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Second Substitute S.B. 107
7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill ensures public access to public shooting ranges under certain conditions.
10 Highlighted Provisions:
11 This bill:
12 . defines terms;
13 . grants the public access to use certain public shooting ranges;
14 . permits a fee to be charged for the public to use a public shooting range;
15 . describes when a public shooting range can be restricted from public use; and
16 . makes technical changes.
17 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
19 Other Special Clauses:
21 Utah Code Sections Affected:
23 47-3-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
24 47-3-301, Utah Code Annotated 1953
25 47-3-302, Utah Code Annotated 1953
26 47-3-303, Utah Code Annotated 1953
27 47-3-304, Utah Code Annotated 1953
28 47-3-305, Utah Code Annotated 1953
29 RENUMBERS AND AMENDS:
30 47-3-102, (Renumbered from 47-3-1, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter 286)
31 47-3-201, (Renumbered from 47-3-2, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter 286)
32 47-3-202, (Renumbered from 47-3-3, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter 286)
34 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
35 Section 1. Section 47-3-101 is enacted to read:
38 47-3-101. Title.
39 This chapter is known as "Shooting Ranges."
40 Section 2. Section 47-3-102 , which is renumbered from Section 47-3-1 is renumbered
41 and amended to read:
43 As used in this chapter[
44 (1) "Air gun" means a .177 or .20 caliber, or equivalent 4.5mm or 5.0mm, rifle or pistol
45 whose projectile is pneumatically propelled by compressed air or compressed gas such as
46 carbon dioxide.
47 (2) "Certified official" means a Range Safety Officer, Firearms Instructor, or Shooting
48 Coach certified by the National Rifle Association or equivalent national shooting organization.
49 (3) "Group" means any organized club, organization, corporation or association which
50 at the time of use of the shooting range has a certified official in charge while shooting is
51 taking place and while the range is open.
52 (4) "Military range" means a shooting range located on a state military installation.
53 (5) "Nonmilitary range" means a shooting range that is not a military range.
54 (6) "Political subdivision" has the same meaning as defined in section 17B-2-101 and
55 includes a school district.
56 (7) "Public funds" means funds provided by the federal government, the state, or a
57 political subdivision of the state.
58 (8) "Shooting range" or "range" means an area designed and continuously operated
59 under nationally recognized standards and operating practices for the use of rifles, shotguns,
60 pistols, silhouettes, skeet, trap, black powder, archery, or any other similar shooting activities.
61 Section 3. Section 47-3-201 , which is renumbered from Section 47-3-2 is renumbered
62 and amended to read:
66 range accepts the associated risks to the extent the risks are obvious and inherent. Those risks
67 include injuries that may result from noise, discharge of projectile or shot, malfunction of
68 shooting equipment not owned by the shooting range or public shooting range, natural
69 variations in terrain, surface or subsurface snow or ice conditions, bare spots, rocks, trees, and
70 other forms of natural growth or debris.
71 Section 4. Section 47-3-202 , which is renumbered from Section 47-3-3 is renumbered
72 and amended to read:
74 (1) [
75 ordinances that define or prohibit a public nuisance exclude from the definition or prohibition
76 any shooting range or public shooting range that was established, constructed, or operated prior
77 to the implementation of the rule or ordinance regarding public nuisance unless that activity or
78 operation substantially and adversely affects public health or safety.
79 (2) A person who operates or uses a shooting range or a public shooting range in this
80 state is not subject to civil liability or criminal prosecution for noise or noise pollution resulting
81 from the operation or use of the range if:
82 (a) the range:
83 (i) was established, constructed, or operated prior to the implementation of any noise
84 ordinances, rules, or regulations; and
85 (ii) does not substantially and adversely affect public health or safety; or
86 (b) the range:
87 (i) is in compliance with any noise control laws, ordinances, rules, or regulations that
88 applied to the range or public shooting range and its operation at the time of establishment,
89 construction, or initial operation of the range; and
90 (ii) does not substantially and adversely affect public health or safety.
91 (3) For [
92 shooting range that is operated in accordance with nationally recognized standards and
93 operating practices is not a public health nuisance.
94 (4) For any new subdivision development located in whole or in part within 1,000 feet
95 of the boundary of any shooting range or public shooting range that was established,
96 constructed, or operated prior to the development of the subdivision, the owner of the
97 development shall provide on any plat filed with the county recorder the following notice:
98 "Shooting Range Area
99 This property is located in the vicinity of an established shooting range or public
100 shooting range. It can be anticipated that customary uses and activities at this shooting range or
101 public shooting range will be conducted now and in the future. The use and enjoyment of this
102 property is expressly conditioned on acceptance of any annoyance or inconvenience [
103 that may result from these uses and activities."
104 Section 5. Section 47-3-301 is enacted to read:
106 47-3-301. Access to publicly funded ranges.
107 A shooting range, whether indoor or outdoor, constructed with public funds and
108 operated or controlled by the state, an institution of higher education, or a political subdivision,
109 shall, unless specifically exempted in Section 47-3-305 , be made available as provided in this
110 section for use by any group.
111 Section 6. Section 47-3-302 is enacted to read:
112 47-3-302. Use and availability.
113 (1) Use of a shooting range by a group may not interfere with the use of the range by
114 the state agency, military, institution of higher education, or political subdivision for whom the
115 range was constructed.
116 (2) Outdoor shooting ranges shall be available on weekends and holidays, provided
117 they are not being used for shooting and training purposes by the owner or operator of the
119 (3) Each group that uses a shooting range owned or operated by a state agency,
120 institution of higher education, or political subdivision shall provide a certified official to
121 oversee their shooting activities while on the range. If the group does not have a certified
122 official that is currently available, the owner or operator of the shooting range may provide one
123 and charge a fee for that certified official's time.
124 (4) A group using a public shooting range may not have anyone with the group who is
125 prohibited from possessing a firearm.
126 (5) Each group shall provide documentation of current and applicable liability
127 insurance or waivers of liability to cover each state agency, institution of higher education, or a
128 political subdivision, for each person shooting on or controlling the shooting range.
129 (6) Shooting range operations shall be in accordance with safety standards adopted by
130 the National Rifle Association or equivalent national shooting organization.
131 (7) Staff from the owner or operator of the shooting range is not required to be present
132 unless there is no certified official present with the group.
133 (8) The certified official in charge at the applicable time shall be responsible for
134 opening and securely closing the shooting range.
135 Section 7. Section 47-3-303 is enacted to read:
136 47-3-303. Rulemaking.
137 (1) The State Armory Board, any state agency, or institution of higher education that
138 operates or has control of a shooting range shall make rules in accordance with Title 63G,
139 Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, to implement procedures for use of the range
140 by the public.
141 (2) The rules shall include provisions requiring indoor shooting ranges to be available
142 on a reservation basis, for firearms not exceeding the range design criteria:
143 (a) at least twice per week;
144 (b) after 4 p.m. on work or school days, or after students and faculty are excused or
145 dismissed on the work or school day; and
146 (c) between 8 a.m. and 10 p.m. on weekends.
147 Section 8. Section 47-3-304 is enacted to read:
148 47-3-304. Fees.
149 (1) Reasonable fees for the use of a shooting range to cover the incidental material and
150 supply costs incurred by making the range available to a group, may be established by:
151 (a) the State Armory Board established under Title 39, Chapter 2, State Armory Board,
152 for a military range; and
153 (b) for a nonmilitary range, the state agency, institution of higher education, or political
154 subdivision that operates or has control of the range.
155 (2) Fees for nonmilitary shooting range use may not exceed fees charged by the
156 Department of Natural Resources for the same or similar activity.
157 (3) Fees collected under Subsection (1) shall be:
158 (a) for a shooting range operated or controlled by a state agency or an institution of
159 higher education, deposited in the General Fund as dedicated credits to be used for the
160 operation and maintenance of the range; and
161 (b) for a shooting range operated or controlled by a political subdivision, deposited in
162 the political subdivision's general fund.
163 Section 9. Section 47-3-305 is enacted to read:
164 47-3-305. Exceptions and prohibitions.
165 (1) This part does not apply to:
166 (a) shooting ranges that are otherwise open to the public;
167 (b) shooting ranges that are operated as a public shooting range staffed by and operated
168 by Division of Wildlife Resources;
169 (c) the Utah National Guard ranges located at Camp Williams and the Salt Lake
170 International Airport;
171 (d) the Department of Corrections Fred M. House range;
172 (e) the Peace Officer Standards and Training indoor tactical firing range on the Salt
173 Lake Community College Miller Campus; and
174 (f) ranges owned and operated by municipal public safety agencies if they are available
175 for use by the agencies on a continuous 24 hour basis.
176 (2) Firearms may not be allowed in a school building, except under the provision of
177 Section 76-10-505.5 , unless there is an outdoor entrance to the shooting range and the most
178 direct access to the range is used. An outdoor entrance to a shooting range may not be blocked
179 by fences, structures or gates for the purpose of blocking the outdoor entrance.
180 (3) Only air guns may be used in public ranges where the ventilation systems do not
181 meet current OSHA standards as applied to the duration of exposure of the participants. For
182 the purposes of this part, an air gun does not include larger caliber pneumatic weapons,
183 paintball guns, or air shotguns.
184 (4) Group range use is a lawful, approved activity under Subsection 76-10-505.5 (4)(a).
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