H.B. 375

This document includes House Committee Amendments incorporated into the bill on Tue, Mar 4, 2014 at 2:10 PM by lerror. -->              1     




Chief Sponsor: Gage Froerer

Senate Sponsor: David P. Hinkins

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill amends provisions governing the relocation of a custodial parent with a minor
             10      child or children.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    clarifies that parent-time associated with a minor child and the relocation of the
             14      custodial parent of the minor child is limited to children age 5 to 18.
             15      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             16          None
             17      Other Special Clauses:
             18          None
             19      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             20      AMENDS:
             21           30-3-37 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 227
             23      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             24          Section 1. Section 30-3-37 is amended to read:
             25           30-3-37. Relocation.
             26          (1) For purposes of this section, "relocation" means moving 150 miles or more from
             27      the residence of the other parent.

             28          (2) The relocating parent shall provide 60 days advance written notice of the intended
             29      relocation to the other parent. The written notice of relocation shall contain statements
             30      affirming the following:
             31          (a) the parent-time provisions in Subsection (5) or a schedule approved by both parties
             32      will be followed; and
             33          (b) neither parent will interfere with the other's parental rights pursuant to court
             34      ordered parent-time arrangements, or the schedule approved by both parties.
             35          (3) The court shall, upon motion of any party or upon the court's own motion, schedule
             36      a hearing with notice to review the notice of relocation and parent-time schedule as provided in
             37      Section 30-3-35 and make appropriate orders regarding the parent-time and costs for
             38      parent-time transportation.
             39          (4) In a hearing to review the notice of relocation, the court shall, in determining if the
             40      relocation of a custodial parent is in the best interest of the child, consider any other factors that
             41      the court considers relevant to the determination. If the court determines that relocation is not
             42      in the best interest of the child, and the custodial parent relocates, the court may order a change
             43      of custody.
             44          (5) If the court finds that the relocation is in the best interest of the child, the court shall
             45      determine the parent-time schedule and allocate the transportation costs that will be incurred
             46      for the child to visit the noncustodial parent. In making its determination, court shall consider:
             47          (a) the reason for the parent's relocation;
             48          (b) the additional costs or difficulty to both parents in exercising parent-time;
             49          (c) the economic resources of both parents; and
             50          (d) other factors the court considers necessary and relevant.
             51          (6) Unless otherwise ordered by the court, upon the relocation, as defined in
             52      Subsection (1), of one of the parties the following schedule shall be the minimum requirements
             53      for parent-time [with a school-age child] for children 5 to 18 years of age:
             54          (a) in years ending in an odd number, the child shall spend the following holidays with
             55      the noncustodial parent:
             56          (i) Thanksgiving holiday beginning Wednesday until Sunday; and
             57          (ii) Spring break, if applicable, beginning the last day of school before the holiday until
             58      the day before school resumes;

             59          (b) in years ending in an even number, the child shall spend the following holidays
             60      with the noncustodial parent:
             61          (i) the entire winter school break period; and
             62          (ii) the Fall school break beginning the last day of school before the holiday until the
             63      day before school resumes;
             64          (c) extended parent-time equal to 1/2 of the summer or off-track time for consecutive
             65      weeks. The children should be returned to the custodial home no later than seven days before
             66      school begins; however, this week shall be counted when determining the amount of
             67      parent-time to be divided between the parents for the summer or off-track period; and
             68          (d) one weekend per month, at the option and expense of the noncustodial parent.
             69          (7) H. The court may also set a parent time schedule for children under the age of
             69a      five. The schedule shall take into consideration the following:
             69b          (a) the age of the child;
             69c          (b) the developmental needs of the child;
             69d          (c) the distance between the parents' homes;
             69e          (d) the travel arrangements and cost;
             69f          (e) the level of attachment between the child and the non-custodial parent; and
             69g          (f) any other factors relevant to the best interest of the child.
             69h          (8) .H The noncustodial parent's monthly weekend entitlement is subject to the following
             70      restrictions.
             71          (a) If the noncustodial parent has not designated a specific weekend for parent-time,
             72      the noncustodial parent shall receive the last weekend of each month unless a holiday assigned
             73      to the custodial parent falls on that particular weekend. If a holiday assigned to the custodial
             74      parent falls on the last weekend of the month, the noncustodial parent shall be entitled to the
             75      next to the last weekend of the month.
             76          (b) If a noncustodial parent's extended parent-time or parent-time over a holiday
             77      extends into or through the first weekend of the next month, that weekend shall be considered
             78      the noncustodial parent's monthly weekend entitlement for that month.
             79          (c) If a child is out of school for teacher development days or snow days after the
             80      children begin the school year, or other days not included in the list of holidays in Subsection
             81      (6) and those days are contiguous with the noncustodial parent's monthly weekend parent-time,
             82      those days shall be included in the weekend parent-time.
             83           H. [ (8) ] (9) .H The custodial parent is entitled to all parent-time not specifically
             83a      allocated to the
             84      noncustodial parent.

             85           H. [ (9) ] (10) .H In the event finances and distance preclude the exercise of
             85a      minimum parent-time
             86      for the noncustodial parent during the school year, the court should consider awarding more
             87      time for the noncustodial parent during the summer time if it is in the best interests of the
             88      children.
             89           H. [ (10) ] (11) .H Upon the motion of any party, the court may order uninterrupted
             89a      parent-time with

             90      the noncustodial parent for a minimum of 30 days during extended parent-time, unless the
             91      court finds it is not in the best interests of the child. If the court orders uninterrupted
             92      parent-time during a period not covered by this section, it shall specify in its order which parent
             93      is responsible for the child's travel expenses.
             94           H. [ (11) ] (12) .H Unless otherwise ordered by the court the relocating party shall be
             94a      responsible for
             95      all the child's travel expenses relating to Subsections (6)(a) and (b) and 1/2 of the child's travel
             96      expenses relating to Subsection (6)(c), provided the noncustodial parent is current on all
             97      support obligations. If the noncustodial parent has been found in contempt for not being
             98      current on all support obligations, the noncustodial parent shall be responsible for all of the
             99      child's travel expenses under Subsection (6), unless the court rules otherwise. Reimbursement
             100      by either responsible party to the other for the child's travel expenses shall be made within 30
             101      days of receipt of documents detailing those expenses.
             102           H. [ (12) ] (13) .H The court may apply this provision to any preexisting decree of divorce.
             103           H. [ (13) ] (14) .H Any action under this section may be set for an expedited hearing.
             104           H. [ (14) ] (15) .H A parent who fails to comply with the notice of relocation in
             104a      Subsection (2) shall
             105      be in contempt of the court's order.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 2-18-14 5:23 PM

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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