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8 LONG TITLE
9 General Description:
10 This bill amends budgeting related to the Office of Inspector General of Medicaid
12 Highlighted Provisions:
13 This bill:
14 . amends the duties and powers of the inspector general;
15 . amends the period of time in which the inspector general can review claims for
16 waste and abuse;
17 . amends the manner in which the inspector general accesses records;
18 . establishes the application of Medicaid policy when there is inconsistency between
19 the state Medicaid plan, administrative rules, and department information bulletins;
20 . requires the Office of Inspector General of Medicaid Services to adopt
21 administrative rules in consultation with health care providers to develop audit and
22 investigation procedures;
23 . requires the Office of Inspector General of Medicaid Services to educate health care
24 providers about the audit and investigation procedures; and
25 . amends the reporting requirements to the Legislature.
26 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
28 Other Special Clauses:
30 Utah Code Sections Affected:
32 63J-4a-202, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 151
33 63J-4a-204, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 151
34 63J-4a-301, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 151
35 63J-4a-302, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 151
36 63J-4a-501, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 151
37 63J-4a-502, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 151
38 63J-4a-602, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 151
40 63J-4a-305, Utah Code Annotated 1953
42 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
43 Section 1. Section 63J-4a-202 is amended to read:
44 63J-4a-202. Duties and powers of inspector general and office.
45 (1) The inspector general shall:
46 (a) administer, direct, and manage the office;
47 (b) inspect and monitor the following in relation to the state Medicaid program:
48 (i) the use and expenditure of federal and state funds;
49 (ii) the provision of health benefits and other services;
50 (iii) implementation of, and compliance with, state and federal requirements; and
51 (iv) records and recordkeeping procedures;
52 (c) receive reports of potential fraud, waste, or abuse in the state Medicaid program;
53 (d) investigate and identify potential or actual fraud, waste, or abuse in the state
54 Medicaid program;
55 (e) consult with the Centers for Medicaid and Medicare Services and other states to
56 determine and implement best practices for:
57 (i) educating and communicating with health care professionals and providers about
58 program and audit policies and procedures;
59 (ii) discovering and eliminating fraud, waste, and abuse of Medicaid funds; and
60 (iii) differentiating between honest mistakes and intentional errors, or fraud, waste, and
61 abuse, for the purpose of entering into settlement negotiations with the provider or health care
63 (f) obtain, develop, and utilize computer algorithms to identify fraud, waste, or abuse
64 in the state Medicaid program;
65 (g) work closely with the fraud unit to identify and recover improperly or fraudulently
66 expended Medicaid funds;
67 (h) audit, inspect, and evaluate the functioning of the division [
68 making recommendations to the Legislature and the department to ensure that the state
69 Medicaid program is managed:
70 (i) in the most efficient and cost-effective manner possible; and
71 (ii) in a manner that promotes adequate provider and health care professional
72 participation and the provision of appropriate health benefits and services;
77 Medicaid program, to the fraud unit;
78 (j) refer potential criminal conduct, relating to Medicaid fraud, to law enforcement in
79 accordance with Title 58, Chapter 37f, Controlled Substance Database Act;
80 (k) determine ways to:
81 (i) identify, prevent, and reduce fraud, waste, and abuse in the state Medicaid program;
83 (ii) balance efforts to recoup costs, reduce costs, and avoid or minimize increased costs
84 of the state Medicaid program with the need to encourage robust health care professional and
85 provider participation in the state Medicaid program;
86 (l) [
87 (m) track recovery of Medicaid funds by the state;
88 (n) in accordance with Section 63J-4a-501 :
89 (i) report on the actions and findings of the inspector general; and
90 (ii) make recommendations to the Legislature and the governor;
91 (o) provide training to:
92 (i) agencies and employees on identifying potential fraud, waste, or abuse of Medicaid
93 funds; and
94 (ii) health care professionals and providers on program and audit policies, procedures,
95 and compliance; and
96 (p) develop and implement principles and standards for the fulfillment of the duties of
97 the inspector general, based on principles and standards used by:
98 (i) the Federal Offices of Inspector General;
99 (ii) the Association of Inspectors General; and
100 (iii) the United States Government Accountability Office.
101 (2) (a) The office may, in fulfilling the duties under Subsection (1), conduct a
102 performance or financial audit of:
104 described in Subsection 63J-4a-301 (3), that:
107 funds; or
109 state executive branch entity or a local government entity.
110 (b) (i) The office may not, in fulfilling the duties under Subsection (1), amend the
111 Medicaid state program or change the policies and procedures of the Medicaid state program.
112 (ii) The office may identify conflicts between the state Medicaid plan, department
113 administrative rules, and Medicaid information bulletins and recommend that the department
114 reconcile inconsistencies.
115 (3) (a) The office shall, in fulfilling the duties under this section to investigate,
116 discover, and recover fraud, waste, and abuse in the Medicaid program, apply the state
117 Medicaid plan, department administrative rules, and published and publicly available Medicaid
118 information bulletins in effect at the time the medical services were provided.
119 (b) If there is a conflict between the Medicaid state plan, administrative rules, or a
120 Medicaid information bulletin issued by the department, a health care provider may rely on the
121 policy interpretation included in a published Medicaid information bulletin that is available to
122 the public.
124 may take a sworn statement or administer an oath.
125 Section 2. Section 63J-4a-204 is amended to read:
126 63J-4a-204. Selection and review of claims.
127 (1) (a) On an annual basis, the office shall select and review a representative sample of
128 claims submitted for reimbursement under the state Medicaid program to determine whether
129 fraud, waste, or abuse occurred.
130 (b) The office shall limit its review for waste and abuse under Subsection (1)(a) to 36
131 months prior to the date of the inception of the investigation.
132 (2) The office may directly contact the recipient of record for a Medicaid reimbursed
133 service to determine whether the service for which reimbursement was claimed was actually
134 provided to the recipient of record.
135 (3) The office shall generate statistics from the sample described in Subsection (1) to
136 determine the type of fraud, waste, or abuse that is most advantageous to focus on in future
137 audits or investigations.
138 Section 3. Section 63J-4a-301 is amended to read:
139 63J-4a-301. Access to records -- Retention of designation under Government
140 Records Access and Management Act.
141 (1) In order to fulfill the duties described in Section 63J-4a-202 , and in the manner
142 provided in Subsection (4), the office shall have unrestricted access to all records of state
143 executive branch entities, all local government entities, and all providers relating, directly or
144 indirectly, to:
145 (a) the state Medicaid program;
146 (b) state or federal Medicaid funds;
147 (c) the provision of Medicaid related services;
148 (d) the regulation or management of any aspect of the state Medicaid program;
149 (e) the use or expenditure of state or federal Medicaid funds;
150 (f) suspected or proven fraud, waste, or abuse of state or federal Medicaid funds;
151 (g) Medicaid program policies, practices, and procedures;
152 (h) monitoring of Medicaid services or funds; or
153 (i) a fatality review of a person who received Medicaid funded services.
154 (2) The office shall have access to information in any database maintained by the state
155 or a local government to verify identity, income, employment status, or other factors that affect
156 eligibility for Medicaid services.
157 (3) The records described in Subsections (1) and (2) include records held or maintained
158 by the department, the division, the Department of Human Services, the Department of
159 Workforce Services, a local health department, a local mental health authority, or a school
160 district. The records described in Subsection (1) include records held or maintained by a
161 provider. When conducting an audit of a provider, the office shall, to the extent possible, limit
162 the records accessed to the scope of the audit.
163 (4) A record, described in Subsection (1) or (2), that is accessed or copied by the
165 (a) may be reviewed or copied by the office during normal business hours, unless
166 otherwise requested by the provider or health care professional under Subsection (4)(b); [
167 (b) unless there is a credible allegation of fraud, shall be accessed, reviewed, and
168 copied in a manner, on a day, and at a time that is minimally disruptive to the health care
169 professional's or provider's care of patients, as requested by the health care professional or
171 (c) may be submitted electronically;
172 (d) may be submitted together with other records for multiple claims; and
174 responsible for the record, under Title 63G, Chapter 2, Government Records Access and
175 Management Act.
176 (5) Notwithstanding any provision of state law to the contrary, the office shall have the
177 same access to all records, information, and databases [
178 division have access [
179 (6) The office shall comply with the requirements of federal law, including the Health
180 Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 and 42 C.F.R., Part 2, relating to [
182 (a) access, review, retention, and use of records; and
183 (b) use of information included in, or derived from, records.
184 Section 4. Section 63J-4a-302 is amended to read:
185 63J-4a-302. Access to employees -- Cooperating with investigation or audit.
186 (1) The office shall have access to interview the following persons if the inspector
187 general determines that the interview may assist the inspector general in fulfilling the duties
188 described in Section 63J-4a-202 :
189 (a) a state executive branch official, executive director, director, or employee;
190 (b) a local government official or employee;
191 (c) a consultant or contractor of a person described in Subsection (1)(a) or (b); or
192 (d) a provider or a health care professional or an employee of a provider or a health
193 care professional.
194 (2) A person described in Subsection (1) and each supervisor of the person shall fully
195 cooperate with the office by:
196 (a) providing the office or the inspector general's designee with access to interview the
198 (b) completely and truthfully answering questions asked by the office or the inspector
199 general's designee;
200 (c) providing the records, described in Subsection 63J-4a-301 (1), in the manner
201 described in Subsection 63J-4a-301 (4), requested by the office or the inspector general's
202 designee; and
203 (d) providing the office or the inspector general's designee with information relating to
204 the office's investigation or audit.
205 (3) A person described in Subsection (1)(a) or (b) and each supervisor of the person
206 shall fully cooperate with the office by:
207 (a) providing records requested by the office or the inspector general's designee in the
208 manner described in Subsection 63J-4a-301 (4); and
209 (b) providing the office or the inspector general's designee with information relating to
210 the office's investigation or audit, including information that is classified as private, controlled,
211 or protected under Title 63G, Chapter 2, Government Records Access and Management Act.
212 Section 5. Section 63J-4a-305 is enacted to read:
213 63J-4a-305. Audit and investigation procedures.
214 (1) (a) The office shall, in accordance with Section 63J-4a-602 , adopt administrative
215 rules in consultation with providers and health care professionals subject to audit and
216 investigation under this chapter to establish procedures for audits and investigations that are
217 fair and consistent with the duties of the office under this chapter.
218 (b) If the providers and health care professionals do not agree with the rules proposed
219 or adopted by the office under Subsection (1)(a) or Section 63J-4a-602 , the providers or health
220 care professionals may:
221 (i) request a hearing for the proposed administrative rule or seek any other remedies
222 under the provisions of Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act; and
223 (ii) request a review of the rule by the Legislature's Administrative Rules Review
224 Committee created in Section 63G-3-501 .
225 (2) The office shall notify and educate providers and health care professionals subject
226 to audit and investigation under this chapter of the providers' and health care professionals'
227 responsibilities and rights under the administrative rules adopted by the office under the
228 provisions of this section and Section 63J-4a-602 .
229 Section 6. Section 63J-4a-501 is amended to read:
230 63J-4a-501. Duty to report potential Medicaid fraud to the office or fraud unit.
231 (1) [
232 provider, or a state or local government official or employee who becomes aware of fraud,
233 waste, or abuse shall report the fraud, waste, or abuse to the office or the fraud unit.
234 (b) (i) If a person described in Subsection (1)(a) reasonably believes that the waste is a
235 mistake and is not intentional or knowing, the person may first report the waste to the provider,
236 health care professional, or compliance officer for the provider or health care professional.
237 (ii) The person described in Subsection (1)(b) shall report the waste to the office or the
238 fraud unit unless, within 30 days after the day on which the person reported the waste to the
239 provider, health care professional, or compliance officer, the provider, health care professional,
240 or compliance officer demonstrates to the person that the waste has been corrected.
241 (2) A person who makes a report under Subsection (1) may request that the person's
242 name not be released in connection with the investigation.
243 (3) If a request is made under Subsection (2), the person's identity may not be released
244 to any person or entity other than the office, the fraud unit, or law enforcement, unless a court
245 of competent jurisdiction orders that the person's identity be released.
246 Section 7. Section 63J-4a-502 is amended to read:
247 63J-4a-502. Report and recommendations to governor and Executive
248 Appropriations Committee.
249 (1) The inspector general shall, on an annual basis, prepare a written report on the
250 activities of the office for the preceding fiscal year.
251 (2) The report shall include:
252 (a) non-identifying information, including statistical information, on:
253 (i) the items described in Subsection 63J-4a-202 (1)(b) and Section 63J-4a-204 ;
254 (ii) action taken by the office and the result of that action;
255 (iii) fraud, waste, and abuse in the state Medicaid program;
256 (iv) the recovery of fraudulent or improper use of state and federal Medicaid funds;
257 (v) measures taken by the state to discover and reduce fraud, waste, and abuse in the
258 state Medicaid program;
259 (vi) audits conducted by the office; [
260 (vii) investigations conducted by the office and the results of those investigations; and
261 (viii) administrative and educational efforts made by the office and the division to
262 improve compliance with Medicaid program policies and requirements;
263 (b) recommendations on action that should be taken by the Legislature or the governor
265 (i) improve the discovery and reduction of fraud, waste, and abuse in the state
266 Medicaid program;
267 (ii) improve the recovery of fraudulently or improperly used Medicaid funds; and
268 (iii) reduce costs and avoid or minimize increased costs in the state Medicaid program;
269 (c) recommendations relating to rules, policies, or procedures of a state or local
270 government entity; and
271 (d) services provided by the state Medicaid program that exceed industry standards.
272 (3) The report described in Subsection (1) may not include any information that would
273 interfere with or jeopardize an ongoing criminal investigation or other investigation.
274 (4) The inspector general shall provide the report described in Subsection (1) to the
275 Executive Appropriations Committee of the Legislature and to the governor on or before
276 October 1 of each year.
277 (5) The inspector general shall present the report described in Subsection (1) to the
278 Executive Appropriations Committee of the Legislature before November 30 of each year.
279 Section 8. Section 63J-4a-602 is amended to read:
280 63J-4a-602. Rulemaking authority.
281 The office may make rules, pursuant to Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative
282 Rulemaking Act, and Section 63J-4a-305 , that establish policies, procedures, and practices, in
283 accordance with the provisions of this chapter, relating to:
284 (1) inspecting and monitoring the state Medicaid Program;
285 (2) discovering and investigating potential fraud, waste, or abuse in the State Medicaid
287 (3) developing and implementing the principles and standards described in Subsection
288 63J-4a-202 (1)[
289 (4) auditing, inspecting, and evaluating the functioning of the division under
290 Subsection 63J-4a-202 (1)(h);
291 (5) conducting an audit under Subsection 63J-4a-202 (1)(h) or (2); or
292 (6) ordering a hold on the payment of a claim for reimbursement under Section
293 63J-4a-205 .
Legislative Review Note
as of 2-13-13 11:34 AM