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H.B. 149 Enrolled

             1     

AMENDMENTS TO FEDERAL LAW ENFORCEMENT

             2     
LIMITATIONS

             3     
2014 GENERAL SESSION

             4     
STATE OF UTAH

             5     
Chief Sponsor: Michael E. Noel

             6     
Senate Sponsor: David P. Hinkins

             7     
             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill modifies the Public Safety Code regarding the authority of federal, state, and
             11      local law enforcement officers.
             12      Highlighted Provisions:
             13          This bill:
             14          .    defines the exercise of law enforcement authority, including on state land, private
             15      land, and federal land;
             16          .    defines federal employee for the purposes of this bill;
             17          .    defines proprietary jurisdiction of federally managed land;
             18          .    describes when state and local law enforcement officers may recognize a federal
             19      employee's exercise of law enforcement authority;
             20          .    describes the scope of law enforcement action as it relates to the federal
             21      Assimilative Crimes Act, and proprietary jurisdiction federally managed land;
             22          .    provides that state and local law enforcement officers may not recognize a federal
             23      employee's exercise of law enforcement authority when the exercise is based on a
             24      state or local law or ordinance;
             25          .    authorizes state and local law enforcement to assist a federal agency or employee
             26      under specified circumstances;
             27          .    addresses federal authority on federally managed land regarding violation of a state
             28      or local law in the case of an emergency;
             29          .    prohibits a federal agency's use of state or local law enforcement correctional or


             30      communication facilities without consent of the state or local law enforcement agency;
             31          .    provides procedures, requirements, and duration regarding entering into agreements
             32      with federal employees to exercise law enforcement powers regarding state and
             33      federal law;
             34          .    allows county sheriffs to enter into agreements with federal agencies requiring fair
             35      compensation for assisting the federal agency; and
             36          .    requires that county sheriffs regularly review the duties and activities of federal
             37      agencies that have law enforcement responsibilities and are acting within the
             38      jurisdictional area of a county.
             39      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             40          None
             41      Other Special Clauses:
             42          None
             43      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             44      ENACTS:
             45           53-13-106.1 , Utah Code Annotated 1953
             46           53-13-106.2 , Utah Code Annotated 1953
             47           53-13-106.3 , Utah Code Annotated 1953
             48           53-13-106.4 , Utah Code Annotated 1953
             49           53-13-106.6 , Utah Code Annotated 1953
             50           53-13-106.7 , Utah Code Annotated 1953
             51           53-13-106.8 , Utah Code Annotated 1953
             52           53-13-106.9 , Utah Code Annotated 1953
             53           53-13-106.10 , Utah Code Annotated 1953
             54     
             55      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             56          Section 1. Section 53-13-106.1 is enacted to read:
             57          53-13-106.1. State and local law enforcement officers and federal employees --


             58      Definitions.
             59          As used in this section and in Sections 53-13-106.2 through 53-13-106.10 :
             60          (1) "Exercise law enforcement authority" and "exercise of law enforcement authority"
             61      means:
             62          (a) to take any action on private land, state-owned land, or federally managed land, to
             63      investigate, stop, serve process, search, arrest, cite, book, or incarcerate a person for a federal,
             64      state, or local criminal violation when the action is based on:
             65          (i) a federal statute, regulation, or rule;
             66          (ii) a state or local statute, ordinance, regulation, or rule; or
             67          (iii) a state or local statute, ordinance, regulation, or rule that is being enforced by a
             68      federal agency pursuant to the Assimilative Crimes Act, 18 U.S.C. Sec. 13; or
             69          (b) to gain access to or use the correctional or communication facilities and equipment
             70      of any state or local law enforcement agency.
             71          (2) "Federal agency" means a federal agency that manages federally managed land or
             72      regulates activities on that land, including:
             73          (a) the United States Bureau of Land Management;
             74          (b) the United States Forest Service;
             75          (c) the National Park Service;
             76          (d) the United States Fish and Wildlife Service;
             77          (e) the United States Bureau of Reclamation;
             78          (f) the United States Environmental Protection Agency; and
             79          (g) the United States Army Corps of Engineers.
             80          (3) "Federal employee" means an employee or other agent of a federal agency, but does
             81      not include:
             82          (a) a special agent of the Federal Bureau of Investigation;
             83          (b) a special agent of the United States Secret Service;
             84          (c) a special agent of the United States Department of Homeland Security, unless the
             85      employee is a customs inspector or detention removal officer;


             86          (d) a special agent of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives;
             87          (e) a special agent of the United States Drug Enforcement Administration;
             88          (f) a United States marshal, deputy marshal, or special deputy United States marshal; or
             89          (g) a United States postal inspector of the United States Postal Inspection Service.
             90          (4) "Federally managed land" means land managed by the following federal agencies:
             91          (a) the United States Bureau of Land Management;
             92          (b) the United States Forest Service;
             93          (c) the National Park Service;
             94          (d) the United States Fish and Wildlife Service; and
             95          (e) the United States Bureau of Reclamation.
             96          (5) "Proprietary jurisdiction federally managed land" means all federally managed land
             97      as defined in this section except:
             98          (a) buildings, installations, and other structures under the exclusive jurisdiction of the
             99      Congress of the United States pursuant to the United States Constitution, Article I, Section 8,
             100      Clause 17; and
             101          (b) parcels that constitute federal enclaves subject to the concurrent jurisdiction of the
             102      United States and the state of Utah.
             103          Section 2. Section 53-13-106.2 is enacted to read:
             104          53-13-106.2. State and local law enforcement officers and federal employees --
             105      Exercise of federal law enforcement authority when based on a federal enactment.
             106          Subject to Sections 53-13-106.6 and 53-13-106.7 , and Subsection 53-13-106.9 (1):
             107          (1) State and local law enforcement officers may recognize a federal employee's
             108      exercise of law enforcement authority, either on or off federally managed land, when the
             109      exercise is consistent with the Constitution of the United States and based on:
             110          (a) a federal statute other than the Assimilative Crimes Act, 18 U.S.C. Sec. 13; or
             111          (b) a federal regulation that is authorized by a federal statute other than the
             112      Assimilative Crimes Act, 18 U.S.C. Sec. 13.
             113          (2) Notwithstanding Subsection 53-13-106.2 (1), state and local law enforcement


             114      officers may recognize a federal employee's exercise of law enforcement authority, on federally
             115      managed land other than proprietary jurisdiction federally managed land, when the exercise is
             116      consistent with the Constitution of the United States and based on:
             117          (a) a federal statute, including the Assimilative Crimes Act, 18 U.S.C. Sec. 13; or
             118          (b) a federal regulation that is authorized by a federal statute including the Assimilative
             119      Crimes Act, 18 U.S.C. Sec. 13.
             120          Section 3. Section 53-13-106.3 is enacted to read:
             121          53-13-106.3. State and local law enforcement officers and federal employees --
             122      Exercise of federal law enforcement authority when based on a state or local enactment.
             123          Subject to Section 53-13-106.7 and Subsection 53-13-106.9 (1), state and local law
             124      enforcement officers are not authorized to recognize a federal employee's exercise of law
             125      enforcement authority, either on or off federally managed land, when the exercise is based on a
             126      state or local statute, ordinance, regulation, or rule.
             127          Section 4. Section 53-13-106.4 is enacted to read:
             128          53-13-106.4. State and county sheriff law enforcement officers and federal
             129      employees -- Enforcement of federal laws and regulations by state and county sheriff
             130      officers.
             131          A state law enforcement agency or a county sheriff may assist a federal agency or
             132      federal employee to enforce federal statutes and regulations on lands managed pursuant to 43
             133      U.S.C. Secs. 1701-1736 and Secs. 1737-1782, Federal Land Policy Management Act, after the
             134      state law enforcement agency or a county sheriff has entered into an agreement authorized by
             135      Subsection 53-13-106.9 (3).
             136          Section 5. Section 53-13-106.6 is enacted to read:
             137          53-13-106.6. State and local law enforcement officers and federal employees --
             138      Exercise of federal law enforcement authority to enforce the Federal Land Policy
             139      Management Act.
             140          Notwithstanding Section 53-13-106.2 , state and local law enforcement officers are
             141      authorized to recognize a federal employee's exercise of law enforcement authority to enforce


             142      the provisions of the Federal Land Policy Management Act on proprietary jurisdiction federally
             143      managed land, only if the exercise is consistent with the Constitution of the United States and
             144      based on:
             145          (1) a federal statute other than the Assimilative Crimes Act, 18 U.S.C. Sec. 13; or
             146          (2) a federal regulation that is:
             147          (a) authorized by a federal statute other than the Assimilative Crimes Act, 18 U.S.C.
             148      Sec. 13; and
             149          (b) necessary to implement the provisions of the Federal Land Policy Management Act
             150      with respect to the management, use, and protection of the public lands, including the property
             151      located on those lands, as provided in 43 U.S.C. Sec. 1733(a).
             152          Section 6. Section 53-13-106.7 is enacted to read:
             153          53-13-106.7. State and local law enforcement officers and federal employees --
             154      Exercise of federal law enforcement authority based on state law during emergency.
             155          Notwithstanding Section 53-13-106.3 , state and local law enforcement officers are
             156      authorized to recognize a federal employee's limited exercise of law enforcement authority on
             157      federally managed land in cases of a violation of a state or local statute, ordinance, regulation,
             158      or rule when:
             159          (1) the offense is an emergency and poses an immediate risk of bodily injury or damage
             160      to property;
             161          (2) a state, county, or municipal law enforcement officer is not reasonably available to
             162      take action;
             163          (3) the action is within the scope of the employee's or official's law enforcement power;
             164      and
             165          (4) the federal employee turns the matter, as well as the custody of any detained
             166      citizen, over to the state, county, or municipal law enforcement officer for further action as
             167      soon as the officer becomes available.
             168          Section 7. Section 53-13-106.8 is enacted to read:
             169          53-13-106.8. State and local law enforcement officers and federal employees -- Use


             170      of correctional and communication facilities.
             171          State and local government agencies may not allow any federal agency access to or use
             172      of the correctional and communication facilities and equipment of any state or local law
             173      enforcement agency without the express written consent of the appropriate responsible official
             174      of the state or local law enforcement agency.
             175          Section 8. Section 53-13-106.9 is enacted to read:
             176          53-13-106.9. State and county sheriff law enforcement officers and federal
             177      employees -- Interagency agreements.
             178          Notwithstanding Section 53-13-106.3 :
             179          (1) County sheriffs may enter into agreements with federal agencies granting limited
             180      authority to specific federal employees to exercise law enforcement powers to enforce federal
             181      state and local laws, provided the agreements are limited to a term not to exceed two years and
             182      the officers granted authority have completed a 20-hour course focusing on Utah law and
             183      process approved by the director of the Peace Officer Standards and Training Division.
             184          (2) State law enforcement agencies may, with the consent of the local county sheriff,
             185      enter into agreements as described in Subsection (1), provided that the agreements may not
             186      exceed a duration of two years.
             187          (3) Local county sheriffs may enter into agreements with federal agencies requiring fair
             188      compensation for assisting a federal agency or federal employee to enforce federal statutes and
             189      regulations managed pursuant to 43 U.S.C. Secs. 1701-1736 and 43 U.S.C. Secs. 1737-1782,
             190      Federal Land Policy Management Act.
             191          Section 9. Section 53-13-106.10 is enacted to read:
             192          53-13-106.10. State and local law enforcement officers and federal employees --
             193      Review by county sheriffs.
             194          County sheriffs shall regularly review the duties and activities of federal agencies that
             195      have law enforcement responsibilities and that are acting within the jurisdictional area of the
             196      county to determine if the federal agencies are acting consistently with this section.


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