H.B. 160 Enrolled





Chief Sponsor: Stephen G. Handy

Senate Sponsor: Ralph Okerlund

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill enacts the Utah Wilderness Act.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    recognizes the importance of securing the benefits of protected wilderness areas;
             13          .    defines terms;
             14          .    establishes the process for mapping and evaluating potential wilderness areas;
             15          .    establishes the process for designating a protected wilderness area;
             16          .    describes the acceptable uses of a protected wilderness area; and
             17          .    requires the director of the Public Lands Policy Coordination Office to make annual
             18      reports to the:
             19              .    governor, for transmission to the Legislature; and
             20              .    Natural Resources, Agriculture, and Environment Interim Committee by
             21      November 30 of each year.
             22      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             23          None
             24      Other Special Clauses:
             25          None
             26      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             27      ENACTS:
             28           63L-7-101 , Utah Code Annotated 1953
             29           63L-7-102 , Utah Code Annotated 1953

             30           63L-7-103 , Utah Code Annotated 1953
             31           63L-7-104 , Utah Code Annotated 1953
             32           63L-7-105 , Utah Code Annotated 1953
             33           63L-7-106 , Utah Code Annotated 1953
             34           63L-7-107 , Utah Code Annotated 1953
             35           63L-7-108 , Utah Code Annotated 1953
             36           63L-7-109 , Utah Code Annotated 1953
             38      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             39          Section 1. Section 63L-7-101 is enacted to read:

             41          63L-7-101. Title.
             42          This chapter is known as the "Utah Wilderness Act."
             43          Section 2. Section 63L-7-102 is enacted to read:
             44          63L-7-102. Purpose.
             45          (1) The purpose of this chapter is to:
             46          (a) secure for the people of Utah, present and future generations, as well as for visitors
             47      to Utah, the benefits of an enduring resource of wilderness on designated state-owned lands;
             48          (b) provide a window into the natural world, into which our pioneer forebears ventured
             49      and formed our collective story and character;
             50          (c) recognize that the preservation of wilderness shall be part of a balanced pattern of
             51      multiple land uses;
             52          (d) demonstrate the proper stewardship of certain primitive lands by providing the
             53      protection to allow natural forces to operate; and
             54          (e) create a Utah wilderness preservation system.
             55          (2) No state-owned lands may be designated as a protected wilderness area except as
             56      provided in this chapter.
             57          (3) This chapter does not apply to lands owned or acquired by the School and

             58      Institutional Trust Lands Administration.
             59          Section 3. Section 63L-7-103 is enacted to read:
             60          63L-7-103. Definitions.
             61          As used in this chapter:
             62          (1) "Acquisition date" means the day on which the state received title to land.
             63          (2) "Conservation area" means an area that potentially has wilderness characteristics.
             64          (3) "DNR" means the Department of Natural Resources.
             65          (4) "PLPCO" means the Public Lands Policy Coordination Office.
             66          (5) "Protected wilderness area" means an area of wilderness that has been designated
             67      under this chapter as part of the Utah wilderness preservation system.
             68          (6) "Road" means a road classified as either a class B road, as described in Section
             69      72-3-103 , or a class D road, as described in Section 72-3-105 .
             70          (7) "Roadless area" means an area without a road, as defined in Subsection (6).
             71          (8) "Wilderness" means a roadless area of undeveloped state-owned land, other than
             72      land owned by the School and Institutional Trust Lands Administration, that:
             73          (a) is acquired by the state from the federal government through purchase, exchange,
             74      grant, or any other means of conveyance of title after May 13, 2014;
             75          (b) retains its primeval character and influence, without permanent improvements or
             76      human habitation;
             77          (c) generally appears to have been affected primarily by the forces of nature, with
             78      minimal human impact;
             79          (d) has at least 5,000 contiguous acres of land, or is of sufficient size as to make
             80      practicable its preservation and use in an unimpaired condition;
             81          (e) has outstanding opportunities for solitude, or a primitive and unconfined type of
             82      recreation; and
             83          (f) may contain ecological, geological, or other features of scientific, educational,
             84      scenic, or historical value.
             85          Section 4. Section 63L-7-104 is enacted to read:

             86          63L-7-104. Identification of a potential wilderness area.
             87          (1) (a) Subject to Subsection (1)(b), the director of PLPCO, within one year of the
             88      acquisition date, shall identify within a parcel of acquired land any conservation areas.
             89          (b) Before identifying a parcel of land as a conservation area, the director of PLPCO
             90      shall:
             91          (i) inform the School and Institutional Trust Lands Administration that a parcel is
             92      being considered for designation as a conservation area; and
             93          (ii) provide the School and Institutional Trust Lands Administration with the
             94      opportunity to trade out land owned by the School and Institutional Trust Lands Administration
             95      for the parcel in question subject to reaching an exchange agreement with the agency that
             96      manages the parcel.
             97          (2) The director of PLPCO shall:
             98          (a) file a map and legal description of each identified conservation area with the
             99      governor, the Senate, and the House of Representatives;
             100          (b) maintain, and make available to the public, records pertaining to identified
             101      conservation areas, including:
             102          (i) maps;
             103          (ii) legal descriptions;
             104          (iii) copies of proposed regulations governing the conservation area; and
             105          (iv) copies of public notices of, and reports submitted to the Legislature, regarding
             106      pending additions, eliminations, or modifications to a conservation area; and
             107          (c) within five years of the date of acquisition:
             108          (i) review each identified conservation area for its suitability to be classified as a
             109      protected wilderness area; and
             110          (ii) report the findings under Subsection (2)(c)(i) to the governor.
             111          (3) The records described in Subsection (2)(b) shall be available for inspection at:
             112          (a) the PLPCO office;
             113          (b) the main office of DNR;

             114          (c) a regional office of the Division of Forestry, Fire, and State Lands for any record
             115      that deals with an identified conservation area in that region; and
             116          (d) the Division of Parks and Recreation.
             117          (4) A conservation area may be designated as a protected wilderness area as described
             118      in Section 63L-7-105 .
             119          (5) A conservation area identified under Subsection (1) shall be managed by DNR, in
             120      coordination with the county government having jurisdiction over the area, without the
             121      conservation area being designated as a protected wilderness area unless otherwise provided by
             122      the Legislature.
             123          Section 5. Section 63L-7-105 is enacted to read:
             124          63L-7-105. Report to the governor -- Governor's report to the Legislature --
             125      Designation of a protected wilderness area -- Modification of a protected wilderness area
             126      -- Rulemaking authority.
             127          (1) Within five years of the acquisition date of a parcel of land, the director of PLPCO
             128      shall:
             129          (a) review all areas identified as conservation areas under Section 63L-7-104 ; and
             130          (b) subject to Subsection (3), submit a report and recommendation to the governor on
             131      the suitability of a conservation area for designation as a protected wilderness area.
             132          (2) Before making a recommendation, the director of PLPCO shall:
             133          (a) give notice of the proposed recommendation in a newspaper having general
             134      circulation in the vicinity of the affected land;
             135          (b) hold a public hearing at a location convenient to citizens who live in the affected
             136      area; and
             137          (c) at least 30 days before the date of the hearing described in Subsection (2)(b), invite
             138      local authorities to submit their opinions on the proposed action:
             139          (i) at the hearing; or
             140          (ii) to the director of PLPCO, in writing, no later than 30 days after the day on which
             141      the hearing is held.

             142          (3) Any opinions submitted to the director of PLPCO shall be included with any
             143      recommendations to the governor under Subsection (2) and the Legislature under Subsection
             144      (5).
             145          (4) The governor shall, after receiving the reports described in Subsection (1)(b):
             146          (a) formulate a recommendation on which conservation areas to designate as protected
             147      wilderness areas; and
             148          (b) advise the speaker of the House of Representatives and the president of the Senate
             149      of the governor's recommendation.
             150          (5) An area shall be designated as a protected wilderness area upon a concurrent
             151      resolution of the Legislature, the governor concurring therein, including:
             152          (a) the legal description of the proposed protected wilderness area; and
             153          (b) any special conditions that shall be placed upon the protected wilderness area.
             154          (6) Any modification or adjustment to the boundaries of a protected wilderness area
             155      shall be:
             156          (a) recommended by the director of PLPCO after public notice of, and hearing on, the
             157      proposal, as described in Subsections (1) and (2); and
             158          (b) made official as described in Subsections (4) and (5).
             159          (7) DNR shall make rules governing the protection of a protected wilderness area.
             160          Section 6. Section 63L-7-106 is enacted to read:
             161          63L-7-106. Use of protected wilderness areas.
             162          (1) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, each agency administering any area
             163      designated as a protected wilderness area shall be responsible for preserving the wilderness
             164      character of the area and shall administer such area for the purposes for which it may have been
             165      established to preserve its wilderness character.
             166          (2) Except as specifically provided in this chapter, and subject to valid existing rights,
             167      there shall be:
             168          (a) no commercial enterprise and no permanent road within any protected wilderness
             169      area designated by this chapter; and

             170          (b) no temporary road, no use of motor vehicles, motorized equipment or motorboats,
             171      no landing of aircraft, no other form of mechanical transport, and no structure or installation
             172      with any such area except as necessary to meet minimum requirements for the administration
             173      of the area for the purpose of this chapter, including measures required in emergencies
             174      involving the health and safety of persons within the area.
             175          (3) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, a protected wilderness area shall be
             176      devoted to the public purposes of:
             177          (a) recreation, including hunting, trapping, and fishing;
             178          (b) conservation; and
             179          (c) scenic, scientific, educational, and historical use.
             180          (4) Commercial services may be performed within a protected wilderness area to the
             181      extent necessary to support the activities described in Subsection (3).
             182          (5) Within an area designated as a protected wilderness area by this chapter:
             183          (a) subject to the rules established by DNR, the use of a motor vehicle, aircraft, or
             184      motorboat is authorized where:
             185          (i) the use of a motor vehicle, aircraft, or motorboat is already established;
             186          (ii) the motor vehicle, aircraft, or motorboat is used by the Division of Wildlife
             187      Resources in furtherance of its wildlife management responsibilities, as described in Title 23,
             188      Wildlife Resources Code of Utah; or
             189          (iii) the use of a motor vehicle, aircraft, or motorboat is necessary for emergency
             190      services or law enforcement purposes; and
             191          (b) measures may be taken, under the direction of the director of the Division of
             192      Forestry, Fire, and State Lands, as necessary to manage fire, insects, habitat, and diseases.
             193          (6) Nothing in this chapter shall prevent, within a designated protected wilderness area,
             194      any activity, including prospecting, if the activity is conducted in a manner compatible with the
             195      preservation of the wilderness environment, subject to such conditions as the executive director
             196      of DNR considers desirable.
             197          (7) The executive director of DNR shall develop and conduct surveys of wilderness

             198      areas:
             199          (a) on a planned, recurring basis;
             200          (b) in a manner consistent with wildlife management and preservation principles;
             201          (c) in order to determine the mineral values, if any, that may be present in wilderness
             202      areas; and
             203          (d) make a completed survey available to the public, the governor, and the Legislature.
             204          (8) Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, until midnight December 31,
             205      2034:
             206          (a) state laws pertaining to mining and mineral leasing shall, to the extent applicable
             207      before May 13, 2014, extend to wilderness areas designated under this chapter, subject to
             208      reasonable regulation governing ingress and egress as may be prescribed by the executive
             209      director of DNR, consistent with the use of the land for:
             210          (i) mineral location and development;
             211          (ii) exploration, drilling, and production; and
             212          (iii) use of land for transmission lines, waterlines, telephone lines, or facilities
             213      necessary in exploring, drilling, producing, mining, and processing operations, including the
             214      use of mechanized ground or air equipment when necessary, if restoration of the disturbed land
             215      is practicable and performed as soon as the land has served its purpose; and
             216          (b) mining locations lying within the boundaries of a protected wilderness area that
             217      existed as of the date of acquisition shall be held and used solely for mining or processing
             218      operations, and uses that are reasonably related to an underlying mining or processing
             219      operation.
             220          (9) Any newly issued mineral lease, permit, or license for land within a wilderness area
             221      shall contain stipulations, as may be determined by the executive director of DNR in
             222      consultation with the director of the Division of Oil, Gas, and Mining, for the protection of the
             223      wilderness character of the land, consistent with the use of the land for the purpose for which it
             224      is leased, permitted, or licensed.
             225          (10) Subject to valid rights then existing, effective January 1, 2015, the minerals in all

             226      lands designated by this chapter as wilderness areas are withdrawn from disposition under all
             227      laws pertaining to mineral leasing.
             228          (11) Mineral leases shall not be permitted within protected wilderness areas.
             229          (12) The governor may, within protected wilderness areas, authorize:
             230          (a) prospecting for water resources;
             231          (b) the establishment and maintenance of reservoirs, water-conservation works, power
             232      projects, transmission lines, and other facilities needed in developing water resources,
             233      including road construction and essential maintenance; and
             234          (c) subject to Subsection (13), the grazing of livestock, if the practice of grazing
             235      livestock was established as of the effective date of this chapter.
             236          (13) The commissioner of the Department of Agriculture and Food may make
             237      regulations as necessary to govern the grazing of livestock on a protected wilderness area.
             238          Section 7. Section 63L-7-107 is enacted to read:
             239          63L-7-107. Private lands within wilderness areas.
             240          (1) In any case where privately owned land is completely surrounded by lands within
             241      areas designated by this chapter as protected wilderness:
             242          (a) the private landowner shall be given rights as may be necessary to ensure adequate
             243      access to the privately owned land by the private owner and any successors in interest; or
             244          (b) the privately owned land shall be exchanged for state-owned land of approximately
             245      equal value.
             246          (2) If the School Institutional Trust Lands Administration owns land that is completely
             247      surrounded by lands within areas designated by this chapter as protected wilderness:
             248          (a) the School Institutional Trust Lands Administration shall be given rights as may be
             249      necessary to ensure adequate access to the land owned by the School Institutional Trust Lands
             250      Administration and any successors in interest; or
             251          (b) the land owned by the School Institutional Trust Lands Administration may be
             252      exchanged for state-owned land of approximately equal value.
             253          (3) If a valid mining claim or other valid occupancy is located wholly within a

             254      protected wilderness area, the executive director of DNR shall, by reasonable regulations
             255      consistent with the preservation of the area as wilderness, permit ingress and egress to such
             256      surrounded areas by means which have been, or are being, customarily enjoyed with respect to
             257      other similarly situated areas.
             258          (4) Subject to available funds, PLPCO is authorized to acquire land, or interest in land,
             259      through purchase from a private landowner.
             260          Section 8. Section 63L-7-108 is enacted to read:
             261          63L-7-108. Gifts, bequests, and contributions.
             262          (1) The executive director of DNR may accept gifts or bequests of land:
             263          (a) within protected wilderness areas designated pursuant to this chapter for
             264      preservation as wilderness; and
             265          (b) adjacent to designated protected wilderness areas, if the executive director of DNR
             266      gives 60 days advance notice to the governor.
             267          (2) Land accepted by the executive director of DNR under this section:
             268          (a) shall become part of the protected wilderness area involved; and
             269          (b) is subject to:
             270          (i) the same regulations made under this chapter; and
             271          (ii) any conditions that were made at the time the gift or bequest was made that are
             272      consistent with the regulations made under this chapter.
             273          Section 9. Section 63L-7-109 is enacted to read:
             274          63L-7-109. Annual reports.
             275          (1) The director of PLPCO shall report to the governor, for transmission to the
             276      Legislature, on:
             277          (a) the status of the Utah wilderness preservation system;
             278          (b) regulations in effect; and
             279          (c) other pertinent information.
             280          (2) The director of PLPCO shall report any recommendations for future action to the
             281      Natural Resources, Agriculture, and Environment Interim Committee by November 30 of each

             282      year.

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