7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill modifies the Traffic Code by amending traffic code provisions.
10 Highlighted Provisions:
11 This bill:
12 . defines free-flowing traffic;
13 . provides that in free-flowing traffic on a highway having more than one lane in the
14 same direction, an operator of a vehicle shall, when changing to a different lane,
15 avoid disrupting traffic flow by accelerating or decelerating with due regard for the
16 speed and proximity of other vehicles in that lane;
17 . provides that in free-flowing traffic on a highway having more than one lane in the
18 same direction, if a vehicle is following directly behind an operator's vehicle in the
19 left general purpose lane at a distance so that less than three seconds elapse before
20 reaching the location of the operator's vehicle, or if the operator's vehicle is passed
21 by two or more vehicles in the next lane right, the operator:
22 . shall move safely to a lane to the right; and
23 . may not impede the movement or traffic in the left general purpose lane; and
24 . makes technical corrections.
25 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
27 Other Special Clauses:
29 Utah Code Sections Affected:
31 41-6a-102 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2013, Chapter 140
32 41-6a-704 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 350
33 41-6a-705 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2013, Chapter 210
35 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
36 Section 1. Section 41-6a-102 is amended to read:
37 41-6a-102. Definitions.
38 As used in this chapter:
39 (1) "Alley" means a street or highway intended to provide access to the rear or side of
40 lots or buildings in urban districts and not intended for through vehicular traffic.
41 (2) "All-terrain type I vehicle" has the same meaning as defined in Section 41-22-2 .
42 (3) "Authorized emergency vehicle" includes:
43 (a) fire department vehicles;
44 (b) police vehicles;
45 (c) ambulances; and
46 (d) other publicly or privately owned vehicles as designated by the commissioner of the
47 Department of Public Safety.
48 (4) (a) "Bicycle" means a wheeled vehicle:
49 (i) propelled by human power by feet or hands acting upon pedals or cranks;
50 (ii) with a seat or saddle designed for the use of the operator;
51 (iii) designed to be operated on the ground; and
52 (iv) whose wheels are not less than 14 inches in diameter.
53 (b) "Bicycle" includes an electric assisted bicycle.
54 (c) "Bicycle" does not include scooters and similar devices.
55 (5) (a) "Bus" means a motor vehicle:
56 (i) designed for carrying more than 15 passengers and used for the transportation of
57 persons; or
58 (ii) designed and used for the transportation of persons for compensation.
59 (b) "Bus" does not include a taxicab.
60 (6) (a) "Circular intersection" means an intersection that has an island, generally
61 circular in design, located in the center of the intersection where traffic passes to the right of
62 the island.
63 (b) "Circular intersection" includes:
64 (i) roundabouts;
65 (ii) rotaries; and
66 (iii) traffic circles.
67 (7) "Commissioner" means the commissioner of the Department of Public Safety.
68 (8) "Controlled-access highway" means a highway, street, or roadway:
69 (a) designed primarily for through traffic; and
70 (b) to or from which owners or occupants of abutting lands and other persons have no
71 legal right of access, except at points as determined by the highway authority having
72 jurisdiction over the highway, street, or roadway.
73 (9) "Crosswalk" means:
74 (a) that part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the
75 lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway measured from:
76 (i) (A) the curbs; or
77 (B) in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable roadway; and
78 (ii) in the absence of a sidewalk on one side of the roadway, that part of a roadway
79 included within the extension of the lateral lines of the existing sidewalk at right angles to the
80 centerline; or
81 (b) any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for
82 pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.
83 (10) "Department" means the Department of Public Safety.
84 (11) "Direct supervision" means oversight at a distance within which:
85 (a) visual contact is maintained; and
86 (b) advice and assistance can be given and received.
87 (12) "Divided highway" means a highway divided into two or more roadways by:
88 (a) an unpaved intervening space;
89 (b) a physical barrier; or
90 (c) a clearly indicated dividing section constructed to impede vehicular traffic.
91 (13) "Electric assisted bicycle" means a moped:
92 (a) with an electric motor with a power output of not more than 1,000 watts; and
93 (b) which is not capable of:
94 (i) propelling the device at a speed of more than 20 miles per hour on level ground
96 (A) powered solely by the electric motor; and
97 (B) operated by a person who weighs 170 pounds; and
98 (ii) increasing the speed of the device when human power is used to propel the device
99 at more than 20 miles per hour;
100 (c) has fully operable pedals on permanently affixed cranks; and
101 (d) weighs less than 75 pounds.
102 (14) (a) "Electric personal assistive mobility device" means a self-balancing device
104 (i) two nontandem wheels in contact with the ground;
105 (ii) a system capable of steering and stopping the unit under typical operating
107 (iii) an electric propulsion system with average power of one horsepower or 750 watts;
108 (iv) a maximum speed capacity on a paved, level surface of 12.5 miles per hour; and
109 (v) a deck design for a person to stand while operating the device.
110 (b) "Electric personal assistive mobility device" does not include a wheelchair.
111 (15) "Explosives" means any chemical compound or mechanical mixture commonly
112 used or intended for the purpose of producing an explosion and that contains any oxidizing and
113 combustive units or other ingredients in proportions, quantities, or packing so that an ignition
114 by fire, friction, concussion, percussion, or detonator of any part of the compound or mixture
115 may cause a sudden generation of highly heated gases, and the resultant gaseous pressures are
116 capable of producing destructive effects on contiguous objects or of causing death or serious
117 bodily injury.
118 (16) "Farm tractor" means a motor vehicle designed and used primarily as a farm
119 implement, for drawing plows, mowing machines, and other implements of husbandry.
120 (17) "Flammable liquid" means a liquid that has a flashpoint of 100 degrees F. or less,
121 as determined by a tagliabue or equivalent closed-cup test device.
122 (18) "Free-flowing traffic" means traffic density on a multilane highway that allows
123 space for a vehicle operator to safely move into an adjoining lane.
125 system as defined in Section 72-1-102 .
127 between a continuing lane of a through roadway and a lane used to enter or exit the continuing
128 lane including similar areas between merging or splitting highways.
130 weight of any load on the vehicle.
132 place of any nature when any part of it is open to the use of the public as a matter of right for
133 vehicular travel.
136 connection of the lateral curblines, or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways
137 of two or more highways which join one another.
138 (b) Where a highway includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart:
139 (i) every crossing of each roadway of the divided highway by an intersecting highway
140 is a separate intersection; and
141 (ii) if the intersecting highway also includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then
142 every crossing of two roadways of the highways is a separate intersection.
143 (c) "Intersection" does not include the junction of an alley with a street or highway.
145 of vehicle movements or for pedestrian refuge designated by:
146 (a) pavement markings, which may include an area designated by two solid yellow
147 lines surrounding the perimeter of the area;
148 (b) channelizing devices;
149 (c) curbs;
150 (d) pavement edges; or
151 (e) other devices.
153 53-1-102 .
155 (a) that is designated specifically for through traffic; and
156 (b) over, from, or to which neither owners nor occupants of abutting lands nor other
157 persons have any right or easement, or have only a limited right or easement of access, light,
158 air, or view.
160 body of a county, municipal, or other local board or body having authority to enact laws
161 relating to traffic under the constitution and laws of the state.
163 (i) is designed to be operated at speeds of not more than 25 miles per hour; and
164 (ii) has a capacity of not more than four passengers, including the driver.
165 (b) "Low-speed vehicle" does not include a golfcart or an off-highway vehicle.
167 is wholly or partly of metal or other hard nonresilient material.
169 seat or saddle that is less than 24 inches from the ground as measured on a level surface with
170 properly inflated tires.
171 (b) "Mini-motorcycle" does not include a moped or a motor assisted scooter.
172 (c) "Mini-motorcycle" does not include a motorcycle that is:
173 (i) designed for off-highway use; and
174 (ii) registered as an off-highway vehicle under Section 41-22-3 .
176 (a) a trailer or semitrailer that is:
177 (i) designed, constructed, and equipped as a dwelling place, living abode, or sleeping
178 place either permanently or temporarily; and
179 (ii) equipped for use as a conveyance on streets and highways; or
180 (b) a trailer or a semitrailer whose chassis and exterior shell is designed and
181 constructed for use as a mobile home, as defined in Subsection [
182 instead used permanently or temporarily for:
183 (i) the advertising, sale, display, or promotion of merchandise or services; or
184 (ii) any other commercial purpose except the transportation of property for hire or the
185 transportation of property for distribution by a private carrier.
187 (i) pedals to permit propulsion by human power; and
188 (ii) a motor that:
189 (A) produces not more than two brake horsepower; and
190 (B) is not capable of propelling the cycle at a speed in excess of 30 miles per hour on
191 level ground.
192 (b) If an internal combustion engine is used, the displacement may not exceed 50 cubic
193 centimeters and the moped shall have a power drive system that functions directly or
194 automatically without clutching or shifting by the operator after the drive system is engaged.
195 (c) "Moped" includes an electric assisted bicycle and a motor assisted scooter.
197 (a) at least two wheels in contact with the ground;
198 (b) a braking system capable of stopping the unit under typical operating conditions;
199 (c) a gas or electric motor not exceeding 40 cubic centimeters;
200 (d) either:
201 (i) a deck design for a person to stand while operating the device; or
202 (ii) a deck and seat designed for a person to sit, straddle, or stand while operating the
203 device; and
204 (e) a design for the ability to be propelled by human power alone.
205 (35) "Motorcycle" means a motor vehicle, other than a tractor, having a seat or saddle
206 for the use of the rider and designed to travel with not more than three wheels in contact with
207 the ground.
208 (36) (a) "Motor-driven cycle" means every motorcycle, motor scooter, moped, electric
209 assisted bicycle, motor assisted scooter, and every motorized bicycle having:
210 (i) an engine with less than 150 cubic centimeters displacement; or
211 (ii) a motor that produces not more than five horsepower.
212 (b) "Motor-driven cycle" does not include an electric personal assistive mobility
215 which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated
216 upon rails.
217 (b) "Motor vehicle" does not include vehicles moved solely by human power,
218 motorized wheelchairs, or an electric personal assistive mobility device.
220 under Section 41-22-2 .
222 41-22-2 .
225 is occupied or not.
226 (b) "Park" or "parking" does not include the standing of a vehicle temporarily for the
227 purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading property or passengers.
229 Peace Officer Classifications, to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of
230 traffic laws.
232 (a) on foot; or
233 (b) in a wheelchair.
235 regulate pedestrians.
239 (a) designed to be drawn by another vehicle and attached to the towing vehicle by
240 means of a reach, or pole, or by being boomed or otherwise secured to the towing vehicle; and
241 (b) that is ordinarily used for transporting long or irregular shaped loads including
242 poles, pipes, or structural members generally capable of sustaining themselves as beams
243 between the supporting connections.
245 and used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission
246 from the owner, but not by other persons.
248 stationary rails.
250 authority of a public body or official or by a railroad and intended to give notice of the presence
251 of railroad tracks or the approach of a railroad train.
253 coupled with or operated without cars, and operated upon rails.
255 lawful manner in preference to another vehicle or pedestrian approaching under circumstances
256 of direction, speed, and proximity that give rise to danger of collision unless one grants
257 precedence to the other.
259 ordinarily used for vehicular travel.
260 (b) "Roadway" does not include the sidewalk, berm, or shoulder, even though any of
261 them are used by persons riding bicycles or other human-powered vehicles.
262 (c) "Roadway" refers to any roadway separately but not to all roadways collectively, if
263 a highway includes two or more separate roadways.
265 for the exclusive use of pedestrians and that is protected, marked, or indicated by adequate
266 signs as to be plainly visible at all times while set apart as a safety zone.
268 (i) complies with the color and identification requirements of the most recent edition of
269 "Minimum Standards for School Buses"; and
270 (ii) is used to transport school children to or from school or school activities.
271 (b) "School bus" does not include a vehicle operated by a common carrier in
272 transportation of school children to or from school or school activities.
274 (i) designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle;
276 (ii) constructed so that some part of its weight and that of its load rests on or is carried
277 by another vehicle.
278 (b) "Semitrailer" does not include a pole trailer.
280 (a) that area of the hard-surfaced highway separated from the roadway by a pavement
281 edge line as established in the current approved "Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices";
283 (b) that portion of the road contiguous to the roadway for accommodation of stopped
284 vehicles, for emergency use, and for lateral support.
286 lateral lines of a roadway, and the adjacent property lines intended for the use of pedestrians.
288 does not depend on compressed air for the support of the load.
290 occupied or not, for the purpose of and while actually engaged in receiving or discharging
294 of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except when:
295 (a) necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic; or
296 (b) in compliance with the directions of a peace officer or traffic-control device.
298 type I vehicle or utility type vehicle that is modified to meet the requirements of Section
299 41-6a-1509 to operate on highways in the state in accordance with Section 41-6a-1509 .
301 conveyances either singly or together while using any highway for the purpose of travel.
303 inconsistent with this chapter placed or erected by a highway authority for the purpose of
304 regulating, warning, or guiding traffic.
306 mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and permitted to proceed.
308 designed, intended, or used to interfere with the operation or cycle of a traffic-control signal.
310 carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and constructed so that no
311 part of its weight rests upon the towing vehicle.
312 (b) "Trailer" does not include a pole trailer.
314 the transportation of property.
316 (a) designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles; and
317 (b) constructed to carry a part of the weight of the vehicle and load drawn by the truck
320 (a) provided for vehicle operators making left turns in either direction;
321 (b) that is not used for passing, overtaking, or through travel; and
322 (c) that has been indicated by a lane traffic-control device that may include lane
325 in which structures devoted to business, industry, or dwelling houses are situated at intervals of
326 less than 100 feet, for a distance of a quarter of a mile or more.
328 capable of travel over unimproved terrain:
329 (i) traveling on four or more tires;
330 (ii) having a width of 30 to 70 inches;
331 (iii) having an unladen dry weight of 2,200 pounds or less;
332 (iv) having a seat height of 25 to 40 inches when measured at the forward edge of the
333 seat bottom; and
334 (v) having side-by-side seating with a steering wheel for control.
335 (b) "Utility type vehicle" does not include:
336 (i) an all-terrain type I vehicle;
337 (ii) an all-terrain type II vehicle;
338 (iii) a motorcycle; or
339 (iv) a snowmobile as defined in Section 41-22-2 .
341 be transported or drawn on a highway, except devices used exclusively on stationary rails or
343 Section 2. Section 41-6a-704 is amended to read:
344 41-6a-704. Changing lanes -- Overtaking and passing vehicles proceeding in same
347 (1) In free-flowing traffic on a highway having more than one lane in the same
348 direction, an operator of a vehicle shall, when changing to a different lane, avoid disrupting
349 traffic flow by accelerating or decelerating with due regard for the speed and proximity of other
350 vehicles in that lane.
351 (2) (a) In free-flowing traffic:
352 (i) the operator of a vehicle overtaking another vehicle proceeding in the same
353 direction shall:
355 (A) promptly pass the overtaken vehicle on the left at a safe distance; and
356 (B) enter a right-hand lane or the right side of the roadway [
357 the overtaken vehicle; and
358 (ii) the operator of an overtaken vehicle:
359 (A) shall give way to the right in favor of the overtaking vehicle; and
360 (B) may not increase the speed of the vehicle until completely passed by the overtaking
362 (b) The exemption from the minimum speed regulations for a vehicle operating on a
363 grade under Section 41-6a-605 does not exempt the vehicle from promptly passing a vehicle as
364 required under Subsection [
366 same direction, [
367 is following directly behind an operator's vehicle in the left general purpose lane at a distance
368 so that less than three seconds elapse before reaching the location of the operator's vehicle, or if
369 the operator's vehicle is passed by two or more vehicles in the next lane right, the operator:
370 (a) shall[
372 (b) may not impede the movement [
379 (4) The provisions of Subsection [
380 traveling in the left general purpose lane when:
386 acceleration or merging lane; or
388 designated lane.
389 Section 3. Section 41-6a-705 is amended to read:
390 41-6a-705. Passing upon right -- When permissible.
391 (1) The operator of a vehicle may overtake and pass on the right of another vehicle
393 (a) when the vehicle overtaken is making or preparing to make a left turn; [
394 (b) on a roadway with unobstructed pavement of sufficient width for two or more lines
395 of vehicles moving lawfully in the direction being traveled by the overtaking vehicle[
397 (c) under conditions permitting the movement with safety.
399 overtake [
Legislative Review Note
as of 2-10-14 10:58 AM