H.B. 390 Enrolled





Chief Sponsor: Rebecca Chavez-Houck

Senate Sponsor: Todd Weiler

             6      Cosponsors:
             7      Jennifer M. Seelig
             8      Brad L. Dee
             9      Patrice M. Arent
             10      Jack R. Draxler
             11      Susan DuckworthJames A. Dunnigan
Janice M. Fisher
Francis D. Gibson
Keith Grover
Lynn N. Hemingway
John G. MathisMike K. McKell
Michael E. Noel
Lee B. Perry
Kraig Powell              12     
             13      LONG TITLE
             14      General Description:
             15          This bill amends provisions of the Utah Criminal Code and the Election Code in
             16      relation to unlawful activity.
             17      Highlighted Provisions:
             18          This bill:
             19          .    enacts the class A misdemeanor offense of obstructing a legislative proceeding;
             20          .    defines "official proceeding" for Title 76, Chapter 8, Part 5, Offenses Against the
             21      Administration of Government;
             22          .    amends the offense of a pattern of unlawful activity to include, as unlawful
             23      activities, tampering with evidence or the falsification or alteration of certain
             24      government records; and
             25          .    makes technical changes.
             26      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             27          None
             28      Other Special Clauses:

             29          None
             30      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             31      AMENDS:
             32           76-8-501 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 1997, Chapter 324
             33           76-8-503 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 1997, Chapter 324
             34           76-8-510.5 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 110
             35           76-10-1602 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapters 112 and 347
             36      ENACTS:
             37           36-12-9.5 , Utah Code Annotated 1953
             39      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             40          Section 1. Section 36-12-9.5 is enacted to read:
             41          36-12-9.5. Obstructing a legislative proceeding.
             42          (1) As used in this section, "legislative proceeding" means an investigation or audit
             43      conducted by:
             44          (a) the Legislature, or a house, committee, subcommittee, or task force of the
             45      Legislature; or
             46          (b) an employee or independent contractor of an entity described in Subsection (1)(a),
             47      at or under the direction of an entity described in Subsection (1)(a).
             48          (2) Except as described in Subsection (3), a person is guilty of a class A misdemeanor
             49      if the person, with intent to hinder, delay, or prevent a legislative proceeding:
             50          (a) provides a person with a weapon;
             51          (b) prevents a person, by force, intimidation, or deception, from performing any act
             52      that might aid the legislative proceeding;
             53          (c) alters, destroys, conceals, or removes any item or other thing;
             54          (d) makes, presents, or uses an item, document, or thing known by the person to be
             55      false;
             56          (e) makes a false material statement, not under oath, to:

             57          (i) the Legislature, or a house, committee, subcommittee, or task force of the
             58      Legislature; or
             59          (ii) an employee or independent contractor of an entity described in Subsection
             60      (2)(e)(i);
             61          (f) harbors or conceals a person;
             62          (g) provides a person with transportation, disguise, or other means of avoiding
             63      discovery or service of process;
             64          (h) warns any person of impending discovery or service of process;
             65          (i) conceals an item, information, document, or thing that is not privileged after a
             66      legislative subpoena is issued for the item, information, document, or thing; or
             67          (j) provides false information regarding a witness or a material aspect of the legislative
             68      proceeding.
             69          (3) Subsection (2) does not include:
             70          (a) false or inconsistent material statements, as described in Section 76-8-502 ;
             71          (b) tampering with a witness or soliciting or receiving a bribe, as described in Section
             72      76-8-508 ;
             73          (c) retaliation against a witness, victim, or informant, as described in Section
             74      76-8-508.3 ; or
             75          (d) extortion or bribery to dismiss a criminal proceeding, as described in Section
             76      76-8-509 .
             77          Section 2. Section 76-8-501 is amended to read:
             78           76-8-501. Definitions.
             79          [For the purposes of] As used in this part:
             80          [(2)] (1) "Material" means capable of affecting the course or outcome of [the
             81      proceeding. A statement is not material if it is retracted in the course of the official proceeding
             82      in which it was made before it became manifest that the falsification was or would be exposed
             83      and before it substantially affected the proceeding.] an official proceeding, unless the person
             84      who made the statement or provided the information retracts the statement or information

             85      before the earlier of:
             86          (a) the end of the official proceeding in which the statement was made or the
             87      information was provided;
             88          (b) when it becomes manifest that the false or misleading nature of the statement or
             89      information has been or will be exposed; or
             90          (c) when the statement or information substantially affects the proceeding.
             91          [(1)] (2) "Official proceeding" means:
             92          (a) any proceeding before:
             93          (i) a legislative, judicial, administrative, or other governmental body or official
             94      authorized by law to take evidence under oath or affirmation[, including];
             95          (ii) a notary; or [other]
             96          (iii) a person [taking] that takes evidence in connection with [any of these
             97      proceedings.] a proceeding described in Subsection (2)(a)(i);
             98          (b) any civil or administrative action, trial, examination under oath, administrative
             99      proceeding, or other civil or administrative adjudicative process; or
             100          (c) an investigation or audit conducted by:
             101          (i) the Legislature, or a house, committee, subcommittee, or task force of the
             102      Legislature; or
             103          (ii) an employee or independent contractor of an entity described in Subsection
             104      (1)(c)(i), at or under the direction of an entity described in Subsection (2)(c)(i).
             105          Section 3. Section 76-8-503 is amended to read:
             106           76-8-503. False or inconsistent statements.
             107          [A] (1) Except as provided in Subsection (2), a person is guilty of a class B
             108      misdemeanor if:
             109          [(1)] (a) [he] the person makes a false statement under oath or affirmation or swears or
             110      affirms the truth of the statement previously made and [he] the person does not believe the
             111      statement to be true if:
             112          (i) the falsification occurs in an official proceeding, or is made with a purpose to

             113      mislead a public servant in performing [his] the public servant's official functions; or
             114          (ii) the statement is one [which] that is authorized by law to be sworn or affirmed
             115      before a notary or other person authorized to administer oaths; or
             116          (b) [he] the person makes inconsistent statements under oath or affirmation, both
             117      within the period of limitations, one of which is false and not believed by [him] the person to
             118      be true.
             119          (2) Subsection (1) does not include obstructing a legislative proceeding, as described in
             120      Section 36-12-9.5 .
             121          [(2)] (3) A person is not guilty under this section if the person retracts the falsification
             122      [is retracted] before it becomes manifest that the falsification [was or would] has been or will
             123      be exposed.
             124          Section 4. Section 76-8-510.5 is amended to read:
             125           76-8-510.5. Tampering with evidence -- Definitions -- Elements -- Penalties.
             126          (1) As used in this section[: (a) "Official proceeding" includes any civil or
             127      administrative action, trial, examination under oath, administrative proceeding, or other civil or
             128      administrative adjudicative process. (b) "Thing], "thing or item" includes any document,
             129      record book, paper, file, electronic compilation, or other evidence.
             130          (2) A person is guilty of tampering with evidence if, believing that an official
             131      proceeding or investigation is pending or about to be instituted, or with the intent to prevent an
             132      official proceeding or investigation or to prevent the production of any thing or item which
             133      reasonably would be anticipated to be evidence in the official proceeding or investigation, the
             134      person knowingly or intentionally:
             135          (a) alters, destroys, conceals, or removes any thing or item with the purpose of
             136      impairing the veracity or availability of the thing or item in the proceeding or investigation; or
             137          (b) makes, presents, or uses any thing or item which the person knows to be false with
             138      the purpose of deceiving a public servant or any other party who is or may be engaged in the
             139      proceeding or investigation.
             140          (3) Subsection (2) does not apply to any offense that amounts to a violation of Section

             141      76-8-306 .
             142          (4) (a) Tampering with evidence is a third degree felony if the offense is committed in
             143      conjunction with an official proceeding.
             144          (b) Any violation of this section except under Subsection (4)(a) is a class A
             145      misdemeanor.
             146          Section 5. Section 76-10-1602 is amended to read:
             147           76-10-1602. Definitions.
             148          As used in this part:
             149          (1) "Enterprise" means any individual, sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation,
             150      business trust, association, or other legal entity, and any union or group of individuals
             151      associated in fact although not a legal entity, and includes illicit as well as licit entities.
             152          (2) "Pattern of unlawful activity" means engaging in conduct which constitutes the
             153      commission of at least three episodes of unlawful activity, which episodes are not isolated, but
             154      have the same or similar purposes, results, participants, victims, or methods of commission, or
             155      otherwise are interrelated by distinguishing characteristics. Taken together, the episodes shall
             156      demonstrate continuing unlawful conduct and be related either to each other or to the
             157      enterprise. At least one of the episodes comprising a pattern of unlawful activity shall have
             158      occurred after July 31, 1981. The most recent act constituting part of a pattern of unlawful
             159      activity as defined by this part shall have occurred within five years of the commission of the
             160      next preceding act alleged as part of the pattern.
             161          (3) "Person" includes any individual or entity capable of holding a legal or beneficial
             162      interest in property, including state, county, and local governmental entities.
             163          (4) "Unlawful activity" means to directly engage in conduct or to solicit, request,
             164      command, encourage, or intentionally aid another person to engage in conduct which would
             165      constitute any offense described by the following crimes or categories of crimes, or to attempt
             166      or conspire to engage in an act which would constitute any of those offenses, regardless of
             167      whether the act is in fact charged or indicted by any authority or is classified as a misdemeanor
             168      or a felony:

             169          (a) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 13, Chapter 10, Unauthorized
             170      Recording Practices Act;
             171          (b) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 19, Environmental Quality
             172      Code, Sections 19-1-101 through 19-7-109 ;
             173          (c) taking, destroying, or possessing wildlife or parts of wildlife for the primary
             174      purpose of sale, trade, or other pecuniary gain, in violation of Title 23, Wildlife Resources
             175      Code of Utah, or Section 23-20-4 ;
             176          (d) false claims for medical benefits, kickbacks, and any other act prohibited by Title
             177      26, Chapter 20, Utah False Claims Act, Sections 26-20-1 through 26-20-12 ;
             178          (e) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 32B, Chapter 4, Criminal
             179      Offenses and Procedure Act;
             180          (f) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 57, Chapter 11, Utah Uniform
             181      Land Sales Practices Act;
             182          (g) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 58, Chapter 37, Utah
             183      Controlled Substances Act, or Title 58, Chapter 37b, Imitation Controlled Substances Act,
             184      Title 58, Chapter 37c, Utah Controlled Substance Precursor Act, or Title 58, Chapter 37d,
             185      Clandestine Drug Lab Act;
             186          (h) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 61, Chapter 1, Utah Uniform
             187      Securities Act;
             188          (i) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 63G, Chapter 6a, Utah
             189      Procurement Code;
             190          (j) assault or aggravated assault, Sections 76-5-102 and 76-5-103 ;
             191          (k) a threat of terrorism, Section 76-5-107.3 ;
             192          (l) criminal homicide, Sections 76-5-201 , 76-5-202 , and 76-5-203 ;
             193          (m) kidnapping or aggravated kidnapping, Sections 76-5-301 and 76-5-302 ;
             194          (n) human trafficking, human smuggling, or aggravated human trafficking, Sections
             195      76-5-308 , 76-5-309 , and 76-5-310 ;
             196          (o) sexual exploitation of a minor, Section 76-5b-201 ;

             197          (p) arson or aggravated arson, Sections 76-6-102 and 76-6-103 ;
             198          (q) causing a catastrophe, Section 76-6-105 ;
             199          (r) burglary or aggravated burglary, Sections 76-6-202 and 76-6-203 ;
             200          (s) burglary of a vehicle, Section 76-6-204 ;
             201          (t) manufacture or possession of an instrument for burglary or theft, Section 76-6-205 ;
             202          (u) robbery or aggravated robbery, Sections 76-6-301 and 76-6-302 ;
             203          (v) theft, Section 76-6-404 ;
             204          (w) theft by deception, Section 76-6-405 ;
             205          (x) theft by extortion, Section 76-6-406 ;
             206          (y) receiving stolen property, Section 76-6-408 ;
             207          (z) theft of services, Section 76-6-409 ;
             208          (aa) forgery, Section 76-6-501 ;
             209          (bb) fraudulent use of a credit card, Sections 76-6-506.2 , 76-6-506.3 , 76-6-506.5 , and
             210      76-6-506.6 ;
             211          (cc) deceptive business practices, Section 76-6-507 ;
             212          (dd) bribery or receiving bribe by person in the business of selection, appraisal, or
             213      criticism of goods, Section 76-6-508 ;
             214          (ee) bribery of a labor official, Section 76-6-509 ;
             215          (ff) defrauding creditors, Section 76-6-511 ;
             216          (gg) acceptance of deposit by insolvent financial institution, Section 76-6-512 ;
             217          (hh) unlawful dealing with property by fiduciary, Section 76-6-513 ;
             218          (ii) bribery or threat to influence contest, Section 76-6-514 ;
             219          (jj) making a false credit report, Section 76-6-517 ;
             220          (kk) criminal simulation, Section 76-6-518 ;
             221          (ll) criminal usury, Section 76-6-520 ;
             222          (mm) fraudulent insurance act, Section 76-6-521 ;
             223          (nn) retail theft, Section 76-6-602 ;
             224          (oo) computer crimes, Section 76-6-703 ;

             225          (pp) identity fraud, Section 76-6-1102 ;
             226          (qq) mortgage fraud, Section 76-6-1203 ;
             227          (rr) sale of a child, Section 76-7-203 ;
             228          (ss) bribery to influence official or political actions, Section 76-8-103 ;
             229          (tt) threats to influence official or political action, Section 76-8-104 ;
             230          (uu) receiving bribe or bribery by public servant, Section 76-8-105 ;
             231          (vv) receiving bribe or bribery for endorsement of person as public servant, Section
             232      76-8-106 ;
             233          (ww) official misconduct, Sections 76-8-201 and 76-8-202 ;
             234          (xx) obstruction of justice, Section 76-8-306 ;
             235          (yy) acceptance of bribe or bribery to prevent criminal prosecution, Section 76-8-308 ;
             236          (zz) false or inconsistent material statements, Section 76-8-502 ;
             237          (aaa) false or inconsistent statements, Section 76-8-503 ;
             238          (bbb) written false statements, Section 76-8-504 ;
             239          (ccc) tampering with a witness or soliciting or receiving a bribe, Section 76-8-508 ;
             240          (ddd) retaliation against a witness, victim, or informant, Section 76-8-508.3 ;
             241          (eee) extortion or bribery to dismiss criminal proceeding, Section 76-8-509 ;
             242          (fff) tampering with evidence, Section 76-8-510.5 ;
             243          (ggg) falsification or alteration of government record, Section 76-8-511 , if the record is
             244      a record described in Title 20A, Election Code, or Title 36, Chapter 11, Lobbyist Disclosure
             245      and Regulation Act;
             246          [(fff)] (hhh) public assistance fraud in violation of Section 76-8-1203 , 76-8-1204 , or
             247      76-8-1205 ;
             248          [(ggg)] (iii) unemployment insurance fraud, Section 76-8-1301 ;
             249          [(hhh)] (jjj) intentionally or knowingly causing one animal to fight with another,
             250      Subsection 76-9-301 (2)(d) or (e), or Section 76-9-301.1 ;
             251          [(iii)] (kkk) possession, use, or removal of explosives, chemical, or incendiary devices
             252      or parts, Section 76-10-306 ;

             253          [(jjj)] (lll) delivery to common carrier, mailing, or placement on premises of an
             254      incendiary device, Section 76-10-307 ;
             255          [(kkk)] (mmm) possession of a deadly weapon with intent to assault, Section
             256      76-10-507 ;
             257          [(lll)] (nnn) unlawful marking of pistol or revolver, Section 76-10-521 ;
             258          [(mmm)] (ooo) alteration of number or mark on pistol or revolver, Section 76-10-522 ;
             259          [(nnn)] (ppp) forging or counterfeiting trademarks, trade name, or trade device, Section
             260      76-10-1002 ;
             261          [(ooo)] (qqq) selling goods under counterfeited trademark, trade name, or trade
             262      devices, Section 76-10-1003 ;
             263          [(ppp)] (rrr) sales in containers bearing registered trademark of substituted articles,
             264      Section 76-10-1004 ;
             265          [(qqq)] (sss) selling or dealing with article bearing registered trademark or service
             266      mark with intent to defraud, Section 76-10-1006 ;
             267          [(rrr)] (ttt) gambling, Section 76-10-1102 ;
             268          [(sss)] (uuu) gambling fraud, Section 76-10-1103 ;
             269          [(ttt)] (vvv) gambling promotion, Section 76-10-1104 ;
             270          [(uuu)] (www) possessing a gambling device or record, Section 76-10-1105 ;
             271          [(vvv)] (xxx) confidence game, Section 76-10-1109 ;
             272          [(www)] (yyy) distributing pornographic material, Section 76-10-1204 ;
             273          [(xxx)] (zzz) inducing acceptance of pornographic material, Section 76-10-1205 ;
             274          [(yyy)] (aaaa) dealing in harmful material to a minor, Section 76-10-1206 ;
             275          [(zzz)] (bbbb) distribution of pornographic films, Section 76-10-1222 ;
             276          [(aaaa)] (cccc) indecent public displays, Section 76-10-1228 ;
             277          [(bbbb)] (dddd) prostitution, Section 76-10-1302 ;
             278          [(cccc)] (eeee) aiding prostitution, Section 76-10-1304 ;
             279          [(dddd)] (ffff) exploiting prostitution, Section 76-10-1305 ;
             280          [(eeee)] (gggg) aggravated exploitation of prostitution, Section 76-10-1306 ;

             281          [(ffff)] (hhhh) communications fraud, Section 76-10-1801 ;
             282          [(gggg)] (iiii) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Part 19, Money
             283      Laundering and Currency Transaction Reporting Act;
             284          [(hhhh)] (jjjj) vehicle compartment for contraband, Section 76-10-2801 ;
             285          [(iiii)] (kkkk) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of the laws governing
             286      taxation in this state; and
             287          [(jjjj)] (llll) any act illegal under the laws of the United States and enumerated in 18
             288      U.S.C. Sec. 1961 (1)(B), (C), and (D).

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