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S.B. 145

             1     

COUNTY ATTORNEY CHAPTER RECODIFICATION

             2     
2013 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Todd Weiler

             5     
House Sponsor: Derek E. Brown

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill enacts Powers and Duties of County and District Attorney.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    repeals Title 17, Chapter 18, County Attorney, and replaces it with Title 17, Chapter
             13      18a, Powers and Duties of County and District Attorney, including:
             14              .    enacting general provisions;
             15              .    enacting provisions related to the duties of a county and district attorney;
             16              .    enacting provisions regulating qualifications and term of office;
             17              .    enacting provisions related to the duties of a public prosecutor;
             18              .    enacting provisions related to the duties of civil counsel;
             19              .    enacting provisions related to general duties and prohibited acts;
             20              .    enacting provisions related to a prosecution district; and
             21              .    enacting provisions related to ethical responsibilities; and
             22          .    makes technical and conforming amendments.
             23      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             24          None
             25      Other Special Clauses:
             26          None
             27      Utah Code Sections Affected:


             28      AMENDS:
             29          4-2-11, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1993, Chapter 38
             30          17-16-1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1999, Chapter 206
             31          17-16-2.5, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1993, Chapter 38
             32          19-5-115, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 360
             33          19-6-113, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             34          20A-1-509.2, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1997, Chapter 139
             35          35A-1-501, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1999, Chapter 132
             36          39-1-50, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1993, Chapter 38
             37          62A-3-309, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 91
             38          62A-4a-405, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 299
             39          65A-3-3, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 361
             40          67-5-1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 342
             41          77-22a-1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1993, Chapter 38
             42          77-22b-1, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1997, Chapter 296
             43          77-23a-10, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 324
             44          78A-6-602, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 38
             45          78A-6-1002, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             46      ENACTS:
             47          17-18a-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             48          17-18a-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             49          17-18a-201, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             50          17-18a-202, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             51          17-18a-203, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             52          17-18a-204, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             53          17-18a-301, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             54          17-18a-302, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             55          17-18a-401, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             56          17-18a-402, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             57          17-18a-403, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             58          17-18a-404, Utah Code Annotated 1953


             59          17-18a-405, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             60          17-18a-501, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             61          17-18a-502, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             62          17-18a-503, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             63          17-18a-504, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             64          17-18a-505, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             65          17-18a-601, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             66          17-18a-602, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             67          17-18a-603, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             68          17-18a-604, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             69          17-18a-605, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             70          17-18a-701, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             71          17-18a-702, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             72          17-18a-703, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             73          17-18a-801, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             74          17-18a-802, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             75          17-18a-803, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             76      REPEALS:
             77          17-18-1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2002, Chapter 130
             78          17-18-1.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2002, Chapter 130
             79          17-18-1.6, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 154
             80          17-18-1.7, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2002, Chapter 130
             81          17-18-1.9, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 297
             82          17-18-2, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2002, Chapter 185
             83          17-18-4, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1957, Chapter 34
             84          17-18-5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1997, Chapter 139
             85     
             86      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             87          Section 1. Section 4-2-11 is amended to read:
             88           4-2-11. Attorney general legal advisor for department -- County or district
             89      attorney may bring action upon request of department for violations of title.


             90          (1) The attorney general is the legal advisor for the department and shall defend the
             91      department and its representatives in all actions and proceedings brought against it.
             92          (2) The county attorney or the district attorney as provided under Sections [ 17-18-1 ,
             93      17-18-1.5 , and 17-18-1.7 ] 17-18a-202 and 17-18a-203 of the county in which a cause of action
             94      arises or a public offense occurs may bring civil or criminal action, upon request of the
             95      department, to enforce the laws, standards, orders, and rules of the department or to prosecute
             96      violations of this title. If the county attorney or district attorney fails to act, the department may
             97      request the attorney general to bring an action on behalf of the department.
             98          Section 2. Section 17-16-1 is amended to read:
             99           17-16-1. Eligibility and residency requirements for county, district, precinct, or
             100      prosecution district office.
             101          (1) A person filing a declaration of candidacy for a county, district, precinct, or
             102      prosecution district office shall:
             103          (a) be a United States citizen;
             104          (b) except as provided in [Subsection 17-18-5 (1)(d)(ii)] Section 20A-1-509.2 with
             105      respect to the office of county attorney or district attorney, as of the date of the election, have
             106      been a resident for at least one year of the county, district, precinct, or prosecution district in
             107      which the person seeks office [for at least one year]; and
             108          (c) be a registered voter in the county, district, precinct, or prosecution district in which
             109      the person seeks office.
             110          (2) (a) A county, district, precinct, or prosecution district officer shall maintain
             111      residency within the county, district, precinct, or prosecution district in which [he] the officer
             112      was elected during [his] the officer's term of office.
             113          (b) If a county, district, precinct, or prosecution district officer establishes [his] the
             114      officer's principal place of residence as provided in Section 20A-2-105 outside the county,
             115      district, precinct, or prosecution district in which [he] the officer was elected, the office is
             116      automatically vacant.
             117          Section 3. Section 17-16-2.5 is amended to read:
             118           17-16-2.5. Creation of Office of District Attorney.
             119          For each prosecution district created [pursuant to Section 17-18-1.9 ] in accordance with
             120      Chapter 18a, Part 7, Prosecution District, there is created the Office of District Attorney.


             121          Section 4. Section 17-18a-101 is enacted to read:
             122     
CHAPTER 18a. POWERS AND DUTIES OF COUNTY AND DISTRICT ATTORNEY

             123     
Part 1. General Provisions

             124          17-18a-101. Title.
             125          This chapter is known as "Powers and Duties of County and District Attorney."
             126          Section 5. Section 17-18a-102 is enacted to read:
             127          17-18a-102. Definitions.
             128          (1) "Attorney" means a county attorney described in Section 17-18a-301 or a district
             129      attorney described in Section 17-18a-301 .
             130          (2) "Prosecution district" means a district created under Part 7, Prosecution District.
             131          Section 6. Section 17-18a-201 is enacted to read:
             132     
Part 2. Duties

             133          17-18a-201. County and district attorney duties.
             134          The duties, functions, and responsibilities of a county attorney or district attorney,
             135      acting as a public prosecutor or as civil counsel, are as provided in this chapter.
             136          Section 7. Section 17-18a-202 is enacted to read:
             137          17-18a-202. County attorney powers and functions.
             138          (1) Except within a county that is located in a prosecution district, the county attorney:
             139          (a) is a public prosecutor for the county; and
             140          (b) shall perform each public prosecutor and civil counsel duty in accordance with this
             141      chapter or as otherwise required by law.
             142          (2) In a county that is located within a prosecution district, the county attorney:
             143          (a) is the civil counsel for the county; and
             144          (b) shall perform each civil counsel duty in the county or prosecution district in
             145      accordance with this chapter or as otherwise required by law.
             146          Section 8. Section 17-18a-203 is enacted to read:
             147          17-18a-203. District attorney powers and functions.
             148          In a county that is located within a prosecution district, the district attorney:
             149          (1) is a public prosecutor for the county; and
             150          (2) shall perform each public prosecutor duty in accordance with this chapter or as
             151      otherwise required by law.


             152          Section 9. Section 17-18a-204 is enacted to read:
             153          17-18a-204. Consolidated office.
             154          Within a prosecution district, the duties and responsibilities of the district attorney and
             155      county attorney may be consolidated into one office as provided in Section 17-16-3 .
             156          Section 10. Section 17-18a-301 is enacted to read:
             157     
Part 3. Qualifications and Term

             158          17-18a-301. County officers.
             159          (1) The county attorney is an elected officer as described in Section 17-53-101 .
             160          (2) (a) If the boundaries of a prosecution district are located entirely within one county,
             161      the district attorney of the prosecution district is an elected officer of that county.
             162          (b) If the boundaries of a prosecution district include more than one county, the
             163      interlocal agreement that creates that prosecution district in accordance with Section
             164      17-18a-602 may designate the district attorney as an elected officer in one or more of the
             165      counties in which the prosecution district is located.
             166          (3) The district attorney:
             167          (a) is a full-time employee of the prosecution district; and
             168          (b) may not engage in the private practice of law.
             169          (4) A county attorney may:
             170          (a) serve as a part-time employee; and
             171          (b) engage in the private practice of law, subject to Section 17-18a-605 and the Rules
             172      of Professional Conduct.
             173          Section 11. Section 17-18a-302 is enacted to read:
             174          17-18a-302. Qualifications.
             175          (1) A person filing a declaration of candidacy for the office of county or district
             176      attorney shall be:
             177          (a) a United States citizen;
             178          (b) an attorney licensed to practice law in the state;
             179          (c) an active member of the Utah State Bar in good standing;
             180          (d) except as provided in Subsection (2), a registered voter in the county or prosecution
             181      district in which the attorney is elected to office; and
             182          (e) except as provided in Subsection (2), as of the date of election, a resident for at


             183      least one year of the county or prosecution district in which the person seeks office.
             184          (2) A person appointed to the office of county or district attorney in accordance with
             185      Section 20A-1-509.2 shall be:
             186          (a) a United States citizen;
             187          (b) an attorney licensed to practice law in the state; and
             188          (c) an active member of the Utah State Bar in good standing.
             189          Section 12. Section 17-18a-401 is enacted to read:
             190     
Part 4. Public Prosecutor Duties

             191          17-18a-401. Public prosecutor powers and duties.
             192          An attorney who serves as a public prosecutor shall:
             193          (1) except for a prosecution undertaken by a city attorney under Section 10-3-928 ,
             194      conduct, on behalf of the state, all prosecutions for a public offense committed within a county
             195      or prosecution district;
             196          (2) conduct, on behalf of the county, all prosecutions for a public offense in violation
             197      of a county criminal ordinance; and
             198          (3) perform all other duties and responsibilities as required by law.
             199          Section 13. Section 17-18a-402 is enacted to read:
             200          17-18a-402. Pretrial responsibilities.
             201          (1) (a) A public prosecutor shall:
             202          (i) institute proceedings before the proper court:
             203          (A) for the arrest of a person charged with a public offense; or
             204          (B) if the prosecutor has probable cause to believe that a public offense has been
             205      committed and a grand jury has been convened by a court;
             206          (ii) draw all indictments and information for offenses against:
             207          (A) the laws of the state occurring within the county; and
             208          (B) the criminal ordinances of the county;
             209          (iii) cause all persons under indictment or informed against to be speedily arraigned for
             210      crimes charged; and
             211          (iv) issue subpoenas for all witnesses for the state or for the county in the prosecution
             212      of a criminal ordinance.
             213          (b) A public prosecutor described in Subsection (1)(a)(i)(B) shall:


             214          (i) assist and attend the deliberations of the grand jury; and
             215          (ii) prepare all necessary indictments and arrange for the subpoena of witnesses to
             216      appear before the grand jury.
             217          (2) The public prosecutor may:
             218          (a) examine as to the sufficiency of an appearance bond that may be tendered to the
             219      court; and
             220          (b) upon a court order:
             221          (i) institute proceedings for the recovery upon forfeiture of a bond running to the state
             222      or county; and
             223          (ii) enforce the collection of a bond described in Subsection (2)(b)(i).
             224          (3) The public prosecutor is authorized to grant transactional immunity to a witness for
             225      violation of a state statute or county criminal ordinance.
             226          Section 14. Section 17-18a-403 is enacted to read:
             227          17-18a-403. Appeal.
             228          (1) A public prosecutor shall assist and cooperate, as required by the attorney general,
             229      in a case that may be appealed to the Court of Appeals or Utah Supreme Court regarding a
             230      criminal violation of state statute.
             231          (2) A public prosecutor shall appear and prosecute all appeals, in the appropriate court,
             232      for a crime charged as a misdemeanor in district court or as a violation of a county criminal
             233      ordinance.
             234          Section 15. Section 17-18a-404 is enacted to read:
             235          17-18a-404. Juvenile proceedings.
             236          For a proceeding involving a charge of juvenile delinquency, a public prosecutor shall
             237      appear and prosecute for the state in the juvenile court of the county.
             238          Section 16. Section 17-18a-405 is enacted to read:
             239          17-18a-405. Civil responsibilities of public prosecutors.
             240          A public prosecutor may act as legal counsel to the state, county, government agency,
             241      or government entity regarding the following matters of civil law:
             242          (1) bail bond forfeiture actions;
             243          (2) actions for the forfeiture of property or contraband, as provided in Title 24, Chapter
             244      1, Utah Uniform Forfeiture Procedures Act;


             245          (3) civil actions incidental to or appropriate to supplement a public prosecutor's duties,
             246      including an injunction, a habeas corpus, a declaratory action, or an extraordinary writ action,
             247      in which the interests of the state may be affected; and
             248          (4) any other civil duties related to criminal prosecution that are otherwise provided by
             249      statute.
             250          Section 17. Section 17-18a-501 is enacted to read:
             251     
Part 5. Counsel for Civil Actions

             252          17-18a-501. Duties as civil counsel.
             253          The attorney shall:
             254          (1) appear in, prosecute, and defend each civil action in which the county is a party;
             255          (2) prosecute, either directly or through a private contract for debt collection, each
             256      action for the recovery of debts, fines, penalties, and forfeitures accruing to the county;
             257          (3) prosecute each appeal regarding a civil counsel's duties or functions in which the
             258      county is a party;
             259          (4) act as the civil legal advisor to the county; and
             260          (5) attend the meetings and hearings of the county legislative body as necessary.
             261          Section 18. Section 17-18a-502 is enacted to read:
             262          17-18a-502. Civil violation of county ordinance.
             263          The civil counsel shall enforce and prosecute, in the appropriate court, civil violations
             264      of a county ordinance.
             265          Section 19. Section 17-18a-503 is enacted to read:
             266          17-18a-503. Legal opinions.
             267          The civil counsel shall prepare a legal opinion in writing to a county officer on matters
             268      relating to the duties of the respective officer's office.
             269          Section 20. Section 17-18a-504 is enacted to read:
             270          17-18a-504. Review and approve as to form.
             271          The civil counsel shall review and approve as to form and legality each county contract,
             272      ordinance, regulation, real estate document, conveyance, and legal document.
             273          Section 21. Section 17-18a-505 is enacted to read:
             274          17-18a-505. Escheats to the state.
             275          The civil counsel shall:


             276          (1) assist in determining what estate or property located within the county escheates or
             277      reverts to the state; and
             278          (2) provide assistance to the county assessor and the state auditor in discovering and
             279      recovering an escheat.
             280          Section 22. Section 17-18a-601 is enacted to read:
             281     
Part 6. General Duties and Prohibitions

             282          17-18a-601. Assistance to the attorney general.
             283          (1) (a) The attorney shall appear and assist the attorney general in criminal and civil
             284      legal matters involving the state if:
             285          (i) except as provided in Subsection (1)(b), the attorney general requests assistance; or
             286          (ii) the attorney is required by law to provide assistance.
             287          (b) The attorney is not required to provide, if requested, the attorney general assistance
             288      if the attorney's assistance would:
             289          (i) interfere with the attorney's duties and responsibilities to the county; or
             290          (ii) create a conflict of interest.
             291          (c) The attorney shall cooperate with the attorney general in an investigation, including
             292      an investigation described in Section 67-5-18 .
             293          (2) The attorney general shall assist the attorney with a criminal prosecution if a court:
             294          (a) finds that the attorney is unable to satisfactorily and adequately perform the duties
             295      of prosecuting a criminal case; and
             296          (b) recommends that the attorney seek additional legal assistance.
             297          Section 23. Section 17-18a-602 is enacted to read:
             298          17-18a-602. Deputy attorneys.
             299          (1) The attorney may employ a deputy attorney to perform the duties of public
             300      prosecutor or civil counsel.
             301          (2) (a) Subject to the approval of the county attorney, the district attorney may cross
             302      deputize a county deputy attorney as a deputy district attorney.
             303          (b) Subject to the approval of the district attorney, the county attorney may cross
             304      deputize a deputy district attorney as a deputy county attorney.
             305          (3) The county attorney may specially deputize, for a limited time or limited purpose,
             306      an attorney licensed to practice law in the state and in good standing with the Utah State Bar as


             307      a deputy to assist in any public prosecutor or civil counsel duties specified in the special
             308      deputization.
             309          Section 24. Section 17-18a-603 is enacted to read:
             310          17-18a-603. Legislative functions.
             311          The attorney:
             312          (1) may review a state statute;
             313          (2) shall review each county ordinance;
             314          (3) shall call to the attention of the state Legislature or the county legislative body any
             315      defect in the operation of the law; and
             316          (4) shall suggest and assist in presenting an amendment to correct the defect.
             317          Section 25. Section 17-18a-604 is enacted to read:
             318          17-18a-604. Other duties.
             319          The attorney shall perform each duty and responsibility of public prosecutor and civil
             320      counsel as provided by statute or ordinance.
             321          Section 26. Section 17-18a-605 is enacted to read:
             322          17-18a-605. Prohibited acts.
             323          (1) Within the state, the attorney may not consult with or otherwise represent a person
             324      charged with a crime, misdemeanor, or breach of a criminal statute or ordinance.
             325          (2) A public prosecutor may not prosecute or dismiss in the name of the state a case in
             326      which the public prosecutor has previously acted as legal counsel for the accused.
             327          (3) A public prosecutor may not:
             328          (a) compromise a prosecution; or
             329          (b) enter a plea of nolle prosequi after the filing of an indictment or information
             330      without the consent of the court.
             331          Section 27. Section 17-18a-701 is enacted to read:
             332     
Part 7. Prosecution District

             333          17-18a-701. Creation of a prosecution district.
             334          A county legislative body may, by ordinance, create a countywide prosecution district.
             335          Section 28. Section 17-18a-702 is enacted to read:
             336          17-18a-702. Multicounty prosecution district.
             337          (1) (a) Subject to Subsection (2), two or more counties, whether or not contiguous, may


             338      enter into an agreement in accordance with Title 11, Chapter 13, Interlocal Cooperation Act, to
             339      create and maintain a prosecution district.
             340          (b) A prosecution district described in Subsection (1)(a) shall include all of the area
             341      within the boundaries of each county party to the agreement.
             342          (2) A county may not enter into an agreement to create a multicounty prosecution
             343      district unless each county entering into the agreement is located within a single judicial
             344      district, as described in Section 78A-1-102 , with the other party counties.
             345          Section 29. Section 17-18a-703 is enacted to read:
             346          17-18a-703. Dissolution of prosecution district.
             347          (1) A county legislative body of a prosecution district described in Section 17-18a-701 ,
             348      or the legislative bodies of multiple counties within a multicounty prosecution district
             349      described in Section 17-18a-702 , may not dissolve the prosecution district or multicounty
             350      prosecution district, respectively, during the term of office of an elected or appointed district
             351      attorney.
             352          (2) Each county legislative body shall ensure that an ordinance dissolving a
             353      prosecution district within a single county or an interlocal agreement dissolving a prosecution
             354      district within multiple counties:
             355          (a) is enacted before February 1 of the year in which the regular general election, as
             356      defined in Section 20A-1-102 , is held to elect an attorney; and
             357          (b) takes effect on the first Monday in January after the year in which the attorney is
             358      elected.
             359          Section 30. Section 17-18a-801 is enacted to read:
             360     
Part 8. Ethical Responsibilities

             361          17-18a-801. Public prosecutor's ethical duties.
             362          An attorney exercising public prosecutor duties under this chapter:
             363          (1) is a lawyer representing an organization as a client under the Rules of Professional
             364      Conduct, Rule 1.13;
             365          (2) represents the state as an organizational client;
             366          (3) is considered the representative of the state; and
             367          (4) is empowered to make commitments for and decisions on behalf of the state.
             368          Section 31. Section 17-18a-802 is enacted to read:


             369          17-18a-802. Representation by civil counsel -- County is client.
             370          (1) (a) An attorney acting as civil counsel under this chapter represents an organization
             371      as a client in accordance with Rules of Professional Conduct, Rule 1.13.
             372          (b) The county is the client organization described in Subsection (1)(a).
             373          (2) The attorney:
             374          (a) does not represent a county commission, county agency, county board, county
             375      council, county officer, or county employee;
             376          (b) counsels with the county regarding civil matters; and
             377          (c) receives direction from the county through the county elected officers in accordance
             378      with the officers' duties and powers in accordance with law.
             379          Section 32. Section 17-18a-803 is enacted to read:
             380          17-18a-803. License suspended -- Vacancy.
             381          If the attorney is suspended or disbarred from the practice of law in the state, the
             382      attorney's office is vacant immediately upon suspension or disbarment.
             383          Section 33. Section 19-5-115 is amended to read:
             384           19-5-115. Violations -- Penalties -- Civil actions by director -- Ordinances and
             385      rules of political subdivisions.
             386          (1) The terms "knowingly," "willfully," and "criminal negligence" are as defined in
             387      Section 76-2-103 .
             388          (2) Any person who violates this chapter, or any permit, rule, or order adopted under it,
             389      upon a showing that the violation occurred, is subject in a civil proceeding to a civil penalty not
             390      to exceed $10,000 per day of violation.
             391          (3) (a) A person is guilty of a class A misdemeanor and is subject to imprisonment
             392      under Section 76-3-204 and a fine not exceeding $25,000 per day who, with criminal
             393      negligence:
             394          (i) discharges pollutants in violation of Subsection 19-5-107 (1) or in violation of any
             395      condition or limitation included in a permit issued under Subsection 19-5-107 (3);
             396          (ii) violates Section 19-5-113 ;
             397          (iii) violates a pretreatment standard or toxic effluent standard for publicly owned
             398      treatment works; or
             399          (iv) manages sewage sludge in violation of this chapter or rules adopted under it.


             400          (b) A person is guilty of a third degree felony and is subject to imprisonment under
             401      Section 76-3-203 and a fine not to exceed $50,000 per day of violation who knowingly:
             402          (i) discharges pollutants in violation of Subsection 19-5-107 (1) or in violation of any
             403      condition or limitation included in a permit issued under Subsection 19-5-107 (3);
             404          (ii) violates Section 19-5-113 ;
             405          (iii) violates a pretreatment standard or toxic effluent standard for publicly owned
             406      treatment works; or
             407          (iv) manages sewage sludge in violation of this chapter or rules adopted under it.
             408          (4) A person is guilty of a third degree felony and subject to imprisonment under
             409      Section 76-3-203 and shall be punished by a fine not exceeding $10,000 per day of violation if
             410      that person knowingly:
             411          (a) makes a false material statement, representation, or certification in any application,
             412      record, report, plan, or other document filed or required to be maintained under this chapter, or
             413      by any permit, rule, or order issued under it; or
             414          (b) falsifies, tampers with, or knowingly renders inaccurate any monitoring device or
             415      method required to be maintained under this chapter.
             416          (5) (a) As used in this section:
             417          (i) "Organization" means a legal entity, other than a government, established or
             418      organized for any purpose, and includes a corporation, company, association, firm, partnership,
             419      joint stock company, foundation, institution, trust, society, union, or any other association of
             420      persons.
             421          (ii) "Serious bodily injury" means bodily injury which involves a substantial risk of
             422      death, unconsciousness, extreme physical pain, protracted and obvious disfigurement, or
             423      protracted loss or impairment of the function of a bodily member, organ, or mental faculty.
             424          (b) A person is guilty of a second degree felony and, upon conviction, is subject to
             425      imprisonment under Section 76-3-203 and a fine of not more than $250,000 if that person:
             426          (i) knowingly violates this chapter, or any permit, rule, or order adopted under it; and
             427          (ii) knows at that time that [he] the person is placing another person in imminent
             428      danger of death or serious bodily injury.
             429          (c) If a person is an organization, it shall, upon conviction of violating Subsection
             430      (5)(b), be subject to a fine of not more than $1,000,000.


             431          (d) (i) A defendant who is an individual is considered to have acted knowingly if:
             432          (A) the defendant's conduct placed another person in imminent danger of death or
             433      serious bodily injury; and
             434          (B) the defendant was aware of or believed that there was an imminent danger of death
             435      or serious bodily injury to another person.
             436          (ii) Knowledge possessed by a person other than the defendant may not be attributed to
             437      the defendant.
             438          (iii) Circumstantial evidence may be used to prove that the defendant possessed actual
             439      knowledge, including evidence that the defendant took affirmative steps to be shielded from
             440      receiving relevant information.
             441          (e) (i) It is an affirmative defense to prosecution under this Subsection (5) that the
             442      conduct charged was consented to by the person endangered and that the danger and conduct
             443      charged were reasonably foreseeable hazards of:
             444          (A) an occupation, a business, or a profession; or
             445          (B) medical treatment or medical or scientific experimentation conducted by
             446      professionally approved methods and the other person was aware of the risks involved prior to
             447      giving consent.
             448          (ii) The defendant has the burden of proof to establish any affirmative defense under
             449      this Subsection (5)(e) and shall prove that defense by a preponderance of the evidence.
             450          (6) For purposes of Subsections 19-5-115 (3) through (5), a single operational upset
             451      [which] that leads to simultaneous violations of more than one pollutant parameter shall be
             452      treated as a single violation.
             453          (7) (a) The director may begin a civil action for appropriate relief, including a
             454      permanent or temporary injunction, for any violation or threatened violation for which it is
             455      authorized to issue a compliance order under Section 19-5-111 .
             456          (b) Actions shall be brought in the district court where the violation or threatened
             457      violation occurs.
             458          (8) (a) The attorney general is the legal advisor for the board and the director and shall
             459      defend them in all actions or proceedings brought against them.
             460          (b) The county attorney or district attorney as appropriate under [Sections 17-18-1 ,
             461      17-18-1.5 , and 17-18-1.7 ] Section 17-18a-202 or 17-18a-203 in the county in which a cause of


             462      action arises, shall bring any action, civil or criminal, requested by the director, to abate a
             463      condition that exists in violation of, or to prosecute for the violation of, or to enforce, the laws
             464      or the standards, orders, and rules of the board or the director issued under this chapter.
             465          (c) The director may initiate any action under this section and be represented by the
             466      attorney general.
             467          (9) If any person fails to comply with a cease and desist order that is not subject to a
             468      stay pending administrative or judicial review, the director may initiate an action for and be
             469      entitled to injunctive relief to prevent any further or continued violation of the order.
             470          (10) Any political subdivision of the state may enact and enforce ordinances or rules
             471      for the implementation of this chapter that are not inconsistent with this chapter.
             472          (11) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (11)(b), all penalties assessed and collected
             473      under the authority of this section shall be deposited in the General Fund.
             474          (b) The department may reimburse itself and local governments from money collected
             475      from civil penalties for extraordinary expenses incurred in environmental enforcement
             476      activities.
             477          (c) The department shall regulate reimbursements by making rules that:
             478          (i) define qualifying environmental enforcement activities; and
             479          (ii) define qualifying extraordinary expenses.
             480          Section 34. Section 19-6-113 is amended to read:
             481           19-6-113. Violations -- Penalties -- Reimbursement for expenses.
             482          (1) As used in this section, "RCRA" means the Resource Conservation and Recovery
             483      Act, 42 U.S.C. Section 6901, et seq.
             484          (2) Any person who violates any order, plan, rule, or other requirement issued or
             485      adopted under this part is subject in a civil proceeding to a penalty of not more than $13,000
             486      per day for each day of violation.
             487          (3) On or after July 1, 1990, no person shall knowingly:
             488          (a) transport or cause to be transported any hazardous waste identified or listed under
             489      this part to a facility that does not have a hazardous waste operation plan or permit under this
             490      part or RCRA;
             491          (b) treat, store, or dispose of any hazardous waste identified or listed under this part:
             492          (i) without having obtained a hazardous waste operation plan or permit as required by


             493      this part or RCRA;
             494          (ii) in knowing violation of any material condition or requirement of a hazardous waste
             495      operation plan or permit; or
             496          (iii) in knowing violation of any material condition or requirement of any rules or
             497      regulations under this part or RCRA;
             498          (c) omit material information or make any false material statement or representation in
             499      any application, label, manifest, record, report, permit, operation plan, or other document filed,
             500      maintained, or used for purposes of compliance with this part or RCRA or any rules or
             501      regulations made under this part or RCRA; and
             502          (d) transport or cause to be transported without a manifest[,] any hazardous waste
             503      identified or listed under this part and required by rules or regulations made under this part or
             504      RCRA to be accompanied by a manifest.
             505          (4) (a) (i) Any person who knowingly violates any provision of Subsection (3)(a) or (b)
             506      is guilty of a felony.
             507          (ii) Notwithstanding Sections 76-3-203 , 76-3-301 , and 76-3-302 , a person convicted of
             508      a felony under Subsection (3)(a) or (b) is subject to a fine of not more than $50,000 for each
             509      day of violation, or imprisonment for a term not to exceed five years, or both.
             510          (iii) If a person is convicted of a second or subsequent violation under Subsection
             511      (3)(a) or (b), the maximum punishment is double both the fine and the term of imprisonment
             512      authorized in Subsection (4)(a)(ii).
             513          (b) (i) Any person who knowingly violates any of the provisions of Subsection (3)(c) or
             514      (d) is guilty of a felony.
             515          (ii) Notwithstanding Sections 76-3-203 , 76-3-301 , and 76-3-302 , a person convicted of
             516      a felony for a violation of Subsection (3)(c) or (d) is subject to a fine of not more than $50,000
             517      for each day of violation, or imprisonment for a term not to exceed two years, or both.
             518          (iii) If a person is convicted of a second or subsequent violation under Subsection
             519      (3)(c) or (d), the maximum punishment is double both the fine and the imprisonment
             520      authorized in Subsection (4)(b)(ii).
             521          (c) (i) Any person who knowingly transports, treats, stores, or disposes of any
             522      hazardous waste identified or listed under this part in violation of Subsection (3)(a), (b), (c), or
             523      (d), who knows at that time that [he] the person thereby places another person in imminent


             524      danger of death or serious bodily injury, is guilty of a felony.
             525          (ii) Notwithstanding Sections 76-3-203 , 76-3-301 , and 76-3-302 , a person convicted of
             526      a felony described in Subsection (4)(c)(i) is subject to a fine of not more than $250,000, or
             527      imprisonment for a term not to exceed 15 years, or both.
             528          (iii) A corporation, association, partnership, or governmental instrumentality, upon
             529      conviction of violating Subsection (4)(c)(i), is subject to a fine of not more than $1,000,000.
             530          (5) (a) Except as provided in Subsections (5)(b) and (c) and Section 19-6-722 , all
             531      penalties assessed and collected under authority of this section shall be deposited in the
             532      General Fund.
             533          (b) The department may reimburse itself and local governments from money collected
             534      from civil penalties for qualifying extraordinary expenses incurred in qualifying environmental
             535      enforcement activities.
             536          (c) Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 78A-5-110 , the department may
             537      reimburse itself and local governments from money collected from criminal fines for qualifying
             538      extraordinary expenses incurred in prosecutions for violations of this part.
             539          (d) The department shall regulate reimbursements by making rules that define:
             540          (i) qualifying environmental enforcement activities; and
             541          (ii) qualifying extraordinary expenses.
             542          (6) Prosecution for criminal violations of this part may be commenced by the attorney
             543      general, the county attorney, or the district attorney as appropriate under Section [ 17-18-1 or
             544      17-18-1.7 ] 17-18a-202 or 17-18a-203 in any county where venue is proper.
             545          Section 35. Section 20A-1-509.2 is amended to read:
             546           20A-1-509.2. Procedure for filling vacancy in county or district with fewer than
             547      15 attorneys.
             548          (1) When a vacancy occurs in the office of county or district attorney, including a
             549      vacancy created by the failure of a person to file as a candidate for the office of county or
             550      district attorney in an election, in a county or district having fewer than 15 attorneys who are
             551      licensed, active members in good standing with the Utah State Bar and registered voters, the
             552      vacancy shall be filled as provided in this section.
             553          (2) The county clerk shall send a letter to each attorney residing in the county or district
             554      who is a licensed, active member in good standing with the Utah State Bar and a registered


             555      voter that:
             556          (a) informs the attorney of the vacancy;
             557          (b) invites the attorney to apply for the vacancy; and
             558          (c) informs the attorney that if the attorney has not responded within 10 calendar days
             559      from the date that the letter was mailed, [his] the attorney's candidacy to fill the vacancy will
             560      not be considered.
             561          (3) (a) (i) If, after 10 calendar days from the date the letter was mailed, more than three
             562      attorneys who are licensed, active members in good standing with the Utah State Bar and
             563      registered voters in the county or district have applied for the vacancy, the county clerk shall,
             564      except as provided in Subsection (3)(a)(ii), submit the applications to the county central
             565      committee of the same political party of the prior officeholder.
             566          (ii) In multicounty prosecution districts, the clerk shall submit the applications to the
             567      county central committee of each county within the prosecution district.
             568          (b) The central committee shall nominate three of the applicants and forward [their] the
             569      applicants' names to the county legislative body within 20 days after the date the county clerk
             570      submitted the applicants' names.
             571          (c) The county legislative body shall appoint one of the nominees to fill the vacant
             572      position.
             573          (d) If the central committee of the political party fails to submit at least three names to
             574      the county legislative body within 20 days after the date the county clerk submitted the
             575      applicants' names, the county legislative body shall appoint one of the applicants to fill the
             576      vacant position.
             577          (e) If the county legislative body fails to appoint a person to fill the vacancy within 120
             578      days after the vacancy occurs, the county clerk shall mail to the governor:
             579          (i) a letter informing [him] the governor that the county legislative body has failed to
             580      appoint a person to fill the vacancy; and
             581          (ii) (A) the list of nominees, if any, submitted by the central committee of the political
             582      party; or
             583          (B) if the party central committee has not submitted a list of at least three nominees
             584      within the required time, the names of the persons who submitted applications for the vacant
             585      position to the county clerk.


             586          (f) The governor shall appoint, within 30 days after receipt of the letter, a person from
             587      the list to fill the vacancy [from the list within 30 days after receipt of the letter].
             588          (4) (a) If, after 10 calendar days from the date the letter was mailed, three or fewer
             589      attorneys who are licensed, active members in good standing with the Utah State Bar and
             590      registered voters in the county or district have applied for the vacancy, the county legislative
             591      body may:
             592          (i) appoint one of them to be county or district attorney; or
             593          (ii) solicit additional applicants and appoint a county or district attorney as provided in
             594      Subsection (4)(b).
             595          (b) (i) If three or fewer attorneys who are licensed members in good standing of the
             596      Utah State Bar and registered voters in the county or district submit applications, the county
             597      legislative body may publicly solicit and accept additional applications for the position from
             598      licensed, active members in good standing of the Utah State Bar who are not residents of the
             599      county or prosecution district.
             600          (ii) The county legislative body shall consider the applications submitted by the
             601      attorneys who are residents of and registered voters in the county or prosecution district and the
             602      applications submitted by the attorneys who are not residents of the county or prosecution
             603      district and shall appoint one of the applicants to be county attorney or district attorney.
             604          (c) If the legislative body fails to appoint a person to fill the vacancy within 120 days
             605      after the vacancy occurs, the county clerk shall:
             606          (i) notify the governor that the legislative body has failed to fill the vacancy within the
             607      required time period; and
             608          (ii) provide the governor with a list of all the applicants.
             609          (d) The governor shall appoint a person to fill the vacancy within 30 days after [he] the
             610      governor receives the notification.
             611          (5) The person appointed to fill the vacancy shall serve for the unexpired term of the
             612      person who created the vacancy.
             613          Section 36. Section 35A-1-501 is amended to read:
             614           35A-1-501. Legal representation of department.
             615          At the request of the department, it is the duty of the county attorney or district attorney,
             616      as appropriate under Sections [ 17-18-1 , 17-18-1.5 , and 17-18-1.7 ] 17-18a-202 and 17-18a-203 ,


             617      and the attorney general to represent the department in any legal action taken under this part,
             618      Chapter 3, Employment Support Act, or under Title 76, Chapter 8, Part 12, Public Assistance
             619      Fraud.
             620          Section 37. Section 39-1-50 is amended to read:
             621           39-1-50. Military court -- Concurrent prosecutorial jurisdiction with county or
             622      district attorney.
             623          (1) The county attorney or district attorney, as appropriate under Sections [ 17-18-1 and
             624      17-18-1.7 ] 17-18a-202 and 17-18a-203 , of the county where an offense under the Utah Code of
             625      Military Justice is committed has concurrent jurisdiction with the Utah Military Court to
             626      prosecute the accused person at the expense of the county.
             627          (2) Charges regarding the offense may not be filed in a military court until the
             628      appropriate county attorney or district attorney has reviewed and declined to prosecute the
             629      offense.
             630          Section 38. Section 62A-3-309 is amended to read:
             631           62A-3-309. Enforcement by division -- Duty of county or district attorney.
             632          (1) It is the duty of the county or district attorney, as appropriate under Sections
             633      [ 17-18-1 , 17-18-1.5 , and 17-18-1.7 ] 17-18a-202 and 17-18a-203 , to:
             634          (a) assist and represent the division;
             635          (b) initiate legal proceedings to protect vulnerable adults; and
             636          (c) take appropriate action to prosecute the alleged offenders.
             637          (2) If the county or district attorney fails to act upon the request of the division to
             638      provide legal assistance within five business days after the day on which the request is made:
             639          (a) the division may request the attorney general to act; and
             640          (b) the attorney general may, in the attorney general's discretion, assume the
             641      responsibilities and carry the action forward in place of the county or district attorney.
             642          Section 39. Section 62A-4a-405 is amended to read:
             643           62A-4a-405. Death of child -- Reporting requirements.
             644          (1) Any person who has reason to believe that a child has died as a result of abuse or
             645      neglect shall report that fact to:
             646          (a) the local law enforcement agency, who shall report to the county attorney or district
             647      attorney as provided under Section [ 17-18-1 or 17-18-1.7 ] 17-18a-202 or 17-18a-203 ; and


             648          (b) the appropriate medical examiner in accordance with Title 26, Chapter 4, Utah
             649      Medical Examiner Act.
             650          (2) After receiving a report described in Subsection (1), the medical examiner shall
             651      investigate and report the medical examiner's findings to:
             652          (a) the police;
             653          (b) the appropriate county attorney or district attorney;
             654          (c) the attorney general's office;
             655          (d) the division; and
             656          (e) if the institution making the report is a hospital, to that hospital.
             657          Section 40. Section 65A-3-3 is amended to read:
             658           65A-3-3. Enforcement of laws -- County attorney or district attorney to
             659      prosecute.
             660          (1) It is the duty of the division, county sheriffs, their deputies, peace officers, and
             661      other law enforcement officers within [their] the law enforcement jurisdiction to enforce the
             662      provisions of this chapter and to investigate and gather evidence that may indicate a violation
             663      under this chapter.
             664          (2) The county attorney or district attorney, as appropriate under Sections [ 17-18-1 ,
             665      17-18-1.5 , and 17-18-1.7 ] 17-18a-202 and 17-18a-203 , shall:
             666          (a) prosecute any criminal violations of this chapter; and
             667          (b) initiate a civil action to recover suppression costs incurred by the county or state for
             668      suppression of fire on private land.
             669          Section 41. Section 67-5-1 is amended to read:
             670           67-5-1. General duties.
             671          The attorney general shall:
             672          (1) perform all duties in a manner consistent with the attorney-client relationship under
             673      Section 67-5-17 ;
             674          (2) except as provided in Sections 10-3-928 and [ 17-18-1 ] 17-18a-403 , attend the
             675      Supreme Court and the Court of Appeals of this state, and all courts of the United States, and
             676      prosecute or defend all causes to which the state[,] or any officer, board, or commission of the
             677      state in an official capacity is a party[;], and take charge, as attorney, of all civil legal matters in
             678      which the state is interested;


             679          (3) after judgment on any cause referred to in Subsection (2), direct the issuance of
             680      process as necessary to execute the judgment;
             681          (4) account for, and pay over to the proper officer, all money that comes into the
             682      attorney general's possession that belongs to the state;
             683          (5) keep a file of all cases in which the attorney general is required to appear, including
             684      any documents and papers showing the court in which the cases have been instituted and tried,
             685      and whether they are civil or criminal, and:
             686          (a) if civil, the nature of the demand, the stage of proceedings, and, when prosecuted to
             687      judgment, a memorandum of the judgment and of any process issued [whether] if satisfied, and
             688      if not satisfied, documentation of the return of the sheriff;
             689          (b) if criminal, the nature of the crime, the mode of prosecution, the stage of
             690      proceedings, and, when prosecuted to sentence, a memorandum of the sentence and of the
             691      execution, if the sentence has been executed, and, if not executed, [of] the reason [of] for the
             692      delay or prevention; and
             693          (c) deliver this information to the attorney general's successor in office;
             694          (6) exercise supervisory powers over the district and county attorneys of the state in all
             695      matters pertaining to the duties of their offices, and from time to time require of them reports of
             696      the condition of public business entrusted to their charge;
             697          (7) give the attorney general's opinion in writing and without fee to the Legislature or
             698      either house[,] and to any state officer, board, or commission, and to any county attorney or
             699      district attorney, when required, upon any question of law relating to their respective offices;
             700          (8) when required by the public service or directed by the governor, assist any county,
             701      district, or city attorney in the discharge of his duties;
             702          (9) purchase in the name of the state, under the direction of the state Board of
             703      Examiners, any property offered for sale under execution issued upon judgments in favor of or
             704      for the use of the state, and enter satisfaction in whole or in part of the judgments as the
             705      consideration of the purchases;
             706          (10) when the property of a judgment debtor in any judgment mentioned in Subsection
             707      (9) has been sold under a prior judgment, or is subject to any judgment, lien, or encumbrance
             708      taking precedence of the judgment in favor of the state, redeem the property, under the
             709      direction of the state Board of Examiners, from the prior judgment, lien, or encumbrance, and


             710      pay all money necessary for the redemption, upon the order of the state Board of Examiners,
             711      out of any money appropriated for these purposes;
             712          (11) when in [his] the attorney general's opinion it is necessary for the collection or
             713      enforcement of any judgment, institute and prosecute on behalf of the state any action or
             714      proceeding necessary to set aside and annul all conveyances fraudulently made by the judgment
             715      debtors, and pay the cost necessary to the prosecution, when allowed by the state Board of
             716      Examiners, out of any money not otherwise appropriated;
             717          (12) discharge the duties of a member of all official boards of which the attorney
             718      general is or may be made a member by the Utah Constitution or by the laws of the state, and
             719      other duties prescribed by law;
             720          (13) institute and prosecute proper proceedings in any court of the state or of the
             721      United States[,] to restrain and enjoin corporations organized under the laws of this or any
             722      other state or territory from acting illegally or in excess of their corporate powers or contrary to
             723      public policy, and in proper cases forfeit their corporate franchises, dissolve the corporations,
             724      and wind up their affairs;
             725          (14) institute investigations for the recovery of all real or personal property that may
             726      have escheated or should escheat to the state, and for that purpose, subpoena any persons
             727      before any of the district courts to answer inquiries and render accounts concerning any
             728      property, examine all books and papers of any corporations, and when any real or personal
             729      property is discovered that should escheat to the state, institute suit in the district court of the
             730      county where the property is situated for its recovery, and escheat that property to the state;
             731          (15) administer the Children's Justice Center as a program to be implemented in
             732      various counties pursuant to Sections 67-5b-101 through 67-5b-107 ;
             733          (16) assist the Constitutional Defense Council as provided in Title 63C, Chapter 4,
             734      Constitutional Defense Council;
             735          (17) pursue any appropriate legal action to implement the state's public lands policy
             736      established in Subsection 63C-4-105 (1);
             737          (18) investigate and prosecute violations of all applicable state laws relating to fraud in
             738      connection with the state Medicaid program and any other medical assistance program
             739      administered by the state, including violations of Title 26, Chapter 20, Utah False Claims Act;
             740          (19) investigate and prosecute complaints of abuse, neglect, or exploitation of patients


             741      at:
             742          (a) health care facilities that receive payments under the state Medicaid program; and
             743          (b) board and care facilities, as defined in the federal Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C.
             744      Sec. 1396b(q)(4)(B), regardless of the source of payment to the board and care facility; and
             745          (20) (a) report at least twice per year to the Legislative Management Committee on any
             746      pending or anticipated lawsuits, other than eminent domain lawsuits, that might:
             747          (i) cost the state more than $500,000; or
             748          (ii) require the state to take legally binding action that would cost more than $500,000
             749      to implement; and
             750          (b) if the meeting is closed, include an estimate of the state's potential financial or other
             751      legal exposure in that report.
             752          Section 42. Section 77-22a-1 is amended to read:
             753           77-22a-1. Administrative subpoenas -- Controlled substances investigations --
             754      Procedures -- Witness fees.
             755          (1) (a) The administrative subpoena process of this chapter may be used only to obtain
             756      third party information under circumstances where it is clear that the subpoenaed information is
             757      not subject to a claim of protection under the Fourth, Fifth, or Sixth Amendment, United States
             758      Constitution, or a similar claim under Article I, Sec. 12 and Sec. 14, Utah Constitution.
             759          (b) A party subpoenaed under this chapter shall be advised by the subpoena that [he]
             760      the party has a right to challenge the subpoena by motion to quash filed in the appropriate
             761      district court named in the subpoena before compliance is required.
             762          (2) (a) In any investigation relating to [his] an attorney's functions under this chapter
             763      regarding controlled substances, the attorney general or a deputy or assistant attorney general
             764      the county attorney or a deputy county attorney, or the district attorney or deputy district
             765      attorney may subpoena witnesses, compel the attendance and testimony of witnesses, or require
             766      the production of any records including books, papers, documents, and other tangible things
             767      that constitute or contain evidence found by the attorney general or a deputy or assistant
             768      attorney general or the county attorney or district attorney, as provided under Sections [ 17-18-1
             769      and 17-18-1.7 or his deputy] 17-18a-202 and 17-18a-203, or the county attorney's or district
             770      attorney's deputy under Section 17-18a-602 , to be relevant or material to the investigation.
             771          (b) The attendance of witnesses or the production of records may be required from any


             772      place within the state.
             773          (3) Witnesses subpoenaed under this section shall be paid the same fees and mileage
             774      costs as witnesses in the state district courts.
             775          (4) If the attorney general [or], a deputy or assistant attorney general, or the county
             776      attorney or district attorney, or [his] a deputy [determine] attorney determines that disclosure of
             777      the existence of an administrative subpoena or of the information sought or of the existence of
             778      the investigation under which it is issued would pose a threat of harm to a person or otherwise
             779      impede the investigation, the subpoena shall contain language on its face directing that the
             780      witness not disclose to any person the existence or service of the subpoena, the information
             781      being sought, or the existence of an investigation.
             782          Section 43. Section 77-22b-1 is amended to read:
             783           77-22b-1. Immunity granted to witness.
             784          (1) (a) A witness who refuses, or is likely to refuse, on the basis of [his] the witness's
             785      privilege against self-incrimination to testify or provide evidence or information in a criminal
             786      investigation, including a grand jury investigation or prosecution of a criminal case, or in aid of
             787      an investigation or inquiry being conducted by a government agency or commission, or by
             788      either house of the Legislature, a joint committee of the two houses, or a committee or
             789      subcommittee of either house, may be compelled to testify or provide evidence or information
             790      by any of the following, after being granted use immunity with regards to the compelled
             791      testimony or production of evidence or information:
             792          (i) the attorney general or any assistant attorney general authorized by the attorney
             793      general;
             794          (ii) a district attorney or any deputy district attorney authorized by a district attorney;
             795          (iii) in a county not within a prosecution district, a county attorney or any deputy
             796      county attorney authorized by a county attorney;
             797          (iv) a special counsel for the grand jury;
             798          (v) a prosecutor pro tempore appointed under the Utah Constitution, Article VIII, Sec.
             799      16; or
             800          (vi) legislative general counsel in the case of testimony pursuant to subpoena before the
             801      Legislature or any committee of the Legislature having subpoena powers.
             802          (b) If any prosecutor authorized under Subsection (1)(a) intends to compel a witness to


             803      testify or provide evidence or information under a grant of use immunity, the prosecutor shall
             804      notify the witness by written notice. The notice shall include the information contained in
             805      Subsection (2) and advise the witness that [he] the witness may not refuse to testify or provide
             806      evidence or information on the basis of [his] the witness's privilege against self-incrimination.
             807      The notice need not be in writing when the grant of use immunity occurs on the record in the
             808      course of a preliminary hearing, grand jury proceeding, or trial.
             809          (2) Testimony, evidence, or information compelled under Subsection (1) may not be
             810      used against the witness in any criminal or quasi-criminal case, nor any information directly or
             811      indirectly derived from this testimony, evidence, or information, unless the testimony,
             812      evidence, or information is volunteered by the witness or is otherwise not responsive to a
             813      question. Immunity does not extend to prosecution or punishment for perjury or to giving a
             814      false statement in connection with any testimony.
             815          (3) If a witness is granted immunity under Subsection (1)[,] and is later prosecuted for
             816      an offense that was part of the transaction or events about which the witness was compelled to
             817      testify or produce evidence or information under a grant of immunity, the burden is on the
             818      prosecution to show by a preponderance of the evidence that no use or derivative use was made
             819      of the compelled testimony, evidence, or information in the subsequent case against the
             820      witness, and to show that any proffered evidence was derived from sources totally independent
             821      of the compelled testimony, evidence, or information. The remedy for not establishing that any
             822      proffered evidence was derived from sources totally independent of the compelled testimony,
             823      evidence, or information is suppression of that evidence only.
             824          (4) Nothing in this section prohibits or limits prosecutorial authority granted in Section
             825      77-22-4.5 .
             826          (5) A county attorney within a prosecution district shall have the authority to grant
             827      immunity only as provided in [Section 17-18-1.5 ] Subsection 17-18a-402 (3).
             828          (6) For purposes of this section, "quasi-criminal" means only those proceedings that are
             829      determined by a court to be so far criminal in their nature that a defendant has a constitutional
             830      right [to not incriminate himself] against self-incrimination.
             831          Section 44. Section 77-23a-10 is amended to read:
             832           77-23a-10. Application for order -- Authority of order -- Emergency action --
             833      Application -- Entry -- Conditions -- Extensions -- Recordings -- Admissibility or


             834      suppression -- Appeal by state.
             835          (1) Each application for an order authorizing or approving the interception of a wire,
             836      electronic, or oral communication shall be made in writing, upon oath or affirmation to a judge
             837      of competent jurisdiction, and shall state the applicant's authority to make the application.
             838      Each application shall include:
             839          (a) the identity of the investigative or law enforcement officer making the application,
             840      and the officer authorizing the application;
             841          (b) a full and complete statement of the facts and circumstances relied upon by the
             842      applicant to justify [his] the applicant's belief that an order should be issued, including:
             843          (i) details regarding the particular offense that has been, is being, or is about to be
             844      committed;
             845          (ii) except as provided in Subsection (12), a particular description of the nature and
             846      location of the facilities from which or the place where the communication is to be intercepted;
             847          (iii) a particular description of the type of communication sought to be intercepted; and
             848          (iv) the identity of the person, if known, committing the offense and whose
             849      communication is to be intercepted;
             850          (c) a full and complete statement as to whether other investigative procedures have
             851      been tried and failed or why they reasonably appear to be either unlikely to succeed if tried or
             852      too dangerous;
             853          (d) a statement of the period of time for which the interception is required to be
             854      maintained, and if the investigation is of a nature that the authorization for interception should
             855      not automatically terminate when the described type of communication has been first obtained,
             856      a particular description of facts establishing probable cause to believe that additional
             857      communications of the same type will occur thereafter;
             858          (e) a full and complete statement of the facts concerning all previous applications
             859      known to the individual authorizing and the individual making the application, made to any
             860      judge for authorization to intercept, or for approval of interceptions of wire, electronic, or oral
             861      communications involving any of the same persons, facilities, or places specified in the
             862      application, and the action taken by the judge on each application;
             863          (f) when the application is for the extension of an order, a statement setting forth the
             864      results so far obtained from the interception, or a reasonable explanation of the failure to obtain


             865      results; and
             866          (g) additional testimony or documentary evidence in support of the application as the
             867      judge may require.
             868          (2) Upon application the judge may enter an ex parte order, as requested or as
             869      modified, authorizing or approving interception of wire, electronic, or oral communications
             870      within the territorial jurisdiction of the state if the judge determines on the basis of the facts
             871      submitted by the applicant that:
             872          (a) there is probable cause for belief that an individual is committing, has committed,
             873      or is about to commit a particular offense under Section 77-23a-8 ;
             874          (b) there is probable cause for belief that particular communications concerning that
             875      offense will be obtained through the interception;
             876          (c) normal investigative procedures have been tried and have failed or reasonably
             877      appear to be either unlikely to succeed if tried or too dangerous; and
             878          (d) except as provided in Subsection (12), there is probable cause for belief that the
             879      facilities from which or the place where the wire, electronic, or oral communications are to be
             880      intercepted are being used, or are about to be used, in connection with the commission of the
             881      offense, or are leased to, listed in the name of, or commonly used by that person.
             882          (3) Each order authorizing or approving the interception of any wire, electronic, or oral
             883      [communication] communications shall specify:
             884          (a) the identity of the person, if known, whose communications are to be intercepted;
             885          (b) except as provided in Subsection (12), the nature and location of the
             886      communications facilities as to which, or the place where, authority to intercept is granted;
             887          (c) a particular description of the type of communication sought to be intercepted[,]
             888      and a statement of the particular offense to which it relates;
             889          (d) the identity of the agency authorized to intercept the communications[,] and of the
             890      persons authorizing the application; and
             891          (e) the period of time during which the interception is authorized, including a statement
             892      as to whether the interception shall automatically terminate when the described
             893      [communication] communications has been first obtained.
             894          (4) An order authorizing the interception of a wire, electronic, or oral [communication]
             895      communications shall, upon request of the applicant, direct that a provider of wire or electronic


             896      communications service, landlord, custodian, or other person shall furnish the applicant
             897      forthwith all information, facilities, and technical assistance necessary to accomplish the
             898      interception unobtrusively and with a minimum of interference with the services that the
             899      provider, landlord, custodian, or person is according the person whose communications are to
             900      be intercepted. Any provider of wire or electronic communications service, landlord,
             901      custodian, or other person furnishing the facilities or technical assistance shall be compensated
             902      by the applicant for reasonable expenses involved in providing the facilities or systems.
             903          (5) (a) An order entered under this chapter may not authorize or approve the
             904      interception of any wire, electronic, or oral [communication] communications for any period
             905      longer than is necessary to achieve the objective of the authorization, but in any event for no
             906      longer than 30 days. The 30-day period begins on the day the investigative or law enforcement
             907      officer first begins to conduct an interception under the order, or 10 days after the order is
             908      entered, whichever is earlier.
             909          (b) Extensions of an order may be granted, but only upon application for an extension
             910      made under Subsection (1)[,] and if the court makes the findings required by Subsection (2).
             911      The period of extension may be no longer than the authorizing judge considers necessary to
             912      achieve the purposes for which it was granted, but in no event for longer than 30 days.
             913          (c) Every order and extension shall contain a provision that the authorization to
             914      intercept shall be executed as soon as practicable, shall be conducted so as to minimize the
             915      interception of communications not otherwise subject to interception under this chapter, and
             916      must terminate upon attainment of the authorized objective, or in any event within 30 days.
             917          (d) If the intercepted communication is in a code or foreign language, and an expert in
             918      that foreign language or code is not reasonably available during the interception period, the
             919      minimizing of the interception may be accomplished as soon as practicable after the
             920      interception.
             921          (e) An interception under this chapter may be conducted in whole or in part by
             922      government personnel or by an individual under contract with the government and acting under
             923      supervision of an investigative or law enforcement officer authorized to conduct the
             924      interception.
             925          (6) When an order authorizing interception is entered under this chapter, the order may
             926      require reports to be made to the judge who issued the order, showing what progress has been


             927      made toward achievement of the authorized objective and the need for continued interception.
             928      These reports shall be made at intervals the judge may require.
             929          (7) Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, any investigative or law
             930      enforcement officer who is specially designated by either the attorney general[,] or a county
             931      attorney or district attorney, as provided under Sections [ 17-18-1 and 17-18-1.7 ] 17-18a-202
             932      and 17-18a-203 may intercept wire, electronic, or oral [communication] communications if an
             933      application for an order approving the interception is made in accordance with this section and
             934      within 48 hours after the interception has occurred or begins to occur, when the investigative or
             935      law enforcement officer reasonably determines that:
             936          (a) an emergency situation exists that involves:
             937          (i) immediate danger of death or serious physical injury to any person;
             938          (ii) conspiratorial activities threatening the national security interest; or
             939          (iii) conspiratorial activities characteristic of organized crime, that require a wire,
             940      electronic, or oral [communication] communications to be intercepted before an order
             941      authorizing interception can, with diligence, be obtained; and
             942          (b) there are grounds upon which an order could be entered under this chapter to
             943      authorize the interception.
             944          (8) (a) In the absence of an order under Subsection (7), the interception immediately
             945      terminates when the communication sought is obtained or when the application for the order is
             946      denied, whichever is earlier.
             947          (b) If the application for approval is denied, or in any other case where the interception
             948      is terminated without an order having been issued, the contents of any wire, electronic, or oral
             949      [communication] communications intercepted shall be treated as having been obtained in
             950      violation of this chapter, and an inventory shall be served as provided for in Subsection (9)(d)
             951      on the person named in the application.
             952          (9) (a) The contents of any wire, electronic, or oral [communication] communications
             953      intercepted by any means authorized by this chapter shall, if possible, be recorded on tape or
             954      wire or other comparable device. The recording of the contents of any wire, electronic, or oral
             955      [communication] communications under this Subsection (9)(a) shall be done so as to protect
             956      the recording from editing or other alterations. Immediately upon the expiration of the period
             957      of an order[,] or extension, the recordings shall be made available to the judge issuing the order


             958      and sealed under his directions. Custody of the recordings shall be where the judge orders.
             959      The recordings may not be destroyed, except upon an order of the issuing or denying judge. In
             960      any event, it shall be kept for 10 years. Duplicate recordings may be made for use or disclosure
             961      under Subsections 77-23a-9 (1) and (2) for investigations. The presence of the seal provided by
             962      this Subsection (9)(a), or a satisfactory explanation for the absence of one, is a prerequisite for
             963      the use or disclosure of the contents of any wire, electronic, or oral [communication]
             964      communications or evidence derived from it under Subsection 77-23a-9 (3).
             965          (b) Applications made and orders granted under this chapter shall be sealed by the
             966      judge. Custody of the applications and orders shall be where the judge directs. The
             967      applications and orders shall be disclosed only upon a showing of good cause before a judge of
             968      competent jurisdiction and may not be destroyed, except on order of the issuing or denying
             969      judge. But in any event they shall be kept for 10 years.
             970          (c) Any violation of any provision of this Subsection (9) may be punished as contempt
             971      of the issuing or denying judge.
             972          (d) Within a reasonable time, but not later than 90 days after the filing of an application
             973      for an order of approval under Subsection 77-23a-10 (7) that is denied or the termination of the
             974      period of an order or extensions, the issuing or denying judge shall cause to be served on the
             975      persons named in the order or the application, and other parties to the intercepted
             976      communications as the judge determines in his discretion is in the interest of justice, an
             977      inventory, which shall include notice [of]:
             978          (i) of the entry of the order or application;
             979          (ii) of the date of the entry and the period of authorization, approved or disapproved
             980      interception, or the denial of the application; and
             981          (iii) that during the period, wire, electronic, or oral communications were or were not
             982      intercepted.
             983          (e) The judge, upon filing of a motion, may in [his] the judge's discretion, make
             984      available to the person or [his] the person's counsel for inspection the portions of the
             985      intercepted communications, applications, and orders the judge determines to be in the interest
             986      of justice. On an ex parte showing of good cause to a judge of competent jurisdiction, the
             987      serving of the inventory required by this Subsection (9)(e) may be postponed.
             988          (10) The contents of any intercepted wire, electronic, or oral [communication]


             989      communications, or evidence derived from any of [them] these, may not be received in
             990      evidence or otherwise disclosed in any trial, hearing, or other proceeding in a federal or state
             991      court unless each party, not less than 10 days before the trial, hearing, or proceeding, has been
             992      furnished with a copy of the court order, and accompanying application, under which the
             993      interception was authorized or approved. This ten-day period may be waived by the judge if
             994      [he] the judge finds that it was not possible to furnish the party with the above information 10
             995      days before the trial, hearing, or proceeding and that the party will not be prejudiced by the
             996      delay in receiving the information.
             997          (11) (a) Any aggrieved person in any trial, hearing, or proceeding in or before any
             998      court, department, officer, agency, regulatory body, or other authority of the United States, the
             999      state, or a political subdivision may move to suppress the contents of any intercepted wire,
             1000      electronic, or oral [communication] communications, or evidence derived from any of them, on
             1001      the grounds that:
             1002          (i) the communication was unlawfully intercepted;
             1003          (ii) the order of authorization or approval under which it was intercepted is insufficient
             1004      on its face; or
             1005          (iii) the interception was not made in conformity with the order of authorization or
             1006      approval.
             1007          (b) The motion shall be made before the trial, hearing, or proceeding, unless there was
             1008      no opportunity to make the motion or the person was not aware of the grounds of the motion.
             1009      If the motion is granted, the contents of the intercepted wire, electronic, or oral
             1010      [communication] communications, or evidence derived from any of [them] these, shall be
             1011      treated as having been obtained in violation of this chapter. The judge, upon the filing of the
             1012      motion by the aggrieved person, may in [his] the judge's discretion make available to the
             1013      aggrieved person or [his] the aggrieved person's counsel for inspection portions of the
             1014      intercepted communication or evidence derived from [them] the intercepted communication as
             1015      the judge determines to be in the interests of justice.
             1016          (c) In addition to any other right to appeal, the state or its political subdivision may
             1017      appeal from an order granting a motion to suppress made under Subsection (11)(a), or the
             1018      denial of an application for an order of approval, if the attorney bringing the appeal certifies to
             1019      the judge or other official granting the motion or denying the application that the appeal is not


             1020      taken for the purposes of delay. The appeal shall be taken within 30 days after the date the
             1021      order was entered and shall be diligently prosecuted.
             1022          (12) The requirements of Subsections (1)(b)(ii), (2)(d), and (3)(b) relating to the
             1023      specification of the facilities from which, or the place where, the [communication is] wire,
             1024      electronic, or oral communications are to be intercepted do not apply if:
             1025          (a) in the case of an applicant regarding the interception of [an] oral [communication]
             1026      communications:
             1027          (i) the application is by a law enforcement officer and is approved by the state attorney
             1028      general, a deputy attorney general, a county attorney or district attorney, or a deputy county
             1029      attorney or deputy district attorney;
             1030          (ii) the application contains a full and complete statement of why the specification is
             1031      not practical, and identifies the person committing the offense and whose communications are
             1032      to be intercepted; or
             1033          (iii) the judge finds that the specification is not practical; and
             1034          (b) in the case of an application regarding wire or electronic [communication]
             1035      communications:
             1036          (i) the application is by a law enforcement officer and is approved by the state attorney
             1037      general, a deputy attorney general, a county attorney or district attorney, or a deputy county
             1038      attorney or deputy district attorney;
             1039          (ii) the application identifies the person believed to be committing the offense and
             1040      whose communications are to be intercepted, and the applicant makes a showing of a purpose,
             1041      on the part of that person, to thwart interception by changing facilities; and
             1042          (iii) the judge finds that the purpose has been adequately shown.
             1043          (13) (a) An interception of a communication under an order regarding which the
             1044      requirements of Subsections (1)(b)(ii), (2)(d), and (3)(b) do not apply by reason of Subsection
             1045      (12)[,] does not begin until the facilities from which, or the place where, the [communication
             1046      is] communications are to be intercepted is ascertained by the person implementing the
             1047      interception order.
             1048          (b) A provider of wire or electronic communications service that has received an order
             1049      under Subsection (12)(b) may move the court to modify or quash the order on the ground that
             1050      its assistance with respect to the interception cannot be performed in a timely or reasonable


             1051      fashion. The court, upon notice to the government, shall decide the motion expeditiously.
             1052          Section 45. Section 78A-6-602 is amended to read:
             1053           78A-6-602. Petition -- Preliminary inquiry -- Nonjudicial adjustments -- Formal
             1054      referral -- Citation -- Failure to appear.
             1055          (1) A proceeding in a minor's case is commenced by petition, except as provided in
             1056      Sections 78A-6-701 , 78A-6-702 , and 78A-6-703 .
             1057          (2) (a) A peace officer or any public official of the state, any county, city, or town
             1058      charged with the enforcement of the laws of the state or local jurisdiction shall file a formal
             1059      referral with the juvenile court within 10 days of a minor's arrest. If the arrested minor is taken
             1060      to a detention facility, the formal referral shall be filed with the juvenile court within 72 hours,
             1061      excluding weekends and holidays. There shall be no requirement to file a formal referral with
             1062      the juvenile court on an offense that would be a class B misdemeanor or less if committed by
             1063      an adult.
             1064          (b) When the court is informed by a peace officer or other person that a minor is or
             1065      appears to be within the court's jurisdiction, the probation department shall make a preliminary
             1066      inquiry to determine whether the interests of the public or of the minor require that further
             1067      action be taken.
             1068          (c) (i) Based on the preliminary inquiry, the court may authorize the filing of or request
             1069      that the county attorney or district attorney as provided under Sections [ 17-18-1 and 17-18-1.7 ]
             1070      17-18a-202 or 17-18a-203 file a petition.
             1071          (ii) In its discretion, the court may, through its probation department, enter into a
             1072      written consent agreement with the minor and, if the minor is a child, the minor's parent,
             1073      guardian, or custodian for the nonjudicial adjustment of the case if the facts are admitted and
             1074      establish prima facie jurisdiction.
             1075          (iii) Efforts to effect a nonjudicial adjustment may not extend for a period of more than
             1076      90 days without leave of a judge of the court, who may extend the period for an additional 90
             1077      days.
             1078          (d) The nonjudicial adjustment of a case may include conditions agreed upon as part of
             1079      the nonjudicial closure:
             1080          (i) payment of a financial penalty of not more than $250 to the juvenile court;
             1081          (ii) payment of victim restitution;


             1082          (iii) satisfactory completion of compensatory service;
             1083          (iv) referral to an appropriate provider for counseling or treatment;
             1084          (v) attendance at substance abuse programs or counseling programs;
             1085          (vi) compliance with specified restrictions on activities and associations; and
             1086          (vii) other reasonable actions that are in the interest of the child or minor and the
             1087      community.
             1088          (e) Proceedings involving offenses under Section 78A-6-606 are governed by that
             1089      section regarding suspension of driving privileges.
             1090          (f) A violation of Section 76-10-105 that is subject to the jurisdiction of the juvenile
             1091      court shall include a minimum fine or penalty of $60 and participation in a court-approved
             1092      tobacco education program, which may include a participation fee.
             1093          (3) Except as provided in Sections 78A-6-701 and 78A-6-702 , in the case of a minor
             1094      14 years of age or older, the county attorney, district attorney, or attorney general may
             1095      commence an action by filing a criminal information and a motion requesting the juvenile court
             1096      to waive its jurisdiction and certify the minor to the district court.
             1097          (4) (a) In cases of violations of wildlife laws, boating laws, class B and class C
             1098      misdemeanors, other infractions or misdemeanors as designated by general order of the Board
             1099      of Juvenile Court Judges, and violations of Section 76-10-105 subject to the jurisdiction of the
             1100      juvenile court, a petition is not required and the issuance of a citation as provided in Section
             1101      78A-6-603 is sufficient to invoke the jurisdiction of the court. A preliminary inquiry is not
             1102      required unless requested by the court.
             1103          (b) Any failure to comply with the time deadline on a formal referral may not be the
             1104      basis of dismissing the formal referral.
             1105          Section 46. Section 78A-6-1002 is amended to read:
             1106           78A-6-1002. Practice and procedure -- Jury trial.
             1107          (1) The county attorney or district attorney, as provided [under Sections 17-18-1 and
             1108      17-18-1.7 ] in Title 17, Chapter 18a, Powers and Duties of County and District Attorney, shall
             1109      prosecute any case brought under this part.
             1110          (2) Proceedings under this part shall be governed by the statutes and rules governing
             1111      criminal proceedings in the district court, except the court may, and on stipulation of the
             1112      parties, shall, transfer the case to the district court.


             1113          Section 47. Repealer.
             1114          This bill repeals:
             1115          Section 17-18-1, Powers -- Duties of county attorney -- Prohibitions.
             1116          Section 17-18-1.5, Powers -- Duties of county attorney within a prosecution district
             1117      -- Prohibitions.
             1118          Section 17-18-1.6, Election of district attorney.
             1119          Section 17-18-1.7, Powers -- Duties of district attorney -- Prohibitions.
             1120          Section 17-18-1.9, Creation of prosecution district by ordinance or interlocal
             1121      agreement.
             1122          Section 17-18-2, Legal adviser to commissioners.
             1123          Section 17-18-4, Licensing requirement.
             1124          Section 17-18-5, Requirements of office.




Legislative Review Note
    as of 1-15-13 8:53 AM


Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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