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S.B. 137 Enrolled






Chief Sponsor: Daniel W. Thatcher

House Sponsor: Eric K. Hutchings

             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill modifies the Motor Vehicles Code by amending provisions relating to local
             11      highway authority ordinances pertaining to motor vehicle registrations.
             12      Highlighted Provisions:
             13          This bill:
             14          .    prohibits a local highway authority from enacting an ordinance, regulation, rule, fee,
             15      or criminal or civil fine pertaining to a registration violation or a registration decal
             16      that conflicts with or is more stringent than the registration requirements under Title
             17      41, Motor Vehicles; and
             18          .    makes technical corrections.
             19      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             20          None
             21      Other Special Clauses:
             22          None
             23      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             24      AMENDS:
             25          41-6a-208, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 396
             27      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             28          Section 1. Section 41-6a-208 is amended to read:
             29           41-6a-208. Regulatory powers of local highway authorities -- Traffic-control

             30      device affecting state highway -- Necessity of erecting traffic-control devices.
             31          (1) As used in this section:
             32          (a) (i) "Ground transportation vehicle" means a motor vehicle used for the
             33      transportation of persons, used in ride or shared ride, on demand, or for hire transportation of
             34      passengers or baggage over public highways.
             35          (ii) "Ground transportation vehicle" includes a:
             36          (A) shared ride vehicle;
             37          (B) bus;
             38          (C) courtesy vehicle;
             39          (D) hotel vehicle;
             40          (E) limousine;
             41          (F) minibus;
             42          (G) special transportation vehicle;
             43          (H) specialty vehicle;
             44          (I) taxicab;
             45          (J) van; or
             46          (K) trailer being towed by a ground transportation vehicle.
             47          (b) "Idle" means the operation of a vehicle engine while the vehicle is stationary or not
             48      in the act of performing work or its normal function.
             49          (2) The provisions of this chapter do not prevent a local highway authority for a
             50      highway under its jurisdiction and within the reasonable exercise of police power, from:
             51          (a) regulating or prohibiting stopping, standing, or parking;
             52          (b) regulating traffic by means of a peace officer or a traffic-control device;
             53          (c) regulating or prohibiting processions or assemblages on a highway;
             54          (d) designating particular highways or roadways for use by traffic moving in one
             55      direction under Section 41-6a-709 ;
             56          (e) establishing speed limits for vehicles in public parks, which supersede Section
             57      41-6a-603 regarding speed limits;

             58          (f) designating any highway as a through highway or designating any intersection or
             59      junction of roadways as a stop or yield intersection or junction;
             60          (g) restricting the use of a highway under Section 72-7-408 ;
             61          (h) regulating the operation of a bicycle and requiring the registration and inspection of
             62      bicycles, including requiring a registration fee;
             63          (i) regulating or prohibiting:
             64          (i) certain turn movements of a vehicle; or
             65          (ii) specified types of vehicles;
             66          (j) altering or establishing speed limits under Section 41-6a-603 ;
             67          (k) requiring written accident reports under Section 41-6a-403 ;
             68          (l) designating no-passing zones under Section 41-6a-708 ;
             69          (m) prohibiting or regulating the use of controlled-access highways by any class or
             70      kind of traffic under Section 41-6a-715 ;
             71          (n) prohibiting or regulating the use of heavily traveled streets by any class or kind of
             72      traffic found to be incompatible with the normal and safe movement of traffic;
             73          (o) establishing minimum speed limits under Subsection 41-6a-605 (3);
             74          (p) prohibiting pedestrians from crossing a highway in a business district or any
             75      designated highway except in a crosswalk under Section 41-6a-1001 ;
             76          (q) restricting pedestrian crossings at unmarked crosswalks under Section 41-6a-1010 ;
             77          (r) regulating persons upon skates, coasters, sleds, skateboards, and other toy vehicles;
             78          (s) adopting and enforcing temporary or experimental ordinances as necessary to cover
             79      emergencies or special conditions;
             80          (t) prohibiting drivers of ambulances from exceeding maximum speed limits;
             81          (u) adopting other traffic ordinances as specifically authorized by this chapter; or
             82          (v) adopting an ordinance that requires a ground transportation vehicle to conform to
             83      state safety standards and reasonable annual appearance requirements, in consultation with a
             84      transportation advisory board of the local highway authority.
             85          (3) A local highway authority may not:

             86          (a) in accordance with Title 72, Chapter 3, Part 1, Highways in General, erect or
             87      maintain any official traffic-control device at any location which regulates the traffic on a
             88      highway not under the local highway authority's jurisdiction, unless written approval is
             89      obtained from the highway authority having jurisdiction over the highway;
             90          (b) prohibit or restrict the use of a cellular phone by the operator or passenger of a
             91      motor vehicle;
             92          (c) enact an ordinance that prohibits or restricts an owner or operator of a vehicle from
             93      causing or permitting the vehicle's engine to idle unless the ordinance:
             94          (i) is primarily educational;
             95          (ii) provides that a person must be issued at least three warning citations before
             96      imposing a fine;
             97          (iii) has the same fine structure as a parking violation;
             98          (iv) provides for the safety of law enforcement personnel who enforce the ordinance;
             99      and
             100          (v) provides that the ordinance may be enforced on:
             101          (A) public property; or
             102          (B) private property that is open to the general public unless the private property
             103      owner:
             104          (I) has a private business that has a drive-through service as a component of the private
             105      property owner's business operations and posts a sign provided by or acceptable to the local
             106      highway authority informing its customers and the public of the local highway authority's time
             107      limit for idling vehicle engines; or
             108          (II) adopts an idle reduction education policy approved by the local highway authority;
             109          (d) enact an ordinance that prohibits a vehicle from being licensed as a ground
             110      transportation vehicle:
             111          (i) if the vehicle to be licensed otherwise passes all state safety inspection requirements
             112      established by the Utah Highway Patrol Division in accordance with Section 53-8-204 ; and
             113          (ii) (A) based on the manufacture date of the vehicle; or

             114          (B) based on the number of miles the vehicle has accumulated[.]; or
             115          (e) enact an ordinance, regulation, rule, fee, or criminal or civil fine pertaining to a
             116      registration violation under Section 41-1a-201 or a registration decal issued under Section
             117      41-1a-402 that conflicts with or is more stringent than the registration requirements under Title
             118      41, Motor Vehicles.
             119          (4) An ordinance enacted under Subsection (2)(d), (e), (f), (g), (i), (j), (l), (m), (n), or
             120      (q) is not effective until official traffic-control devices giving notice of the local traffic
             121      ordinances are erected upon or at the entrances to the highway or part of it affected as is
             122      appropriate.
             123          (5) An ordinance enacted by a local highway authority that violates Subsection (3) is
             124      not effective.

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