First Substitute H.B. 68

Representative Dixon M. Pitcher proposes the following substitute bill:




Chief Sponsor: Dixon M. Pitcher

Senate Sponsor: ____________

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill addresses crimes committed on state park lands.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    defines terms;
             13          .    prohibits a person from exercising unauthorized control over, damaging, defacing,
             14      excavating, altering, destroying, or removing any:
             15              .    geological area, site, feature, or formation located on property administered,
             16      managed, or owned by the Division of State Parks and Recreation; or
             17              .    property, structure, or resource belonging to or located on property
             18      administered, managed, or owned by the Division of State Parks and Recreation;
             19          .    provides a method of calculating the value of a division resource;
             20          .    authorizes the division to recover attorney fees, costs, and reimbursement for staff
             21      time spent on an enforcement proceeding from a person who violates the chapter;
             22      and
             23          .    makes technical changes.
             24      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             25          None

             26      Other Special Clauses:
             27          None
             28      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             29      AMENDS:
             30           76-6-206.2 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 344
             32      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             33          Section 1. Section 76-6-206.2 is amended to read:
             34           76-6-206.2. Criminal trespass on state park lands -- Penalties.
             35          (1) For purposes of this section:
             36          (a) "Authorization" means specific written permission by, or contractual agreement
             37      with, the Division of Parks and Recreation.
             38          [(b) "Criminal trespass" means the elements of the crime of criminal trespass, as set
             39      forth in Section 76-6-206 .]
             40          [(c)] (b) "Division" means the Division of Parks and Recreation, created in Section
             41      79-4-201 .
             42          (c) (i) "Division resource" means a:
             43          (A) geological area, site, feature, or formation that is located on property administered,
             44      managed, or owned by the division; or
             45          (B) property, structure, or resource administered, managed, or owned by the division or
             46      located on property administered, managed, or owned by the division.
             47          (ii) "Division resource" does not mean a geological area, site, feature, formation,
             48      property, structure, or resource with an estimated value under Subsection (3)(d) of $100 or less.
             49          (d) "State park lands" means all lands administered by the division.
             50          (2) A person is guilty of [criminal trespass] a crime on state park lands and is liable for
             51      the civil damages prescribed in Subsection (5) if, under circumstances not amounting to a
             52      greater offense, and without authorization, the person:
             53          (a) constructs improvements or structures on state park lands;
             54          (b) uses or occupies state park lands for more than 30 days after the cancellation or
             55      expiration of authorization;
             56          (c) knowingly or intentionally uses state park lands for commercial gain;

             57          (d) intentionally or knowingly grazes livestock on state park lands, except as provided
             58      in Section 72-3-112 ; [or]
             59          (e) remains, after being ordered to leave by someone with actual authority to act for the
             60      division, or by a law enforcement officer[.];
             61          [(3) A person is not guilty of criminal trespass if that person enters onto state park
             62      lands:]
             63          [(a) without first paying the required fee; and]
             64          [(b) for the sole purpose of pursuing recreational activity.]
             65          [(4) A violation of Subsection (2) is a class B misdemeanor.]
             66          (f) intentionally commits an act that causes damage, defacement, excavation,
             67      permanent alteration, or destruction of a division resource; or
             68          (g) removes or exercises control over any division resource with the intent to
             69      temporarily or permanently deprive the division.
             70          (3) (a) A violation of Subsections (2)(a) through (e) is a class B misdemeanor.
             71          (b) A violation of Subsections (2)(f) or (g) is a:
             72          (i) class A misdemeanor; or
             73          (ii) third degree felony, if the damage to the division is calculated under
             74      Subsection(3)(d) is $1,500 or greater.
             75          (c) An person who is convicted of a subsequent violation of Subsection (2) shall be
             76      punishable for:
             77          (i) a class A misdemeanor for a subsequent violation of Subsections (2)(a) through (e);
             78      and
             79          (ii) one degree higher than provided in Subsection (3)(b) for subsequent violation of
             80      Subsections (2)(f) or (g).
             81          (d) The amount of damage to the division shall be calculated as the greater of the:
             82          (i) value of the division resource involved in the violation; or
             83          (ii) estimated cost to restore or repair the division resource involved in the violation,
             84      including:
             85          (A) division staff time; and
             86          (B) the cost of any expert evaluation of the possibility of restoring or repairing the
             87      division resource.

             88          (4) Any division resource discovered, collected, excavated, or offered for sale or
             89      exchange as a result of a violation of Subsection (2) shall be surrendered to the division.
             90          (5) In addition to restitution, as provided in Section 76-3-201 , a person who commits
             91      any act described in Subsection (2) may also be liable for civil damages in the amount of three
             92      times the value of:
             93          (a) damages resulting from a violation of Subsection (2);
             94          (b) the [water, mineral, vegetation, improvement, or structure on state park lands]
             95      division resource that is removed, damaged, altered, defaced, excavated, destroyed, used, or
             96      consumed without authorization; or
             97          [(c) the historical, prehistorical, archaeological, or paleontological resource on state
             98      park lands that is removed, destroyed, used, or consumed without authorization; or]
             99          [(d)] (c) the consideration which would have been charged by the division for
             100      unauthorized use of the land and resources during the period of trespass.
             101          (6) (a) In addition to the damages recoverable under Subsection (5), a person who
             102      violates Subsection (2) is also liable to the division for any costs incurred by the division in any
             103      enforcement proceeding, including attorney fees, costs, and reimbursement for time spent by a
             104      division employee on the enforcement proceeding.
             105          (b) The division shall have the burden of proof by a preponderance of the evidence in a
             106      civil or administrative proceeding.
             107          [(6)] (7) Civil damages under [Subsection (5)] Subsections (5) and (6) may be
             108      collected in a separate action by the division, and shall be deposited in the State Parks Fees
             109      Restricted Account as established in Section 79-4-402 .

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