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S.B. 156





Chief Sponsor: J. Stuart Adams

House Sponsor: Stephen G. Handy

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies Title 77, Chapter 20, Bail.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    clarifies that a person arrested for violation of a jail release agreement or jail release
             13      order:
             14              .    may not be released before the accused's first judicial appearance; and
             15              .    may be denied bail under Section 77-20-2.5 ; and
             16          .    makes technical changes.
             17      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             18          None
             19      Other Special Clauses:
             20          None
             21      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             22      AMENDS:
             23          77-20-1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 373
             25      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             26          Section 1. Section 77-20-1 is amended to read:
             27           77-20-1. Right to bail -- Denial of bail -- Hearing.

             28          (1) A person charged with or arrested for a criminal offense shall be admitted to bail as
             29      a matter of right, except if the person is charged with a:
             30          (a) capital felony, when the court finds there is substantial evidence to support the
             31      charge;
             32          (b) felony committed while on probation or parole, or while free on bail awaiting trial
             33      on a previous felony charge, when the court finds there is substantial evidence to support the
             34      current felony charge;
             35          (c) felony when there is substantial evidence to support the charge and the court finds
             36      by clear and convincing evidence that the person would constitute a substantial danger to any
             37      other person or to the community, or is likely to flee the jurisdiction of the court, if released on
             38      bail; or
             39          (d) felony when the court finds there is substantial evidence to support the charge and
             40      it finds by clear and convincing evidence that the person violated a material condition of
             41      release while previously on bail.
             42          (2) Any person who may be admitted to bail may be released either on the person's own
             43      recognizance or upon posting bail, on condition that the person appear in court for future court
             44      proceedings in the case, and on any other conditions imposed in the discretion of the magistrate
             45      or court that will reasonably:
             46          (a) ensure the appearance of the accused;
             47          (b) ensure the integrity of the court process;
             48          (c) prevent direct or indirect contact with witnesses or victims by the accused, if
             49      appropriate; and
             50          (d) ensure the safety of the public.
             51          (3) (a) The initial order denying or fixing the amount of bail shall be issued by the
             52      magistrate or court issuing the warrant of arrest or by the magistrate or court presiding over the
             53      accused's first judicial appearance.
             54          (b) A person arrested for a violation of a [criminal protective] jail release agreement or
             55      jail release order issued pursuant to Section 77-36-2.5 :
             56          (i) may not be released [prior to] before the accused's first judicial appearance[.]; and
             57          (ii) may be denied bail by the court under Subsection 77-36-2.5 (8) or (12).
             58          (4) The magistrate or court may rely upon information contained in:

             59          (a) the indictment or information;
             60          (b) any sworn probable cause statement;
             61          (c) information provided by any pretrial services agency; or
             62          (d) any other reliable record or source.
             63          (5) (a) A motion to modify the initial order may be made by a party at any time upon
             64      notice to the opposing party sufficient to permit the opposing party to prepare for hearing and
             65      to permit any victim to be notified and be present.
             66          (b) Hearing on a motion to modify may be held in conjunction with a preliminary
             67      hearing or any other pretrial hearing.
             68          (c) The magistrate or court may rely on information as provided in Subsection (4) and
             69      may base its ruling on evidence provided at the hearing so long as each party is provided an
             70      opportunity to present additional evidence or information relevant to bail.
             71          (6) Subsequent motions to modify bail orders may be made only upon a showing that
             72      there has been a material change in circumstances.
             73          (7) An appeal may be taken from an order of any court denying bail to the Supreme
             74      Court, which shall review the determination under Subsection (1).
             75          (8) For purposes of this section, any arrest or charge for a violation of Section
             76      76-5-202 , Aggravated murder, is a capital felony unless:
             77          (a) the prosecutor files a notice of intent to not seek the death penalty; or
             78          (b) the time for filing a notice to seek the death penalty has expired and the prosecutor
             79      has not filed a notice to seek the death penalty.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 1-29-13 2:36 PM

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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