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First Substitute H.B. 137

Representative John Knotwell proposes the following substitute bill:


             1     
AMENDMENTS TO DRIVER LICENSE SANCTIONS FOR

             2     
ALCOHOL RELATED OFFENSES

             3     
2014 GENERAL SESSION

             4     
STATE OF UTAH

             5     
Chief Sponsor: John Knotwell

             6     
Senate Sponsor: Scott K. Jenkins

             7     
             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill modifies provisions relating to driver license suspension requirements for
             11      certain alcohol related offenses.
             12      Highlighted Provisions:
             13          This bill:
             14          .    authorizes a court to reduce the driver license suspension period for certain alcohol
             15      related offenses in certain circumstances; and
             16          .    makes conforming changes.
             17      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             18          None
             19      Other Special Clauses:
             20          This bill provides an immediate effective date.
             21      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             22      AMENDS:
             23           32B-4-409 , as enacted by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 276
             24           32B-4-410 , as enacted by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 276
             25           53-3-219 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 276


             26           76-9-701 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 390
             27           78A-6-606 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 276
             28     
             29      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             30          Section 1. Section 32B-4-409 is amended to read:
             31           32B-4-409. Unlawful purchase, possession, consumption by minor -- Measurable
             32      amounts in body.
             33          (1) Unless specifically authorized by this title, it is unlawful for a minor to:
             34          (a) purchase an alcoholic product;
             35          (b) attempt to purchase an alcoholic product;
             36          (c) solicit another person to purchase an alcoholic product;
             37          (d) possess an alcoholic product;
             38          (e) consume an alcoholic product; or
             39          (f) have measurable blood, breath, or urine alcohol concentration in the minor's body.
             40          (2) It is unlawful for the purpose of purchasing or otherwise obtaining an alcoholic
             41      product for a minor for:
             42          (a) a minor to misrepresent the minor's age; or
             43          (b) any other person to misrepresent the age of a minor.
             44          (3) It is unlawful for a minor to possess or consume an alcoholic product while riding
             45      in a limousine or chartered bus.
             46          (4) If a minor is found by a court to have violated this section and the violation is the
             47      minor's second or subsequent violation of this section, the court:
             48          (a) shall order the minor to participate in an educational series as defined in Section
             49      41-6a-501 ; and
             50          (b) may order the minor to participate in a screening as defined in Section 41-6a-501 .
             51          (5) (a) When a minor who is at least 18 years old, but younger than 21 years old, is
             52      found by a court to have violated this section, except as provided in Section 32B-4-411 , the
             53      court hearing the case shall suspend the minor's driving privileges under Section 53-3-219 .
             54          (b) Notwithstanding the provision in Subsection (5)(a), the court may reduce the
             55      suspension period required under Section 53-3-219 if:
             56          (i) the violation is the minor's first violation of this section; and


             57          (ii) the minor completes an educational series as defined in Section 41-6a-501 .
             58          (c) Notwithstanding the requirement in Subsection (5)(a) and in accordance with the
             59      requirements of Section 53-3-219 , the court may reduce the suspension period required under
             60      Section 53-3-219 if:
             61          (i) the violation is the minor's second or subsequent violation of this section; and
             62          (ii) (A) the person is 18 years of age or older and provides a sworn statement to the
             63      court that the person has not unlawfully consumed alcohol for at least a one year consecutive
             64      period during the suspension period imposed under Subsection (5)(a); or
             65          (B) the person is under 18 years of age and has the person's parent or legal guardian
             66      provide an affidavit or sworn statement to the court certifying that to the parent or legal
             67      guardian's knowledge the person has not unlawfully consumed alcohol for at least a one year
             68      consecutive period during the suspension period imposed under Subsection (5)(a).
             69          (6) When a minor who is at least 13 years old, but younger than 18 years old, is found
             70      by the court to have violated this section, Section 78A-6-606 applies to the violation.
             71          (7) When a court issues an order suspending a person's driving privileges for a
             72      violation of this section, the Driver License Division shall suspend the person's license under
             73      Section 53-3-219 .
             74          (8) When the Department of Public Safety receives the arrest or conviction record of a
             75      person for a driving offense committed while the person's license is suspended pursuant to this
             76      section, the Department of Public Safety shall extend the suspension for an additional like
             77      period of time.
             78          (9) This section does not apply to a minor's consumption of an alcoholic product in
             79      accordance with this title:
             80          (a) for medicinal purposes if:
             81          (i) the minor is at least 18 years old; or
             82          (ii) the alcoholic product is furnished by:
             83          (A) the parent or guardian of the minor; or
             84          (B) the minor's health care practitioner, if the health care practitioner is authorized by
             85      law to write a prescription; or
             86          (b) as part of a religious organization's religious services.
             87          Section 2. Section 32B-4-410 is amended to read:


             88           32B-4-410. Unlawful admittance or attempt to gain admittance by minor.
             89          (1) It is unlawful for a minor to gain admittance or attempt to gain admittance to the
             90      premises of:
             91          (a) a tavern; or
             92          (b) a social club licensee, except to the extent authorized by Section 32B-6-406.1 .
             93          (2) A minor who violates this section is guilty of a class C misdemeanor.
             94          (3) If a minor is found by a court to have violated this section and the violation is the
             95      minor's second or subsequent violation of this section, the court:
             96          (a) shall order the minor to participate in an educational series as defined in Section
             97      41-6a-501 ; and
             98          (b) may order the minor to participate in a screening as defined in Section 41-6a-501 .
             99          (4) (a) When a minor who is at least 18 years old, but younger than 21 years old, is
             100      found by a court to have violated this section, except as provided in Section 32B-4-411 , the
             101      court hearing the case shall suspend the minor's driving privileges under Section 53-3-219 .
             102          (b) Notwithstanding the provision in Subsection (4)(a), the court may reduce the
             103      suspension period required under Section 53-3-219 if:
             104          (i) the violation is the minor's first violation of this section; and
             105          (ii) the minor completes an educational series as defined in Section 41-6a-501 .
             106          (c) Notwithstanding the requirement in Subsection (4)(a) and in accordance with the
             107      requirements of Section 53-3-219 , the court may reduce the suspension period required under
             108      Section 53-3-219 if:
             109          (i) the violation is the minor's second or subsequent violation of this section; and
             110          (ii) (A) the person is 18 years of age or older and provides a sworn statement to the
             111      court that the person has not unlawfully consumed alcohol for at least a one year consecutive
             112      period during the suspension period imposed under Subsection (4)(a); or
             113          (B) the person is under 18 years of age and has the person's parent or legal guardian
             114      provide an affidavit or sworn statement to the court certifying that to the parent or legal
             115      guardian's knowledge the person has not unlawfully consumed alcohol for at least a one year
             116      consecutive period during the suspension period imposed under Subsection (4)(a).
             117          (5) When a minor who is at least 13 years old, but younger than 18 years old, is found
             118      by a court to have violated this section, Section 78A-6-606 applies to the violation.


             119          (6) When a court issues an order suspending a person's driving privileges for a
             120      violation of this section, the Driver License Division shall suspend the person's license under
             121      Section 53-3-219 .
             122          (7) When the Department of Public Safety receives the arrest or conviction record of a
             123      person for a driving offense committed while the person's license is suspended pursuant to this
             124      section, the Department of Public Safety shall extend the suspension for an additional like
             125      period of time.
             126          Section 3. Section 53-3-219 is amended to read:
             127           53-3-219. Suspension of minor's driving privileges.
             128          (1) The division shall immediately suspend all driving privileges of any person upon
             129      receipt of an order suspending driving privileges under Section 32B-4-409 , Section 32B-4-410 ,
             130      Subsection 76-9-701 (1), or Section 78A-6-606 .
             131          (2) (a) (i) [Except as provided in Subsection (2)(a)(ii), upon] Upon receipt of the first
             132      order suspending a person's driving privileges under Section 32B-4-409 , Section 32B-4-410 ,
             133      Subsection 76-9-701 (1), or Section 78A-6-606 [for a violation that was committed on or after
             134      July 1, 2009], the division shall:
             135          (A) impose a suspension for a period of one year;
             136          (B) if the person has not been issued an operator license, deny the person's application
             137      for a license or learner's permit for a period of one year; or
             138          (C) if the person is under the age of eligibility for a driver license, deny the person's
             139      application for a license or learner's permit beginning on the date of conviction and continuing
             140      for one year beginning on the date of eligibility for a driver license.
             141          (ii) Upon receipt of the first order suspending a person's driving privileges under this
             142      section, the division shall reduce the suspension period under Subsection (2)(a)(i)(A), (B), or
             143      (C) if ordered by the court in accordance with Subsection 32B-4-409 (5)(b), 32B-4-410 (4)(b),
             144      76-9-701 (4)(b), or 78A-6-606 (3)(b).
             145          (b) (i) Upon receipt of a second or subsequent order suspending a person's driving
             146      privileges under Section 32B-4-409 , Section 32B-4-410 , Subsection 76-9-701 (1), or Section
             147      78A-6-606 [for a violation that was committed on or after July 1, 2009], the division shall:
             148          [(i)] (A) impose a suspension for a period of two years; [or]
             149          [(ii)] (B) if the person has not been issued an operator license or is under the age of


             150      eligibility for a driver license, deny the person's application for a license or learner's permit for
             151      a period of two years[.]; or
             152          [(c) The Driver License Division shall impose a suspension for the suspension period
             153      in effect prior to July 1, 2009, if the order suspending driving privileges under Section
             154      32B-4-409 , Section 32B-4-410 , Subsection 76-9-701 (1), or Section 78A-6-606 is for a
             155      violation committed prior to July 1, 2009.]
             156          (C) if the person is under the age of eligibility for a driver license, deny the person's
             157      application for a license or learner's permit beginning on the date of conviction and continuing
             158      for two years beginning on the date of eligibility for a driver license.
             159          (ii) Upon receipt of the second or subsequent order suspending a person's driving
             160      privileges under Section 32B-4-409 , Section 32B-4-410 , Subsection 76-9-701 (1), or Section
             161      78A-6-606 , the division shall reduce the suspension period if ordered by the court in
             162      accordance with Subsection 32B-4-409 (5)(c), 32B-4-410 (4)(c), 76-9-701 (4)(c), or
             163      78A-6-606 (3)(c).
             164          (3) The Driver License Division shall subtract from any suspension or revocation
             165      period for a conviction of a violation of Section 32B-4-409 the number of days for which a
             166      license was previously suspended under Section 53-3-231 , if the previous sanction was based
             167      on the same occurrence upon which the record of conviction is based.
             168          (4) After reinstatement of the license described in Subsection (1), a report authorized
             169      under Section 53-3-104 may not contain evidence of the suspension of a minor's license under
             170      this section if the minor has not been convicted of any other offense for which the suspension
             171      under Subsection (1) may be extended.
             172          Section 4. Section 76-9-701 is amended to read:
             173           76-9-701. Intoxication -- Release of arrested person or placement in detoxification
             174      center.
             175          (1) A person is guilty of intoxication if the person is under the influence of alcohol, a
             176      controlled substance, or any substance having the property of releasing toxic vapors, to a
             177      degree that the person may endanger the person or another, in a public place or in a private
             178      place where the person unreasonably disturbs other persons.
             179          (2) (a) A peace officer or a magistrate may release from custody a person arrested
             180      under this section if the peace officer or magistrate believes imprisonment is unnecessary for


             181      the protection of the person or another.
             182          (b) A peace officer may take the arrested person to a detoxification center or other
             183      special facility as an alternative to incarceration or release from custody.
             184          (3) If a minor is found by a court to have violated this section and the violation is the
             185      minor's second or subsequent violation of this section, the court:
             186          (a) shall order the minor to participate in an educational series as defined in Section
             187      41-6a-501 ; and
             188          (b) may order the minor to participate in a screening as defined in Section 41-6a-501 .
             189          (4) (a) When a minor who is at least 18 years old, but younger than 21 years old, is
             190      found by a court to have violated this section, the court hearing the case shall suspend the
             191      minor's driving privileges under Section 53-3-219 .
             192          (b) Notwithstanding the requirement in Subsection (4)(a), the court may reduce the
             193      suspension period required under Section 53-3-219 if:
             194          (i) the violation is the minor's first violation of this section; and
             195          (ii) the minor completes an educational series as defined in Section 41-6a-501 .
             196          (c) Notwithstanding the requirement in Subsection (4)(a) and in accordance with the
             197      requirements of Section 53-3-219 , the court may reduce the suspension period required under
             198      Section 53-3-219 if:
             199          (i) the violation is the minor's second or subsequent violation of this section; and
             200          (ii) (A) the person is 18 years of age or older and provides a sworn statement to the
             201      court that the person has not unlawfully consumed alcohol for at least a one year consecutive
             202      period during the suspension period imposed under Subsection (4)(a); or
             203          (B) the person is under 18 years of age and has the person's parent or legal guardian
             204      provide an affidavit or sworn statement to the court certifying that to the parent or legal
             205      guardian's knowledge the person has not unlawfully consumed alcohol for at least a one year
             206      consecutive period during the suspension period imposed under Subsection (4)(a).
             207          (5) When a person who is at least 13 years old, but younger than 18 years old, is found
             208      by a court to have violated this section, the provisions regarding suspension of the driver's
             209      license under Section 78A-6-606 apply to the violation.
             210          (6) When the court issues an order suspending a person's driving privileges for a
             211      violation of this section, the person's driver license shall be suspended under Section 53-3-219 .


             212          (7) An offense under this section is a class C misdemeanor.
             213          Section 5. Section 78A-6-606 is amended to read:
             214           78A-6-606. Suspension of license for certain offenses.
             215          (1) This section applies to a minor who is at least 13 years of age when found by the
             216      court to be within its jurisdiction by the commission of an offense under:
             217          (a) Section 32B-4-409 ;
             218          (b) Section 32B-4-410 ;
             219          (c) Section 32B-4-411 ;
             220          (d) Section 58-37-8 ;
             221          (e) Title 58, Chapter 37a, Utah Drug Paraphernalia Act;
             222          (f) Title 58, Chapter 37b, Imitation Controlled Substances Act; or
             223          (g) Subsection 76-9-701 (1).
             224          (2) If the court hearing the case determines that the minor committed an offense under
             225      Section 58-37-8 or Title 58, Chapter 37a or 37b, the court shall prepare and send to the Driver
             226      License Division of the Department of Public Safety an order to suspend that minor's driving
             227      privileges.
             228          (3) (a) The court hearing the case shall suspend the minor's driving privileges if:
             229          (i) the minor violated Section 32B-4-409 , Section 32B-4-410 , or Subsection
             230      76-9-701 (1); and
             231          (ii) the violation described in Subsection (3)(a)(i) was committed on or after July 1,
             232      2009.
             233          (b) Notwithstanding the requirement in Subsection (3)(a), the court may reduce the
             234      suspension period required under Section 53-3-219 if:
             235          (i) the violation is the minor's first violation of Section 32B-4-409 , Section 32B-4-410 ,
             236      or Subsection 76-9-701 (1); and
             237          (ii) the minor completes an educational series as defined in Section 41-6a-501 .
             238          [(c) The suspension periods and requirements that were in effect prior to July 1, 2009,
             239      apply:]
             240          [(i) to a minor that violated Section 32B-4-409 , Section 32B-4-410 , or Subsection
             241      76-9-701 (1); and]
             242          [(ii) for a violation that was committed prior to July 1, 2009.]


             243          (c) Notwithstanding the requirement in Subsection (3)(a) and in accordance with the
             244      requirements of Section 53-3-219 , the court may reduce the suspension period required under
             245      Section 53-3-219 if:
             246          (i) the violation is the minor's second or subsequent violation of Section 32B-4-409 ,
             247      Section 32B-4-410 , or Subsection 76-9-701 (1); and
             248          (ii) (A) the person is 18 years of age or older and provides a sworn statement to the
             249      court that the person has not unlawfully consumed alcohol for at least a one year consecutive
             250      period during the suspension period imposed under Subsection (3)(a); or
             251          (B) the person is under 18 years of age and has the person's parent or legal guardian
             252      provide an affidavit or sworn statement to the court certifying that to the parent or legal
             253      guardian's knowledge the person has not unlawfully consumed alcohol for at least a one year
             254      consecutive period during the suspension period imposed under Subsection (3)(a).
             255          (d) If a minor commits a proof of age violation, as defined in Section 32B-4-411 :
             256          (i) the court shall forward a record of adjudication to the Department of Public Safety
             257      for a first or subsequent violation; and
             258          (ii) the minor's driving privileges will be suspended:
             259          (A) for a period of at least one year under Section 53-3-220 for a first conviction for a
             260      violation of Section 32B-4-411 ; or
             261          (B) for a period of two years for a second or subsequent conviction for a violation of
             262      Section 32B-4-411 .
             263          (4) A minor's license shall be suspended under Section 53-3-219 when a court issues
             264      an order suspending the minor's driving privileges for a violation of:
             265          (a) Section 32B-4-409 ;
             266          (b) Section 32B-4-410 ;
             267          (c) Section 58-37-8 ;
             268          (d) Title 58, Chapter 37a or 37b; or
             269          (e) Subsection 76-9-701 (1).
             270          (5) When the Department of Public Safety receives the arrest or conviction record of a
             271      person for a driving offense committed while the person's license is suspended under this
             272      section, the Department of Public Safety shall extend the suspension for a like period of time.
             273          Section 6. Effective date.


             274          If approved by two-thirds of all the members elected to each house, this bill takes effect
             275      upon approval by the governor, or the day following the constitutional time limit of Utah
             276      Constitution, Article VII, Section 8, without the governor's signature, or in the case of a veto,
             277      the date of veto override.


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