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H.B. 128 Enrolled

             1     

ELECTRONIC DEVICE LOCATION AMENDMENTS

             2     
2014 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Ryan D. Wilcox

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Mark B. Madsen

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill requires that a governmental entity obtain a search warrant before obtaining
             10      the location information of an electronic device.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    defines terms;
             14          .    requires a search warrant before requesting disclosure of the location of an
             15      electronic device;
             16          .    provides exceptions for emergencies; and
             17          .    makes technical corrections.
             18      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             19          None
             20      Other Special Clauses:
             21          This bill takes effect on July 1, 2014.
             22          This bill coordinates with S.B. 46, Administrative Subpoena Modifications, by
             23      providing technical and substantive amendments.
             24      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             25      ENACTS:
             26           77-23c-101 , Utah Code Annotated 1953
             27           77-23c-102 , Utah Code Annotated 1953
             28           77-23c-103 , Utah Code Annotated 1953
             29      Utah Code Sections Affected by Coordination Clause:


             30           77-23c-102 , Utah Code Annotated 1953
             31     
             32      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             33          Section 1. Section 77-23c-101 is enacted to read:
             34     
CHAPTER 23c. LOCATION PRIVACY FOR ELECTRONIC DEVICES

             35          77-23c-101. Definitions.
             36          As used in this chapter:
             37          (1) "Electronic communication service" means a service that provides to users of the
             38      service the ability to send or receive wire or electronic communications.
             39          (2) "Electronic device" means a device that enables access to or use of an electronic
             40      communication service, remote computing service, or location information service.
             41          (3) "Government entity" means the state, a county, a municipality, a higher education
             42      institution, a local district, a special service district, or any other political subdivision of the
             43      state or an administrative subunit of any political subdivision, including a law enforcement
             44      entity or any other investigative entity, agency, department, division, bureau, board, or
             45      commission, or an individual acting or purporting to act for or on behalf of a state or local
             46      agency.
             47          (4) "Location information" means information concerning the location of an electronic
             48      device that, in whole or in part, is generated or derived from or obtained by the operation of an
             49      electronic device.
             50          (5) "Location information service" means the provision of a global positioning service
             51      or other mapping, location, or directional information service.
             52          (6) "Remote computing service" means the provision of computer storage or
             53      processing services by means of an electronic communications system.
             54          Section 2. Section 77-23c-102 is enacted to read:
             55          77-23c-102. Location information privacy -- Warrant required for disclosure.
             56          (1) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (2), a government entity may not obtain the
             57      location information, stored data, or transmitted data of an electronic device without a search


             58      warrant issued by a court upon probable cause.
             59          (b) Except as provided in Subsection (1)(c), a government entity may not use, copy, or
             60      disclose, for any purpose, the location information, stored data, or transmitted data of an
             61      electronic device that is not the subject of the warrant that is collected as part of an effort to
             62      obtain the location information, stored data, or transmitted data of the electronic device that is
             63      the subject of the warrant in Subsection (1)(a).
             64          (c) A government entity may use, copy, or disclose the transmitted data of an electronic
             65      device used to communicate with the electronic device that is the subject of the warrant if the
             66      government entity reasonably believes that the transmitted data is necessary to achieve the
             67      objective of the warrant.
             68          (d) The data described in Subsection (1)(b) shall be destroyed in an unrecoverable
             69      manner by the government entity as soon as reasonably possible after the data is collected.
             70          (2) A government entity may obtain location information without a warrant for an
             71      electronic device:
             72          (a) in accordance with Section 53-10-104.5 ;
             73          (b) if the device is reported stolen by the owner;
             74          (c) with the informed, affirmative consent of the owner or user of the electronic device;
             75          (d) in accordance with judicially recognized exceptions to warrant requirements;
             76          (e) if the owner has voluntarily and publicly disclosed the location information; or
             77          (f) if the device is state-owned or is being used by a state employee to access private
             78      data on the state network while conducting state business.
             79          (3) An electronic communication service provider, its officers, employees, agents, or
             80      other specified persons may not be held liable for providing information, facilities, or
             81      assistance in accordance with the terms of the warrant issued under this section or without a
             82      warrant pursuant to Subsection (2).
             83          Section 3. Section 77-23c-103 is enacted to read:
             84          77-23c-103. Notification required -- Delayed notification.
             85          (1) Except as provided in Subsection (2), a government entity that executes a warrant


             86      pursuant to Subsection 77-23c-102 (1)(a) shall, within 14 days after the day on which the
             87      operation concludes, issue a notification to the owner of the electronic device specified in the
             88      warrant that states:
             89          (a) that a warrant was applied for and granted;
             90          (b) the kind of warrant issued;
             91          (c) the period of time during which the collection of data from the electronic device
             92      was authorized;
             93          (d) the offense specified in the application for the warrant;
             94          (e) the identity of the government entity that filed the application; and
             95          (f) the identity of the judge who issued the warrant.
             96          (2) A government entity seeking a warrant pursuant to Subsection 77-23c-102 (1)(a)
             97      may submit a request, and the court may grant permission, to delay the notification required by
             98      Subsection (1) for a period not to exceed 30 days, if the court determines that there is probable
             99      cause to believe that the notification may:
             100          (a) endanger the life or physical safety of an individual;
             101          (b) cause a person to flee from prosecution;
             102          (c) lead to the destruction of or tampering with evidence;
             103          (d) intimidate a potential witness; or
             104          (e) otherwise seriously jeopardize an investigation or unduly delay a trial.
             105          (3) When a delay of notification is granted under Subsection (2) and upon application
             106      by the government entity, the court may grant additional extensions of up to 30 days each.
             107          (4) Upon expiration of the period of delayed notification granted under Subsection (2)
             108      or (3), the government entity shall serve upon or deliver by first-class mail to the owner of the
             109      electronic device a copy of the warrant together with notice that:
             110          (a) states with reasonable specificity the nature of the law enforcement inquiry; and
             111          (b) contains:
             112          (i) the information described in Subsections (1)(a) through (f);
             113          (ii) a statement that notification of the search was delayed;


             114          (iii) the name of the court that authorized the delay of notification; and
             115          (iv) a reference to the provision of this chapter that allowed the delay of notification.
             116          (5) A government entity is not required to notify the owner of the electronic device if
             117      the owner is located outside of the United States.
             118          Section 4. Effective date.
             119          This bill takes effect July 1, 2014.
             120          Section 5. Coordinating H.B. 128 with S.B. 46 -- Technical and substantive
             121      amendments.
             122          If this H.B. 128 and S.B. 46, Administrative Subpoena Modifications, both pass and
             123      become law, it is the intent of the Legislature that Subsection 77-23c-102(2) be modified to
             124      read as follows:
             125          "(2) (a) A government entity may obtain location information without a warrant for an
             126      electronic device:
             127          (i) in accordance with Section 53-10-104.5 ;
             128          (ii) if the device is reported stolen by the owner;
             129          (iii) with the informed, affirmative consent of the owner or user of the electronic
             130      device;
             131          (iv) in accordance with judicially recognized exceptions to warrant requirements; or
             132          (v) if the owner has voluntarily and publicly disclosed the location information.
             133          (b) A prosecutor may obtain a judicial order as defined in Section 77-22-2.5 for the
             134      purposes enumerated in Section 77-22-2.5 ."


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