H.B. 48





Chief Sponsor: Susan Duckworth

Senate Sponsor: Mark B. Madsen

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies the Utah Code regarding the use of alternative incarceration by
             10      county sheriffs.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    requires a county sheriff to keep records on any prisoner released to an alternative
             14      incarceration program regarding:
             15              .    the release status of the prisoner; and
             16              .    the type of release program or alternative incarceration program; and
             17          .    requires the sheriff to make these records available to the Department of
             18      Corrections, the Judiciary, and the Commission on Criminal and Juvenile Justice.
             19      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             20          None
             21      Other Special Clauses:
             22          None
             23      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             24      AMENDS:
             25           17-22-5.5 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 301
             26           63M-7-303 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 388
             27           77-18-1 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 366

             29      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             30          Section 1. Section 17-22-5.5 is amended to read:
             31           17-22-5.5. Sheriff's classification of jail facilities -- Maximum operating capacity
             32      of jail facilities -- Transfer or release of prisoners -- Limitation.
             33          (1) (a) Except as provided in Subsection [(3)] (4), a county sheriff shall determine:
             34          (i) subject to Subsection (1)(b), the classification of each jail facility or section of a jail
             35      facility under the sheriff's control;
             36          (ii) the nature of each program conducted at a jail facility under the sheriff's control;
             37      and
             38          (iii) the internal operation of a jail facility under the sheriff's control.
             39          (b) A classification under Subsection (1)(a)(i) of a jail facility may not violate any
             40      applicable zoning ordinance or conditional use permit of the county or municipality.
             41          (2) Except as provided in Subsection [(3)] (4), each county sheriff shall:
             42          (a) with the approval of the county legislative body, establish a maximum operating
             43      capacity for each jail facility under the sheriff's control, based on facility design and staffing;
             44      and
             45          (b) upon a jail facility reaching its maximum operating capacity:
             46          (i) transfer prisoners to another appropriate facility:
             47          (A) under the sheriff's control; or
             48          (B) available to the sheriff by contract;
             49          (ii) release prisoners:
             50          (A) to a supervised release program, according to release criteria established by the
             51      sheriff; or
             52          (B) to another alternative incarceration program developed by the sheriff; or
             53          (iii) admit prisoners in accordance with law and a uniform admissions policy imposed
             54      equally upon all entities using the county jail.
             55          (3) (a) The sheriff shall keep records of the release status and the type of release
             56      program or alternative incarceration program for any prisoner released under Subsection
             57      (2)(b)(ii).
             58          (b) The sheriff shall make these records available upon request to the Department of

             59      Corrections, the Judiciary, and the Commission on Criminal and Juvenile Justice.
             60          [(3)] (4) This section may not be construed to authorize a sheriff to modify provisions
             61      of a contract with the Department of Corrections to house in a county jail persons sentenced to
             62      the Department of Corrections.
             63          Section 2. Section 63M-7-303 is amended to read:
             64           63M-7-303. Duties of council.
             65          (1) The Utah Substance Abuse Advisory Council shall:
             66          (a) provide leadership and generate unity for Utah's ongoing efforts to combat
             67      substance abuse;
             68          (b) recommend and coordinate the creation, dissemination, and implementation of a
             69      statewide substance abuse policy;
             70          (c) facilitate planning for a balanced continuum of substance abuse prevention,
             71      treatment, and justice services;
             72          (d) promote collaboration and mutually beneficial public and private partnerships;
             73          (e) coordinate recommendations made by any committee created under Section
             74      63M-7-302 ;
             75          (f) analyze and provide an objective assessment of all proposed legislation concerning
             76      alcohol and other drug issues;
             77          (g) coordinate the implementation of Section 77-18-1.1 and related provisions in
             78      Subsections 77-18-1 (5)[(d) and (e)](b)(iii) and (iv), as provided in Section 63M-7-305 ; and
             79          (h) comply with Section 32B-2-306 .
             80          (2) The council shall meet quarterly or more frequently as determined necessary by the
             81      chair.
             82          (3) The council shall report its recommendations annually to the commission,
             83      governor, the Legislature, and the Judicial Council.
             84          Section 3. Section 77-18-1 is amended to read:
             85           77-18-1. Suspension of sentence -- Pleas held in abeyance -- Probation --
             86      Supervision -- Presentence investigation -- Standards -- Confidentiality -- Terms and
             87      conditions -- Termination, revocation, modification, or extension -- Hearings -- Electronic
             88      monitoring.
             89          (1) On a plea of guilty or no contest entered by a defendant in conjunction with a plea

             90      in abeyance agreement, the court may hold the plea in abeyance as provided in Title 77,
             91      Chapter 2a, Pleas in Abeyance, and under the terms of the plea in abeyance agreement.
             92          (2) (a) On a plea of guilty, guilty with a mental illness, no contest, or conviction of any
             93      crime or offense, the court may, after imposing sentence, suspend the execution of the sentence
             94      and place the defendant on probation. The court may place the defendant:
             95          (i) on probation under the supervision of the Department of Corrections except in cases
             96      of class C misdemeanors or infractions;
             97          (ii) on probation with an agency of local government or with a private organization; or
             98          (iii) on bench probation under the jurisdiction of the sentencing court.
             99          (b) (i) The legal custody of all probationers under the supervision of the department is
             100      with the department.
             101          (ii) The legal custody of all probationers under the jurisdiction of the sentencing court
             102      is vested as ordered by the court.
             103          (iii) The court has continuing jurisdiction over all probationers.
             104          (3) (a) The department shall establish supervision and presentence investigation
             105      standards for all individuals referred to the department. These standards shall be based on:
             106          (i) the type of offense;
             107          (ii) the demand for services;
             108          (iii) the availability of agency resources;
             109          (iv) the public safety; and
             110          (v) other criteria established by the department to determine what level of services
             111      shall be provided.
             112          (b) Proposed supervision and investigation standards shall be submitted to the Judicial
             113      Council and the Board of Pardons and Parole on an annual basis for review and comment prior
             114      to adoption by the department.
             115          (c) The Judicial Council and the department shall establish procedures to implement
             116      the supervision and investigation standards.
             117          (d) The Judicial Council and the department shall annually consider modifications to
             118      the standards based upon criteria in Subsection (3)(a) and other criteria as they consider
             119      appropriate.
             120          (e) The Judicial Council and the department shall annually prepare an impact report

             121      and submit it to the appropriate legislative appropriations subcommittee.
             122          (4) Notwithstanding other provisions of law, the department is not required to
             123      supervise the probation of persons convicted of class B or C misdemeanors or infractions or to
             124      conduct presentence investigation reports on class C misdemeanors or infractions. However,
             125      the department may supervise the probation of class B misdemeanants in accordance with
             126      department standards.
             127          (5) (a) Before the imposition of any sentence, the court may, with the concurrence of
             128      the defendant, continue the date for the imposition of sentence for a reasonable period of time
             129      for the purpose of obtaining a presentence investigation report from the department or
             130      information from other sources about the defendant.
             131          (b) The presentence investigation report shall include:
             132          (i) a victim impact statement according to guidelines set in Section 77-38a-203
             133      describing the effect of the crime on the victim and the victim's family[.];
             134          [(c) The presentence investigation report shall include]
             135          (ii) a specific statement of pecuniary damages, accompanied by a recommendation
             136      from the department regarding the payment of restitution with interest by the defendant in
             137      accordance with Title 77, Chapter 38a, Crime Victims Restitution Act[.];
             138          [(d) The presentence investigation report shall include:]
             139          [(i)] (iii) findings from any screening and any assessment of the offender conducted
             140      under Section 77-18-1.1 ; [and]
             141          [(ii)] (iv) recommendations for treatment of the offender[.]; and
             142          (v) the number of days since the commission of the offense that the offender has spent
             143      in the custody of the jail and the number of days, if any, the offender was released to a
             144      supervised release or alternative incarceration program under Section 17-22-5.5 .
             145          [(e)] (c) The contents of the presentence investigation report are protected and are not
             146      available except by court order for purposes of sentencing as provided by rule of the Judicial
             147      Council or for use by the department.
             148          (6) (a) The department shall provide the presentence investigation report to the
             149      defendant's attorney, or the defendant if not represented by counsel, the prosecutor, and the
             150      court for review, three working days prior to sentencing. Any alleged inaccuracies in the
             151      presentence investigation report, which have not been resolved by the parties and the

             152      department prior to sentencing, shall be brought to the attention of the sentencing judge, and
             153      the judge may grant an additional 10 working days to resolve the alleged inaccuracies of the
             154      report with the department. If after 10 working days the inaccuracies cannot be resolved, the
             155      court shall make a determination of relevance and accuracy on the record.
             156          (b) If a party fails to challenge the accuracy of the presentence investigation report at
             157      the time of sentencing, that matter shall be considered to be waived.
             158          (7) At the time of sentence, the court shall receive any testimony, evidence, or
             159      information the defendant or the prosecuting attorney desires to present concerning the
             160      appropriate sentence. This testimony, evidence, or information shall be presented in open court
             161      on record and in the presence of the defendant.
             162          (8) While on probation, and as a condition of probation, the court may require that the
             163      defendant:
             164          (a) perform any or all of the following:
             165          (i) pay, in one or several sums, any fine imposed at the time of being placed on
             166      probation;
             167          (ii) pay amounts required under Title 77, Chapter 32a, Defense Costs;
             168          (iii) provide for the support of others for whose support the defendant is legally liable;
             169          (iv) participate in available treatment programs, including any treatment program in
             170      which the defendant is currently participating, if the program is acceptable to the court;
             171          (v) serve a period of time, not to exceed one year, in a county jail designated by the
             172      department, after considering any recommendation by the court as to which jail the court finds
             173      most appropriate;
             174          (vi) serve a term of home confinement, which may include the use of electronic
             175      monitoring;
             176          (vii) participate in compensatory service restitution programs, including the
             177      compensatory service program provided in Section 76-6-107.1 ;
             178          (viii) pay for the costs of investigation, probation, and treatment services;
             179          (ix) make restitution or reparation to the victim or victims with interest in accordance
             180      with Title 77, Chapter 38a, Crime Victims Restitution Act; and
             181          (x) comply with other terms and conditions the court considers appropriate; and
             182          (b) if convicted on or after May 5, 1997:

             183          (i) complete high school classwork and obtain a high school graduation diploma, a
             184      GED certificate, or a vocational certificate at the defendant's own expense if the defendant has
             185      not received the diploma, GED certificate, or vocational certificate prior to being placed on
             186      probation; or
             187          (ii) provide documentation of the inability to obtain one of the items listed in
             188      Subsection (8)(b)(i) because of:
             189          (A) a diagnosed learning disability; or
             190          (B) other justified cause.
             191          (9) The department shall collect and disburse the account receivable as defined by
             192      Section 76-3-201.1 , with interest and any other costs assessed under Section 64-13-21 during:
             193          (a) the parole period and any extension of that period in accordance with Subsection
             194      77-27-6 (4); and
             195          (b) the probation period in cases for which the court orders supervised probation and
             196      any extension of that period by the department in accordance with Subsection (10).
             197          (10) (a) (i) Probation may be terminated at any time at the discretion of the court or
             198      upon completion without violation of 36 months probation in felony or class A misdemeanor
             199      cases, or 12 months in cases of class B or C misdemeanors or infractions.
             200          (ii) (A) If, upon expiration or termination of the probation period under Subsection
             201      (10)(a)(i), there remains an unpaid balance upon the account receivable as defined in Section
             202      76-3-201.1 , the court may retain jurisdiction of the case and continue the defendant on bench
             203      probation for the limited purpose of enforcing the payment of the account receivable.
             204          (B) In accordance with Section 77-18-6 , the court shall record in the registry of civil
             205      judgments any unpaid balance not already recorded and immediately transfer responsibility to
             206      collect the account to the Office of State Debt Collection.
             207          (iii) Upon motion of the Office of State Debt Collection, prosecutor, victim, or upon its
             208      own motion, the court may require the defendant to show cause why the defendant's failure to
             209      pay should not be treated as contempt of court.
             210          (b) (i) The department shall notify the sentencing court, the Office of State Debt
             211      Collection, and the prosecuting attorney in writing in advance in all cases when termination of
             212      supervised probation will occur by law.
             213          (ii) The notification shall include a probation progress report and complete report of

             214      details on outstanding accounts receivable.
             215          (11) (a) (i) Any time served by a probationer outside of confinement after having been
             216      charged with a probation violation and prior to a hearing to revoke probation does not
             217      constitute service of time toward the total probation term unless the probationer is exonerated
             218      at a hearing to revoke the probation.
             219          (ii) Any time served in confinement awaiting a hearing or decision concerning
             220      revocation of probation does not constitute service of time toward the total probation term
             221      unless the probationer is exonerated at the hearing.
             222          (b) The running of the probation period is tolled upon the filing of a violation report
             223      with the court alleging a violation of the terms and conditions of probation or upon the issuance
             224      of an order to show cause or warrant by the court.
             225          (12) (a) (i) Probation may not be modified or extended except upon waiver of a hearing
             226      by the probationer or upon a hearing and a finding in court that the probationer has violated the
             227      conditions of probation.
             228          (ii) Probation may not be revoked except upon a hearing in court and a finding that the
             229      conditions of probation have been violated.
             230          (b) (i) Upon the filing of an affidavit alleging with particularity facts asserted to
             231      constitute violation of the conditions of probation, the court that authorized probation shall
             232      determine if the affidavit establishes probable cause to believe that revocation, modification, or
             233      extension of probation is justified.
             234          (ii) If the court determines there is probable cause, it shall cause to be served on the
             235      defendant a warrant for the defendant's arrest or a copy of the affidavit and an order to show
             236      cause why the defendant's probation should not be revoked, modified, or extended.
             237          (c) (i) The order to show cause shall specify a time and place for the hearing and shall
             238      be served upon the defendant at least five days prior to the hearing.
             239          (ii) The defendant shall show good cause for a continuance.
             240          (iii) The order to show cause shall inform the defendant of a right to be represented by
             241      counsel at the hearing and to have counsel appointed if the defendant is indigent.
             242          (iv) The order shall also inform the defendant of a right to present evidence.
             243          (d) (i) At the hearing, the defendant shall admit or deny the allegations of the affidavit.
             244          (ii) If the defendant denies the allegations of the affidavit, the prosecuting attorney

             245      shall present evidence on the allegations.
             246          (iii) The persons who have given adverse information on which the allegations are
             247      based shall be presented as witnesses subject to questioning by the defendant unless the court
             248      for good cause otherwise orders.
             249          (iv) The defendant may call witnesses, appear and speak in the defendant's own behalf,
             250      and present evidence.
             251          (e) (i) After the hearing the court shall make findings of fact.
             252          (ii) Upon a finding that the defendant violated the conditions of probation, the court
             253      may order the probation revoked, modified, continued, or that the entire probation term
             254      commence anew.
             255          (iii) If probation is revoked, the defendant shall be sentenced or the sentence previously
             256      imposed shall be executed.
             257          (13) The court may order the defendant to commit himself or herself to the custody of
             258      the Division of Substance Abuse and Mental Health for treatment at the Utah State Hospital as
             259      a condition of probation or stay of sentence, only after the superintendent of the Utah State
             260      Hospital or the superintendent's designee has certified to the court that:
             261          (a) the defendant is appropriate for and can benefit from treatment at the state hospital;
             262          (b) treatment space at the hospital is available for the defendant; and
             263          (c) persons described in Subsection 62A-15-610 (2)(g) are receiving priority for
             264      treatment over the defendants described in this Subsection (13).
             265          (14) Presentence investigation reports are classified protected in accordance with Title
             266      63G, Chapter 2, Government Records Access and Management Act. Notwithstanding Sections
             267      63G-2-403 and 63G-2-404 , the State Records Committee may not order the disclosure of a
             268      presentence investigation report. Except for disclosure at the time of sentencing pursuant to
             269      this section, the department may disclose the presentence investigation only when:
             270          (a) ordered by the court pursuant to Subsection 63G-2-202 (7);
             271          (b) requested by a law enforcement agency or other agency approved by the department
             272      for purposes of supervision, confinement, and treatment of the offender;
             273          (c) requested by the Board of Pardons and Parole;
             274          (d) requested by the subject of the presentence investigation report or the subject's
             275      authorized representative; or

             276          (e) requested by the victim of the crime discussed in the presentence investigation
             277      report or the victim's authorized representative, provided that the disclosure to the victim shall
             278      include only information relating to statements or materials provided by the victim, to the
             279      circumstances of the crime including statements by the defendant, or to the impact of the crime
             280      on the victim or the victim's household.
             281          (15) (a) The court shall consider home confinement as a condition of probation under
             282      the supervision of the department, except as provided in Sections 76-3-406 and 76-5-406.5 .
             283          (b) The department shall establish procedures and standards for home confinement,
             284      including electronic monitoring, for all individuals referred to the department in accordance
             285      with Subsection (16).
             286          (16) (a) If the court places the defendant on probation under this section, it may order
             287      the defendant to participate in home confinement through the use of electronic monitoring as
             288      described in this section until further order of the court.
             289          (b) The electronic monitoring shall alert the department and the appropriate law
             290      enforcement unit of the defendant's whereabouts.
             291          (c) The electronic monitoring device shall be used under conditions which require:
             292          (i) the defendant to wear an electronic monitoring device at all times; and
             293          (ii) that a device be placed in the home of the defendant, so that the defendant's
             294      compliance with the court's order may be monitored.
             295          (d) If a court orders a defendant to participate in home confinement through electronic
             296      monitoring as a condition of probation under this section, it shall:
             297          (i) place the defendant on probation under the supervision of the Department of
             298      Corrections;
             299          (ii) order the department to place an electronic monitoring device on the defendant and
             300      install electronic monitoring equipment in the residence of the defendant; and
             301          (iii) order the defendant to pay the costs associated with home confinement to the
             302      department or the program provider.
             303          (e) The department shall pay the costs of home confinement through electronic
             304      monitoring only for those persons who have been determined to be indigent by the court.
             305          (f) The department may provide the electronic monitoring described in this section
             306      either directly or by contract with a private provider.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 12-5-13 12:05 PM

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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