H.B. 48 Enrolled





Chief Sponsor: Susan Duckworth

Senate Sponsor: Mark B. Madsen

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies the Utah Code regarding the use of alternative incarceration by
             10      county sheriffs.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    requires a county sheriff to keep records on any prisoner released to an alternative
             14      incarceration program regarding:
             15              .    the release status of the prisoner; and
             16              .    the type of release program or alternative incarceration program; and
             17          .    requires the sheriff to make these records available to the Department of
             18      Corrections, the Judiciary, and the Commission on Criminal and Juvenile Justice.
             19      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             20          None
             21      Other Special Clauses:
             22          None
             23      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             24      AMENDS:
             25           17-22-5.5 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 301
             26           63M-7-303 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 388
             27           77-18-1 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 366
             29      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:

             30          Section 1. Section 17-22-5.5 is amended to read:
             31           17-22-5.5. Sheriff's classification of jail facilities -- Maximum operating capacity
             32      of jail facilities -- Transfer or release of prisoners -- Limitation -- Records regarding
             33      release.
             34          (1) (a) Except as provided in Subsection [(3)] (4), a county sheriff shall determine:
             35          (i) subject to Subsection (1)(b), the classification of each jail facility or section of a jail
             36      facility under the sheriff's control;
             37          (ii) the nature of each program conducted at a jail facility under the sheriff's control;
             38      and
             39          (iii) the internal operation of a jail facility under the sheriff's control.
             40          (b) A classification under Subsection (1)(a)(i) of a jail facility may not violate any
             41      applicable zoning ordinance or conditional use permit of the county or municipality.
             42          (2) Except as provided in Subsection [(3)] (4), each county sheriff shall:
             43          (a) with the approval of the county legislative body, establish a maximum operating
             44      capacity for each jail facility under the sheriff's control, based on facility design and staffing;
             45      and
             46          (b) upon a jail facility reaching its maximum operating capacity:
             47          (i) transfer prisoners to another appropriate facility:
             48          (A) under the sheriff's control; or
             49          (B) available to the sheriff by contract;
             50          (ii) release prisoners:
             51          (A) to a supervised release program, according to release criteria established by the
             52      sheriff; or
             53          (B) to another alternative incarceration program developed by the sheriff; or
             54          (iii) admit prisoners in accordance with law and a uniform admissions policy imposed
             55      equally upon all entities using the county jail.
             56          (3) (a) The sheriff shall keep records of the release status and the type of release
             57      program or alternative incarceration program for any prisoner released under Subsection

             58      (2)(b)(ii).
             59          (b) The sheriff shall make these records available upon request to the Department of
             60      Corrections, the Judiciary, and the Commission on Criminal and Juvenile Justice.
             61          [(3)] (4) This section may not be construed to authorize a sheriff to modify provisions
             62      of a contract with the Department of Corrections to house in a county jail persons sentenced to
             63      the Department of Corrections.
             64          Section 2. Section 63M-7-303 is amended to read:
             65           63M-7-303. Duties of council.
             66          (1) The Utah Substance Abuse Advisory Council shall:
             67          (a) provide leadership and generate unity for Utah's ongoing efforts to combat
             68      substance abuse;
             69          (b) recommend and coordinate the creation, dissemination, and implementation of a
             70      statewide substance abuse policy;
             71          (c) facilitate planning for a balanced continuum of substance abuse prevention,
             72      treatment, and justice services;
             73          (d) promote collaboration and mutually beneficial public and private partnerships;
             74          (e) coordinate recommendations made by any committee created under Section
             75      63M-7-302 ;
             76          (f) analyze and provide an objective assessment of all proposed legislation concerning
             77      alcohol and other drug issues;
             78          (g) coordinate the implementation of Section 77-18-1.1 and related provisions in
             79      Subsections 77-18-1 (5)[(d) and (e)](b)(iii) and (iv), as provided in Section 63M-7-305 ; and
             80          (h) comply with Section 32B-2-306 .
             81          (2) The council shall meet quarterly or more frequently as determined necessary by the
             82      chair.
             83          (3) The council shall report its recommendations annually to the commission,
             84      governor, the Legislature, and the Judicial Council.
             85          Section 3. Section 77-18-1 is amended to read:

             86           77-18-1. Suspension of sentence -- Pleas held in abeyance -- Probation --
             87      Supervision -- Presentence investigation -- Standards -- Confidentiality -- Terms and
             88      conditions -- Termination, revocation, modification, or extension -- Hearings -- Electronic
             89      monitoring.
             90          (1) On a plea of guilty or no contest entered by a defendant in conjunction with a plea
             91      in abeyance agreement, the court may hold the plea in abeyance as provided in Title 77,
             92      Chapter 2a, Pleas in Abeyance, and under the terms of the plea in abeyance agreement.
             93          (2) (a) On a plea of guilty, guilty with a mental illness, no contest, or conviction of any
             94      crime or offense, the court may, after imposing sentence, suspend the execution of the sentence
             95      and place the defendant on probation. The court may place the defendant:
             96          (i) on probation under the supervision of the Department of Corrections except in cases
             97      of class C misdemeanors or infractions;
             98          (ii) on probation with an agency of local government or with a private organization; or
             99          (iii) on bench probation under the jurisdiction of the sentencing court.
             100          (b) (i) The legal custody of all probationers under the supervision of the department is
             101      with the department.
             102          (ii) The legal custody of all probationers under the jurisdiction of the sentencing court
             103      is vested as ordered by the court.
             104          (iii) The court has continuing jurisdiction over all probationers.
             105          (3) (a) The department shall establish supervision and presentence investigation
             106      standards for all individuals referred to the department. These standards shall be based on:
             107          (i) the type of offense;
             108          (ii) the demand for services;
             109          (iii) the availability of agency resources;
             110          (iv) the public safety; and
             111          (v) other criteria established by the department to determine what level of services
             112      shall be provided.
             113          (b) Proposed supervision and investigation standards shall be submitted to the Judicial

             114      Council and the Board of Pardons and Parole on an annual basis for review and comment prior
             115      to adoption by the department.
             116          (c) The Judicial Council and the department shall establish procedures to implement
             117      the supervision and investigation standards.
             118          (d) The Judicial Council and the department shall annually consider modifications to
             119      the standards based upon criteria in Subsection (3)(a) and other criteria as they consider
             120      appropriate.
             121          (e) The Judicial Council and the department shall annually prepare an impact report
             122      and submit it to the appropriate legislative appropriations subcommittee.
             123          (4) Notwithstanding other provisions of law, the department is not required to
             124      supervise the probation of persons convicted of class B or C misdemeanors or infractions or to
             125      conduct presentence investigation reports on class C misdemeanors or infractions. However,
             126      the department may supervise the probation of class B misdemeanants in accordance with
             127      department standards.
             128          (5) (a) Before the imposition of any sentence, the court may, with the concurrence of
             129      the defendant, continue the date for the imposition of sentence for a reasonable period of time
             130      for the purpose of obtaining a presentence investigation report from the department or
             131      information from other sources about the defendant.
             132          (b) The presentence investigation report shall include:
             133          (i) a victim impact statement according to guidelines set in Section 77-38a-203
             134      describing the effect of the crime on the victim and the victim's family[.];
             135          [(c) The presentence investigation report shall include]
             136          (ii) a specific statement of pecuniary damages, accompanied by a recommendation
             137      from the department regarding the payment of restitution with interest by the defendant in
             138      accordance with Title 77, Chapter 38a, Crime Victims Restitution Act[.];
             139          [(d) The presentence investigation report shall include:]
             140          [(i)] (iii) findings from any screening and any assessment of the offender conducted
             141      under Section 77-18-1.1 ; [and]

             142          [(ii)] (iv) recommendations for treatment of the offender[.]; and
             143          (v) the number of days since the commission of the offense that the offender has spent
             144      in the custody of the jail and the number of days, if any, the offender was released to a
             145      supervised release or alternative incarceration program under Section 17-22-5.5 .
             146          [(e)] (c) The contents of the presentence investigation report are protected and are not
             147      available except by court order for purposes of sentencing as provided by rule of the Judicial
             148      Council or for use by the department.
             149          (6) (a) The department shall provide the presentence investigation report to the
             150      defendant's attorney, or the defendant if not represented by counsel, the prosecutor, and the
             151      court for review, three working days prior to sentencing. Any alleged inaccuracies in the
             152      presentence investigation report, which have not been resolved by the parties and the
             153      department prior to sentencing, shall be brought to the attention of the sentencing judge, and
             154      the judge may grant an additional 10 working days to resolve the alleged inaccuracies of the
             155      report with the department. If after 10 working days the inaccuracies cannot be resolved, the
             156      court shall make a determination of relevance and accuracy on the record.
             157          (b) If a party fails to challenge the accuracy of the presentence investigation report at
             158      the time of sentencing, that matter shall be considered to be waived.
             159          (7) At the time of sentence, the court shall receive any testimony, evidence, or
             160      information the defendant or the prosecuting attorney desires to present concerning the
             161      appropriate sentence. This testimony, evidence, or information shall be presented in open court
             162      on record and in the presence of the defendant.
             163          (8) While on probation, and as a condition of probation, the court may require that the
             164      defendant:
             165          (a) perform any or all of the following:
             166          (i) pay, in one or several sums, any fine imposed at the time of being placed on
             167      probation;
             168          (ii) pay amounts required under Title 77, Chapter 32a, Defense Costs;
             169          (iii) provide for the support of others for whose support the defendant is legally liable;

             170          (iv) participate in available treatment programs, including any treatment program in
             171      which the defendant is currently participating, if the program is acceptable to the court;
             172          (v) serve a period of time, not to exceed one year, in a county jail designated by the
             173      department, after considering any recommendation by the court as to which jail the court finds
             174      most appropriate;
             175          (vi) serve a term of home confinement, which may include the use of electronic
             176      monitoring;
             177          (vii) participate in compensatory service restitution programs, including the
             178      compensatory service program provided in Section 76-6-107.1 ;
             179          (viii) pay for the costs of investigation, probation, and treatment services;
             180          (ix) make restitution or reparation to the victim or victims with interest in accordance
             181      with Title 77, Chapter 38a, Crime Victims Restitution Act; and
             182          (x) comply with other terms and conditions the court considers appropriate; and
             183          (b) if convicted on or after May 5, 1997:
             184          (i) complete high school classwork and obtain a high school graduation diploma, a
             185      GED certificate, or a vocational certificate at the defendant's own expense if the defendant has
             186      not received the diploma, GED certificate, or vocational certificate prior to being placed on
             187      probation; or
             188          (ii) provide documentation of the inability to obtain one of the items listed in
             189      Subsection (8)(b)(i) because of:
             190          (A) a diagnosed learning disability; or
             191          (B) other justified cause.
             192          (9) The department shall collect and disburse the account receivable as defined by
             193      Section 76-3-201.1 , with interest and any other costs assessed under Section 64-13-21 during:
             194          (a) the parole period and any extension of that period in accordance with Subsection
             195      77-27-6 (4); and
             196          (b) the probation period in cases for which the court orders supervised probation and
             197      any extension of that period by the department in accordance with Subsection (10).

             198          (10) (a) (i) Probation may be terminated at any time at the discretion of the court or
             199      upon completion without violation of 36 months probation in felony or class A misdemeanor
             200      cases, or 12 months in cases of class B or C misdemeanors or infractions.
             201          (ii) (A) If, upon expiration or termination of the probation period under Subsection
             202      (10)(a)(i), there remains an unpaid balance upon the account receivable as defined in Section
             203      76-3-201.1 , the court may retain jurisdiction of the case and continue the defendant on bench
             204      probation for the limited purpose of enforcing the payment of the account receivable.
             205          (B) In accordance with Section 77-18-6 , the court shall record in the registry of civil
             206      judgments any unpaid balance not already recorded and immediately transfer responsibility to
             207      collect the account to the Office of State Debt Collection.
             208          (iii) Upon motion of the Office of State Debt Collection, prosecutor, victim, or upon its
             209      own motion, the court may require the defendant to show cause why the defendant's failure to
             210      pay should not be treated as contempt of court.
             211          (b) (i) The department shall notify the sentencing court, the Office of State Debt
             212      Collection, and the prosecuting attorney in writing in advance in all cases when termination of
             213      supervised probation will occur by law.
             214          (ii) The notification shall include a probation progress report and complete report of
             215      details on outstanding accounts receivable.
             216          (11) (a) (i) Any time served by a probationer outside of confinement after having been
             217      charged with a probation violation and prior to a hearing to revoke probation does not
             218      constitute service of time toward the total probation term unless the probationer is exonerated
             219      at a hearing to revoke the probation.
             220          (ii) Any time served in confinement awaiting a hearing or decision concerning
             221      revocation of probation does not constitute service of time toward the total probation term
             222      unless the probationer is exonerated at the hearing.
             223          (b) The running of the probation period is tolled upon the filing of a violation report
             224      with the court alleging a violation of the terms and conditions of probation or upon the issuance
             225      of an order to show cause or warrant by the court.

             226          (12) (a) (i) Probation may not be modified or extended except upon waiver of a hearing
             227      by the probationer or upon a hearing and a finding in court that the probationer has violated the
             228      conditions of probation.
             229          (ii) Probation may not be revoked except upon a hearing in court and a finding that the
             230      conditions of probation have been violated.
             231          (b) (i) Upon the filing of an affidavit alleging with particularity facts asserted to
             232      constitute violation of the conditions of probation, the court that authorized probation shall
             233      determine if the affidavit establishes probable cause to believe that revocation, modification, or
             234      extension of probation is justified.
             235          (ii) If the court determines there is probable cause, it shall cause to be served on the
             236      defendant a warrant for the defendant's arrest or a copy of the affidavit and an order to show
             237      cause why the defendant's probation should not be revoked, modified, or extended.
             238          (c) (i) The order to show cause shall specify a time and place for the hearing and shall
             239      be served upon the defendant at least five days prior to the hearing.
             240          (ii) The defendant shall show good cause for a continuance.
             241          (iii) The order to show cause shall inform the defendant of a right to be represented by
             242      counsel at the hearing and to have counsel appointed if the defendant is indigent.
             243          (iv) The order shall also inform the defendant of a right to present evidence.
             244          (d) (i) At the hearing, the defendant shall admit or deny the allegations of the affidavit.
             245          (ii) If the defendant denies the allegations of the affidavit, the prosecuting attorney
             246      shall present evidence on the allegations.
             247          (iii) The persons who have given adverse information on which the allegations are
             248      based shall be presented as witnesses subject to questioning by the defendant unless the court
             249      for good cause otherwise orders.
             250          (iv) The defendant may call witnesses, appear and speak in the defendant's own behalf,
             251      and present evidence.
             252          (e) (i) After the hearing the court shall make findings of fact.
             253          (ii) Upon a finding that the defendant violated the conditions of probation, the court

             254      may order the probation revoked, modified, continued, or that the entire probation term
             255      commence anew.
             256          (iii) If probation is revoked, the defendant shall be sentenced or the sentence previously
             257      imposed shall be executed.
             258          (13) The court may order the defendant to commit himself or herself to the custody of
             259      the Division of Substance Abuse and Mental Health for treatment at the Utah State Hospital as
             260      a condition of probation or stay of sentence, only after the superintendent of the Utah State
             261      Hospital or the superintendent's designee has certified to the court that:
             262          (a) the defendant is appropriate for and can benefit from treatment at the state hospital;
             263          (b) treatment space at the hospital is available for the defendant; and
             264          (c) persons described in Subsection 62A-15-610 (2)(g) are receiving priority for
             265      treatment over the defendants described in this Subsection (13).
             266          (14) Presentence investigation reports are classified protected in accordance with Title
             267      63G, Chapter 2, Government Records Access and Management Act. Notwithstanding Sections
             268      63G-2-403 and 63G-2-404 , the State Records Committee may not order the disclosure of a
             269      presentence investigation report. Except for disclosure at the time of sentencing pursuant to
             270      this section, the department may disclose the presentence investigation only when:
             271          (a) ordered by the court pursuant to Subsection 63G-2-202 (7);
             272          (b) requested by a law enforcement agency or other agency approved by the department
             273      for purposes of supervision, confinement, and treatment of the offender;
             274          (c) requested by the Board of Pardons and Parole;
             275          (d) requested by the subject of the presentence investigation report or the subject's
             276      authorized representative; or
             277          (e) requested by the victim of the crime discussed in the presentence investigation
             278      report or the victim's authorized representative, provided that the disclosure to the victim shall
             279      include only information relating to statements or materials provided by the victim, to the
             280      circumstances of the crime including statements by the defendant, or to the impact of the crime
             281      on the victim or the victim's household.

             282          (15) (a) The court shall consider home confinement as a condition of probation under
             283      the supervision of the department, except as provided in Sections 76-3-406 and 76-5-406.5 .
             284          (b) The department shall establish procedures and standards for home confinement,
             285      including electronic monitoring, for all individuals referred to the department in accordance
             286      with Subsection (16).
             287          (16) (a) If the court places the defendant on probation under this section, it may order
             288      the defendant to participate in home confinement through the use of electronic monitoring as
             289      described in this section until further order of the court.
             290          (b) The electronic monitoring shall alert the department and the appropriate law
             291      enforcement unit of the defendant's whereabouts.
             292          (c) The electronic monitoring device shall be used under conditions which require:
             293          (i) the defendant to wear an electronic monitoring device at all times; and
             294          (ii) that a device be placed in the home of the defendant, so that the defendant's
             295      compliance with the court's order may be monitored.
             296          (d) If a court orders a defendant to participate in home confinement through electronic
             297      monitoring as a condition of probation under this section, it shall:
             298          (i) place the defendant on probation under the supervision of the Department of
             299      Corrections;
             300          (ii) order the department to place an electronic monitoring device on the defendant and
             301      install electronic monitoring equipment in the residence of the defendant; and
             302          (iii) order the defendant to pay the costs associated with home confinement to the
             303      department or the program provider.
             304          (e) The department shall pay the costs of home confinement through electronic
             305      monitoring only for those persons who have been determined to be indigent by the court.
             306          (f) The department may provide the electronic monitoring described in this section
             307      either directly or by contract with a private provider.

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