) the person charged with using the vehicle for the unlawful taking or possessing of
             166      wildlife is found by a court to be not guilty; or
             167          (iii) the owner did not consent to a use of the vehicle which violates this chapter.
             168          Section 2. Section 24-1-101 is enacted to read:
             169     
TITLE 24. FORFEITURE AND DISPOSITION OF PROPERTY ACT


             170     
CHAPTER 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS

             171          24-1-101. Title.
             172          (1) This title is known as the "Forfeiture and Disposition of Property Act."
             173          (2) This chapter is known as "General Provisions."
             174          Section 3. Section 24-1-102 is enacted to read:
             175          24-1-102. Definitions.
             176          As used in this title:
             177          (1) "Account" means the Criminal Forfeiture Restricted Account created in Section
             178      24-4-116 .
             179          (2) (a) "Acquittal" means a finding by a jury or a judge at trial that a claimant is not
             180      guilty.
             181          (b) An acquittal does not include:
             182          (i) a verdict of guilty on a lesser or reduced charge;
             183          (ii) a plea of guilty to a lesser or reduced charge; or
             184          (iii) dismissal of a charge as a result of a negotiated plea agreement.
             185          (3) "Agency" means any agency of municipal, county, or state government, including
             186      law enforcement agencies, law enforcement personnel, and multijurisdictional task forces.
             187          (4) (a) "Claimant" means any:
             188          (i) owner of property as defined in this section;
             189          (ii) interest holder as defined in this section; or
             190          (iii) person from whom property is seized for forfeiture.
             191          (b) A claimant does not include a person or entity who disclaims in writing ownership
             192      of or interest in property.
             193          (5) "Commission" means the Utah Commission on Criminal and Juvenile Justice.
             194          (6) "Complaint" means a civil in rem complaint seeking the forfeiture of any real or
             195      personal property under this title.
             196          (7) "Constructive seizure" means a seizure of property where the property is left in the
             197      control of the owner and the seizing agency posts the property with a notice of intent to seek


             198      forfeiture.
             199          (8) (a) "Contraband" means any property, item, or substance that is unlawful to
             200      produce or to possess under state or federal law.
             201          (b) All controlled substances that are possessed, transferred, distributed, or offered for
             202      distribution in violation of Title 58, Chapter 37, Utah Controlled Substances Act, are
             203      contraband.
             204          (9) "Innocent owner" means a claimant who:
             205          (a) held an ownership interest in property at the time the conduct subjecting the
             206      property to forfeiture occurred, and:
             207          (i) did not have actual knowledge of the conduct subjecting the property to forfeiture;
             208      or
             209          (ii) upon learning of the conduct subjecting the property to forfeiture, took reasonable
             210      steps to prohibit the illegal use of the property; or
             211          (b) acquired an ownership interest in the property and who had no knowledge that the
             212      illegal conduct subjecting the property to forfeiture had occurred or that the property had been
             213      seized for forfeiture, and:
             214          (i) acquired the property in a bona fide transaction for value;
             215          (ii) was a person, including a minor child, who acquired an interest in the property
             216      through probate or inheritance; or
             217          (iii) was a spouse who acquired an interest in property through dissolution of marriage
             218      or by operation of law.
             219          (10) (a) "Interest holder" means a secured party as defined in Section 70A-9a-102 , a
             220      mortgagee, lien creditor, or the beneficiary of a security interest or encumbrance pertaining to
             221      an interest in property, whose interest would be perfected against a good faith purchaser for
             222      value.
             223          (b) "Interest holder" does not mean a person who holds property for the benefit of or as
             224      an agent or nominee for another person, or who is not in substantial compliance with any
             225      statute requiring an interest in property to be recorded or reflected in public records in order to


             226      perfect the interest against a good faith purchaser for value.
             227          (11) "Known address" means any address provided by a claimant to the agency at the
             228      time the property was seized, or the claimant's most recent address on record with a
             229      governmental entity if no address was provided at the time of the seizure.
             230          (12) "Legal costs" means the costs and expenses incurred by a party in a forfeiture
             231      action.
             232          (13) "Legislative body" means:
             233          (a) (i) the Legislature, county commission, county council, city commission, city
             234      council, or town council that has fiscal oversight and budgetary approval authority over an
             235      agency; or
             236          (ii) the agency's governing political subdivision; or
             237          (b) the lead governmental entity of a multijurisdictional task force, as designated in a
             238      memorandum of understanding executed by the agencies participating in the task force.
             239          (14) "Multijurisdictional task force" means a law enforcement task force or other
             240      agency comprised of persons who are employed by or acting under the authority of different
             241      governmental entities, including federal, state, county or municipal governments, or any
             242      combination of these agencies.
             243          (15) "Owner" means any person or entity, other than an interest holder, that possesses a
             244      bona fide legal or equitable interest in real or personal property.
             245          (16) (a) "Proceeds" means:
             246          (i) property of any kind that is obtained directly or indirectly as a result of the
             247      commission of an offense that gives rise to forfeiture; or
             248          (ii) any property acquired directly or indirectly from, produced through, realized
             249      through, or caused by an act or omission regarding property under Subsection (16)(a)(i).
             250          (b) "Proceeds" includes any property of any kind without reduction for expenses
             251      incurred in the acquisition, maintenance, or production of that property, or any other purpose
             252      regarding property under Subsection (16)(a)(i).
             253          (c) "Proceeds" is not limited to the net gain or profit realized from the offense that


             254      gives rise to forfeiture.
             255          (17) "Program" means the State Asset Forfeiture Grant Program established in Section
             256      24-4-117 .
             257          (18) "Property" means all property, whether real or personal, tangible or intangible, but
             258      does not include contraband.
             259          (19) "Prosecuting attorney" means:
             260          (a) the attorney general and any assistant attorney general;
             261          (b) any district attorney or deputy district attorney;
             262          (c) any county attorney or assistant county attorney; and
             263          (d) any other attorney authorized to commence an action on behalf of the state under
             264      this title.
             265          (20) "Public interest use" means a:
             266          (a) use by a government agency as determined by the legislative body of the agency's
             267      jurisdiction; or
             268          (b) donation of the property to a nonprofit charity registered with the state.
             269          (21) "Real property" means land and includes any building, fixture, improvement,
             270      appurtenance, structure, or other development that is affixed permanently to land.
             271          Section 4. Section 24-1-103 is enacted to read:
             272          24-1-103. Jurisdiction and venue.
             273          (1) A state district court has jurisdiction over any action filed in accordance with this
             274      title regarding:
             275          (a) all interests in property if the property is within this state at the time the action is
             276      filed; and
             277          (b) a claimant's interests in the property, if the claimant is subject to the personal
             278      jurisdiction of the district court.
             279          (2) (a) In addition to the venue provided for under Title 78B, Chapter 3, Part 3, Place
             280      of Trial - Venue, or any other provisions of law, a proceeding for forfeiture under this title may
             281      be maintained in the judicial district in which:


             282          (i) any part of the property is found; or
             283          (ii) a civil or criminal action could be maintained against a claimant for the conduct
             284      alleged to constitute grounds for forfeiture.
             285          (b) A claimant may obtain a change of venue under Section 78B-3-309 .
             286          Section 5. Section 24-2-101 is enacted to read:
             287     
CHAPTER 2. SEIZURE OF PROPERTY

             288          24-2-101. Title.
             289          This chapter is known as "Seizure of Property."
             290          Section 6. Section 24-2-102 is enacted to read:
             291          24-2-102. Grounds for seizing property.
             292          (1) Property may be seized by a peace officer or any other person authorized by law
             293      upon process issued by a court having jurisdiction over the property in accordance with the
             294      Utah Rules of Criminal Procedure relating to search warrants or administrative warrants.
             295          (2) Property may be seized under this chapter when:
             296          (a) the seizure is incident to an arrest;
             297          (b) the property seized is the subject of a prior judgment in favor of the state in a
             298      criminal injunction or forfeiture proceeding under this title; or
             299          (c) the peace officer or other person authorized by law has probable cause to believe
             300      that the property:
             301          (i) is directly or indirectly dangerous to health or safety;
             302          (ii) is evidence of a crime;
             303          (iii) has been used or was intended to be used to commit a crime; or
             304          (iv) is proceeds of a crime.
             305          Section 7. Section 24-2-103 is enacted to read:
             306          24-2-103. Property seized by a peace officer -- Custody and control of property.
             307          (1) (a) When property is seized by a peace officer, the peace officer or the officer's
             308      employing agency shall provide a receipt to the person from whom the property was seized.
             309          (b) The receipt shall describe the:


             310          (i) property seized;
             311          (ii) date of seizure; and
             312          (iii) name and contact information of the officer's employing agency.
             313          (c) A copy of the receipt shall be maintained by the agency.
             314          (d) If custody of the property is transferred to another agency, a copy of the receipt
             315      under Subsection (1)(a) shall be provided with the property.
             316          (2) The agency responsible for maintaining the property shall:
             317          (a) hold all seized property in safe custody until it can be disposed of as provided in
             318      this title; and
             319          (b) maintain a record of the property that includes:
             320          (i) a detailed inventory of all property seized;
             321          (ii) the name of the person from whom it was seized; and
             322          (iii) the agency's case number.
             323          (3) Property seized under this title is not recoverable by replevin, but is considered in
             324      the agency's custody subject only to the orders of the court or the official having jurisdiction.
             325          (4) All controlled substances or other contraband that is seized by a peace officer may
             326      be processed for evidentiary or investigative purposes, including sampling or other preservation
             327      procedure prior to disposal or destruction.
             328          (5) (a) An agency shall deposit property in the form of cash or other readily negotiable
             329      instruments into a separate, restricted, interest-bearing account maintained by the agency solely
             330      for the purpose of managing and protecting the property from commingling, loss, or
             331      devaluation.
             332          (b) Each agency shall have written policies for the identification, tracking,
             333      management, and safekeeping of seized property, which shall include a prohibition against the
             334      transfer, sale, or auction of seized property to any employee of the agency.
             335          (6) If a peace officer or the officer's employing agency records an interview of a minor
             336      child during an investigation of a violation of Section 76-5-402.1 , 76-5-402.3 , 76-5-403.1 , or
             337      76-5-404.1 , the agency shall retain a copy of the recording for 18 years following the date of


             338      the last recording unless the prosecuting attorney requests in writing that the recording be
             339      retained for an additional period of time.
             340          (7) Title 13, Chapter 32a, Pawnshop and Secondhand Merchandise Transaction
             341      Information Act, governs the disposition of property held by a pawn or secondhand business in
             342      the course of its business.
             343          Section 8. Section 24-3-101 is enacted to read:
             344     
CHAPTER 3. PROPERTY HELD AS EVIDENCE

             345          24-3-101. Title.
             346          This chapter is known as "Property Held as Evidence."
             347          Section 9. Section 24-3-102 is enacted to read:
             348          24-3-102. Property received in evidence.
             349          (1) When property is received in evidence by the court, the clerk of the court shall
             350      retain the property or the clerk shall return the property to the custody of the peace officer or
             351      the agency employing the peace officer.
             352          (2) The property shall be retained by the clerk or the officer or the officer's agency until
             353      all direct appeals and retrials are final, at which time the property shall be disposed of in
             354      accordance with this title.
             355          (3) If the prosecuting attorney considers it necessary to retain control over the evidence
             356      in anticipation of possible collateral attacks upon the judgment or for use in a potential
             357      prosecution, the prosecutor may decline to authorize the disposal of the property under this
             358      chapter.
             359          Section 10. Section 24-3-103 is enacted to read:
             360          24-3-103. Property no longer needed as evidence -- Disposition of property.
             361          (1) When the prosecuting attorney determines that property no longer needs to be held
             362      as evidence, the prosecuting attorney may:
             363          (a) petition the court to apply any property that is money towards restitution, fines,
             364      fees, or monetary judgments owed by the owner of the property;
             365          (b) petition the court for an order transferring ownership of any weapons to the seizing


             366      agency for its use and disposal as the seizing agency determines, if the owner:
             367          (i) is the person who committed the crime for which the weapon was seized; or
             368          (ii) may not lawfully possess the weapon; or
             369          (c) notify the agency that has possession of the property that the property may be:
             370          (i) returned to the rightful owner, if the rightful owner may lawfully possess it; or
             371          (ii) disposed of, if the property is contraband.
             372          (2) The agency shall exercise due diligence in attempting to notify the rightful owner of
             373      the property to advise the owner that the property is to be returned.
             374          (3) (a) Before the agency may release property to a person claiming ownership of the
             375      property, the person shall establish to the agency pursuant to Subsection (3)(b) that the person:
             376          (i) is the rightful owner; and
             377          (ii) may lawfully possess the property.
             378          (b) The person shall establish ownership under Subsection (3)(a) by providing to the
             379      agency:
             380          (i) identifying proof or documentation of ownership of the property; or
             381          (ii) a notarized statement, if proof or documentation is not available.
             382          (4) (a) When property is returned to the owner, a receipt listing in detail the property
             383      returned shall be signed by the owner.
             384          (b) The receipt shall be retained by the agency and a copy shall be provided to the
             385      owner.
             386          (5) If the agency is unable to locate the rightful owner of the property or if the rightful
             387      owner is not entitled to lawfully possess the property, the agency may:
             388          (a) apply the property to a public interest use;
             389          (b) sell the property at public auction and apply the proceeds of the sale to a public
             390      interest use; or
             391          (c) destroy the property if it is unfit for a public interest use or for sale.
             392          (6) Before applying the property or the proceeds from the sale of the property to a
             393      public interest use, the agency shall obtain from the legislative body of its jurisdiction:


             394          (a) permission to apply the property or the proceeds to public interest use; and
             395          (b) the designation and approval of the public interest use of the property or the
             396      proceeds.
             397          Section 11. Section 24-3-104 is enacted to read:
             398          24-3-104. Petition to return property held as evidence.
             399          (1) (a) A person claiming ownership of property held as evidence may file a petition
             400      with the court for the return of the property.
             401          (b) The petition may be filed in:
             402          (i) the court in which criminal proceedings have commenced regarding the conduct for
             403      which the property is held as evidence; or
             404          (ii) the district court of the jurisdiction where the property was seized, if there are no
             405      pending criminal proceedings.
             406          (c) A copy of the petition shall be served on the prosecuting attorney and the agency
             407      which has possession of the property.
             408          (2) The court shall provide an opportunity for an expedited hearing. After the
             409      opportunity for an expedited hearing, the court may order that the property be:
             410          (a) returned to the rightful owner as determined by the court;
             411          (b) applied directly or by proceeds of the sale of the property toward restitution, fines,
             412      or fees owed by the rightful owner in an amount set by the court;
             413          (c) converted to a public interest use;
             414          (d) held for further legal action;
             415          (e) sold at public auction and the proceeds of the sale applied to a public interest use;
             416      or
             417          (f) destroyed.
             418          (3) Before the court can order property be returned to a person claiming ownership of
             419      property, the person shall establish by clear and convincing evidence that the person:
             420          (a) is the rightful owner; and
             421          (b) may lawfully possess the property.


             422          (4) If the court orders the property to be returned, the agency that possesses the
             423      property shall return the property to the claimant as expeditiously as possible.
             424          Section 12. Section 24-4-101 is enacted to read:
             425     
CHAPTER 4. PROPERTY HELD FOR FORFEITURE

             426          24-4-101. Title.
             427          This chapter is known as "Property Held for Forfeiture."
             428          Section 13. Section 24-4-102 is enacted to read:
             429          24-4-102. Property subject to forfeiture.
             430          (1) Except as provided in Subsection (3), all property that has been used to facilitate
             431      the commission of a federal or state offense and any proceeds of criminal activity may be
             432      forfeited under this chapter, including:
             433          (a) real property, including things growing on, affixed to, and found in land; and
             434          (b) tangible and intangible personal property, including money, rights, privileges,
             435      interests, claims, and securities of any kind.
             436          (2) If the property is used to facilitate a violation of Section 76-10-1204 , 76-10-1205 ,
             437      76-10-1206 , or 76-10-1222 , the property subject to forfeiture under this section is limited to
             438      property, the seizure or forfeiture of which would not constitute a prior restraint on the exercise
             439      of an affected party's rights under the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States
             440      or Utah Constitution, Article I, Section 15, or would not otherwise unlawfully interfere with the
             441      exercise of those rights.
             442          (3) A motor vehicle used in a violation of Section 41-6a-502 , 41-6a-517 , a local
             443      ordinance that complies with the requirements of Subsection 41-6a-510 (1), Subsection
             444      58-37-8 (2)(g), or Section 76-5-207 may not be forfeited unless:
             445          (a) the operator of the vehicle has previously been convicted of a violation, committed
             446      after May 12, 2009, of:
             447          (i) a felony driving under the influence violation under Section 41-6a-502 ;
             448          (ii) a felony violation under Subsection 58-37-8 (2)(g); or
             449          (iii) automobile homicide under Section 76-5-207 ; or


             450          (b) the operator of the vehicle was driving on a denied, suspended, revoked, or
             451      disqualified license; and
             452          (i) the denial, suspension, revocation, or disqualification under Subsection (3)(c) was
             453      imposed because of a violation under:
             454          (A) Section 41-6a-502 ;
             455          (B) Section 41-6a-517 ;
             456          (C) a local ordinance that complies with the requirements of Subsection 41-6a-510 (1);
             457          (D) Section 41-6a-520 ;
             458          (E) Subsection 58-37-8 (2)(g);
             459          (F) Section 76-5-207 ; or
             460          (G) a criminal prohibition that the person was charged with violating as a result of a
             461      plea bargain after having been originally charged with violating one or more of the sections or
             462      ordinances described in Subsections (3)(b)(i)(A) through (F); or
             463          (ii) the denial, suspension, revocation, or disqualification described in Subsections
             464      (3)(b)(i)(A) through (G):
             465          (A) is an extension imposed under Subsection 53-3-220 (2) of a denial, suspension,
             466      revocation, or disqualification; and
             467          (B) the original denial, suspension, revocation, or disqualification was imposed
             468      because of a violation described in Subsections (3)(b)(i)(A) through (G).
             469          Section 14. Section 24-4-103 is enacted to read:
             470          24-4-103. Initiating forfeiture proceedings -- Notice of intent to seek forfeiture.
             471          (1) (a) Within 30 days from the date that property is seized, an agency seeking to forfeit
             472      property shall serve a notice of intent to seek forfeiture upon any claimants known to the
             473      agency.
             474          (b) The notice of intent to seek forfeiture shall describe the:
             475          (i) date of the seizure;
             476          (ii) property seized;
             477          (iii) claimant's rights and obligations under this chapter, including the availability of


             478      hardship relief in appropriate circumstances; and
             479          (iv) statutory basis for the forfeiture, including the judicial proceedings by which
             480      property may be forfeited under this chapter.
             481          (c) The notice of intent to seek forfeiture shall be served by:
             482          (i) certified mail, return receipt requested, to the claimant's known address; or
             483          (ii) personal service.
             484          (d) The court may void any forfeiture made without notice under Subsection (1)(a),
             485      unless the agency demonstrates:
             486          (i) good cause for the failure to give notice to the claimant; or
             487          (ii) that the claimant had actual notice of the seizure.
             488          (2) (a) Once the agency has served each claimant with a notice of intent to seek
             489      forfeiture, but no later than 60 days from the date that property is seized, the agency shall
             490      present a written request for forfeiture to the prosecuting attorney.
             491          (b) The written request shall:
             492          (i) describe the property to be forfeited; and
             493          (ii) include a copy of all reports, supporting documents, and other evidence necessary
             494      for the prosecuting attorney to determine the legal sufficiency for filing a forfeiture action.
             495          Section 15. Section 24-4-104 is enacted to read:
             496          24-4-104. Civil forfeiture procedure.
             497          (1) (a) Within 90 days from the date the property is seized, the prosecuting attorney
             498      may elect to file a complaint for civil forfeiture in the appropriate district court.
             499          (b) The complaint shall describe with reasonable particularity the:
             500          (i) property that is the subject of the forfeiture proceeding;
             501          (ii) date and place of seizure; and
             502          (iii) factual allegations that constitute a basis for forfeiture.
             503          (2) (a) After the complaint is filed, the prosecuting attorney shall serve a copy of the
             504      complaint and summons upon each claimant known to the prosecuting attorney within 30 days.
             505          (b) Service of the complaint and summons shall be by:


             506          (i) personal service;
             507          (ii) certified mail, return receipt requested, to the claimant's known address; or
             508          (iii) if the prosecuting attorney demonstrates to the court that service cannot reasonably
             509      be made by personal service or certified mail, the court may then allow service by electronic
             510      publication on Utah's Public Legal Notice Website established in Subsection 45-1-101 (2)(b).
             511          (c) Service is effective upon the earlier of:
             512          (i) personal service;
             513          (ii) mailing of a written notice; or
             514          (iii) electronic publication.
             515          (d) Upon motion of the prosecuting attorney and a showing of good cause, the court
             516      may extend the period to complete service under this section for an additional 60 days.
             517          (3) (a) In any case where the prosecuting attorney files a complaint for forfeiture, a
             518      claimant may file an answer to the complaint.
             519          (b) The answer shall be filed within 30 days after the complaint is served upon the
             520      claimant as provided in Subsection (2)(b).
             521          (4) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, forfeiture proceedings are governed
             522      by the Utah Rules of Civil Procedure.
             523          (5) The court shall take all reasonable steps to expedite civil forfeiture proceedings and
             524      shall give these proceedings the same priority as is given to criminal cases.
             525          (6) In all suits or actions brought under this section for the civil forfeiture of any
             526      property, the burden of proof is on the prosecuting attorney to establish by clear and convincing
             527      evidence the extent to which, if any, the property is subject to forfeiture.
             528          (7) A claimant may file an answer to a complaint for civil forfeiture without posting
             529      bond with respect to the property subject to forfeiture.
             530          Section 16. Section 24-4-105 is enacted to read:
             531          24-4-105. Criminal forfeiture procedure.
             532          (1) If a claimant is criminally prosecuted for conduct giving rise to the forfeiture, the
             533      prosecuting attorney may elect to seek forfeiture of the claimant's interest in the property


             534      through the criminal case.
             535          (2) If the prosecuting attorney elects to seek forfeiture of the claimant's interest in the
             536      property through the criminal case, the information or indictment shall state that the claimant's
             537      interest in the property is subject to forfeiture and the basis for the forfeiture.
             538          (3) (a) Upon application of the prosecuting attorney, the court may enter restraining
             539      orders or injunctions, or take other reasonable actions to preserve for forfeiture under this
             540      section, any property subject to forfeiture if, after notice to known claimants and claimants who
             541      can be identified after due diligence and who are known to have an interest in the property, and
             542      after affording those persons an opportunity for a hearing, the court determines that:
             543          (i) there is a substantial probability that the state will prevail on the issue of forfeiture
             544      and that failure to enter the order will result in the property being sold, transferred, destroyed,
             545      or removed from the jurisdiction of the court or otherwise made unavailable for forfeiture; and
             546          (ii) the need to preserve the availability of the property or prevent its sale, transfer,
             547      destruction, or removal through the entry of the requested order outweighs the hardship against
             548      any party against whom the order is to be entered.
             549          (b) A temporary restraining order may be entered ex parte upon application of the
             550      prosecuting attorney before or after an information or indictment has been filed with respect to
             551      the property, if the prosecuting attorney demonstrates that:
             552          (i) there is probable cause to believe that the property with respect to which the order is
             553      sought would, in the event of a conviction, be subject to forfeiture under this section; and
             554          (ii) provision of notice would jeopardize the availability of the property for forfeiture
             555      or would jeopardize an ongoing criminal investigation.
             556          (c) The temporary order expires not more than 10 days after entry unless extended for
             557      good cause shown or unless the party against whom it is entered consents to an extension.
             558          (d) After service of the temporary order upon any claimants known to the prosecuting
             559      attorney, a hearing concerning the order entered under this section shall be held as soon as
             560      practicable and prior to the expiration of the temporary order.
             561          (e) The court is not bound by the Utah Rules of Evidence regarding evidence it may


             562      receive and consider at any hearing under this section.
             563          (4) (a) Upon conviction of a claimant for conduct giving rise to criminal forfeiture, the
             564      prosecutor shall ask the finder of fact to make a specific finding as to whether the property or
             565      any part of it is subject to forfeiture.
             566          (b) A determination of whether property is subject to forfeiture under this section shall
             567      be proven beyond a reasonable doubt.
             568          (5) (a) Upon conviction of a claimant for violating any provision of state law
             569      subjecting a claimant's property to forfeiture and a finding by the trier of fact that the property
             570      is subject to forfeiture, the court shall enter a judgment and order the property forfeited to the
             571      state upon the terms stated by the court in its order.
             572          (b) Following the entry of an order declaring property forfeited, the court may, upon
             573      application of the prosecuting attorney, enter appropriate restraining orders or injunctions,
             574      require the execution of satisfactory performance bonds, appoint receivers, conservators,
             575      appraisers, accountants, or trustees, or take any other action to protect the interest of the state in
             576      property ordered forfeited.
             577          (6) (a) (i) After property is ordered forfeited under this section, the seizing agency shall
             578      direct the disposition of the property under Section 24-4-115 .
             579          (ii) Any property right or interest under this Subsection (6)(a) not exercisable by or
             580      transferable for value to the state expires and does not revert to the defendant.
             581          (iii) The defendant or any person acting in concert with or on behalf of the defendant is
             582      not eligible to purchase forfeited property at any sale held by the seizing agency unless
             583      approved by the judge.
             584          (b) The court may stay the sale or disposition of the property pending the conclusion of
             585      any appeal of the criminal case giving rise to the forfeiture if the defendant demonstrates that
             586      proceeding with the sale or disposition of the property may result in irreparable injury, harm, or
             587      loss.
             588          (7) Except as provided under Subsection (3) or (10), a party claiming an interest in
             589      property subject to forfeiture under this section:


             590          (a) may not intervene in a trial or appeal of a criminal case involving the forfeiture of
             591      property under this section; and
             592          (b) may not commence an action at law or equity concerning the validity of the party's
             593      alleged interests in the property subsequent to the filing of an indictment or an information
             594      alleging that the property is subject to forfeiture under this section.
             595          (8) The district court that has jurisdiction of a case under this part may enter orders
             596      under this section without regard to the location of any property that may be subject to
             597      forfeiture under this section or that has been ordered forfeited under this section.
             598          (9) To facilitate the identification or location of property declared forfeited and to
             599      facilitate the disposition of petitions for remission or mitigation of forfeiture after the entry of
             600      an order declaring property forfeited to the state, the court may, upon application of the
             601      prosecuting attorney, order that the testimony of any witness relating to the forfeited property
             602      be taken by deposition, and that any book, paper, document, record, recording, or other
             603      material shall be produced as provided for depositions and discovery under the Utah Rules of
             604      Civil Procedure.
             605          (10) (a) (i) Following the entry of an order of forfeiture under this section, the
             606      prosecuting attorney shall publish notice of the order's intent to dispose of the property by
             607      electronic publication on Utah's Public Legal Notice Website established in Subsection
             608      45-1-101 (2)(b).
             609          (ii) The prosecuting attorney shall also send written notice to any claimants, other than
             610      the defendant, known to the prosecuting attorney to have an interest in the property, at the
             611      claimant's known address.
             612          (b) (i) Any claimant, other than the defendant, asserting a legal interest in property that
             613      has been ordered forfeited to the state under this section may, within 30 days after the notice
             614      has been published or the claimant receives the written notice under Subsection (10)(a),
             615      whichever is earlier, petition the court for a hearing to adjudicate the validity of the claimant's
             616      alleged interest in the property.
             617          (ii) Any genuine issue of material fact, including issues of standing, may be tried to a


             618      jury upon demand of any party.
             619          (c) The petition shall:
             620          (i) be in writing and signed by the claimant under penalty of perjury;
             621          (ii) set forth the nature and extent of the claimant's right, title, or interest in the
             622      property, the time and circumstances of the claimant's acquisition of the right, title, or interest
             623      in the property; and
             624          (iii) set forth any additional facts supporting the claimant's claim and the relief sought.
             625          (d) The trial or hearing on the petition shall be expedited to the extent practicable. The
             626      court may consolidate a trial or hearing on the petition and any petition filed by any claimant
             627      other than the defendant under this section. The court shall permit the parties to conduct
             628      pretrial discovery pursuant to the Utah Rules of Civil Procedure.
             629          (e) (i) At the trial or hearing, the claimant may testify and present evidence and
             630      witnesses on the claimant's own behalf and cross-examine witnesses who appear at the hearing.
             631      The prosecuting attorney may present evidence and witnesses in rebuttal and in defense of the
             632      claim to the property and cross-examine witnesses who appear.
             633          (ii) In addition to testimony and evidence presented at the trial or hearing, the court
             634      may consider the relevant portion of the record of the criminal case that resulted in the order of
             635      forfeiture.
             636          (iii) Any trial or hearing shall be conducted pursuant to the Utah Rules of Evidence.
             637          (f) The court shall amend the order of forfeiture in accordance with its determination, if
             638      after the trial or hearing, the court or jury determines that the petitioner has established by a
             639      preponderance of the evidence that:
             640          (i) the claimant has a legal right, title, or interest in the property, and the right, title, or
             641      interest renders the order of forfeiture invalid in whole or in part because the right, title, or
             642      interest was vested in the claimant rather than the defendant or was superior to any right, title,
             643      or interest of the defendant at the time of the commission of the acts or conduct that gave rise
             644      to the forfeiture of the property under this section; or
             645          (ii) the claimant acquired the right, title, or interest in the property in a bona fide


             646      transaction for value, and, at the time of acquisition, the claimant did not know that the
             647      property was subject to forfeiture.
             648          (g) Following the court's disposition of all petitions filed under this Subsection (10), or
             649      if no petitions are filed following the expiration of the period provided in Subsection (10)(b)
             650      for the filing of petitions, the state has clear title to property subject to the order of forfeiture
             651      and may warrant good title to any subsequent purchaser or transferee.
             652          Section 17. Section 24-4-106 is enacted to read:
             653          24-4-106. Trial by jury.
             654          The right to trial by jury applies to forfeiture proceedings under this chapter.
             655          Section 18. Section 24-4-107 is enacted to read:
             656          24-4-107. Innocent owners.
             657          (1) An innocent owner's interest in property may not be forfeited.
             658          (2) In a forfeiture proceeding under this chapter, the prosecuting attorney has the
             659      burden of establishing evidence that a claimant:
             660          (a) is responsible for the conduct giving rise to the forfeiture, subject to Subsection (4);
             661          (b) knew of the conduct giving rise to the forfeiture, and allowed the property to be
             662      used in furtherance of the conduct;
             663          (c) acquired the property with notice of its actual or constructive seizure for forfeiture
             664      under this chapter;
             665          (d) acquired the property knowing the property was subject to forfeiture under this
             666      chapter; or
             667          (e) acquired the property in an effort to conceal, prevent, hinder, or delay its lawful
             668      seizure or forfeiture under any provision of state law.
             669          (3) (a) A claimant under this chapter is not required to take steps to prevent illegal use
             670      or criminal activity regarding the property that the claimant reasonably believes would be likely
             671      to result in physical harm or danger to any person.
             672          (b) A claimant may demonstrate that the claimant took reasonable action to prohibit the
             673      illegal use of the property by:


             674          (i) making a timely notification to a law enforcement agency of information that led the
             675      claimant to know that conduct subjecting the property to seizure would occur, was occurring,
             676      or has occurred;
             677          (ii) timely revoking or attempting to revoke permission to use the property regarding
             678      those engaging in the illegal conduct; or
             679          (iii) taking reasonable actions to discourage or prevent the illegal use of the property.
             680          (4) If the state relies on Subsection (2)(a) to establish that a claimant is not an innocent
             681      owner, and if the claimant is criminally charged with the conduct giving rise to the forfeiture
             682      and is acquitted of that charge on the merits:
             683          (a) the property subject to the forfeiture or the open market value of the property, if the
             684      property has been disposed of under Subsection 24-4-108 (13), shall be returned to the
             685      claimant; and
             686          (b) any payments required under this chapter regarding holding the property shall be
             687      paid to the claimant.
             688          (5) A person may not assert under this chapter an ownership interest in contraband.
             689          (6) Property is presumed to be subject to forfeiture under this chapter if the prosecuting
             690      attorney establishes that:
             691          (a) the claimant has engaged in conduct giving cause for forfeiture;
             692          (b) the property was acquired by the claimant during that period of the conduct giving
             693      cause for forfeiture or within a reasonable time after that period; and
             694          (c) there was no likely source for the purchase or acquisition of the property other than
             695      the conduct giving cause for forfeiture.
             696          (7) A finding that property is the proceeds of conduct giving cause for forfeiture does
             697      not require proof that the property was the proceeds of any particular exchange or transaction.
             698          Section 19. Section 24-4-108 is enacted to read:
             699          24-4-108. Release of property held for forfeiture on certain grounds.
             700          (1) After the seizing agency gives notice that the property is to be held for forfeiture, a
             701      person or entity may not alienate, convey, sequester, or attach that property until the court


             702      issues a final order of dismissal or an order of forfeiture regarding the property.
             703          (2) The seizing agency or the prosecuting attorney may authorize the release of
             704      property held for forfeiture to a claimant if retention of actual custody is unnecessary.
             705          (3) With the consent of a court of competent jurisdiction, the prosecuting attorney may
             706      discontinue forfeiture proceedings and transfer the action to another state or federal agency that
             707      has initiated forfeiture proceedings involving the same property.
             708          (4) Property held for forfeiture is considered to be in the custody of the district court
             709      and subject only to:
             710          (a) the orders and decrees of the court having jurisdiction over the property or the
             711      forfeiture proceedings; and
             712          (b) the acts of the agency that possesses the property or the prosecuting attorney
             713      pursuant to this chapter.
             714          (5) (a) A claimant may obtain release of property held for forfeiture by posting with the
             715      district court a surety bond or cash in an amount equal to the current fair market value of the
             716      property as determined by the court or by the parties' stipulation.
             717          (b) The district court may refuse to order the release of the property if:
             718          (i) the bond tendered is inadequate;
             719          (ii) the property is contraband or is retained as evidence; or
             720          (iii) the property is particularly altered or designed for use in conduct giving cause for
             721      forfeiture.
             722          (c) If a surety bond or cash is posted and the court later determines that the property is
             723      subject to forfeiture, the court shall order the forfeiture of the surety bond or cash in lieu of the
             724      property.
             725          (6) A claimant is entitled to the immediate release of property held for forfeiture
             726      pending the final determination of forfeiture if:
             727          (a) the claimant had a possessory interest in the property at the time of seizure;
             728          (b) continued possession by the agency or the state pending the final disposition of the
             729      forfeiture proceedings will cause substantial hardship to the claimant, such as:


             730          (i) preventing the functioning of a legitimate business;
             731          (ii) preventing any individual from working;
             732          (iii) preventing any child from attending elementary or secondary school;
             733          (iv) preventing or hindering any person from receiving necessary medical care;
             734          (v) hindering the care of an elderly or disabled dependent child or adult;
             735          (vi) leaving any individual homeless; or
             736          (vii) any other condition that the court determines causes a substantial hardship;
             737          (c) the hardship from the continued possession of the property by the agency outweighs
             738      the risk that the property will be destroyed, damaged, lost, concealed, or transferred if it is
             739      returned to the claimant during the pendency of the proceeding; and
             740          (d) determination of substantial hardship under this Subsection (6) is based upon the
             741      property's use prior to the seizure.
             742          (7) After the seizing agency gives notice that the property is to be held for forfeiture, a
             743      claimant may file a motion for hardship release:
             744          (a) in the court in which forfeiture proceedings have commenced; or
             745          (b) in any district court having jurisdiction over the property, if forfeiture proceedings
             746      have not yet commenced.
             747          (8) The motion for hardship release shall also be served upon the prosecuting attorney
             748      or the seizing agency within 10 days after filing the motion.
             749          (9) The court shall render a decision on a motion for hardship filed under this section
             750      not later than 20 days after the date of filing, or 10 days after service upon the prosecuting
             751      attorney or seizing agency, whichever is earlier, unless this period is extended by the agreement
             752      of both parties or by the court for good cause shown.
             753          (10) (a) If the claimant demonstrates substantial hardship pursuant to this section, the
             754      court shall order the property immediately released to the claimant pending completion of
             755      proceedings by the government to obtain forfeiture of the property.
             756          (b) The court may place conditions on release of the property as it finds necessary and
             757      appropriate to preserve the availability of the property or its equivalent for forfeiture.


             758          (11) The hardship release under this section does not apply to:
             759          (a) contraband;
             760          (b) currency or other monetary instrument or electronic funds; or
             761          (c) property that is likely to be used to commit additional illegal acts if returned to the
             762      claimant.
             763          (12) (a) The court may order property that is held for forfeiture to be sold, as allowed
             764      by Subsection (13), leased, rented, or operated to satisfy a specified interest of any claimant, or
             765      to preserve the interests of any party on motion of that party.
             766          (b) The court may enter orders under Subsection (12)(a) after written notice to persons
             767      known to have an interest in the property, and after an opportunity for a hearing.
             768          (13) (a) A sale may be ordered under Subsection (12) when the property is liable to
             769      perish, waste, or be significantly reduced in value, or when the expenses of maintaining the
             770      property are disproportionate to its value.
             771          (b) A third party designated by the court shall dispose of the property by commercially
             772      reasonable public sale and distribute the proceeds in the following order of priority:
             773          (i) first, for the payment of reasonable expenses incurred in connection with the sale;
             774          (ii) second, for the satisfaction of any interests, including those of interest holders, in
             775      the order of their priority as determined by Title 70A, Uniform Commercial Code; and
             776          (iii) third, any balance of the proceeds shall be preserved in the actual or constructive
             777      custody of the court, in an interest-bearing account, subject to further proceedings under this
             778      chapter.
             779          Section 20. Section 24-4-109 is enacted to read:
             780          24-4-109. Postjudgment interest.
             781          In any proceeding to forfeit currency or other negotiable instruments under this chapter,
             782      the court shall award a prevailing party postjudgment interest on the currency or negotiable
             783      instruments at the interest rate established under Section 15-1-4 .
             784          Section 21. Section 24-4-110 is enacted to read:
             785          24-4-110. Attorney fees and costs.


             786          (1) In any forfeiture proceeding under this chapter, the court may award a prevailing
             787      party reasonable:
             788          (a) legal costs; and
             789          (b) attorney fees.
             790          (2) The legal costs and attorney fees awarded by the court to the prevailing party may
             791      not exceed 20% of the value of the property.
             792          (3) A party that prevails only in part is entitled to recover reasonable legal costs and
             793      attorney fees only on those issues on which the party prevailed.
             794          Section 22. Section 24-4-111 is enacted to read:
             795          24-4-111. Compensation for damaged property.
             796          (1) If property seized for forfeiture is returned by operation of this chapter, a claimant
             797      has a civil right of action against a seizing agency for any claim based upon the negligent
             798      destruction, loss, damage, or other injury to seized property while in the possession or custody
             799      of the agency.
             800          (2) As used in this section, "damage or other injury" does not include normal
             801      depreciation, deterioration, or ordinary wear and tear.
             802          Section 23. Section 24-4-112 is enacted to read:
             803          24-4-112. Limitation on fees for holding seized property.
             804          In any civil or criminal proceeding under this chapter in which a judgment is entered in
             805      favor of a claimant, or where a forfeiture proceeding against a claimant is voluntarily dismissed
             806      by the prosecuting attorney, the seizing agency may not charge that claimant any fee or cost for
             807      holding seized property.
             808          Section 24. Section 24-4-113 is enacted to read:
             809          24-4-113. Proportionality.
             810          (1) (a) A claimant's interest in property that is used to facilitate a crime, excluding
             811      contraband, is not subject to forfeiture under any provision of state law if the forfeiture is
             812      substantially disproportionate to the use of the property in committing or facilitating a violation
             813      of state law and the value of the property.


             814          (b) Forfeiture of property used solely in a manner that is merely incidental and not
             815      instrumental to the commission or facilitation of a violation of law is not proportional.
             816          (2) (a) In determining proportionality, the court shall consider:
             817          (i) the conduct giving cause for the forfeiture;
             818          (ii) what portion of the forfeiture, if any, is remedial in nature;
             819          (iii) the gravity of the conduct for which the claimant is responsible in light of the
             820      offense; and
             821          (iv) the value of the property.
             822          (b) If the court finds that the forfeiture is substantially disproportional to the conduct
             823      for which the claimant is responsible, it shall reduce or eliminate the forfeiture, as it finds
             824      appropriate.
             825          (3) The prosecuting attorney has the burden to demonstrate that any forfeiture is
             826      proportional to the conduct giving rise to the forfeiture.
             827          (4) In all cases the court shall decide questions of proportionality.
             828          (5) Forfeiture of any proceeds is proportional.
             829          Section 25. Section 24-4-114 is enacted to read:
             830          24-4-114. Transfer and sharing procedures.
             831          (1) (a) Seizing agencies or prosecuting attorneys authorized to bring forfeiture
             832      proceedings under this chapter may not directly or indirectly transfer property held for
             833      forfeiture and not already named in a criminal indictment to any federal agency or any
             834      governmental entity not created under and subject to state law unless:
             835          (i) the conduct giving rise to the investigation or seizure is interstate in nature and
             836      sufficiently complex to justify the transfer;
             837          (ii) the property may only be forfeited under federal law; or
             838          (iii) pursuing forfeiture under state law would unreasonably burden prosecuting
             839      attorneys or state law enforcement agencies.
             840          (b) In making a determination under this section, a court may conduct an in camera
             841      inspection of evidence provided by the prosecuting attorney or seizing agency.


             842          (2) All property, money, or other things of value received by an agency pursuant to
             843      federal law, which authorizes the sharing or transfer of all or a portion of forfeited property or
             844      the proceeds of the sale of forfeited property to an agency:
             845          (a) shall be used in compliance with federal laws and regulations relating to equitable
             846      sharing;
             847          (b) may be used for those law enforcement purposes specified in Subsection
             848      24-4-117 (9); and
             849          (c) may not be used for those law enforcement purposes prohibited in Subsection
             850      24-4-117 (10).
             851          (3) A state or local law enforcement agency awarded any equitable share of property
             852      forfeited by the federal government may only use the award money after approval of the use by
             853      the agency's legislative body.
             854          (4) Each year, every agency awarded any equitable share of property forfeited by the
             855      federal government shall file with the commission:
             856          (a) a copy of that agency's federal equitable sharing certification; and
             857          (b) information, on a form provided by the commission, that details all awards received
             858      from the federal government during the preceding reporting period, including:
             859          (i) the agency's case number or other identification;
             860          (ii) the amount of the award;
             861          (iii) the date of the award;
             862          (iv) the identity of any federal agency involved in the forfeiture;
             863          (v) how the awarded property has been used; and
             864          (vi) a statement signed by both the agency's executive officer or designee and by the
             865      agency's legal counsel confirming that the agency has only used the awarded property for crime
             866      reduction or law enforcement purposes authorized under Section 24-4-117 , and only upon
             867      approval by the agency's legislative body.
             868          Section 26. Section 24-4-115 is enacted to read:
             869          24-4-115. Disposition and allocation of forfeiture property.


             870          (1) Upon finding that property is subject to forfeiture under this chapter, the court shall
             871      order the property forfeited to the state.
             872          (2) (a) If the property is not currency, the seizing agency shall authorize a public or
             873      otherwise commercially reasonable sale of that property that is not required by law to be
             874      destroyed and that is not harmful to the public.
             875          (b) If the property forfeited is an alcoholic product as defined in Section 32B-1-102 , it
             876      shall be disposed of as follows:
             877          (i) an alcoholic product shall be sold if the alcoholic product is:
             878          (A) unadulterated, pure, and free from any crude, unrectified, or impure form of ethylic
             879      alcohol, or any other deleterious substance or liquid; and
             880          (B) otherwise in saleable condition; or
             881          (ii) an alcoholic product and its package shall be destroyed if the alcoholic product is
             882      impure, adulterated, or otherwise unfit for sale.
             883          (c) If the property forfeited is a cigarette or other tobacco product as defined in Section
             884      59-14-102 , it shall be destroyed, except that prior to the destruction of any cigarette or other
             885      tobacco product seized pursuant to this part, the lawful holder of the trademark rights in the
             886      cigarette or tobacco product brand shall be permitted to inspect the cigarette.
             887          (d) The proceeds of the sale of forfeited property shall remain segregated from other
             888      property, equipment, or assets of the seizing agency until transferred to the state in accordance
             889      with this chapter.
             890          (3) From the forfeited property, both currency and the proceeds or revenue from the
             891      sale of the property, the seizing agency shall:
             892          (a) deduct the seizing agency's direct costs and expenses of obtaining and maintaining
             893      the property pending forfeiture; and
             894          (b) pay the legal costs and attorney fees associated with the litigation of the forfeiture
             895      proceeding.
             896          (4) If the forfeiture arises from any violation relating to wildlife resources, the
             897      remaining currency and the proceeds or revenue from the sale of the property shall be deposited


             898      in the Wildlife Resources Account created in Section 23-14-13 .
             899          (5) The remaining currency and the proceeds or revenue from the sale of the property
             900      shall then be transferred to the commission and deposited into the account.
             901          Section 27. Section 24-4-116 is enacted to read:
             902          24-4-116. Criminal Forfeiture Restricted Account.
             903          (1) There is created within the General Fund a restricted account known as the
             904      "Criminal Forfeiture Restricted Account."
             905          (2) Proceeds from forfeited property and forfeited money through state forfeitures shall
             906      be deposited into the account.
             907          (3) Money in the account shall be appropriated to the commission for implementing the
             908      program under Section 24-4-117 .
             909          Section 28. Section 24-4-117 is enacted to read:
             910          24-4-117. State Asset Forfeiture Grant Program.
             911          (1) There is created the State Asset Forfeiture Grant Program.
             912          (2) The program shall fund crime prevention and law enforcement activities that have
             913      the purpose of:
             914          (a) deterring crime by depriving criminals of the profits and proceeds of their illegal
             915      activities;
             916          (b) weakening criminal enterprises by removing the instrumentalities of crime;
             917          (c) reducing crimes involving substance abuse by supporting the creation,
             918      administration, or operation of drug court programs throughout the state;
             919          (d) encouraging cooperation between local, state, and multijurisdictional law
             920      enforcement agencies;
             921          (e) allowing the costs and expenses of law enforcement to be defrayed by the forfeited
             922      proceeds of crime; and
             923          (f) increasing the equitability and accountability of the use of forfeited property used to
             924      assist law enforcement in reducing and preventing crime.
             925          (3) (a) When property is forfeited under this chapter and transferred to the account,


             926      upon appropriation the commission shall allocate and administer grants to state, local, or
             927      multijurisdictional law enforcement agencies or political subdivisions of the state in
             928      compliance with this section and to further the program purposes under Subsection (2).
             929          (b) The commission may retain up to 3% of the annual appropriation from the account
             930      to pay for administrative costs incurred by the commission, including salary and benefits,
             931      equipment, supplies, or travel costs that are directly related to the administration of the
             932      program.
             933          (4) Agencies or political subdivisions shall apply for an award from the program by
             934      completing and submitting forms specified by the commission.
             935          (5) In granting the awards, the commission shall ensure that the amount of each award
             936      takes into consideration the:
             937          (a) demonstrated needs of the agency;
             938          (b) demonstrated ability of the agency to appropriately use the award;
             939          (c) degree to which the agency's need is offset through the agency's participation in
             940      federal equitable sharing or through other federal and state grant programs; and
             941          (d) agency's cooperation with other state and local agencies and task forces.
             942          (6) Applying agencies or political subdivisions shall demonstrate compliance with all
             943      reporting and policy requirements applicable under this chapter and under Title 63M, Chapter
             944      7, Criminal Justice and Substance Abuse, in order to qualify as a potential award recipient.
             945          (7) (a) Recipient law enforcement agencies may only use award money after approval
             946      by the agency's legislative body.
             947          (b) The award money is nonlapsing.
             948          (8) A recipient law enforcement agency or political subdivision shall use awards only
             949      for law enforcement purposes as described in this section, and only as these purposes are
             950      specified by the agency or political subdivision in its application for the award.
             951          (9) Permissible law enforcement purposes for which award money may be used
             952      include:
             953          (a) controlled substance interdiction and enforcement activities;


             954          (b) drug court programs;
             955          (c) activities calculated to enhance future law enforcement investigations;
             956          (d) law enforcement training that includes:
             957          (i) implementation of the Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution and
             958      Utah Constitution, Article I, Section 7, and that addresses the protection of the individual's
             959      right of due process;
             960          (ii) protection of the rights of innocent property holders; and
             961          (iii) the Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution regarding states'
             962      sovereignty and the states' reserved rights;
             963          (e) law enforcement or detention facilities;
             964          (f) law enforcement operations or equipment that are not routine costs or operational
             965      expenses;
             966          (g) drug, gang, or crime prevention education programs that are sponsored in whole or
             967      in part by the law enforcement agency or its legislative body;
             968          (h) matching funds for other state or federal law enforcement grants; and
             969          (i) the payment of legal costs, attorney fees, and postjudgment interest in forfeiture
             970      actions.
             971          (10) Law enforcement purposes for which award money may not be granted or used
             972      include:
             973          (a) payment of salaries, retirement benefits, or bonuses to any person;
             974          (b) payment of expenses not related to law enforcement;
             975          (c) uses not specified in the agency's award application;
             976          (d) uses not approved by the agency's legislative body;
             977          (e) payments, transfers, or pass-through funding to entities other than law enforcement
             978      agencies; or
             979          (f) uses, payments, or expenses that are not within the scope of the agency's functions.
             980          (11) (a) For each fiscal year, any state, local, or multijurisdictional agency or political
             981      subdivision that received an award shall prepare, and file with the commission, a report in a


             982      form specified by the commission.
             983          (b) The report shall include the following regarding each award:
             984          (i) the agency's name;
             985          (ii) the amount of the award;
             986          (iii) the date of the award;
             987          (iv) how the award has been used; and
             988          (v) a statement signed by both the agency's or political subdivision's executive officer
             989      or designee and by the agency's legal counsel, that:
             990          (A) the agency or political subdivision has complied with all inventory, policy, and
             991      reporting requirements of this chapter; and
             992          (B) all awards were used for crime reduction or law enforcement purposes as specified
             993      in the application and only upon approval by the agency's or political subdivision's legislative
             994      body.
             995          (12) (a) The commission shall report in writing to the legislative Law Enforcement and
             996      Criminal Justice Interim Committee annually regarding the forfeited property transferred to the
             997      account, awards made by the program, uses of program awards, and any equitable share of
             998      property forfeited by the federal government as reported by agencies pursuant to Subsection
             999      24-4-114 (4).
             1000          (b) The report shall be submitted annually on or before November 1.
             1001          Section 29. Section 32B-4-206 is amended to read:
             1002           32B-4-206. Searches, seizures, and fines.
             1003          [(1) The following are subject to forfeiture pursuant to Title 24, Chapter 1, Utah
             1004      Uniform Forfeiture Procedures Act:]
             1005          [(a) an alcoholic product possessed, purchased, used, stored, sold, offered for sale,
             1006      furnished, given, received, warehoused, manufactured, distributed, shipped, carried,
             1007      transported, or adulterated in violation of this title or commission rules;]
             1008          [(b) a container or property used or intended for use as a container for an alcoholic
             1009      product in violation of this title or commission rules;]


             1010          [(c) raw materials, products, and equipment used, or intended for use, in
             1011      manufacturing, processing, delivering, importing, exporting, or adulterating an alcoholic
             1012      product in violation of this title or commission rules;]
             1013          [(d) implements, furniture, fixtures, or other personal property used or kept for a
             1014      violation of this title or commission rules;]
             1015          [(e) conveyances including an aircraft, vehicle, or vessel used or intended for use, to
             1016      transport or in any manner facilitate the transportation, sale, receipt, possession, or
             1017      concealment of property described in Subsection (1)(a), (b), (c), or (d); and]
             1018          [(f) a record used or intended for use in violation of this title or commission rules.]
             1019          [(2) (a) Property subject to forfeiture under this title may be seized by a peace officer of
             1020      this state or any other person authorized by law upon process issued by a court having
             1021      jurisdiction over the property in accordance with the Utah Rules of Criminal Procedure relating
             1022      to search warrants or administrative warrants.]
             1023          [(b) Notwithstanding Subsection (2)(a), seizure without process may be made when:]
             1024          [(i) the seizure is incident to an arrest or search under a search warrant or an inspection
             1025      under an administrative inspection warrant;]
             1026          [(ii) the property subject to seizure has been the subject of a prior judgment in favor of
             1027      the state in a criminal injunction or forfeiture proceeding under this title;]
             1028          [(iii) the peace officer or other person authorized by law has probable cause to believe
             1029      that the property is directly or indirectly dangerous to health or safety; or]
             1030          [(iv) the peace officer or other person authorized by law has probable cause to believe
             1031      that the property is being or has been used, intended to be used, held, or kept in violation of this
             1032      title or commission rules.]
             1033          [(3) If property is seized pursuant to a search or administrative warrant, a peace officer
             1034      or other person authorized by law shall comply with the requirements of the Utah Rules of
             1035      Criminal Procedure.]
             1036          [(4) (a) If property is seized without process:]
             1037          [(i) the peace officer or other person authorized by law shall make a return of the peace


             1038      officer's or person's acts without delay directly to the district court of the county in which the
             1039      property was located; and]
             1040          [(ii) the district court shall have jurisdiction of the case.]
             1041          [(b) A return shall describe:]
             1042          [(i) the property seized;]
             1043          [(ii) the place where the property is seized; and]
             1044          [(iii) any person in apparent possession of the property.]
             1045          [(c) A peace officer or other person described in Subsection (4)(a) shall promptly:]
             1046          [(i) deliver a written inventory of anything seized to any person in apparent authority at
             1047      the premises where the seizure is made; or]
             1048          [(ii) post a written inventory of anything seized in a conspicuous place at the premises.]
             1049          [(d) A written inventory under this Subsection (4) shall state the place where the
             1050      property is being held.]
             1051          [(5) Property taken or detained under this section is not repleviable but is considered in
             1052      custody of the law enforcement agency making the seizure subject only to the orders of the
             1053      court or the official having jurisdiction. When property is seized under this title, the
             1054      appropriate person or agency may:]
             1055          [(a) place the property under seal;]
             1056          [(b) remove the property to a place designated by:]
             1057          [(i) the person or agency; or]
             1058          [(ii) the warrant under which the property is seized; or]
             1059          [(c) take custody of the property and remove the property to an appropriate location for
             1060      disposition in accordance with law.]
             1061          [(6) When property is subject to forfeiture under this section, a proceeding shall be
             1062      instituted in accordance with Title 24, Chapter 1, Utah Uniform Forfeiture Procedures Act.]
             1063          [(7) When property is ordered forfeited under Title 24, Chapter 1, Utah Uniform
             1064      Forfeiture Procedures Act, by a finding of a court that no person is entitled to recover the
             1065      property, the property, if an alcohol container or product used as a container for an alcoholic


             1066      product, shall be disposed of as follows:]
             1067          [(a) An alcoholic product shall be sold in accordance with Section 24-1-17 if the
             1068      alcoholic product is:]
             1069          [(i) unadulterated, pure, and free from crude, unrectified, or impure form of ethylic
             1070      alcohol, or any other deleterious substance or liquid; and]
             1071          [(ii) otherwise in saleable condition.]
             1072          [(b) If the alcoholic product is impure, adulterated, or otherwise unfit for sale, the
             1073      department shall destroy the alcoholic product and its container under competent supervision.]
             1074          [(8)] Except when otherwise provided, a fine or forfeiture levied under this title shall
             1075      be paid to the county treasurer of the county in which the prosecution occurred.
             1076          Section 30. Section 41-6a-527 is amended to read:
             1077           41-6a-527. Seizure and impoundment of vehicles by peace officers -- Impound
             1078      requirements -- Removal of vehicle by owner.
             1079          (1) If a peace officer arrests, cites, or refers for administrative action the operator of a
             1080      vehicle for violating Section 41-6a-502 , 41-6a-517 , 41-6a-518.2 , 41-6a-520 , 41-6a-530 ,
             1081      41-6a-606 , 53-3-231 , 53-3-232 , Subsections 53-3-227 (3)(a)(i) through (vi), Subsection
             1082      53-3-227 (3)(a)(ix), or a local ordinance similar to Section 41-6a-502 which complies with
             1083      Subsection 41-6a-510 (1), the peace officer shall seize and impound the vehicle in accordance
             1084      with Section 41-6a-1406 , except as provided under Subsection (2).
             1085          (2) If a registered owner of the vehicle, other than the operator, is present at the time of
             1086      arrest, the peace officer may release the vehicle to that registered owner, but only if:
             1087          (a) the registered owner:
             1088          (i) requests to remove the vehicle from the scene; and
             1089          (ii) presents to the peace officer sufficient identification to prove ownership of the
             1090      vehicle or motorboat;
             1091          (b) the registered owner identifies a driver with a valid operator's license who:
             1092          (i) complies with all restrictions of his operator's license; and
             1093          (ii) would not, in the judgment of the officer, be in violation of Section 41-6a-502 ,


             1094      41-6a-517 , 41-6a-518.2 , 41-6a-520 , 41-6a-530 , 53-3-231 , 53-3-232 , or a local ordinance
             1095      similar to Section 41-6a-502 which complies with Subsection 41-6a-510 (1) if permitted to
             1096      operate the vehicle; and
             1097          (c) the vehicle itself is legally operable.
             1098          (3) If necessary for transportation of a motorboat for impoundment under this section,
             1099      the motorboat's trailer may be used to transport the motorboat.
             1100          [(4) A motor vehicle is subject to criminal or civil forfeiture under the procedures and
             1101      substantive protections established in Title 24, Chapter 1, Utah Uniform Forfeiture Procedures
             1102      Act, upon a finding by the court that:]
             1103          [(a) the motor vehicle was used in a violation of Section 41-6a-502 , 41-6a-517 , a local
             1104      ordinance which complies with the requirements of Subsection 41-6a-510 (1), Subsection
             1105      58-37-8 (2)(g), or Section 76-5-207 ;]
             1106          [(b) the operator of the vehicle has previously been convicted of a violation committed
             1107      after May 12, 2009, of:]
             1108          [(i) a felony driving under the influence violation under Section 41-6a-502 ;]
             1109          [(ii) a felony violation of Subsection 58-37-8 (2)(g); or]
             1110          [(iii) automobile homicide under Section 76-5-207 ;]
             1111          [(c) the operator of the vehicle was driving on a denied, suspended, revoked, or
             1112      disqualified license; and]
             1113          [(d) (i) the denial, suspension, revocation, or disqualification under Subsection (4)(c)
             1114      was imposed because of a violation of:]
             1115          [(A) Section 41-6a-502 ;]
             1116          [(B) Section 41-6a-517 ;]
             1117          [(C) a local ordinance which complies with the requirements of Subsection
             1118      41-6a-510 (1);]
             1119          [(D) Section 41-6a-520 ;]
             1120          [(E) Subsection 58-37-8 (2)(g);]
             1121          [(F) Section 76-5-207 ; or]


             1122          [(G) a criminal prohibition that the person was charged with violating as a result of a
             1123      plea bargain after having been originally charged with violating one or more of the sections or
             1124      ordinances described in Subsections (4)(d)(i)(A) through (F); or]
             1125          [(ii) (A) the denial, suspension, revocation, or disqualification described in Subsection
             1126      (4)(c) is an extension imposed under Subsection 53-3-220 (2) of a denial, suspension,
             1127      revocation, or disqualification; and]
             1128          [(B) the original denial, suspension, revocation, or disqualification was imposed
             1129      because of a violation described in Subsection (4)(d)(i)(A) through (G).]
             1130          Section 31. Section 53-7-406 is amended to read:
             1131           53-7-406. Penalties.
             1132          (1) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (1)(b), a manufacturer, wholesale dealer,
             1133      agent, or any other person or entity who knowingly sells or offers to sell cigarettes, other than
             1134      through retail sale, in violation of Section 53-7-403 :
             1135          (i) for a first offense shall be liable for a civil penalty not to exceed $10,000 per each
             1136      sale of cigarettes; and
             1137          (ii) for a subsequent offense shall be liable for a civil penalty not to exceed $25,000 per
             1138      each sale of such cigarettes.
             1139          (b) A penalty imposed under Subsection (1)(a) may not exceed $100,000 during any
             1140      30-day period against any one entity described in Subsection (1).
             1141          (2) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (2)(b), a retail dealer who knowingly sells
             1142      cigarettes in violation of Section 53-7-403 shall:
             1143          (i) for a first offense for each sale or offer for sale of cigarettes, if the total number of
             1144      cigarettes sold or offered for sale:
             1145          (A) does not exceed 1,000 cigarettes, be liable for a civil penalty not to exceed $500
             1146      for each sale or offer of sale; and
             1147          (B) does exceed 1,000 cigarettes, be liable for a civil penalty not to exceed $1,000 for
             1148      each sale or offer of sale; and
             1149          (ii) for a subsequent offense, if the total number of cigarettes sold or offered for sale:


             1150          (A) does not exceed 1,000 cigarettes, be liable for a civil penalty not to exceed $2,000
             1151      for each sale or offer of sale; and
             1152          (B) does exceed 1,000 cigarettes, be liable for a civil penalty not to exceed $5,000 for
             1153      each sale or offer of sale.
             1154          (b) A penalty imposed under Subsection (2)(a) against any retail dealer shall not
             1155      exceed $25,000 during a 30-day period.
             1156          (3) In addition to any penalty prescribed by law, any corporation, partnership, sole
             1157      proprietor, limited partnership, or association engaged in the manufacture of cigarettes that
             1158      knowingly makes a false certification pursuant to Section 53-7-404 shall, for each false
             1159      certification:
             1160          (a) for a first offense, be liable for a civil penalty of at least $75,000; and
             1161          (b) for a subsequent offense, be liable for a civil penalty not to exceed $250,000.
             1162          (4) Any person violating any other provision in this part shall be liable for a civil
             1163      penalty for each violation:
             1164          (a) for a first offense, not to exceed $1,000; and
             1165          (b) for a subsequent offense, not to exceed $5,000.
             1166          [(5) Any cigarettes that have been sold or offered for sale that do not comply with the
             1167      performance standard required by Section 53-7-403 shall be subject to forfeiture under Title 24,
             1168      Chapter 1, Utah Uniform Forfeiture Procedures Act, and, upon being forfeited, shall be
             1169      destroyed, provided, however, that prior to the destruction of any cigarette seized pursuant to
             1170      this part, the true holder of the trademark rights in the cigarette brand shall be permitted to
             1171      inspect the cigarette.]
             1172          [(6)] (5) In addition to any other remedy provided by law, the state fire marshal or
             1173      attorney general may file an action in district court for a violation of this part, including
             1174      petitioning for injunctive relief or to recover any costs or damages suffered by the state because
             1175      of a violation of this part, including enforcement costs relating to the specific violation and
             1176      attorney fees. Each violation of this part or of rules or regulations adopted under this part
             1177      constitutes a separate civil violation for which the state fire marshal or attorney general may


             1178      obtain relief.
             1179          Section 32. Section 63J-1-602.1 is amended to read:
             1180           63J-1-602.1. List of nonlapsing accounts and funds -- General authority and Title
             1181      1 through Title 30.
             1182          (1) Appropriations made to the Legislature and its committees.
             1183          (2) The Percent-for-Art Program created in Section 9-6-404 .
             1184          (3) The Martin Luther King, Jr. Civil Rights Support Restricted Account created in
             1185      Section 9-18-102 .
             1186          (4) The LeRay McAllister Critical Land Conservation Program created in Section
             1187      11-38-301 .
             1188          (5) An appropriation made to the Division of Wildlife Resources for the appraisal and
             1189      purchase of lands under the Pelican Management Act, as provided in Section 23-21a-6 .
             1190          (6) Award money under the [Crime Reduction Assistance Program] State Asset
             1191      Forfeiture Grant Program, as provided under Section [ 24-1-19 ] 24-4-117 .
             1192          (7) Funds collected from the emergency medical services grant program, as provided in
             1193      Section 26-8a-207 .
             1194          (8) The Prostate Cancer Support Restricted Account created in Section 26-21a-303 .
             1195          (9) State funds appropriated for matching federal funds in the Children's Health
             1196      Insurance Program as provided in Section 26-40-108 .
             1197          (10) The Utah Health Care Workforce Financial Assistance Program created in Section
             1198      26-46-102 .
             1199          Section 33. Section 76-6-903 is amended to read:
             1200           76-6-903. Penalties.
             1201          (1) A person is guilty of a class B misdemeanor if that person:
             1202          (a) violates this part; or
             1203          (b) counsels, procures, solicits, or employs any other person to violate this part.
             1204          (2) A person is guilty of a third degree felony if:
             1205          (a) that person commits a second or subsequent violation described in Subsection (1);


             1206      or
             1207          (b) the amount calculated under Subsection (3) for a violation described in Subsection
             1208      (1) exceeds $500.
             1209          (3) The amount described in Subsection (2)(b) is calculated by adding the:
             1210          (a) commercial or archaeological value of the antiquities involved in the violation; and
             1211          (b) cost of the restoration and repair of the antiquities involved in the violation.
             1212          [(4) (a) All property used in conjunction with the criminal activity, together with all
             1213      photographs and records, shall be forfeited to the state.]
             1214          [(b)] (4) All articles and material discovered, collected, excavated, or offered for sale
             1215      or exchange shall be surrendered to the landowner.
             1216          Section 34. Section 76-10-1603.5 is amended to read:
             1217           76-10-1603.5. Violation a felony -- Costs -- Fines -- Divestiture -- Restrictions --
             1218      Dissolution or reorganization -- Prior restraint.
             1219          (1) A person who violates any provision of Section 76-10-1603 is guilty of a second
             1220      degree felony. In addition to penalties prescribed by law, the court may order the person found
             1221      guilty of the felony to pay to the state, if the attorney general brought the action, or to the
             1222      county, if the county attorney or district attorney brought the action, the costs of investigating
             1223      and prosecuting the offense and the costs of securing the forfeitures provided for in this
             1224      section. [The person shall forfeit:]
             1225          [(a) any interest acquired or maintained in violation of any provision of Section
             1226      76-10-1603 ;]
             1227          [(b) any interest in, security of, claim against, or property or contractual right of any
             1228      kind affording a source of influence over any enterprise which the person has established,
             1229      operated, controlled, conducted, or participated in the conduct of in violation of Section
             1230      76-10-1603 ; and]
             1231          [(c) any property constituting or derived from the net proceeds which the person
             1232      obtained, directly or indirectly, from the conduct constituting the pattern of unlawful activity or
             1233      from any act or conduct constituting the pattern of unlawful activity proven as part of the


             1234      violation of any provision of Section 76-10-1603 .]
             1235          [(2) If a violation of Section 76-10-1603 is based on a pattern of unlawful activity
             1236      consisting of acts or conduct in violation of Section 76-10-1204 , 76-10-1205 , 76-10-1206 , or
             1237      76-10-1222 , the property subject to forfeiture under this section is limited to property, the
             1238      seizure or forfeiture of which would not constitute a prior restraint on the exercise of an
             1239      affected party's rights under the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States or
             1240      Utah Constitution Article I, Section 15, or would not otherwise unlawfully interfere with the
             1241      exercise of those rights.]
             1242          [(3)] (2) In lieu of a fine otherwise authorized by law for a violation of Section
             1243      76-10-1603 , a defendant who derives net proceeds from a conduct prohibited by Section
             1244      76-10-1603 may be fined not more than twice the amount of the net proceeds.
             1245          [(4) Property subject to forfeiture in accordance with the procedures and substantive
             1246      protections of Title 24, Chapter 1, Utah Uniform Forfeiture Procedures Act:]
             1247          [(a) includes:]
             1248          [(i) real property, including things growing on, affixed to, and found in land; and]
             1249          [(ii) tangible and intangible personal property including money, rights, privileges,
             1250      interests, claims, and securities of any kind; but]
             1251          [(b) does not include property exchanged or to be exchanged for services rendered in
             1252      connection with the defense of the charges or any related criminal case.]
             1253          [(5)] (3) Upon conviction for violating any provision of Section 76-10-1603 , and in
             1254      addition to any penalty prescribed by law [and in addition to any forfeitures provided for in this
             1255      section], the court may do any or all of the following:
             1256          (a) order restitution to any victim or rightful owner of property obtained, directly or
             1257      indirectly, from:
             1258          (i) the conduct constituting the pattern of unlawful activity; or
             1259          (ii) any act or conduct constituting the pattern of unlawful activity that is proven as part
             1260      of the violation of any provision of Section 76-10-1603 ;
             1261          (b) order the person to divest himself of any interest in or any control, direct or


             1262      indirect, of any enterprise;
             1263          (c) impose reasonable restrictions on the future activities or investments of any person,
             1264      including prohibiting the person from engaging in the same type of endeavor as the enterprise
             1265      engaged in, to the extent the Utah Constitution and the Constitution of the United States
             1266      permit; or
             1267          (d) order the dissolution or reorganization of any enterprise.
             1268          [(6)] (4) If a violation of Section 76-10-1603 is based on a pattern of unlawful activity
             1269      consisting of acts or conduct in violation of Section 76-10-1204 , 76-10-1205 , 76-10-1206 , or
             1270      76-10-1222 , the court may not enter any order that would amount to a prior restraint on the
             1271      exercise of an affected party's rights under the First Amendment to the Constitution of the
             1272      United States or Utah Constitution Article I, Section 15.
             1273          [(7) All rights, title, and interest in forfeitable property described in Subsections (1)
             1274      and (2) are subject to forfeiture proceedings in accordance with the procedures and substantive
             1275      protections of Title 24, Chapter 1, Utah Uniform Forfeiture Procedures Act.]
             1276          [(8)] (5) For purposes of this section, the "net proceeds" of an offense means property
             1277      acquired as a result of the violation minus the direct costs of acquiring the property.
             1278          Section 35. Section 77-24a-1 is repealed and reenacted to read:
             1279     
CHAPTER 24a. LOST OR MISLAID PERSONAL PROPERTY

             1280          77-24a-1. Definition.
             1281          (1) "Lost or mislaid property":
             1282          (a) means any property that comes into the possession of a peace officer or law
             1283      enforcement agency:
             1284          (i) that is not claimed by anyone who is identified as the owner of the property; or
             1285          (ii) for which no owner or interest holder can be found after a reasonable and diligent
             1286      search;
             1287          (b) includes any property received by a peace officer or law enforcement agency from a
             1288      person claiming to have found the property; and
             1289          (c) does not include property seized by a peace officer pursuant to Title 24, Forfeiture


             1290      and Disposition of Property Act.
             1291          (2) "Public interest use" means:
             1292          (a) use by a governmental agency as determined by the agency's legislative body; or
             1293          (b) donation to a nonprofit charity registered with the state.
             1294          Section 36. Section 77-24a-2 is amended to read:
             1295           77-24a-2. Disposition by police agency.
             1296          All [unclaimed] lost or mislaid property coming into the possession of a peace officer
             1297      or law enforcement agency shall be turned over to, held, and disposed of only by the local law
             1298      enforcement agency whose authority extends to the area where the item was found.
             1299          Section 37. Section 77-24a-3 is amended to read:
             1300           77-24a-3. Statement of finder of property.
             1301          (1) A person [finding unclaimed] who finds lost or mislaid property and [delivering]
             1302      delivers it to a local law enforcement agency shall sign a statement included in a form provided
             1303      by the agency, stating [how]:
             1304          (a) the manner in which the property came into [his] the person's possession, including
             1305      the time, date, and place[, and stating that he];
             1306          (b) that the person does not know who [the owner of] owns the property [is, that];
             1307          (c) that, to the person's knowledge, the property was not [to his knowledge] stolen[,
             1308      that his];
             1309          (d) that the person's possession of [it] the property is not unlawful[,]; and [providing]
             1310          (e) any information [he] the person is aware of which could lead to a determination of
             1311      the owner. [Other]
             1312          (2) Additional information may be requested by the agency receiving the [item]
             1313      property, as necessary.
             1314          Section 38. Section 77-24a-4 is amended to read:
             1315           77-24a-4. Locating owner of property.
             1316          (1) The local law enforcement agency shall take reasonable steps to determine the
             1317      identity and location of the owner, and notify [him] the owner that the property is in custody.


             1318          (2) The owner may obtain the property only by [making identification of himself and
             1319      of] providing personal identification, identifying the property, and paying any costs incurred by
             1320      the agency, including costs for advertising or storage.
             1321          Section 39. Section 77-24a-5 is amended to read:
             1322           77-24a-5. Disposition of unclaimed property.
             1323          (1) (a) If the owner of any [unclaimed] lost or mislaid property cannot be determined or
             1324      notified, or if [he] the owner of the property is determined and notified, and fails to appear and
             1325      claim the property after three months of its receipt by the local law enforcement agency, the
             1326      agency shall:
             1327          (i) publish [at least one] notice of the intent to dispose of the unclaimed property[:] on
             1328      Utah's Public Legal Notice Website established in Subsection 45-1-101 (2)(b);
             1329          [(A) in a newspaper of general circulation within the county; and]
             1330          [(B) as required in Section 45-1-101 ; and]
             1331          (ii) post a similar notice on the public website of the political subdivision within which
             1332      the law enforcement agency is located; and
             1333          [(ii)] (iii) post a similar notice in a public place designated for notice within the law
             1334      enforcement agency.
             1335          (b) The notice shall:
             1336          (i) give a general description of the item; and
             1337          (ii) the date of intended disposition.
             1338          (c) The agency may not dispose of the [unclaimed] lost or mislaid property until at
             1339      least eight days after the date of publication and posting.
             1340          (2) (a) If no claim is made for the [unclaimed] lost or mislaid property within nine days
             1341      of publication and posting, the agency shall notify the person who turned the property over to
             1342      the local law enforcement agency, if it was turned over by a person under Section 77-24a-3 .
             1343          (b) Except as provided in Subsection (4), if that person has complied with the
             1344      provisions of this chapter, the person may take the [unclaimed] lost or mislaid property if the
             1345      person:


             1346          (i) pays the costs incurred for advertising and storage; and
             1347          (ii) signs a receipt for the item.
             1348          (3) If the person who found the [unclaimed] lost or mislaid property fails to take the
             1349      property under the provisions of this chapter, the agency shall [dispose of that property and any
             1350      other property that is not claimed under this chapter as provided by Section 77-24-4 .]:
             1351          (a) apply the property to a public interest use as provided in Subsection (4);
             1352          (b) sell the property at public auction and apply the proceeds of the sale to a public
             1353      interest use; or
             1354          (c) destroy the property if it is unfit for a public interest use or sale.
             1355          (4) Before applying the lost or mislaid property to a public interest use, the agency
             1356      having possession of the property shall obtain from the agency's legislative body:
             1357          (a) permission to apply the property to a public interest use; and
             1358          (b) the designation and approval of the public interest use of the property.
             1359          [(4)] (5) Any person employed by a law enforcement agency who finds property may
             1360      not claim or receive property under this section.
             1361          Section 40. Repealer.
             1362          This bill repeals:
             1363          Section 24-1-1, Title.
             1364          Section 24-1-2, Purpose.
             1365          Section 24-1-3, Definitions.
             1366          Section 24-1-3.5, Jurisdiction and venue.
             1367          Section 24-1-4, Civil Procedures.
             1368          Section 24-1-5, No bond required in civil cases.
             1369          Section 24-1-6, Innocent owners.
             1370          Section 24-1-7, Hardship release of seized property.
             1371          Section 24-1-8, Criminal procedures.
             1372          Section 24-1-9, Appointment of counsel for indigent claimants in civil and criminal
             1373      forfeiture proceedings.


             1374          Section 24-1-10, Prejudgment and postjudgment interest.
             1375          Section 24-1-11, Attorneys' fees and costs.
             1376          Section 24-1-12, Compensation for damaged property.
             1377          Section 24-1-13, Limitation on fees for holding seized property.
             1378          Section 24-1-14, Proportionality.
             1379          Section 24-1-15, Transfer and sharing procedures.
             1380          Section 24-1-17, Disposition and allocation of forfeiture property.
             1381          Section 24-1-18, Criminal Forfeiture Restricted Account.
             1382          Section 24-1-19, Crime Reduction Assistance Program.
             1383          Section 24-1-20, State Law Enforcement Forfeiture Account created -- Revenue
             1384      sources -- Use of account designated.
             1385          Section 41-6a-211, Vehicle subject to forfeiture -- Seizure -- Procedure.
             1386          Section 58-37-13, Property subject to forfeiture -- Seizure -- Procedure.
             1387          Section 76-3-501, Vehicle subject to forfeiture -- Seizure -- Procedure.
             1388          Section 76-10-525, Disposition of weapons after use for court purposes.
             1389          Section 76-10-1107, Seizure and sale of devices or equipment used for gambling.
             1390          Section 76-10-1908, Forfeiture -- Grounds -- Procedure -- Disposition of property
             1391      seized.
             1392          Section 77-24-1, Definitions.
             1393          Section 77-24-1.5, Safekeeping by officer pending disposition -- Records required.
             1394          Section 77-24-2, Property not needed as evidence -- Child interview retention --
             1395      Return procedure -- Conflict resolution for secondhand merchandise.
             1396          Section 77-24-3, Receipt from owner of returned property.
             1397          Section 77-24-4, Disposition of property.
             1398          Section 77-24-5, Property seized from person -- Duplicate receipts.
             1399          Section 41. Transfer of funding from repealed account to enacted account.
             1400          On July 1, 2013, all money in the Criminal Forfeiture Restricted Account created in
             1401      Section 24-1-18 , which is repealed by this bill on July 1, 2013, shall be transferred by the


             1402      Division of Finance to the Criminal Forfeiture Restricted Account created in this bill by
             1403      Section 24-4-116 and which has the same purpose as the repealed account.
             1404          Section 42. Transfer of any remaining funds in repealed account.
             1405          On July 1, 2013, the Division of Finance is authorized to distribute appropriations for
             1406      FY 2013 and 2014 from the State Law Enforcement Forfeiture Account, which is repealed by
             1407      this bill. The Division of Finance shall transfer any money that remains in this account after
             1408      these distributions to the Criminal Forfeiture Restricted Account created in this bill by Section
             1409      24-4-116 .
             1410          Section 43. Effective date.
             1411          This bill takes effect on July 1, 2013.
             1412          Section 44. Coordinating H.B. 384 with H.B. 287 -- Providing an effective date.
             1413          If this H.B. 384 and H.B. 287, Return of Weapons Recovered by Law Enforcement,
             1414      both pass and become law, it is the intent of the Legislature that the Office of Legislative
             1415      Research and General Counsel, in preparing the Utah Code database for publication, provide
             1416      that H.B. 287 takes effect on July 1, 2013.


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