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Second Substitute H.B. 268

Representative Brian M. Greene proposes the following substitute bill:


             1     
DANGEROUS WEAPONS AMENDMENTS

             2     
2014 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Brian M. Greene

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Mark B. Madsen

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill redefines dangerous weapon, clarifies restrictions relating to dangerous
             10      weapons, and establishes exemptions for the use of archery equipment for hunting and
             11      target shooting.
             12      Highlighted Provisions:
             13          This bill:
             14          .    defines dangerous weapon as a firearm or an object which is used unlawfully to
             15      inflict serious bodily injury;
             16          .    clarifies the criminal culpability of transferring a dangerous weapon to a restricted
             17      person;
             18          .    provides that a restricted person may own, possess, or have under the person's
             19      custody or control, archery equipment, including crossbows, for the purpose of
             20      lawful hunting and target shooting; and
             21          .    makes technical corrections.
             22      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             23          None
             24      Other Special Clauses:
             25          None


             26      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             27      AMENDS:
             28           76-10-501 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2013, Chapters 278 and 301
             29           76-10-503 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 317
             30           76-10-509.7 , as enacted by Laws of Utah 1993, Second Special Session, Chapter 10
             31           76-10-512 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2000, Chapter 303
             32     
             33      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             34          Section 1. Section 76-10-501 is amended to read:
             35           76-10-501. Definitions.
             36          As used in this part:
             37          (1) (a) "Antique firearm" means:
             38          (i) any firearm, including any firearm with a matchlock, flintlock, percussion cap, or
             39      similar type of ignition system, manufactured in or before 1898; or
             40          (ii) a firearm that is a replica of any firearm described in this Subsection (1)(a), if the
             41      replica:
             42          (A) is not designed or redesigned for using rimfire or conventional centerfire fixed
             43      ammunition; or
             44          (B) uses rimfire or centerfire fixed ammunition which is:
             45          (I) no longer manufactured in the United States; and
             46          (II) is not readily available in ordinary channels of commercial trade; or
             47          (iii) (A) that is a muzzle loading rifle, shotgun, or pistol; and
             48          (B) is designed to use black powder, or a black powder substitute, and cannot use fixed
             49      ammunition.
             50          (b) "Antique firearm" does not include:
             51          (i) a weapon that incorporates a firearm frame or receiver;
             52          (ii) a firearm that is converted into a muzzle loading weapon; or
             53          (iii) a muzzle loading weapon that can be readily converted to fire fixed ammunition by
             54      replacing the:
             55          (A) barrel;
             56          (B) bolt;


             57          (C) breechblock; or
             58          (D) any combination of Subsection (1)(b)(iii)(A), (B), or (C).
             59          (2) "Bureau" means the Bureau of Criminal Identification created in Section 53-10-201
             60      within the Department of Public Safety.
             61          (3) (a) "Concealed dangerous weapon" means a dangerous weapon that is:
             62          (i) covered, hidden, or secreted in a manner that the public would not be aware of its
             63      presence; and
             64          (ii) readily accessible for immediate use.
             65          (b) A dangerous weapon is not a concealed dangerous weapon if it is a firearm which is
             66      unloaded and is securely encased.
             67          (4) "Criminal history background check" means a criminal background check
             68      conducted by a licensed firearms dealer on every purchaser of a handgun, except a Federal
             69      Firearms Licensee, through the bureau or the local law enforcement agency where the firearms
             70      dealer conducts business.
             71          (5) "Curio or relic firearm" means a firearm that:
             72          (a) is of special interest to a collector because of a quality that is not associated with
             73      firearms intended for:
             74          (i) sporting use;
             75          (ii) use as an offensive weapon; or
             76          (iii) use as a defensive weapon;
             77          (b) (i) was manufactured at least 50 years before the current date; and
             78          (ii) is not a replica of a firearm described in Subsection (5)(b)(i);
             79          (c) is certified by the curator of a municipal, state, or federal museum that exhibits
             80      firearms to be a curio or relic of museum interest;
             81          (d) derives a substantial part of its monetary value:
             82          (i) from the fact that the firearm is:
             83          (A) novel;
             84          (B) rare; or
             85          (C) bizarre; or
             86          (ii) because of the firearm's association with an historical:
             87          (A) figure;


             88          (B) period; or
             89          (C) event; and
             90          (e) has been designated as a curio or relic firearm by the director of the United States
             91      Treasury Department Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms under 27 C.F.R. Sec. 478.11.
             92          (6) (a) "Dangerous weapon" means:
             93          (i) a firearm; or
             94          (ii) an [item] object that in the manner of its use or intended use is capable of causing
             95      death or serious bodily injury.
             96          (b) The following factors [shall be] are used in determining whether [a knife, or
             97      another item,] any object, [or thing not commonly known as a dangerous weapon] other than a
             98      firearm is a dangerous weapon:
             99          (i) the [character of the instrument,] location and circumstances in which the object[, or
             100      thing] was used or possessed;
             101          (ii) the primary purpose for which the object was made;
             102          [(ii)] (iii) the character of the wound, if any, produced[, if any] by the object's unlawful
             103      use;
             104          [(iii)] (iv) the manner in which the [instrument,] object[, or thing] was unlawfully used;
             105      [and]
             106          (v) whether the manner in which the object is used or possessed constitutes a potential
             107      imminent threat to public safety; and
             108          [(iv)] (vi) the [other] lawful purposes for which the [instrument,] object[, or thing] may
             109      be used.
             110          [(c)] (d) "Dangerous weapon" does not include an explosive, chemical, or incendiary
             111      device as defined by Section 76-10-306 .
             112          (7) "Dealer" means a person who is:
             113          (a) licensed under 18 U.S.C. Sec. 923; and
             114          (b) engaged in the business of selling, leasing, or otherwise transferring a handgun,
             115      whether the person is a retail or wholesale dealer, pawnbroker, or otherwise.
             116          (8) "Enter" means intrusion of the entire body.
             117          (9) "Federal Firearms Licensee" means a person who:
             118          (a) holds a valid Federal Firearms License issued under 18 U.S.C. Sec. 923; and


             119          (b) is engaged in the activities authorized by the specific category of license held.
             120          (10) (a) "Firearm" means a pistol, revolver, shotgun, short barreled shotgun, rifle or
             121      short barreled rifle, or a device that could be used as a dangerous weapon from which is
             122      expelled a projectile by action of an explosive.
             123          (b) As used in Sections 76-10-526 and 76-10-527 , "firearm" does not include an
             124      antique firearm.
             125          (11) "Firearms transaction record form" means a form created by the bureau to be
             126      completed by a person purchasing, selling, or transferring a handgun from a dealer in the state.
             127          (12) "Fully automatic weapon" means a firearm which fires, is designed to fire, or can
             128      be readily restored to fire, automatically more than one shot without manual reloading by a
             129      single function of the trigger.
             130          (13) (a) "Handgun" means a pistol, revolver, or other firearm of any description, loaded
             131      or unloaded, from which a shot, bullet, or other missile can be discharged, the length of which,
             132      not including any revolving, detachable, or magazine breech, does not exceed 12 inches.
             133          (b) As used in Sections 76-10-520 , 76-10-521 , and 76-10-522 , "handgun" and "pistol
             134      or revolver" do not include an antique firearm.
             135          (14) "House of worship" means a church, temple, synagogue, mosque, or other
             136      building set apart primarily for the purpose of worship in which religious services are held and
             137      the main body of which is kept for that use and not put to any other use inconsistent with its
             138      primary purpose.
             139          (15) "Prohibited area" means a place where it is unlawful to discharge a firearm.
             140          (16) "Readily accessible for immediate use" means that a firearm or other dangerous
             141      weapon is carried on the person or within such close proximity and in such a manner that it can
             142      be retrieved and used as readily as if carried on the person.
             143          (17) "Residence" means an improvement to real property used or occupied as a primary
             144      or secondary residence.
             145          (18) "Securely encased" means not readily accessible for immediate use, such as held
             146      in a gun rack, or in a closed case or container, whether or not locked, or in a trunk or other
             147      storage area of a motor vehicle, not including a glove box or console box.
             148          (19) "Short barreled shotgun" or "short barreled rifle" means a shotgun having a barrel
             149      or barrels of fewer than 18 inches in length, or in the case of a rifle, having a barrel or barrels


             150      of fewer than 16 inches in length, or a dangerous weapon made from a rifle or shotgun by
             151      alteration, modification, or otherwise, if the weapon as modified has an overall length of fewer
             152      than 26 inches.
             153          (20) "State entity" means a department, commission, board, council, agency,
             154      institution, officer, corporation, fund, division, office, committee, authority, laboratory, library,
             155      unit, bureau, panel, or other administrative unit of the state.
             156          (21) "Violent felony" has the same meaning as defined in Section 76-3-203.5 .
             157          Section 2. Section 76-10-503 is amended to read:
             158           76-10-503. Restrictions on possession, purchase, transfer, and ownership of
             159      dangerous weapons by certain persons.
             160          (1) For purposes of this section:
             161          (a) A Category I restricted person is a person who:
             162          (i) has been convicted of any violent felony as defined in Section 76-3-203.5 ;
             163          (ii) is on probation or parole for any felony;
             164          (iii) is on parole from a secure facility as defined in Section 62A-7-101 ;
             165          (iv) within the last 10 years has been adjudicated delinquent for an offense which if
             166      committed by an adult would have been a violent felony as defined in Section 76-3-203.5 ; or
             167          (v) is an alien who is illegally or unlawfully in the United States.
             168          (b) A Category II restricted person is a person who:
             169          (i) has been convicted of any felony;
             170          (ii) within the last seven years has been adjudicated delinquent for an offense which if
             171      committed by an adult would have been a felony;
             172          (iii) is an unlawful user of a controlled substance as defined in Section 58-37-2 ;
             173          (iv) is in possession of a dangerous weapon and is knowingly and intentionally in
             174      unlawful possession of a Schedule I or II controlled substance as defined in Section 58-37-2 ;
             175          (v) has been found not guilty by reason of insanity for a felony offense;
             176          (vi) has been found mentally incompetent to stand trial for a felony offense;
             177          (vii) has been adjudicated as mentally defective as provided in the Brady Handgun
             178      Violence Prevention Act, Pub. L. No. 103-159, 107 Stat. 1536 (1993), or has been committed
             179      to a mental institution;
             180          (viii) has been dishonorably discharged from the armed forces; or


             181          (ix) has renounced his citizenship after having been a citizen of the United States.
             182          (2) A Category I restricted person who intentionally or knowingly agrees, consents,
             183      offers, or arranges to purchase, transfer, possess, use, or have under the person's custody or
             184      control, or who intentionally or knowingly purchases, transfers, possesses, uses, or has under
             185      the person's custody or control:
             186          (a) any firearm is guilty of a second degree felony; or
             187          (b) any dangerous weapon other than a firearm is guilty of a third degree felony.
             188          (3) A Category II restricted person who intentionally or knowingly purchases, transfers,
             189      possesses, uses, or has under the person's custody or control:
             190          (a) any firearm is guilty of a third degree felony; or
             191          (b) any dangerous weapon other than a firearm is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
             192          (4) A person may be subject to the restrictions of both categories at the same time.
             193          (5) If a higher penalty than is prescribed in this section is provided in another section
             194      for one who purchases, transfers, possesses, uses, or has under this custody or control any
             195      dangerous weapon, the penalties of that section control.
             196          (6) It is an affirmative defense to a charge based on the definition in Subsection
             197      (1)(b)(iv) that the person was:
             198          (a) in possession of a controlled substance pursuant to a lawful order of a practitioner
             199      for use of a member of the person's household or for administration to an animal owned by the
             200      person or a member of the person's household; or
             201          (b) otherwise authorized by law to possess the substance.
             202          (7) (a) It is an affirmative defense to transferring a firearm [or other dangerous weapon]
             203      by a person restricted under Subsection (2) or (3) that the firearm [or dangerous weapon]:
             204          (i) was possessed by the person or was under the person's custody or control before the
             205      person became a restricted person;
             206          (ii) was not used in or possessed during the commission of a crime or subject to
             207      disposition under Section 76-10-525 ;
             208          (iii) is not being held as evidence by a court or law enforcement agency;
             209          (iv) was transferred to a person not legally prohibited from possessing the weapon; and
             210          (v) unless a different time is ordered by the court, was transferred within 10 days of the
             211      person becoming a restricted person.


             212          (b) Subsection (7)(a) is not a defense to the use, purchase, or possession on the person
             213      of a firearm or other dangerous weapon by a restricted person.
             214          (8) (a) A person may not sell, transfer, or otherwise dispose of any firearm or
             215      dangerous weapon to any person, knowing that the recipient is a person described in
             216      Subsection (1)(a) or (b).
             217          (b) A person who violates Subsection (8)(a) when the recipient is:
             218          (i) a person described in Subsection (1)(a) and the transaction involves a firearm, is
             219      guilty of a second degree felony;
             220          (ii) a person described in Subsection (1)(a) and the transaction involves any dangerous
             221      weapon other than a firearm, and the transferor has knowledge that the recipient intends to use
             222      the weapon for any unlawful purpose, is guilty of a third degree felony;
             223          (iii) a person described in Subsection (1)(b) and the transaction involves a firearm, is
             224      guilty of a third degree felony; or
             225          (iv) a person described in Subsection (1)(b) and the transaction involves any dangerous
             226      weapon other than a firearm, and the transferor has knowledge that the recipient intends to use
             227      the weapon for any unlawful purpose, is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
             228          (9) (a) A person may not knowingly solicit, persuade, encourage or entice a dealer or
             229      other person to sell, transfer or otherwise dispose of a firearm or dangerous weapon under
             230      circumstances which the person knows would be a violation of the law.
             231          (b) A person may not provide to a dealer or other person [what] any information that
             232      the person knows to be materially false information with intent to deceive the dealer or other
             233      person about the legality of a sale, transfer or other disposition of a firearm or dangerous
             234      weapon.
             235          (c) "Materially false information" means information that portrays an illegal transaction
             236      as legal or a legal transaction as illegal.
             237          (d) A person who violates this Subsection (9) is guilty of:
             238          (i) a third degree felony if the transaction involved a firearm; or
             239          (ii) a class A misdemeanor if the transaction involved a dangerous weapon other than a
             240      firearm.
             241          Section 3. Section 76-10-509.7 is amended to read:
             242           76-10-509.7. Parent or guardian knowing of minor's possession of dangerous


             243      weapon.
             244          Any parent or guardian of a minor who knows that the minor is in possession of a
             245      dangerous weapon in violation of Section 76-10-509 or a firearm in violation of Section
             246      76-10-509.4 and fails to make reasonable efforts to remove the dangerous weapon or firearm
             247      from the minor's possession is guilty of a class B misdemeanor.
             248          Section 4. Section 76-10-512 is amended to read:
             249           76-10-512. Target concessions, shooting ranges, competitions, and hunting
             250      excepted from prohibitions.
             251          (1) The provisions of Section 76-10-509 and Subsection 76-10-509.4 (1) regarding
             252      possession of handguns by minors [shall] do not apply to any of the following:
             253          [(1) Patrons] (a) patrons firing at lawfully operated target concessions at amusement
             254      parks, piers, and similar locations provided that the firearms to be used are firmly chained or
             255      affixed to the counters[.];
             256          [(2) Any] (b) any person in attendance at a hunter's safety course or a firearms safety
             257      course[.];
             258          [(3) Any] (c) any person engaging in practice or any other lawful use of a firearm at an
             259      established range or any other area where the discharge of a firearm is not prohibited by state or
             260      local law[.];
             261          [(4) Any] (d) any person engaging in an organized competition involving the use of a
             262      firearm, or participating in or practicing for such competition[.];
             263          [(5) Any] (e) any minor under 18 years of age who is on real property with the
             264      permission of the owner, licensee, or lessee of the property and who has the permission of a
             265      parent or legal guardian or the owner, licensee, or lessee to possess a firearm not otherwise in
             266      violation of law[.];
             267          [(6) Any] (f) any resident or nonresident hunters with a valid hunting license or other
             268      persons who are lawfully engaged in hunting[.]; or
             269          [(7) Any] (g) any person traveling to or from any activity described in Subsection [(2),
             270      (3), (4), (5), or (6)] (1)(b), (c), (d), (e), or (f) with an unloaded firearm in [his] the person's
             271      possession.
             272          (2) It is not a violation of Subsection 76-10-503 (2) or (3) for a restricted person defined
             273      in Section 76-10-503 (1) to own, possess, or have under the person's custody or control, archery


             274      equipment, including crossbows, for the purpose of lawful hunting and lawful target shooting.
             275          (3) Notwithstanding Subsection (2), the possession of archery equipment, including
             276      crossbows, by a restricted person defined in Subsection 76-10-503 (1) may be prohibited by:
             277          (a) a court, as a condition of pre-trial release or probation; or
             278          (b) the Board of Pardons and Parole, as a condition of parole.


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