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First Substitute H.B. 213

Representative Richard A. Greenwood proposes the following substitute bill:


             1     
PEACE OFFICER STANDARDS AND TRAINING

             2     
AMENDMENTS

             3     
2013 GENERAL SESSION

             4     
STATE OF UTAH

             5     
Chief Sponsor: Richard A. Greenwood

             6     
Senate Sponsor: Daniel W. Thatcher

             7     
             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill amends peace officer standards and training.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    requires all applicants for admission and certification as a peace officer to be
             14      eligible to possess a firearm under state law;
             15          .    allows the Peace Officer Standards and Training Council to suspend or revoke a
             16      peace officer's certification if the peace officer is not eligible to possess a firearm;
             17          .    allows federal agencies to exercise law enforcement authority related to
             18      misdemeanor offenses under Utah law;
             19          .    requires that federal officers with authority to enforce federal laws and state and
             20      local laws complete a 20-hour course on Utah law and process; and
             21          .    makes technical changes.
             22      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             23          None
             24      Other Special Clauses:
             25          None


             26      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             27      AMENDS:
             28          53-6-203, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 313
             29          53-6-211, as repealed and reenacted by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 313
             30          53-13-106, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 411
             31          53-13-106.5, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 411
             32     
             33      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             34          Section 1. Section 53-6-203 is amended to read:
             35           53-6-203. Applicants for admission to training programs or for certification
             36      examination -- Requirements.
             37          (1) Before being accepted for admission to the training programs conducted by a
             38      certified academy, and before being allowed to take a certification examination, each applicant
             39      for admission or certification examination shall meet the following requirements:
             40          (a) be a United States citizen;
             41          (b) be at least 21 years old at the time of appointment as a peace officer;
             42          (c) be a high school graduate or furnish evidence of successful completion of an
             43      examination indicating an equivalent achievement;
             44          (d) have not been convicted of a crime for which the applicant could have been
             45      punished by imprisonment in a federal penitentiary or by imprisonment in the penitentiary of
             46      this or another state;
             47          (e) have demonstrated good moral character, as determined by a background
             48      investigation; [and]
             49          (f) be free of any physical, emotional, or mental condition that might adversely affect
             50      the performance of the applicant's duties as a peace officer[.]; and
             51          (g) be eligible to possess a firearm under state law.
             52          (2) (a) An application for admission to a training program shall be accompanied by a
             53      criminal history background check of local, state, and national criminal history files and a
             54      background investigation.
             55          (b) The costs of the background check and investigation shall be borne by the applicant
             56      or the applicant's employing agency.


             57          (3) (a) Notwithstanding any expungement statute or rule of any other jurisdiction, any
             58      conviction obtained in this state or other jurisdiction, including a conviction that has been
             59      expunged, dismissed, or treated in a similar manner to either of these procedures, may be
             60      considered for purposes of this section.
             61          (b) This provision applies to convictions entered both before and after the effective
             62      date of this section.
             63          (4) Any background check or background investigation performed pursuant to the
             64      requirements of this section shall be to determine eligibility for admission to training programs
             65      or qualification for certification examinations and may not be used as a replacement for any
             66      background investigations that may be required of an employing agency.
             67          (5) An applicant shall be considered to be of good moral character under Subsection
             68      (1)(e) if the applicant has not engaged in conduct that would be a violation of Subsection
             69      53-6-211 (1).
             70          Section 2. Section 53-6-211 is amended to read:
             71           53-6-211. Suspension or revocation of certification -- Right to a hearing --
             72      Grounds -- Notice to employer -- Reporting.
             73          (1) The council has authority to suspend or revoke the certification of a peace officer, if
             74      the peace officer:
             75          (a) willfully falsifies any information to obtain certification;
             76          (b) has any physical or mental disability affecting the peace officer's ability to perform
             77      duties;
             78          (c) is addicted to alcohol or any controlled substance, unless the peace officer reports
             79      the addiction to the employer and to the director as part of a departmental early intervention
             80      process;
             81          (d) engages in conduct which is a state or federal criminal offense, but not including a
             82      traffic offense that is a class C misdemeanor or infraction;
             83          (e) refuses to respond, or fails to respond truthfully, to questions after having been
             84      issued a warning issued based on Garrity v. New Jersey, 385 U.S. 493 (1967);
             85          (f) engages in sexual conduct while on duty; or
             86          (g) is unable to possess a firearm under state law.
             87          [(g) is dismissed from the armed forces of the Unites States under dishonorable


             88      conditions.]
             89          (2) The council may not suspend or revoke the certification of a peace officer for a
             90      violation of a law enforcement agency's policies, general orders, or guidelines of operation that
             91      do not amount to a cause of action under Subsection (1).
             92          (3) (a) The division is responsible for investigating officers who are alleged to have
             93      engaged in conduct in violation of Subsection (1).
             94          (b) The division shall initiate all adjudicative proceedings under this section by
             95      providing to the peace officer involved notice and an opportunity for a hearing before an
             96      administrative law judge.
             97          (c) All adjudicative proceedings under this section are civil actions, notwithstanding
             98      whether the issue in the adjudicative proceeding is a violation of statute that may be prosecuted
             99      criminally.
             100          (d) (i) The burden of proof on the division in an adjudicative proceeding under this
             101      section is by clear and convincing evidence.
             102          (ii) If a peace officer asserts an affirmative defense, the peace officer has the burden of
             103      proof to establish the affirmative defense by a preponderance of the evidence.
             104          (e) If the administrative law judge issues findings of fact and conclusions of law stating
             105      there is sufficient evidence to demonstrate that the officer engaged in conduct that is in
             106      violation of Subsection (1), the division shall present the finding and conclusions issued by the
             107      administrative law judge to the council.
             108          (f) The division shall notify the chief, sheriff, or administrative officer of the police
             109      agency which employs the involved peace officer of the investigation and shall provide any
             110      information or comments concerning the peace officer received from that agency regarding the
             111      peace officer to the council before a peace officer's certification may be suspended or revoked.
             112          (g) If the administrative law judge finds that there is insufficient evidence to
             113      demonstrate that the officer is in violation of Subsection (1), the administrative law judge shall
             114      dismiss the adjudicative proceeding.
             115          (4) (a) The council shall review the findings of fact and conclusions of law and the
             116      information concerning the peace officer provided by the officer's employing agency and
             117      determine whether to suspend or revoke the officer's certification.
             118          (b) A member of the council shall recuse him or herself from consideration of an issue


             119      that is before the council if the council member:
             120          (i) has a personal bias for or against the officer;
             121          (ii) has a substantial pecuniary interest in the outcome of the proceeding and may gain
             122      or lose some benefit from the outcome; or
             123          (iii) employs, supervises, or works for the same law enforcement agency as the officer
             124      whose case is before the council.
             125          (5) (a) Termination of a peace officer, whether voluntary or involuntary, does not
             126      preclude suspension or revocation of a peace officer's certification by the council if the peace
             127      officer was terminated for any of the reasons under Subsection (1).
             128          (b) Employment by another agency, or reinstatement of a peace officer by the original
             129      employing agency after termination by that agency, whether the termination was voluntary or
             130      involuntary, does not preclude suspension or revocation of a peace officer's certification by the
             131      council if the peace officer was terminated for any of the reasons under Subsection (1).
             132          (6) A chief, sheriff, or administrative officer of a law enforcement agency who is made
             133      aware of an allegation against a peace officer employed by that agency that involves conduct in
             134      violation of Subsection (1) shall investigate the allegation and report to the division if the
             135      allegation is found to be true.
             136          Section 3. Section 53-13-106 is amended to read:
             137           53-13-106. Federal officers -- State law enforcement authority.
             138          (1) (a) "Federal officer" includes:
             139          (i) a special agent of the Federal Bureau of Investigation;
             140          (ii) a special agent of the United States Secret Service;
             141          (iii) a special agent of the United States Department of Homeland Security, excluding a
             142      customs inspector or detention removal officer;
             143          (iv) a special agent of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms;
             144          (v) a special agent of the Drug Enforcement Administration;
             145          (vi) a United States marshal, deputy marshal, and special deputy United States marshal;
             146      and
             147          (vii) a U.S. Postal Inspector of the United States Postal Inspection Service.
             148          (b) (i) Federal officers listed in Subsection (1)(a) have statewide law enforcement
             149      authority relating to felony offenses under the laws of this state. This Subsection (1)(b)(i) takes


             150      precedence over Subsection (2).
             151          (ii) Federal agencies and federal employees as defined in Subsection 53-13-106.5 (1)
             152      may exercise law enforcement authority related to misdemeanor and felony offenses under
             153      Utah law only as established by an agreement under Subsection 53-13-106.5 (7). This
             154      Subsection (1)(b)(ii) takes precedence over Subsection (2).
             155          (c) The council may designate other federal peace officers, as necessary, if the officers:
             156          (i) are persons employed full-time by the United States government as federally
             157      recognized law enforcement officers primarily responsible for the investigation and
             158      enforcement of the federal laws;
             159          (ii) have successfully completed formal law enforcement training offered by an agency
             160      of the federal government consisting of not less than 400 hours; and
             161          (iii) maintain in-service training in accordance with the standards set forth in Section
             162      53-13-103 .
             163          (2) Except as otherwise provided under Title 63L, Chapter 1, Federal Jurisdiction, and
             164      Title 77, Chapter 9, Uniform Act on Fresh Pursuit, a federal officer may exercise state law
             165      enforcement authority only if:
             166          (a) the state law enforcement agencies and county sheriffs with jurisdiction enter into
             167      an agreement with the federal agency to be given authority; and
             168          (b) except as provided in Subsection (3), each federal officer employed by the federal
             169      agency meets the waiver requirements set forth in Section 53-6-206 .
             170          (3) A federal officer working as such in the state on or before July 1, 1995, may
             171      exercise state law enforcement authority without meeting the waiver requirement.
             172          (4) At any time, consistent with any contract with a federal agency, a state or local law
             173      enforcement authority may withdraw state law enforcement authority from any individual
             174      federal officer by sending written notice to the federal agency and to the division.
             175          (5) The authority of a federal officer under this section is limited to the jurisdiction of
             176      the authorizing state or local agency, and may be further limited by the state or local agency to
             177      enforcing specific statutes, codes, or ordinances.
             178          Section 4. Section 53-13-106.5 is amended to read:
             179           53-13-106.5. State limitations on functions of federal law enforcement officers.
             180          (1) As used in this section:


             181          (a) "Federal agency" means a federal agency that manages federally managed land.
             182          (b) "Federal employee" means an employee of:
             183          (i) the Bureau of Land Management;
             184          (ii) the United States Forest Service; or
             185          (iii) the National Park Service.
             186          (c) "Federally managed land" means land managed by the following federal agencies:
             187          (i) Bureau of Land Management;
             188          (ii) United States Forest Service; and
             189          (iii) the National Park Service.
             190          (2) Unless otherwise provided by Utah law, federal employees performing their duties
             191      in Utah:
             192          (a) may not exercise law enforcement authority solely because the land on which they
             193      exercise the authority is federally managed; and
             194          (b) may exercise only law enforcement authority:
             195          (i) expressly granted by federal statute; and
             196          (ii) consistent with the Constitution of the United States.
             197          (3) Utah does not authorize federal employees to exercise law enforcement powers to
             198      enforce the laws of Utah, either on or off federally managed land except as authorized under
             199      this section or other provisions of state statute.
             200          (4) (a) Utah does not recognize the authority of employees or agents of the United
             201      States Department of Interior to exercise law enforcement powers beyond those powers strictly
             202      necessary for the management, use, and protection of federally managed lands, including
             203      property located on these lands, as limited by 43 U.S.C. 1733(a) and 1733(c)(2).
             204          (b) As required by Congress in 43 U.S.C. 1733(c)(1), when the Secretary of Interior
             205      determines that state or local assistance is necessary in enforcing federal laws and regulations
             206      relating to federally managed lands or the resources on those lands, the secretary shall offer a
             207      contract to appropriate state or local law enforcement agencies of the state with the purpose of
             208      achieving maximum feasible reliance upon state or local law enforcement officials in enforcing
             209      the federal laws and regulations.
             210          (5) Utah does not authorize federal employees to take action based on the Utah Code,
             211      Utah Administrative Rules, or county or municipal ordinances as a basis to arrest or cite


             212      persons for prosecution in the federal criminal justice system, unless the action:
             213          (a) has been expressly granted by federal statute; and
             214          (b) is consistent with the Constitution of the United States.
             215          (6) State and local government agencies may not allow any federal agency access to or
             216      use of the correctional and communication facilities and equipment of any state or local law
             217      enforcement agency without the express written consent of the appropriate responsible official
             218      of the state or local law enforcement agency.
             219          (7) State and local law enforcement agencies may enter into agreements with federal
             220      agencies granting concurrent authority to enforce federal laws and state and local laws,
             221      provided the agreements are limited to a term not to exceed two years and the officers granted
             222      authority have completed a 20-hour course focusing on Utah law and process approved by the
             223      director of the Peace Officer Standards and Training Division.
             224          (8) (a) County sheriffs shall regularly review the duties and activities of federal
             225      agencies that have law enforcement responsibilities and that are acting within the jurisdictional
             226      area of the county to ascertain whether the federal agencies are acting consistently with this
             227      section.
             228          (b) County sheriffs shall annually report to the county attorney or district attorney of
             229      their jurisdiction the results of all reviews conducted under this Subsection (8).


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