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Second Substitute S.B. 107

Senator Allen M. Christensen proposes the following substitute bill:


             1     
PUBLIC SHOOTING RANGES

             2     
2013 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Allen M. Christensen

             5     
House Sponsor: Curtis Oda

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill ensures public access to public shooting ranges under certain conditions.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    defines terms;
             13          .    grants the public access to use certain public shooting ranges;
             14          .    permits a fee to be charged for the public to use a public shooting range;
             15          .    describes when a public shooting range can be restricted from public use; and
             16          .    makes technical changes.
             17      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             18          None
             19      Other Special Clauses:
             20          None
             21      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             22      ENACTS:
             23          47-3-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             24          47-3-301, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             25          47-3-302, Utah Code Annotated 1953


             26          47-3-303, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             27          47-3-304, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             28          47-3-305, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             29      RENUMBERS AND AMENDS:
             30          47-3-102, (Renumbered from 47-3-1, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter 286)
             31          47-3-201, (Renumbered from 47-3-2, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter 286)
             32          47-3-202, (Renumbered from 47-3-3, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter 286)
             33     
             34      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             35          Section 1. Section 47-3-101 is enacted to read:
             36     
CHAPTER 3. SHOOTING RANGES

             37     
Part 1. General Provisions

             38          47-3-101. Title.
             39          This chapter is known as "Shooting Ranges."
             40          Section 2. Section 47-3-102 , which is renumbered from Section 47-3-1 is renumbered
             41      and amended to read:
             42           [47-3-1].     47-3-102. Definitions.
             43          As used in this chapter[,]:
             44          (1) "Air gun" means a .177 or .20 caliber, or equivalent 4.5mm or 5.0mm, rifle or pistol
             45      whose projectile is pneumatically propelled by compressed air or compressed gas such as
             46      carbon dioxide.
             47          (2) "Certified official" means a Range Safety Officer, Firearms Instructor, or Shooting
             48      Coach certified by the National Rifle Association or equivalent national shooting organization.
             49          (3) "Group" means any organized club, organization, corporation or association which
             50      at the time of use of the shooting range has a certified official in charge while shooting is
             51      taking place and while the range is open.
             52          (4) "Military range" means a shooting range located on a state military installation.
             53          (5) "Nonmilitary range" means a shooting range that is not a military range.
             54          (6) "Political subdivision" has the same meaning as defined in section 17B-2-101 and
             55      includes a school district.
             56          (7) "Public funds" means funds provided by the federal government, the state, or a


             57      political subdivision of the state.
             58          (8) "Shooting range" or "range" means an area designed and continuously operated
             59      under nationally recognized standards and operating practices for the use of rifles, shotguns,
             60      pistols, silhouettes, skeet, trap, black powder, archery, or any other similar shooting activities.
             61          Section 3. Section 47-3-201 , which is renumbered from Section 47-3-2 is renumbered
             62      and amended to read:
             63     
Part 2. Risk and Nuisance

             64           [47-3-2].     47-3-201. Assumption of risk.
             65          [Each] A person who participates in shooting at a shooting range or a public shooting
             66      range accepts the associated risks to the extent the risks are obvious and inherent. Those risks
             67      include injuries that may result from noise, discharge of projectile or shot, malfunction of
             68      shooting equipment not owned by the shooting range or public shooting range, natural
             69      variations in terrain, surface or subsurface snow or ice conditions, bare spots, rocks, trees, and
             70      other forms of natural growth or debris.
             71          Section 4. Section 47-3-202 , which is renumbered from Section 47-3-3 is renumbered
             72      and amended to read:
             73           [47-3-3].     47-3-202. When nuisance action permitted.
             74          (1) [Each] A state agency or political subdivision shall ensure that any of its rules or
             75      ordinances that define or prohibit a public nuisance exclude from the definition or prohibition
             76      any shooting range or public shooting range that was established, constructed, or operated prior
             77      to the implementation of the rule or ordinance regarding public nuisance unless that activity or
             78      operation substantially and adversely affects public health or safety.
             79          (2) A person who operates or uses a shooting range or a public shooting range in this
             80      state is not subject to civil liability or criminal prosecution for noise or noise pollution resulting
             81      from the operation or use of the range if:
             82          (a) the range:
             83          (i) was established, constructed, or operated prior to the implementation of any noise
             84      ordinances, rules, or regulations; and
             85          (ii) does not substantially and adversely affect public health or safety; or
             86          (b) the range:
             87          (i) is in compliance with any noise control laws, ordinances, rules, or regulations that


             88      applied to the range or public shooting range and its operation at the time of establishment,
             89      construction, or initial operation of the range; and
             90          (ii) does not substantially and adversely affect public health or safety.
             91          (3) For [the] purposes of this section, noise generated by a shooting range or public
             92      shooting range that is operated in accordance with nationally recognized standards and
             93      operating practices is not a public health nuisance.
             94          (4) For any new subdivision development located in whole or in part within 1,000 feet
             95      of the boundary of any shooting range or public shooting range that was established,
             96      constructed, or operated prior to the development of the subdivision, the owner of the
             97      development shall provide on any plat filed with the county recorder the following notice:
             98          "Shooting Range Area
             99          This property is located in the vicinity of an established shooting range or public
             100      shooting range. It can be anticipated that customary uses and activities at this shooting range or
             101      public shooting range will be conducted now and in the future. The use and enjoyment of this
             102      property is expressly conditioned on acceptance of any annoyance or inconvenience [which]
             103      that may result from these uses and activities."
             104          Section 5. Section 47-3-301 is enacted to read:
             105     
Part 3. Public Shooting Ranges

             106          47-3-301. Access to publicly funded ranges.
             107          A shooting range, whether indoor or outdoor, constructed with public funds and
             108      operated or controlled by the state, an institution of higher education, or a political subdivision,
             109      shall, unless specifically exempted in Section 47-3-305 , be made available as provided in this
             110      section for use by any group.
             111          Section 6. Section 47-3-302 is enacted to read:
             112          47-3-302. Use and availability.
             113          (1) Use of a shooting range by a group may not interfere with the use of the range by
             114      the state agency, military, institution of higher education, or political subdivision for whom the
             115      range was constructed.
             116          (2) Outdoor shooting ranges shall be available on weekends and holidays, provided
             117      they are not being used for shooting and training purposes by the owner or operator of the
             118      range.


             119          (3) Each group that uses a shooting range owned or operated by a state agency,
             120      institution of higher education, or political subdivision shall provide a certified official to
             121      oversee their shooting activities while on the range. If the group does not have a certified
             122      official that is currently available, the owner or operator of the shooting range may provide one
             123      and charge a fee for that certified official's time.
             124          (4) A group using a public shooting range may not have anyone with the group who is
             125      prohibited from possessing a firearm.
             126          (5) Each group shall provide documentation of current and applicable liability
             127      insurance or waivers of liability to cover each state agency, institution of higher education, or a
             128      political subdivision, for each person shooting on or controlling the shooting range.
             129          (6) Shooting range operations shall be in accordance with safety standards adopted by
             130      the National Rifle Association or equivalent national shooting organization.
             131          (7) Staff from the owner or operator of the shooting range is not required to be present
             132      unless there is no certified official present with the group.
             133          (8) The certified official in charge at the applicable time shall be responsible for
             134      opening and securely closing the shooting range.
             135          Section 7. Section 47-3-303 is enacted to read:
             136          47-3-303. Rulemaking.
             137          (1) The State Armory Board, any state agency, or institution of higher education that
             138      operates or has control of a shooting range shall make rules in accordance with Title 63G,
             139      Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, to implement procedures for use of the range
             140      by the public.
             141          (2) The rules shall include provisions requiring indoor shooting ranges to be available
             142      on a reservation basis, for firearms not exceeding the range design criteria:
             143          (a) at least twice per week;
             144          (b) after 4 p.m. on work or school days, or after students and faculty are excused or
             145      dismissed on the work or school day; and
             146          (c) between 8 a.m. and 10 p.m. on weekends.
             147          Section 8. Section 47-3-304 is enacted to read:
             148          47-3-304. Fees.
             149          (1) Reasonable fees for the use of a shooting range to cover the incidental material and


             150      supply costs incurred by making the range available to a group, may be established by:
             151          (a) the State Armory Board established under Title 39, Chapter 2, State Armory Board,
             152      for a military range; and
             153          (b) for a nonmilitary range, the state agency, institution of higher education, or political
             154      subdivision that operates or has control of the range.
             155          (2) Fees for nonmilitary shooting range use may not exceed fees charged by the
             156      Department of Natural Resources for the same or similar activity.
             157          (3) Fees collected under Subsection (1) shall be:
             158          (a) for a shooting range operated or controlled by a state agency or an institution of
             159      higher education, deposited in the General Fund as dedicated credits to be used for the
             160      operation and maintenance of the range; and
             161          (b) for a shooting range operated or controlled by a political subdivision, deposited in
             162      the political subdivision's general fund.
             163          Section 9. Section 47-3-305 is enacted to read:
             164          47-3-305. Exceptions and prohibitions.
             165          (1) This part does not apply to:
             166          (a) shooting ranges that are otherwise open to the public;
             167          (b) shooting ranges that are operated as a public shooting range staffed by and operated
             168      by Division of Wildlife Resources;
             169          (c) the Utah National Guard ranges located at Camp Williams and the Salt Lake
             170      International Airport;
             171          (d) the Department of Corrections Fred M. House range;
             172          (e) the Peace Officer Standards and Training indoor tactical firing range on the Salt
             173      Lake Community College Miller Campus; and
             174          (f) ranges owned and operated by municipal public safety agencies if they are available
             175      for use by the agencies on a continuous 24 hour basis.
             176          (2) Firearms may not be allowed in a school building, except under the provision of
             177      Section 76-10-505.5 , unless there is an outdoor entrance to the shooting range and the most
             178      direct access to the range is used. An outdoor entrance to a shooting range may not be blocked
             179      by fences, structures or gates for the purpose of blocking the outdoor entrance.
             180          (3) Only air guns may be used in public ranges where the ventilation systems do not


             181      meet current OSHA standards as applied to the duration of exposure of the participants. For
             182      the purposes of this part, an air gun does not include larger caliber pneumatic weapons,
             183      paintball guns, or air shotguns.
             184          (4) Group range use is a lawful, approved activity under Subsection 76-10-505.5 (4)(a).


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