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H.B. 315

             1     

OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL OF MEDICAID

             2     
SERVICES AMENDMENTS

             3     
2013 GENERAL SESSION

             4     
STATE OF UTAH

             5     
Chief Sponsor: James A. Dunnigan

             6     
Senate Sponsor: ____________

             7     
             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill amends budgeting related to the Office of Inspector General of Medicaid
             11      Services.
             12      Highlighted Provisions:
             13          This bill:
             14          .    amends the duties and powers of the inspector general;
             15          .    amends the period of time in which the inspector general can review claims for
             16      waste and abuse;
             17          .    amends the manner in which the inspector general accesses records;
             18          .    establishes the application of Medicaid policy when there is inconsistency between
             19      the state Medicaid plan, administrative rules, and department information bulletins;
             20          .    requires the Office of Inspector General of Medicaid Services to adopt
             21      administrative rules in consultation with health care providers to develop audit and
             22      investigation procedures;
             23          .    requires the Office of Inspector General of Medicaid Services to educate health care
             24      providers about the audit and investigation procedures; and
             25          .     amends the reporting requirements to the Legislature.
             26      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             27          None


             28      Other Special Clauses:
             29          None
             30      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             31      AMENDS:
             32          63J-4a-202, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 151
             33          63J-4a-204, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 151
             34          63J-4a-301, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 151
             35          63J-4a-302, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 151
             36          63J-4a-501, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 151
             37          63J-4a-502, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 151
             38          63J-4a-602, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 151
             39      ENACTS:
             40          63J-4a-305, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             41     
             42      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             43          Section 1. Section 63J-4a-202 is amended to read:
             44           63J-4a-202. Duties and powers of inspector general and office.
             45          (1) The inspector general shall:
             46          (a) administer, direct, and manage the office;
             47          (b) inspect and monitor the following in relation to the state Medicaid program:
             48          (i) the use and expenditure of federal and state funds;
             49          (ii) the provision of health benefits and other services;
             50          (iii) implementation of, and compliance with, state and federal requirements; and
             51          (iv) records and recordkeeping procedures;
             52          (c) receive reports of potential fraud, waste, or abuse in the state Medicaid program;
             53          (d) investigate and identify potential or actual fraud, waste, or abuse in the state
             54      Medicaid program;
             55          (e) consult with the Centers for Medicaid and Medicare Services and other states to
             56      determine and implement best practices for:
             57          (i) educating and communicating with health care professionals and providers about
             58      program and audit policies and procedures;


             59          (ii) discovering and eliminating fraud, waste, and abuse of Medicaid funds; and
             60          (iii) differentiating between honest mistakes and intentional errors, or fraud, waste, and
             61      abuse, for the purpose of entering into settlement negotiations with the provider or health care
             62      professional;
             63          (f) obtain, develop, and utilize computer algorithms to identify fraud, waste, or abuse
             64      in the state Medicaid program;
             65          (g) work closely with the fraud unit to identify and recover improperly or fraudulently
             66      expended Medicaid funds;
             67          (h) audit, inspect, and evaluate the functioning of the division [to] for the purpose of
             68      making recommendations to the Legislature and the department to ensure that the state
             69      Medicaid program is managed:
             70          (i) in the most efficient and cost-effective manner possible; and
             71          (ii) in a manner that promotes adequate provider and health care professional
             72      participation and the provision of appropriate health benefits and services;
             73          [(i) regularly advise the department and the division of an action that should be taken
             74      to ensure that the state Medicaid program is managed in the most efficient and cost-effective
             75      manner possible;]
             76          [(j)] (i) refer potential criminal conduct, relating to Medicaid funds or the state
             77      Medicaid program, to the fraud unit;
             78          (j) refer potential criminal conduct, relating to Medicaid fraud, to law enforcement in
             79      accordance with Title 58, Chapter 37f, Controlled Substance Database Act;
             80          (k) determine ways to:
             81          (i) identify, prevent, and reduce fraud, waste, and abuse in the state Medicaid program;
             82      and
             83          (ii) balance efforts to recoup costs, reduce costs, and avoid or minimize increased costs
             84      of the state Medicaid program with the need to encourage robust health care professional and
             85      provider participation in the state Medicaid program;
             86          (l) [seek recovery of] recover improperly paid Medicaid funds;
             87          (m) track recovery of Medicaid funds by the state;
             88          (n) in accordance with Section 63J-4a-501 :
             89          (i) report on the actions and findings of the inspector general; and


             90          (ii) make recommendations to the Legislature and the governor;
             91          (o) provide training to:
             92          (i) agencies and employees on identifying potential fraud, waste, or abuse of Medicaid
             93      funds; and
             94          (ii) health care professionals and providers on program and audit policies, procedures,
             95      and compliance; and
             96          (p) develop and implement principles and standards for the fulfillment of the duties of
             97      the inspector general, based on principles and standards used by:
             98          (i) the Federal Offices of Inspector General;
             99          (ii) the Association of Inspectors General; and
             100          (iii) the United States Government Accountability Office.
             101          (2) (a) The office may, in fulfilling the duties under Subsection (1), conduct a
             102      performance or financial audit of:
             103          [(a)] (i) a state executive branch entity or a local government entity, including an entity
             104      described in Subsection 63J-4a-301 (3), that:
             105          [(i)] (A) manages or oversees a state Medicaid program; or
             106          [(ii)] (B) manages or oversees the use or expenditure of state or federal Medicaid
             107      funds; or
             108          [(b)] (ii) Medicaid funds received by a person by a grant from, or under contract with, a
             109      state executive branch entity or a local government entity.
             110          (b) (i) The office may not, in fulfilling the duties under Subsection (1), amend the
             111      Medicaid state program or change the policies and procedures of the Medicaid state program.
             112          (ii) The office may identify conflicts between the state Medicaid plan, department
             113      administrative rules, and Medicaid information bulletins and recommend that the department
             114      reconcile inconsistencies.
             115          (3) (a) The office shall, in fulfilling the duties under this section to investigate,
             116      discover, and recover fraud, waste, and abuse in the Medicaid program, apply the state
             117      Medicaid plan, department administrative rules, and published and publicly available Medicaid
             118      information bulletins in effect at the time the medical services were provided.
             119          (b) If there is a conflict between the Medicaid state plan, administrative rules, or a
             120      Medicaid information bulletin issued by the department, a health care provider may rely on the


             121      policy interpretation included in a published Medicaid information bulletin that is available to
             122      the public.
             123          [(3)] (4) The inspector general, or a designee of the inspector general within the office,
             124      may take a sworn statement or administer an oath.
             125          Section 2. Section 63J-4a-204 is amended to read:
             126           63J-4a-204. Selection and review of claims.
             127          (1) (a) On an annual basis, the office shall select and review a representative sample of
             128      claims submitted for reimbursement under the state Medicaid program to determine whether
             129      fraud, waste, or abuse occurred.
             130          (b) The office shall limit its review for waste and abuse under Subsection (1)(a) to 36
             131      months prior to the date of the inception of the investigation.
             132          (2) The office may directly contact the recipient of record for a Medicaid reimbursed
             133      service to determine whether the service for which reimbursement was claimed was actually
             134      provided to the recipient of record.
             135          (3) The office shall generate statistics from the sample described in Subsection (1) to
             136      determine the type of fraud, waste, or abuse that is most advantageous to focus on in future
             137      audits or investigations.
             138          Section 3. Section 63J-4a-301 is amended to read:
             139           63J-4a-301. Access to records -- Retention of designation under Government
             140      Records Access and Management Act.
             141          (1) In order to fulfill the duties described in Section 63J-4a-202 , and in the manner
             142      provided in Subsection (4), the office shall have unrestricted access to all records of state
             143      executive branch entities, all local government entities, and all providers relating, directly or
             144      indirectly, to:
             145          (a) the state Medicaid program;
             146          (b) state or federal Medicaid funds;
             147          (c) the provision of Medicaid related services;
             148          (d) the regulation or management of any aspect of the state Medicaid program;
             149          (e) the use or expenditure of state or federal Medicaid funds;
             150          (f) suspected or proven fraud, waste, or abuse of state or federal Medicaid funds;
             151          (g) Medicaid program policies, practices, and procedures;


             152          (h) monitoring of Medicaid services or funds; or
             153          (i) a fatality review of a person who received Medicaid funded services.
             154          (2) The office shall have access to information in any database maintained by the state
             155      or a local government to verify identity, income, employment status, or other factors that affect
             156      eligibility for Medicaid services.
             157          (3) The records described in Subsections (1) and (2) include records held or maintained
             158      by the department, the division, the Department of Human Services, the Department of
             159      Workforce Services, a local health department, a local mental health authority, or a school
             160      district. The records described in Subsection (1) include records held or maintained by a
             161      provider. When conducting an audit of a provider, the office shall, to the extent possible, limit
             162      the records accessed to the scope of the audit.
             163          (4) A record, described in Subsection (1) or (2), that is accessed or copied by the
             164      office:
             165          (a) may be reviewed or copied by the office during normal business hours, unless
             166      otherwise requested by the provider or health care professional under Subsection (4)(b); [and]
             167          (b) unless there is a credible allegation of fraud, shall be accessed, reviewed, and
             168      copied in a manner, on a day, and at a time that is minimally disruptive to the health care
             169      professional's or provider's care of patients, as requested by the health care professional or
             170      provider;
             171          (c) may be submitted electronically;
             172          (d) may be submitted together with other records for multiple claims; and
             173          [(b)] (e) if it is a government record, shall retain the classification made by the entity
             174      responsible for the record, under Title 63G, Chapter 2, Government Records Access and
             175      Management Act.
             176          (5) Notwithstanding any provision of state law to the contrary, the office shall have the
             177      same access to all records, information, and databases [that] to which the department or the
             178      division have access [to].
             179          (6) The office shall comply with the requirements of federal law, including the Health
             180      Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 and 42 C.F.R., Part 2, relating to [the
             181      confidentiality of alcohol and drug abuse records, in] the office's:
             182          (a) access, review, retention, and use of records; and


             183          (b) use of information included in, or derived from, records.
             184          Section 4. Section 63J-4a-302 is amended to read:
             185           63J-4a-302. Access to employees -- Cooperating with investigation or audit.
             186          (1) The office shall have access to interview the following persons if the inspector
             187      general determines that the interview may assist the inspector general in fulfilling the duties
             188      described in Section 63J-4a-202 :
             189          (a) a state executive branch official, executive director, director, or employee;
             190          (b) a local government official or employee;
             191          (c) a consultant or contractor of a person described in Subsection (1)(a) or (b); or
             192          (d) a provider or a health care professional or an employee of a provider or a health
             193      care professional.
             194          (2) A person described in Subsection (1) and each supervisor of the person shall fully
             195      cooperate with the office by:
             196          (a) providing the office or the inspector general's designee with access to interview the
             197      person;
             198          (b) completely and truthfully answering questions asked by the office or the inspector
             199      general's designee;
             200          (c) providing the records, described in Subsection 63J-4a-301 (1), in the manner
             201      described in Subsection 63J-4a-301 (4), requested by the office or the inspector general's
             202      designee; and
             203          (d) providing the office or the inspector general's designee with information relating to
             204      the office's investigation or audit.
             205          (3) A person described in Subsection (1)(a) or (b) and each supervisor of the person
             206      shall fully cooperate with the office by:
             207          (a) providing records requested by the office or the inspector general's designee in the
             208      manner described in Subsection 63J-4a-301 (4); and
             209          (b) providing the office or the inspector general's designee with information relating to
             210      the office's investigation or audit, including information that is classified as private, controlled,
             211      or protected under Title 63G, Chapter 2, Government Records Access and Management Act.
             212          Section 5. Section 63J-4a-305 is enacted to read:
             213          63J-4a-305. Audit and investigation procedures.


             214          (1) (a) The office shall, in accordance with Section 63J-4a-602 , adopt administrative
             215      rules in consultation with providers and health care professionals subject to audit and
             216      investigation under this chapter to establish procedures for audits and investigations that are
             217      fair and consistent with the duties of the office under this chapter.
             218          (b) If the providers and health care professionals do not agree with the rules proposed
             219      or adopted by the office under Subsection (1)(a) or Section 63J-4a-602 , the providers or health
             220      care professionals may:
             221          (i) request a hearing for the proposed administrative rule or seek any other remedies
             222      under the provisions of Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act; and
             223          (ii) request a review of the rule by the Legislature's Administrative Rules Review
             224      Committee created in Section 63G-3-501 .
             225          (2) The office shall notify and educate providers and health care professionals subject
             226      to audit and investigation under this chapter of the providers' and health care professionals'
             227      responsibilities and rights under the administrative rules adopted by the office under the
             228      provisions of this section and Section 63J-4a-602 .
             229          Section 6. Section 63J-4a-501 is amended to read:
             230           63J-4a-501. Duty to report potential Medicaid fraud to the office or fraud unit.
             231          (1) [A] (a) Except as provided in Subsection (1)(b), a health care professional, a
             232      provider, or a state or local government official or employee who becomes aware of fraud,
             233      waste, or abuse shall report the fraud, waste, or abuse to the office or the fraud unit.
             234          (b) (i) If a person described in Subsection (1)(a) reasonably believes that the waste is a
             235      mistake and is not intentional or knowing, the person may first report the waste to the provider,
             236      health care professional, or compliance officer for the provider or health care professional.
             237          (ii) The person described in Subsection (1)(b) shall report the waste to the office or the
             238      fraud unit unless, within 30 days after the day on which the person reported the waste to the
             239      provider, health care professional, or compliance officer, the provider, health care professional,
             240      or compliance officer demonstrates to the person that the waste has been corrected.
             241          (2) A person who makes a report under Subsection (1) may request that the person's
             242      name not be released in connection with the investigation.
             243          (3) If a request is made under Subsection (2), the person's identity may not be released
             244      to any person or entity other than the office, the fraud unit, or law enforcement, unless a court


             245      of competent jurisdiction orders that the person's identity be released.
             246          Section 7. Section 63J-4a-502 is amended to read:
             247           63J-4a-502. Report and recommendations to governor and Executive
             248      Appropriations Committee.
             249          (1) The inspector general shall, on an annual basis, prepare a written report on the
             250      activities of the office for the preceding fiscal year.
             251          (2) The report shall include:
             252          (a) non-identifying information, including statistical information, on:
             253          (i) the items described in Subsection 63J-4a-202 (1)(b) and Section 63J-4a-204 ;
             254          (ii) action taken by the office and the result of that action;
             255          (iii) fraud, waste, and abuse in the state Medicaid program;
             256          (iv) the recovery of fraudulent or improper use of state and federal Medicaid funds;
             257          (v) measures taken by the state to discover and reduce fraud, waste, and abuse in the
             258      state Medicaid program;
             259          (vi) audits conducted by the office; [and]
             260          (vii) investigations conducted by the office and the results of those investigations; and
             261          (viii) administrative and educational efforts made by the office and the division to
             262      improve compliance with Medicaid program policies and requirements;
             263          (b) recommendations on action that should be taken by the Legislature or the governor
             264      to:
             265          (i) improve the discovery and reduction of fraud, waste, and abuse in the state
             266      Medicaid program;
             267          (ii) improve the recovery of fraudulently or improperly used Medicaid funds; and
             268          (iii) reduce costs and avoid or minimize increased costs in the state Medicaid program;
             269          (c) recommendations relating to rules, policies, or procedures of a state or local
             270      government entity; and
             271          (d) services provided by the state Medicaid program that exceed industry standards.
             272          (3) The report described in Subsection (1) may not include any information that would
             273      interfere with or jeopardize an ongoing criminal investigation or other investigation.
             274          (4) The inspector general shall provide the report described in Subsection (1) to the
             275      Executive Appropriations Committee of the Legislature and to the governor on or before


             276      October 1 of each year.
             277          (5) The inspector general shall present the report described in Subsection (1) to the
             278      Executive Appropriations Committee of the Legislature before November 30 of each year.
             279          Section 8. Section 63J-4a-602 is amended to read:
             280           63J-4a-602. Rulemaking authority.
             281          The office may make rules, pursuant to Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative
             282      Rulemaking Act, and Section 63J-4a-305 , that establish policies, procedures, and practices, in
             283      accordance with the provisions of this chapter, relating to:
             284          (1) inspecting and monitoring the state Medicaid Program;
             285          (2) discovering and investigating potential fraud, waste, or abuse in the State Medicaid
             286      program;
             287          (3) developing and implementing the principles and standards described in Subsection
             288      63J-4a-202 (1)[(p)](o);
             289          (4) auditing, inspecting, and evaluating the functioning of the division under
             290      Subsection 63J-4a-202 (1)(h);
             291          (5) conducting an audit under Subsection 63J-4a-202 (1)(h) or (2); or
             292          (6) ordering a hold on the payment of a claim for reimbursement under Section
             293      63J-4a-205 .




Legislative Review Note
    as of 2-13-13 11:34 AM


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