First Substitute H.B. 70

Representative Marc K. Roberts proposes the following substitute bill:




Chief Sponsor: Marc K. Roberts

Senate Sponsor: Luz Robles

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies the Utah Code of Criminal Procedure regarding the use of forcible
             10      entry by law enforcement officers when conducting a search or making an arrest.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    requires that the issuance of a warrant under the provisions of this bill shall be in
             14      accordance with Rule 40, Utah Rules of Criminal Procedure;
             15          .    amends existing law regarding the use of forcible entry by law enforcement officers
             16      to include searches;
             17          .    requires law enforcement officers to identify themselves before forcing entry into a
             18      building;
             19          .    amends existing law to allow law enforcement officers to force entry into a building
             20      without first issuing a demand or explanation if there is probable cause to believe
             21      that evidence will be easily or quickly destroyed;
             22          .    requires law enforcement officers to use the least amount of force necessary when
             23      executing forcible entry, as authorized;
             24          .    requires that any application for a warrant to forcibly enter a place of residence
             25      shall:

             26              .    demonstrate why law enforcement officials cannot use less invasive or
             27      confrontational methods to effectuate the necessary search or arrest; and
             28              .    describe investigative activities that have been or will be undertaken prior to
             29      executing the search or arrest to ensure that the correct building has been
             30      identified or explain why no investigative activities are needed; and
             31          .    clarifies that any information or property obtained in violation of these provisions is
             32      inadmissable in court.
             33      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             34          None
             35      Other Special Clauses:
             36          None
             37      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             38      AMENDS:
             39           77-7-8 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003, Chapter 29
             41      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             42          Section 1. Section 77-7-8 is amended to read:
             43           77-7-8. Forcible entry to conduct search or make arrest -- Conditions requiring a
             44      warrant.
             45          (1) (a) Subject to [Subsection] Subsections (2) and (3), a peace officer, when
             46      conducting a search or making an arrest, may forcibly enter the building:
             47          (i) in which the target of a search is reasonably believed to be located; or
             48          (ii) where the person to be arrested is, or in which there are reasonable grounds for
             49      believing [him] the person to be.
             50          (b) Before making the forcible entry, the officer shall:
             51          (i) identify himself or herself as a law enforcement officer; and
             52          (ii) demand admission and explain the purpose for which admission is desired.
             53          (c) (i) The officer need not give a demand and explanation, or identify himself or
             54      herself, before making a forcible entry under the exceptions in [Section] Subsection
             55      77-7-6 (1)(a) or where there is [reason] probable cause to believe evidence will be easily or
             56      quickly secreted or destroyed.

             57          (ii) The officer shall identify himself or herself and state the purpose of entering the
             58      premises as soon as practicable after entering the premises.
             59          (d) The officer may use only that force which is reasonable and necessary to effectuate
             60      forcible entry under this section.
             61          (2) If the building to be entered under Subsection (1) appears to be a private residence
             62      or the officer knows the building is a private residence, [and] if there is no consent to enter [or
             63      there are no exigent circumstances], if there are no exceptions present under Subsection
             64      77-7-6 (1)(a), and if there is no probable cause to believe evidence will be easily or quickly
             65      secreted or destroyed, the officer shall, before entering the building:
             66          (a) obtain an arrest or search warrant if the building is the residence of the person to be
             67      arrested; or
             68          (b) obtain a search warrant if the building is a residence, but not the residence of the
             69      person whose arrest is sought.
             70          (3) Subject to the provisions of Rule 40, Utah Rules of Criminal Procedure, a judge or
             71      magistrate issuing a warrant pursuant to Subsection (2) shall make a finding that the affidavit:
             72          (a) demonstrates why law enforcement officers are unable to detain the suspect or
             73      search the residence using less invasive or confrontational methods; and
             74          (b) describes:
             75          (i) investigative activities that have been, or will be, undertaken prior to execution of
             76      the warrant to ensure that the correct building is identified and that potential harm to innocent
             77      third parties, the building, and law enforcement officers may be minimized; or
             78          (ii) why no investigative activities are needed.

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