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H.B. 212 Enrolled

             1     

DNA COLLECTION AMENDMENTS

             2     
2014 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Steve Eliason

             5     
Senate Sponsor: J. Stuart Adams

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies the provisions of the Public Safety Code regarding the collection of
             10      DNA from offenders.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    provides that law enforcement agencies may collect DNA samples at the time of
             14      booking for any person arrested for any felony offense beginning May 13, 2014
             15      through December 31, 2014; and
             16          .    on and after January 1, 2015, requires law enforcement agencies to collect DNA
             17      samples at the time of booking for any person arrested for any felony offense.
             18      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             19          None
             20      Other Special Clauses:
             21          None
             22      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             23      AMENDS:
             24           53-10-403 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2013, Chapter 344
             25           53-10-404 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 145
             26           53-10-404.5 , as enacted by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 405
             27     
             28      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             29          Section 1. Section 53-10-403 is amended to read:


             30           53-10-403. DNA specimen analysis -- Application to offenders, including minors.
             31          (1) Sections 53-10-404 , 53-10-404.5 , 53-10-405 , and 53-10-406 apply to any person
             32      who:
             33          (a) has pled guilty to or has been convicted of any of the offenses under Subsection
             34      (2)(a) or (b) on or after July 1, 2002;
             35          (b) has pled guilty to or has been convicted by any other state or by the United States
             36      government of an offense which if committed in this state would be punishable as one or more
             37      of the offenses listed in Subsection (2)(a) or (b) on or after July 1, 2003;
             38          (c) has been booked on or after January 1, 2011, through December 31, 2014, for any
             39      offense under Subsection (2)(c); [or]
             40          (d) has been booked:
             41          (i) by a law enforcement agency that is obtaining a DNA specimen on or after May 13,
             42      2014, through December 31, 2014, under Subsection 53-10-404 (4)(b) for any felony offense; or
             43          (ii) on or after January 1, 2015, for any felony offense; or
             44          [(d)] (e) is a minor under Subsection (3).
             45          (2) Offenses referred to in Subsection (1) are:
             46          (a) any felony or class A misdemeanor under the Utah Code;
             47          (b) any offense under Subsection (2)(a):
             48          (i) for which the court enters a judgment for conviction to a lower degree of offense
             49      under Section 76-3-402 ; or
             50          (ii) regarding which the court allows the defendant to enter a plea in abeyance as
             51      defined in Section 77-2a-1 ; or
             52          (c) (i) any violent felony as defined in Section 53-10-403.5 ;
             53          (ii) sale or use of body parts, Section 26-28-116 ;
             54          (iii) failure to stop at an accident that resulted in death, Section 41-6a-401.5 ;
             55          (iv) driving with any amount of a controlled substance in a person's body and causing
             56      serious bodily injury or death, Subsection 58-37-8 (2)(g);
             57          (v) a felony violation of enticing a minor over the Internet, Section 76-4-401 ;


             58          (vi) a felony violation of propelling a substance or object at a correctional or peace
             59      officer, Section 76-5-102.6 ;
             60          (vii) aggravated human trafficking and aggravated human smuggling, Section
             61      76-5-310 ;
             62          (viii) a felony violation of unlawful sexual activity with a minor, Section 76-5-401 ;
             63          (ix) a felony violation of sexual abuse of a minor, Section 76-5-401.1 ;
             64          (x) unlawful sexual contact with a 16 or 17-year old, Section 76-5-401.2 ;
             65          (xi) sale of a child, Section 76-7-203 ;
             66          (xii) aggravated escape, Subsection 76-8-309 (2);
             67          (xiii) a felony violation of assault on an elected official, Section 76-8-315 ;
             68          (xiv) influencing, impeding, or retaliating against a judge or member of the Board of
             69      Pardons and Parole, Section 76-8-316 ;
             70          (xv) advocating criminal syndicalism or sabotage, Section 76-8-902 ;
             71          (xvi) assembly for advocating criminal syndicalism or sabotage, Section 76-8-903 ;
             72          (xvii) a felony violation of sexual battery, Section 76-9-702.1 ;
             73          (xviii) a felony violation of lewdness involving a child, Section 76-9-702.5 ;
             74          (xix) a felony violation of abuse or desecration of a dead human body, Section
             75      76-9-704 ;
             76          (xx) manufacture, possession, sale, or use of a weapon of mass destruction, Section
             77      76-10-402 ;
             78          (xxi) manufacture, possession, sale, or use of a hoax weapon of mass destruction,
             79      Section 76-10-403 ;
             80          (xxii) possession of a concealed firearm in the commission of a violent felony,
             81      Subsection 76-10-504 (4);
             82          (xxiii) assault with the intent to commit bus hijacking with a dangerous weapon,
             83      Subsection 76-10-1504 (3);
             84          (xxiv) commercial obstruction, Subsection 76-10-2402 (2);
             85          (xxv) a felony violation of failure to register as a sex or kidnap offender, Section


             86      77-41-107 ;
             87          (xxvi) repeat violation of a protective order, Subsection 77-36-1.1 (2)(c); or
             88          (xxvii) violation of condition for release after arrest for domestic violence, Section
             89      77-36-2.5 .
             90          (3) A minor under Subsection (1) is a minor 14 years of age or older whom a Utah
             91      court has adjudicated to be within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court due to the commission
             92      of any offense described in Subsection (2), and who is:
             93          (a) within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court on or after July 1, 2002 for an offense
             94      under Subsection (2); or
             95          (b) in the legal custody of the Division of Juvenile Justice Services on or after July 1,
             96      2002 for an offense under Subsection (2).
             97          Section 2. Section 53-10-404 is amended to read:
             98           53-10-404. DNA specimen analysis -- Requirement to obtain the specimen.
             99          (1) As used in this section, "person" refers to any person as described under Section
             100      53-10-403 .
             101          (2) (a) A person under Section 53-10-403 or any person added to the sex offender
             102      register as defined in Section 77-41-102 shall provide a DNA specimen and shall reimburse the
             103      agency responsible for obtaining the DNA specimen $150 for the cost of obtaining the DNA
             104      specimen unless:
             105          (i) the person was booked under Section 53-10-403 and is not required to reimburse the
             106      agency under Section 53-10-404.5 ; or
             107          (ii) the agency determines the person lacks the ability to pay.
             108          (b) (i) (A) The responsible agencies shall establish guidelines and procedures for
             109      determining if the person is able to pay the fee.
             110          (B) An agency's implementation of Subsection (2)(b)[(ii)](i) meets an agency's
             111      obligation to determine an inmate's ability to pay.
             112          (ii) An agency's guidelines and procedures may provide for the assessment of $150 on
             113      the inmate's county trust fund account and may allow a negative balance in the account until


             114      the $150 is paid in full.
             115          (3) (a) (i) All fees collected under Subsection (2) shall be deposited in the DNA
             116      Specimen Restricted Account created in Section 53-10-407 , except that the agency collecting
             117      the fee may retain not more than $25 per individual specimen for the costs of obtaining the
             118      saliva DNA specimen.
             119          (ii) The agency collecting the $150 fee may not retain from each separate fee more than
             120      $25, and no amount of the $150 fee may be credited to any other fee or agency obligation.
             121          (b) The responsible agency shall determine the method of collecting the DNA
             122      specimen. Unless the responsible agency determines there are substantial reasons for using a
             123      different method of collection or the person refuses to cooperate with the collection, the
             124      preferred method of collection shall be obtaining a saliva specimen.
             125          (c) The responsible agency may use reasonable force, as established by its guidelines
             126      and procedures, to collect the DNA sample if the person refuses to cooperate with the
             127      collection.
             128          (d) If the judgment places the person on probation, the person shall submit to the
             129      obtaining of a DNA specimen as a condition of the probation.
             130          (e) (i) Under this section a person is required to provide one DNA specimen and pay
             131      the collection fee as required under this section.
             132          (ii) The person shall provide an additional DNA specimen only if the DNA specimen
             133      previously provided is not adequate for analysis.
             134          (iii) The collection fee is not imposed for a second or subsequent DNA specimen
             135      collected under this section.
             136          (f) Any agency that is authorized to obtain a DNA specimen under this part may collect
             137      any outstanding amount of a fee due under this section from any person who owes any portion
             138      of the fee and deposit the amount in the DNA Specimen Restricted Account created in Section
             139      53-10-407 .
             140          (4) (a) The responsible agency shall cause a DNA specimen to be obtained as soon as
             141      possible and transferred to the Department of Public Safety:


             142          (i) after a conviction or a finding of jurisdiction by the juvenile court; [and]
             143          (ii) on and after January 1, 2011, through December 31, 2014, after the booking of a
             144      person for any offense under Subsection 53-10-403 (1)(c)[.]; and
             145          (iii) on and after January 1, 2015, after the booking of a person for any felony offense,
             146      as provided under Subsection 53-10-403 (1)(d)(ii).
             147          (b) On and after May 13, 2014, through December 31, 2014, the responsible agency
             148      may cause a DNA specimen to be obtained and transferred to the Department of Public Safety
             149      after the booking of a person for any felony offense, as provided under Subsection
             150      53-10-403 (1)(d)(i).
             151          [(b)] (c) If notified by the Department of Public Safety that a DNA specimen is not
             152      adequate for analysis, the agency shall, as soon as possible:
             153          (i) obtain and transmit an additional DNA specimen; or
             154          (ii) request that another agency that has direct access to the person and that is
             155      authorized to collect DNA specimens under this section collect the necessary second DNA
             156      specimen and transmit it to the Department of Public Safety.
             157          [(c)] (d) Each agency that is responsible for collecting DNA specimens under this
             158      section shall establish:
             159          (i) a tracking procedure to record the handling and transfer of each DNA specimen it
             160      obtains; and
             161          (ii) a procedure to account for the management of all fees it collects under this section.
             162          (5) (a) The Department of Corrections is the responsible agency whenever the person is
             163      committed to the custody of or is under the supervision of the Department of Corrections.
             164          (b) The juvenile court is the responsible agency regarding a minor under Subsection
             165      53-10-403 (3), but if the minor has been committed to the legal custody of the Division of
             166      Juvenile Justice Services, that division is the responsible agency if a DNA specimen of the
             167      minor has not previously been obtained by the juvenile court under Section 78A-6-117 .
             168          (c) The sheriff operating a county jail is the responsible agency regarding the collection
             169      of DNA specimens from persons who:


             170          (i) have pled guilty to or have been convicted of an offense listed under Subsection
             171      53-10-403 (2) but who have not been committed to the custody of or are not under the
             172      supervision of the Department of Corrections;
             173          (ii) are incarcerated in the county jail:
             174          (A) as a condition of probation for a felony offense; or
             175          (B) for a misdemeanor offense for which collection of a DNA specimen is required;
             176      [and]
             177          (iii) on and after January 1, 2011, through May 12, 2014, are booked at the county jail
             178      for any offense under Subsection 53-10-403 (1)(c)[.]; and
             179          (iv) are booked at the county jail:
             180          (A) by a law enforcement agency that is obtaining a DNA specimen for any felony
             181      offense on or after May 13, 2014, through December 31, 2014, under Subsection
             182      53-10-404 (4)(b); or
             183          (B) on or after January 1, 2015, for any felony offense.
             184          (d) Each agency required to collect a DNA specimen under this section shall:
             185          (i) designate employees to obtain the saliva DNA specimens required under this
             186      section; and
             187          (ii) ensure that employees designated to collect the DNA specimens receive appropriate
             188      training and that the specimens are obtained in accordance with generally accepted protocol.
             189          (6) (a) As used in this Subsection (6), "department" means the Department of
             190      Corrections.
             191          (b) Priority of obtaining DNA specimens by the department is:
             192          (i) first, to obtain DNA specimens of persons who as of July 1, 2002, are in the custody
             193      of or under the supervision of the department before these persons are released from
             194      incarceration, parole, or probation, if their release date is prior to that of persons under
             195      Subsections (6)(b)(ii), but in no case later than July 1, 2004; and
             196          (ii) second, the department shall obtain DNA specimens from persons who are
             197      committed to the custody of the department or who are placed under the supervision of the


             198      department after July 1, 2002, within 120 days after the commitment, if possible, but not later
             199      than prior to release from incarceration if the person is imprisoned, or prior to the termination
             200      of probation if the person is placed on probation.
             201          (c) The priority for obtaining DNA specimens from persons under Subsection (6)(b)(ii)
             202      is:
             203          (i) first, persons on probation;
             204          (ii) second, persons on parole; and
             205          (iii) third, incarcerated persons.
             206          (d) Implementation of the schedule of priority under Subsection (6)(c) is subject to the
             207      priority of Subsection (6)(b)(i), to ensure that the Department of Corrections obtains DNA
             208      specimens from persons in the custody of or under the supervision of the Department of
             209      Corrections as of July 1, 2002, prior to their release.
             210          (7) (a) As used in this Subsection (7):
             211          (i) "Court" means the juvenile court.
             212          (ii) "Division" means the Division of Juvenile Justice Services.
             213          (b) Priority of obtaining DNA specimens by the court from minors under Section
             214      53-10-403 who are under the jurisdiction of the court but who are not in the legal custody of
             215      the division shall be:
             216          (i) first, to obtain specimens from minors who as of July 1, 2002, are within the court's
             217      jurisdiction, prior to termination of the court's jurisdiction over these minors; and
             218          (ii) second, to obtain specimens from minors who are found to be within the court's
             219      jurisdiction after July 1, 2002, within 120 days of the minor's being found to be within the
             220      court's jurisdiction, if possible, but not later than prior to termination of the court's jurisdiction
             221      over the minor.
             222          (c) Priority of obtaining DNA specimens by the division from minors under Section
             223      53-10-403 who are committed to the legal custody of the division shall be:
             224          (i) first, to obtain specimens from minors who as of July 1, 2002, are within the
             225      division's legal custody and who have not previously provided a DNA specimen under this


             226      section, prior to termination of the division's legal custody of these minors; and
             227          (ii) second, to obtain specimens from minors who are placed in the legal custody of the
             228      division after July 1, 2002, within 120 days of the minor's being placed in the custody of the
             229      division, if possible, but not later than prior to termination of the court's jurisdiction over the
             230      minor.
             231          (8) (a) The Department of Corrections, the juvenile court, the Division of Juvenile
             232      Justice Services, and all law enforcement agencies in the state shall by policy establish
             233      procedures for obtaining saliva DNA specimens, and shall provide training for employees
             234      designated to collect saliva DNA specimens.
             235          (b) (i) The department may designate correctional officers, including those employed
             236      by the adult probation and parole section of the department, to obtain the saliva DNA
             237      specimens required under this section.
             238          (ii) The department shall ensure that the designated employees receive appropriate
             239      training and that the specimens are obtained in accordance with accepted protocol.
             240          (c) Blood DNA specimens shall be obtained in accordance with Section 53-10-405 .
             241          Section 3. Section 53-10-404.5 is amended to read:
             242           53-10-404.5. Obtaining DNA specimen at time of booking -- Payment of fee upon
             243      conviction.
             244          (1) (a) When a sheriff books a person for any offense under [Subsection] Subsections
             245      53-10-403 (1)(c) and (d), the sheriff shall obtain a DNA specimen from the person upon
             246      booking of the person at the county jail, except under Subsection (1)(b).
             247          (b) If at the time of booking the sheriff is able to obtain information from the bureau
             248      stating that the bureau has on file a DNA specimen for the person, the sheriff is not required to
             249      obtain an additional DNA specimen.
             250          (2) The person booked under Subsection (1) shall pay a fee of $150 for the cost of
             251      obtaining the DNA specimen if:
             252          (a) the charge upon which the booking is based is resolved by a conviction or the
             253      person is convicted of any charge arising out of the same criminal episode regarding which the


             254      DNA specimen was obtained; and
             255          (b) the person's DNA sample is not on file under Subsection (1)(b).
             256          (3) (a) All fees collected under Subsection (2) shall be deposited in the DNA Specimen
             257      Restricted Account created in Section 53-10-407 , except that the agency collecting the fee may
             258      retain not more than $25 per individual specimen for the costs of obtaining the DNA specimen.
             259          (b) The agency collecting the $150 fee may not retain from each separate fee more than
             260      $25, and no amount of the $150 fee may be credited to any other fee or agency obligation.
             261          (4) Any DNA specimen obtained under this section shall be held and may not be
             262      processed until:
             263          (a) the court has bound the person over for trial following a preliminary hearing for any
             264      charge arising out of the same criminal episode regarding which the person was booked;
             265          (b) the person has waived the preliminary hearing for any charge arising out of the
             266      same criminal episode regarding which the person was booked; or
             267          (c) a grand jury has returned an indictment for any charge arising out of the same
             268      criminal episode regarding which the person was booked.


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