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H.B. 122





Chief Sponsor: Kay J. Christofferson

Senate Sponsor: ____________

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies the Traffic Code by amending traffic code provisions.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    defines free-flowing traffic;
             13          .    provides that in free-flowing traffic on a highway having more than one lane in the
             14      same direction, an operator of a vehicle shall, when changing to a different lane,
             15      avoid disrupting traffic flow by accelerating or decelerating with due regard for the
             16      speed and proximity of other vehicles in that lane;
             17          .    provides that in free-flowing traffic on a highway having more than one lane in the
             18      same direction, if a vehicle is following directly behind an operator's vehicle in the
             19      left general purpose lane at a distance so that less than three seconds elapse before
             20      reaching the location of the operator's vehicle, or if the operator's vehicle is passed
             21      by two or more vehicles in the next lane right, the operator:
             22              .    shall move safely to a lane to the right; and
             23              .    may not impede the movement or traffic in the left general purpose lane; and
             24          .    makes technical corrections.
             25      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             26          None
             27      Other Special Clauses:

             28          None
             29      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             30      AMENDS:
             31           41-6a-102 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2013, Chapter 140
             32           41-6a-704 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 350
             33           41-6a-705 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2013, Chapter 210
             35      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             36          Section 1. Section 41-6a-102 is amended to read:
             37           41-6a-102. Definitions.
             38          As used in this chapter:
             39          (1) "Alley" means a street or highway intended to provide access to the rear or side of
             40      lots or buildings in urban districts and not intended for through vehicular traffic.
             41          (2) "All-terrain type I vehicle" has the same meaning as defined in Section 41-22-2 .
             42          (3) "Authorized emergency vehicle" includes:
             43          (a) fire department vehicles;
             44          (b) police vehicles;
             45          (c) ambulances; and
             46          (d) other publicly or privately owned vehicles as designated by the commissioner of the
             47      Department of Public Safety.
             48          (4) (a) "Bicycle" means a wheeled vehicle:
             49          (i) propelled by human power by feet or hands acting upon pedals or cranks;
             50          (ii) with a seat or saddle designed for the use of the operator;
             51          (iii) designed to be operated on the ground; and
             52          (iv) whose wheels are not less than 14 inches in diameter.
             53          (b) "Bicycle" includes an electric assisted bicycle.
             54          (c) "Bicycle" does not include scooters and similar devices.
             55          (5) (a) "Bus" means a motor vehicle:
             56          (i) designed for carrying more than 15 passengers and used for the transportation of
             57      persons; or
             58          (ii) designed and used for the transportation of persons for compensation.

             59          (b) "Bus" does not include a taxicab.
             60          (6) (a) "Circular intersection" means an intersection that has an island, generally
             61      circular in design, located in the center of the intersection where traffic passes to the right of
             62      the island.
             63          (b) "Circular intersection" includes:
             64          (i) roundabouts;
             65          (ii) rotaries; and
             66          (iii) traffic circles.
             67          (7) "Commissioner" means the commissioner of the Department of Public Safety.
             68          (8) "Controlled-access highway" means a highway, street, or roadway:
             69          (a) designed primarily for through traffic; and
             70          (b) to or from which owners or occupants of abutting lands and other persons have no
             71      legal right of access, except at points as determined by the highway authority having
             72      jurisdiction over the highway, street, or roadway.
             73          (9) "Crosswalk" means:
             74          (a) that part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the
             75      lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway measured from:
             76          (i) (A) the curbs; or
             77          (B) in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable roadway; and
             78          (ii) in the absence of a sidewalk on one side of the roadway, that part of a roadway
             79      included within the extension of the lateral lines of the existing sidewalk at right angles to the
             80      centerline; or
             81          (b) any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for
             82      pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.
             83          (10) "Department" means the Department of Public Safety.
             84          (11) "Direct supervision" means oversight at a distance within which:
             85          (a) visual contact is maintained; and
             86          (b) advice and assistance can be given and received.
             87          (12) "Divided highway" means a highway divided into two or more roadways by:
             88          (a) an unpaved intervening space;
             89          (b) a physical barrier; or

             90          (c) a clearly indicated dividing section constructed to impede vehicular traffic.
             91          (13) "Electric assisted bicycle" means a moped:
             92          (a) with an electric motor with a power output of not more than 1,000 watts; and
             93          (b) which is not capable of:
             94          (i) propelling the device at a speed of more than 20 miles per hour on level ground
             95      when:
             96          (A) powered solely by the electric motor; and
             97          (B) operated by a person who weighs 170 pounds; and
             98          (ii) increasing the speed of the device when human power is used to propel the device
             99      at more than 20 miles per hour;
             100          (c) has fully operable pedals on permanently affixed cranks; and
             101          (d) weighs less than 75 pounds.
             102          (14) (a) "Electric personal assistive mobility device" means a self-balancing device
             103      with:
             104          (i) two nontandem wheels in contact with the ground;
             105          (ii) a system capable of steering and stopping the unit under typical operating
             106      conditions;
             107          (iii) an electric propulsion system with average power of one horsepower or 750 watts;
             108          (iv) a maximum speed capacity on a paved, level surface of 12.5 miles per hour; and
             109          (v) a deck design for a person to stand while operating the device.
             110          (b) "Electric personal assistive mobility device" does not include a wheelchair.
             111          (15) "Explosives" means any chemical compound or mechanical mixture commonly
             112      used or intended for the purpose of producing an explosion and that contains any oxidizing and
             113      combustive units or other ingredients in proportions, quantities, or packing so that an ignition
             114      by fire, friction, concussion, percussion, or detonator of any part of the compound or mixture
             115      may cause a sudden generation of highly heated gases, and the resultant gaseous pressures are
             116      capable of producing destructive effects on contiguous objects or of causing death or serious
             117      bodily injury.
             118          (16) "Farm tractor" means a motor vehicle designed and used primarily as a farm
             119      implement, for drawing plows, mowing machines, and other implements of husbandry.
             120          (17) "Flammable liquid" means a liquid that has a flashpoint of 100 degrees F. or less,

             121      as determined by a tagliabue or equivalent closed-cup test device.
             122          (18) "Free-flowing traffic" means traffic density on a multilane highway that allows
             123      space for a vehicle operator to safely move into an adjoining lane.
             124          [(18)] (19) "Freeway" means a controlled-access highway that is part of the interstate
             125      system as defined in Section 72-1-102 .
             126          [(19)] (20) "Gore area" means the area delineated by two solid white lines that is
             127      between a continuing lane of a through roadway and a lane used to enter or exit the continuing
             128      lane including similar areas between merging or splitting highways.
             129          [(20)] (21) "Gross weight" means the weight of a vehicle without a load plus the
             130      weight of any load on the vehicle.
             131          [(21)] (22) "Highway" means the entire width between property lines of every way or
             132      place of any nature when any part of it is open to the use of the public as a matter of right for
             133      vehicular travel.
             134          [(22)] (23) "Highway authority" has the same meaning as defined in Section 72-1-102 .
             135          [(23)] (24) (a) "Intersection" means the area embraced within the prolongation or
             136      connection of the lateral curblines, or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways
             137      of two or more highways which join one another.
             138          (b) Where a highway includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart:
             139          (i) every crossing of each roadway of the divided highway by an intersecting highway
             140      is a separate intersection; and
             141          (ii) if the intersecting highway also includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then
             142      every crossing of two roadways of the highways is a separate intersection.
             143          (c) "Intersection" does not include the junction of an alley with a street or highway.
             144          [(24)] (25) "Island" means an area between traffic lanes or at an intersection for control
             145      of vehicle movements or for pedestrian refuge designated by:
             146          (a) pavement markings, which may include an area designated by two solid yellow
             147      lines surrounding the perimeter of the area;
             148          (b) channelizing devices;
             149          (c) curbs;
             150          (d) pavement edges; or
             151          (e) other devices.

             152          [(25)] (26) "Law enforcement agency" has the same meaning as defined in Section
             153      53-1-102 .
             154          [(26)] (27) "Limited access highway" means a highway:
             155          (a) that is designated specifically for through traffic; and
             156          (b) over, from, or to which neither owners nor occupants of abutting lands nor other
             157      persons have any right or easement, or have only a limited right or easement of access, light,
             158      air, or view.
             159          [(27)] (28) "Local highway authority" means the legislative, executive, or governing
             160      body of a county, municipal, or other local board or body having authority to enact laws
             161      relating to traffic under the constitution and laws of the state.
             162          [(28)] (29) (a) "Low-speed vehicle" means a four wheeled electric motor vehicle that:
             163          (i) is designed to be operated at speeds of not more than 25 miles per hour; and
             164          (ii) has a capacity of not more than four passengers, including the driver.
             165          (b) "Low-speed vehicle" does not include a golfcart or an off-highway vehicle.
             166          [(29)] (30) "Metal tire" means a tire, the surface of which in contact with the highway
             167      is wholly or partly of metal or other hard nonresilient material.
             168          [(30)] (31) (a) "Mini-motorcycle" means a motorcycle or motor-driven cycle that has a
             169      seat or saddle that is less than 24 inches from the ground as measured on a level surface with
             170      properly inflated tires.
             171          (b) "Mini-motorcycle" does not include a moped or a motor assisted scooter.
             172          (c) "Mini-motorcycle" does not include a motorcycle that is:
             173          (i) designed for off-highway use; and
             174          (ii) registered as an off-highway vehicle under Section 41-22-3 .
             175          [(31)] (32) "Mobile home" means:
             176          (a) a trailer or semitrailer that is:
             177          (i) designed, constructed, and equipped as a dwelling place, living abode, or sleeping
             178      place either permanently or temporarily; and
             179          (ii) equipped for use as a conveyance on streets and highways; or
             180          (b) a trailer or a semitrailer whose chassis and exterior shell is designed and
             181      constructed for use as a mobile home, as defined in Subsection [(31)] (32)(a), but that is
             182      instead used permanently or temporarily for:

             183          (i) the advertising, sale, display, or promotion of merchandise or services; or
             184          (ii) any other commercial purpose except the transportation of property for hire or the
             185      transportation of property for distribution by a private carrier.
             186          [(32)] (33) (a) "Moped" means a motor-driven cycle having:
             187          (i) pedals to permit propulsion by human power; and
             188          (ii) a motor that:
             189          (A) produces not more than two brake horsepower; and
             190          (B) is not capable of propelling the cycle at a speed in excess of 30 miles per hour on
             191      level ground.
             192          (b) If an internal combustion engine is used, the displacement may not exceed 50 cubic
             193      centimeters and the moped shall have a power drive system that functions directly or
             194      automatically without clutching or shifting by the operator after the drive system is engaged.
             195          (c) "Moped" includes an electric assisted bicycle and a motor assisted scooter.
             196          [(33)] (34) "Motor assisted scooter" means a self-propelled device with:
             197          (a) at least two wheels in contact with the ground;
             198          (b) a braking system capable of stopping the unit under typical operating conditions;
             199          (c) a gas or electric motor not exceeding 40 cubic centimeters;
             200          (d) either:
             201          (i) a deck design for a person to stand while operating the device; or
             202          (ii) a deck and seat designed for a person to sit, straddle, or stand while operating the
             203      device; and
             204          (e) a design for the ability to be propelled by human power alone.
             205          (35) "Motorcycle" means a motor vehicle, other than a tractor, having a seat or saddle
             206      for the use of the rider and designed to travel with not more than three wheels in contact with
             207      the ground.
             208          (36) (a) "Motor-driven cycle" means every motorcycle, motor scooter, moped, electric
             209      assisted bicycle, motor assisted scooter, and every motorized bicycle having:
             210          (i) an engine with less than 150 cubic centimeters displacement; or
             211          (ii) a motor that produces not more than five horsepower.
             212          (b) "Motor-driven cycle" does not include an electric personal assistive mobility
             213      device.

             214          [(34)] (37) (a) "Motor vehicle" means a vehicle that is self-propelled and every vehicle
             215      which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated
             216      upon rails.
             217          (b) "Motor vehicle" does not include vehicles moved solely by human power,
             218      motorized wheelchairs, or an electric personal assistive mobility device.
             219          [(37)] (38) "Off-highway implement of husbandry" has the same meaning as defined
             220      under Section 41-22-2 .
             221          [(38)] (39) "Off-highway vehicle" has the same meaning as defined under Section
             222      41-22-2 .
             223          [(39)] (40) "Operator" means a person who is in actual physical control of a vehicle.
             224          [(40)] (41) (a) "Park" or "parking" means the standing of a vehicle, whether the vehicle
             225      is occupied or not.
             226          (b) "Park" or "parking" does not include the standing of a vehicle temporarily for the
             227      purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading property or passengers.
             228          [(41)] (42) "Peace officer" means a peace officer authorized under Title 53, Chapter 13,
             229      Peace Officer Classifications, to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of
             230      traffic laws.
             231          [(42)] (43) "Pedestrian" means a person traveling:
             232          (a) on foot; or
             233          (b) in a wheelchair.
             234          [(43)] (44) "Pedestrian traffic-control signal" means a traffic-control signal used to
             235      regulate pedestrians.
             236          [(44)] (45) "Person" means every natural person, firm, copartnership, association, or
             237      corporation.
             238          [(45)] (46) "Pole trailer" means every vehicle without motive power:
             239          (a) designed to be drawn by another vehicle and attached to the towing vehicle by
             240      means of a reach, or pole, or by being boomed or otherwise secured to the towing vehicle; and
             241          (b) that is ordinarily used for transporting long or irregular shaped loads including
             242      poles, pipes, or structural members generally capable of sustaining themselves as beams
             243      between the supporting connections.
             244          [(46)] (47) "Private road or driveway" means every way or place in private ownership

             245      and used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission
             246      from the owner, but not by other persons.
             247          [(47)] (48) "Railroad" means a carrier of persons or property upon cars operated on
             248      stationary rails.
             249          [(48)] (49) "Railroad sign or signal" means a sign, signal, or device erected by
             250      authority of a public body or official or by a railroad and intended to give notice of the presence
             251      of railroad tracks or the approach of a railroad train.
             252          [(49)] (50) "Railroad train" means a locomotive propelled by any form of energy,
             253      coupled with or operated without cars, and operated upon rails.
             254          [(50)] (51) "Right-of-way" means the right of one vehicle or pedestrian to proceed in a
             255      lawful manner in preference to another vehicle or pedestrian approaching under circumstances
             256      of direction, speed, and proximity that give rise to danger of collision unless one grants
             257      precedence to the other.
             258          [(51)] (52) (a) "Roadway" means that portion of highway improved, designed, or
             259      ordinarily used for vehicular travel.
             260          (b) "Roadway" does not include the sidewalk, berm, or shoulder, even though any of
             261      them are used by persons riding bicycles or other human-powered vehicles.
             262          (c) "Roadway" refers to any roadway separately but not to all roadways collectively, if
             263      a highway includes two or more separate roadways.
             264          [(52)] (53) "Safety zone" means the area or space officially set apart within a roadway
             265      for the exclusive use of pedestrians and that is protected, marked, or indicated by adequate
             266      signs as to be plainly visible at all times while set apart as a safety zone.
             267          [(53)] (54) (a) "School bus" means a motor vehicle that:
             268          (i) complies with the color and identification requirements of the most recent edition of
             269      "Minimum Standards for School Buses"; and
             270          (ii) is used to transport school children to or from school or school activities.
             271          (b) "School bus" does not include a vehicle operated by a common carrier in
             272      transportation of school children to or from school or school activities.
             273          [(54)] (55) (a) "Semitrailer" means a vehicle with or without motive power:
             274          (i) designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle;
             275      and

             276          (ii) constructed so that some part of its weight and that of its load rests on or is carried
             277      by another vehicle.
             278          (b) "Semitrailer" does not include a pole trailer.
             279          [(55)] (56) "Shoulder area" means:
             280          (a) that area of the hard-surfaced highway separated from the roadway by a pavement
             281      edge line as established in the current approved "Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices";
             282      or
             283          (b) that portion of the road contiguous to the roadway for accommodation of stopped
             284      vehicles, for emergency use, and for lateral support.
             285          [(56)] (57) "Sidewalk" means that portion of a street between the curb lines, or the
             286      lateral lines of a roadway, and the adjacent property lines intended for the use of pedestrians.
             287          [(57)] (58) "Solid rubber tire" means a tire of rubber or other resilient material that
             288      does not depend on compressed air for the support of the load.
             289          [(58)] (59) "Stand" or "standing" means the temporary halting of a vehicle, whether
             290      occupied or not, for the purpose of and while actually engaged in receiving or discharging
             291      passengers.
             292          [(59)] (60) "Stop" when required means complete cessation from movement.
             293          [(60)] (61) "Stop" or "stopping" when prohibited means any halting even momentarily
             294      of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except when:
             295          (a) necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic; or
             296          (b) in compliance with the directions of a peace officer or traffic-control device.
             297          [(61)] (62) "Street-legal all-terrain vehicle" or "street-legal ATV" means an all-terrain
             298      type I vehicle or utility type vehicle that is modified to meet the requirements of Section
             299      41-6a-1509 to operate on highways in the state in accordance with Section 41-6a-1509 .
             300          [(62)] (63) "Traffic" means pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, and other
             301      conveyances either singly or together while using any highway for the purpose of travel.
             302          [(63)] (64) "Traffic-control device" means a sign, signal, marking, or device not
             303      inconsistent with this chapter placed or erected by a highway authority for the purpose of
             304      regulating, warning, or guiding traffic.
             305          [(64)] (65) "Traffic-control signal" means a device, whether manually, electrically, or
             306      mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and permitted to proceed.

             307          [(65)] (66) "Traffic signal preemption device" means an instrument or mechanism
             308      designed, intended, or used to interfere with the operation or cycle of a traffic-control signal.
             309          [(66)] (67) (a) "Trailer" means a vehicle with or without motive power designed for
             310      carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and constructed so that no
             311      part of its weight rests upon the towing vehicle.
             312          (b) "Trailer" does not include a pole trailer.
             313          [(67)] (68) "Truck" means a motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained primarily for
             314      the transportation of property.
             315          [(68)] (69) "Truck tractor" means a motor vehicle:
             316          (a) designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles; and
             317          (b) constructed to carry a part of the weight of the vehicle and load drawn by the truck
             318      tractor.
             319          [(69)] (70) "Two-way left turn lane" means a lane:
             320          (a) provided for vehicle operators making left turns in either direction;
             321          (b) that is not used for passing, overtaking, or through travel; and
             322          (c) that has been indicated by a lane traffic-control device that may include lane
             323      markings.
             324          [(70)] (71) "Urban district" means the territory contiguous to and including any street,
             325      in which structures devoted to business, industry, or dwelling houses are situated at intervals of
             326      less than 100 feet, for a distance of a quarter of a mile or more.
             327          [(71)] (72) (a) "Utility type vehicle" means any recreational vehicle designed for and
             328      capable of travel over unimproved terrain:
             329          (i) traveling on four or more tires;
             330          (ii) having a width of 30 to 70 inches;
             331          (iii) having an unladen dry weight of 2,200 pounds or less;
             332          (iv) having a seat height of 25 to 40 inches when measured at the forward edge of the
             333      seat bottom; and
             334          (v) having side-by-side seating with a steering wheel for control.
             335          (b) "Utility type vehicle" does not include:
             336          (i) an all-terrain type I vehicle;
             337          (ii) an all-terrain type II vehicle;

             338          (iii) a motorcycle; or
             339          (iv) a snowmobile as defined in Section 41-22-2 .
             340          [(72)] (73) "Vehicle" means a device in, on, or by which a person or property is or may
             341      be transported or drawn on a highway, except devices used exclusively on stationary rails or
             342      tracks.
             343          Section 2. Section 41-6a-704 is amended to read:
             344           41-6a-704. Changing lanes -- Overtaking and passing vehicles proceeding in same
             345      direction.
             346          [(1) (a) On any highway:]
             347          (1) In free-flowing traffic on a highway having more than one lane in the same
             348      direction, an operator of a vehicle shall, when changing to a different lane, avoid disrupting
             349      traffic flow by accelerating or decelerating with due regard for the speed and proximity of other
             350      vehicles in that lane.
             351          (2) (a) In free-flowing traffic:
             352          (i) the operator of a vehicle overtaking another vehicle proceeding in the same
             353      direction shall:
             354          [(A) except as provided under Section 41-6a-705 ,]
             355          (A) promptly pass the overtaken vehicle on the left at a safe distance; and
             356          (B) enter a right-hand lane or the right side of the roadway [only] when safely clear of
             357      the overtaken vehicle; and
             358          (ii) the operator of an overtaken vehicle:
             359          (A) shall give way to the right in favor of the overtaking vehicle; and
             360          (B) may not increase the speed of the vehicle until completely passed by the overtaking
             361      vehicle.
             362          (b) The exemption from the minimum speed regulations for a vehicle operating on a
             363      grade under Section 41-6a-605 does not exempt the vehicle from promptly passing a vehicle as
             364      required under Subsection [(1)] (2)(a)(i)(A).
             365          [(2) On] (3) In free-flowing traffic on a highway having more than one lane in the
             366      same direction, [the operator of a vehicle traveling in the left general purpose lane] if a vehicle
             367      is following directly behind an operator's vehicle in the left general purpose lane at a distance
             368      so that less than three seconds elapse before reaching the location of the operator's vehicle, or if

             369      the operator's vehicle is passed by two or more vehicles in the next lane right, the operator:
             370          (a) shall[, upon being overtaken by another vehicle in the same lane, yield to the
             371      overtaking vehicle by moving] move safely to a lane to the right; and
             372          (b) may not impede the movement [or free flow] of traffic in the left general purpose
             373      lane.
             374          [(3) An operator of a vehicle traveling in the left general purpose lane that has a vehicle
             375      following directly behind the operator's vehicle at a distance so that less than two seconds
             376      elapse before reaching the location of the operator's vehicle when space is available for the
             377      operator to yield to the overtaking vehicle by traveling in the right-hand lane is prima facie
             378      evidence that the operator is violating Subsection (2).]
             379          (4) The provisions of Subsection [(2)] (3) do not apply to an operator of a vehicle
             380      traveling in the left general purpose lane when:
             381          [(a) overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction in
             382      accordance with Subsection (1)(a)(i);]
             383          [(b)] (a) preparing to turn left or taking a different highway or an exit on the left;
             384          [(c)] (b) responding to emergency conditions;
             385          [(d)] (c) avoiding actual or potential traffic moving onto the highway from an
             386      acceleration or merging lane; or
             387          [(e)] (d) following the direction of a traffic-control device that directs the use of a
             388      designated lane.
             389          Section 3. Section 41-6a-705 is amended to read:
             390           41-6a-705. Passing upon right -- When permissible.
             391          (1) The operator of a vehicle may overtake and pass on the right of another vehicle
             392      only:
             393          (a) when the vehicle overtaken is making or preparing to make a left turn; [or]
             394          (b) on a roadway with unobstructed pavement of sufficient width for two or more lines
             395      of vehicles moving lawfully in the direction being traveled by the overtaking vehicle[.]; or
             396          [(2) The operator of a vehicle may overtake and pass another vehicle on the right only]
             397          (c) under conditions permitting the movement with safety.
             398          [(3)] (2) Except for a person operating a bicycle, the operator of a vehicle may not
             399      overtake [and pass] another vehicle if the movement is made by driving off the roadway.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 2-10-14 10:58 AM

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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