First Substitute H.B. 254

Representative Jennifer M. Seelig proposes the following substitute bill:




Chief Sponsor: Jennifer M. Seelig

Senate Sponsor: Lyle W. Hillyard

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill amends and enacts provisions related to human trafficking and prostitution.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    provides that a child is not subject to a delinquency proceeding for engaging in
             13      prostitution unless a law enforcement officer has referred the child to the Division
             14      of Child and Family Services on at least one prior occasion for an alleged act of
             15      prostitution or sexual solicitation; and
             16          .    makes technical changes.
             17      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             18          None
             19      Other Special Clauses:
             20          None
             21      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             22      AMENDS:
             23           62A-4a-105 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2013, Chapter 416
             24           76-10-1302 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 1993, Chapter 179
             25      ENACTS:

             26           77-38-15 , Utah Code Annotated 1953
             28      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             29          Section 1. Section 62A-4a-105 is amended to read:
             30           62A-4a-105. Division responsibilities.
             31          (1) The division shall:
             32          (a) administer services to minors and families, including:
             33          (i) child welfare services;
             34          (ii) domestic violence services; and
             35          (iii) all other responsibilities that the Legislature or the executive director may assign
             36      to the division;
             37          (b) provide the following services:
             38          (i) financial and other assistance to an individual adopting a child with special needs
             39      under Part 9, Adoption Assistance, not to exceed the amount the division would provide for the
             40      child as a legal ward of the state;
             41          (ii) non-custodial and in-home preventative services, including:
             42          (A) services designed to prevent family break-up; and
             43          (B) family preservation services;
             44          (iii) reunification services to families whose children are in substitute care in
             45      accordance with the requirements of this chapter and Title 78A, Chapter 6, Juvenile Court Act
             46      of 1996;
             47          (iv) protective supervision of a family, upon court order, in an effort to eliminate abuse
             48      or neglect of a child in that family;
             49          (v) shelter care in accordance with the requirements of this chapter and Title 78A,
             50      Chapter 6, Juvenile Court Act of 1996;
             51          (vi) domestic violence services, in accordance with the requirements of federal law;
             52          (vii) protective services to victims of domestic violence, as defined in Section 77-36-1 ,
             53      and their children, in accordance with the provisions of this chapter and Title 78A, Chapter 6,
             54      Part 3, Abuse, Neglect, and Dependency Proceedings;
             55          (viii) substitute care for dependent, abused, neglected, and delinquent children;
             56          (ix) programs and services for minors who have been placed in the custody of the

             57      division for reasons other than abuse or neglect, under Section 62A-4a-250 ; [and]
             58          (x) services for minors who are victims of human trafficking or human smuggling as
             59      described in Sections 76-5-308 through 76-5-310 or who have engaged in prostitution or sexual
             60      solicitation as defined in Section 76-10-1302 ; and
             61          (x) training for staff and providers involved in the administration and delivery of
             62      services offered by the division in accordance with this chapter;
             63          (c) establish standards for all:
             64          (i) contract providers of out-of-home care for minors and families;
             65          (ii) facilities that provide substitute care for dependent, abused, neglected, and
             66      delinquent children placed in the custody of the division; and
             67          (iii) direct or contract providers of domestic violence services described in Subsection
             68      (1)(b)(vi);
             69          (d) have authority to:
             70          (i) contract with a private, nonprofit organization to recruit and train foster care
             71      families and child welfare volunteers in accordance with Section 62A-4a-107.5 ; and
             72          (ii) approve facilities that meet the standards established under Subsection (1)(c) to
             73      provide substitute care for dependent, abused, neglected, and delinquent children placed in the
             74      custody of the division;
             75          (e) cooperate with the federal government in the administration of child welfare and
             76      domestic violence programs and other human service activities assigned by the department;
             77          (f) in accordance with Subsection (2)(a), promote and enforce state and federal laws
             78      enacted for the protection of abused, neglected, dependent, delinquent, ungovernable, and
             79      runaway children, and status offenders, in accordance with the requirements of this chapter,
             80      unless administration is expressly vested in another division or department of the state;
             81          (g) cooperate with the Employment Development Division in the Department of
             82      Workforce Services in meeting the social and economic needs of an individual who is eligible
             83      for public assistance;
             84          (h) compile relevant information, statistics, and reports on child and family service
             85      matters in the state;
             86          (i) prepare and submit to the department, the governor, and the Legislature reports of
             87      the operation and administration of the division in accordance with the requirements of

             88      Sections 62A-4a-117 and 62A-4a-118 ;
             89          (j) provide social studies and reports for the juvenile court in accordance with Section
             90      78A-6-605 ;
             91          (k) within appropriations from the Legislature, provide or contract for a variety of
             92      domestic violence services and treatment methods;
             93          (l) ensure regular, periodic publication, including electronic publication, regarding the
             94      number of children in the custody of the division who:
             95          (i) have a permanency goal of adoption; or
             96          (ii) have a final plan of termination of parental rights, pursuant to Section 78A-6-314 ,
             97      and promote adoption of those children;
             98          (m) subject to Subsection (2)(b), refer an individual receiving services from the
             99      division to the local substance abuse authority or other private or public resource for a
             100      court-ordered drug screening test; and
             101          (n) perform other duties and functions required by law.
             102          (2) (a) In carrying out the requirements of Subsection (1)(f), the division shall:
             103          (i) cooperate with the juvenile courts, the Division of Juvenile Justice Services, and
             104      with all public and private licensed child welfare agencies and institutions, to develop and
             105      administer a broad range of services and support;
             106          (ii) take the initiative in all matters involving the protection of abused or neglected
             107      children, if adequate provisions have not been made or are not likely to be made; and
             108          (iii) make expenditures necessary for the care and protection of the children described
             109      in this Subsection (2)(a), within the division's budget.
             110          (b) When an individual is referred to a local substance abuse authority or other private
             111      or public resource for court-ordered drug screening under Subsection (1)(n), the court shall
             112      order the individual to pay all costs of the tests unless:
             113          (i) the cost of the drug screening is specifically funded or provided for by other federal
             114      or state programs;
             115          (ii) the individual is a participant in a drug court; or
             116          (iii) the court finds that the individual is impecunious.
             117          (3) Except to the extent provided by rule, the division is not responsible for
             118      investigating domestic violence in the presence of a child, as described in Section 76-5-109.1 .

             119          (4) The division may not require a parent who has a child in the custody of the division
             120      to pay for some or all of the cost of any drug testing the parent is required to undergo.
             121          Section 2. Section 76-10-1302 is amended to read:
             122           76-10-1302. Prostitution.
             123          (1) [A person] An individual is guilty of prostitution when the individual:
             124          (a) [he] engages in any sexual activity with another [person] individual for a fee;
             125          (b) is an inmate of a house of prostitution; or
             126          (c) loiters in or within view of any public place for the purpose of being hired to
             127      engage in sexual activity.
             128          (2) [Prostitution] (a) Except as provided in Subsection (2)(b) or Section 76-10-1309 ,
             129      prostitution is a class B misdemeanor. [However, any person]
             130          (b) Except as provided in Section 76-10-1309 , an individual who is convicted a second
             131      time, and on all subsequent convictions, of a subsequent offense of prostitution under this
             132      section or under a local ordinance adopted in compliance with Section 76-10-1307 , is guilty of
             133      a class A misdemeanor[, except as provided in Section 76-10-1309 ].
             134          (3) (a) As used in this Subsection (3):
             135          (i) "Child" is as defined in Section 76-10-1301 .
             136          (ii) "Child engaged in prostitution" means a child who engages in conduct described in
             137      Subsection (1).
             138          (iii) "Child engaged in sexual solicitation" means a child who offers or agrees to
             139      commit or engage in any sexual activity with another person for a fee under Subsections
             140      76-10-1313 (1)(a) or (c).
             141          (iv) "Division" means the Division of Child and Family Services created in Section
             142      62A-4a-103 .
             143          (v) "Receiving center" is as defined in Section 62A-7-101 .
             144          (b) Upon encountering a child engaged in prostitution or sexual solicitation, a law
             145      enforcement officer shall:
             146          (i) conduct an investigation;
             147          (ii) refer the child to the division;
             148          (iii) if an arrest is made, bring the child to a receiving center, if available; and
             149          (iv) contact the child's parent or guardian, if practicable.

             150          (c) If a law enforcement officer refers a child to the division under Subsection
             151      (3)(b)(ii), the division shall:
             152          (i) check the division's records to verify whether law enforcement referred the child to
             153      the division under Subsection (3)(b)(ii) on a prior occasion; and
             154          (ii) provide the information described in Subsection (3)(c)(i) to the law enforcement
             155      officer.
             156          (d) If law enforcement has not referred the child to the division under Subsection
             157      (3)(b)(ii) on at least one prior occasion, the division shall provide services to the child under
             158      Title 62A, Chapter 4a.
             159          (e) If law enforcement has referred the child to the division under Subsection (3)(b)(ii)
             160      on at least one prior occasion the child may be subject to delinquency proceedings under Title
             161      62A, Chapter 7 and Section 78A-6-601 through Section 78A-6-704 .
             162          Section 3. Section 77-38-15 is enacted to read:
             163          77-38-15. Civil action against human traffickers and human smugglers.
             164          (1) A victim of a person that commits the offense of human trafficking or human
             165      smuggling under Section 76-5-308 , or aggravated human trafficking or aggravated human
             166      smuggling under Section 76-5-310 , may bring a civil action against that person.
             167          (2) (a) The court may award actual damages, compensatory damages, punitive
             168      damages, injunctive relief, or any other appropriate relief.
             169          (b) The court may award treble damages on proof of actual damages if the court finds
             170      that the person's acts were willful and malicious.
             171          (3) In an action under this section, the court shall award a prevailing victim reasonable
             172      attorney fees and costs.
             173          (4) An action under this section shall be commenced no later than 10 years after the
             174      latter of:
             175          (a) the day on which the victim was freed from the human trafficking or human
             176      smuggling situation;
             177          (b) the day on which the victim attains 18 years of age; or
             178          (c) if the victim was unable to bring an action due to a disability, the day on which the
             179      victim's disability ends.
             180          (5) The time period described in Subsection (4) is tolled during a period of time when

             181      the victim fails to bring an action due to the person:
             182          (a) inducing the victim to delay filing the action;
             183          (b) preventing the victim from filing the action; or
             184          (c) threatening and causing duress upon the victim in order to prevent the victim from
             185      filing the action.
             186          (6) The court shall offset damages awarded to the victim under this section by any
             187      restitution paid to the victim under Title 77, Chapter 38a, Crime Victims Restitution Act.
             188          (7) A victim may bring an action described in this section in any court of competent
             189      jurisdiction, where:
             190          (a) a violation described in Subsection (1) occurred;
             191          (b) the victim resides; or
             192          (c) the person that commits the offense resides or has a place of business.
             193          (8) If the victim is deceased or otherwise unable to represent the victim's own interests
             194      in court, a legal guardian, family member, representative of the victim, or a court appointee
             195      may bring an action under this section on behalf of the victim.
             196          (9) This section does not preclude any other remedy available to the victim under the
             197      laws of this state or under federal law.

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