S.B. 187 Enrolled





Chief Sponsor: J. Stuart Adams

House Sponsor: Daniel McCay

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies the Rights-Of-Way Act by amending provisions relating to public
             10      uses constituting an abandonment and dedication of a highway to the public.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    provides that a highway, street, or road, for purposes of determining whether a
             14      highway is abandoned and dedicated to the use of the public, does not include an
             15      area principally used as a parking lot;
             16          .    repeals the requirement that a barricade be manned for it to be considered an
             17      interruption of the continuous use as a public thoroughfare; and
             18          .    makes technical corrections.
             19      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             20          None
             21      Other Special Clauses:
             22          None
             23      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             24      AMENDS:
             25           72-5-104 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 341
             27      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             28          Section 1. Section 72-5-104 is amended to read:
             29           72-5-104. Public use constituting dedication -- Scope.

             30          (1) As used in this section,"highway," "street," or "road" does not include an area
             31      principally used as a parking lot.
             32          [(1)] (2) (a) A highway is dedicated and abandoned to the use of the public when it has
             33      been continuously used as a public thoroughfare for a period of 10 years.
             34          (b) Dedication to the use of the public under Subsection [(1)] (2) does not require an
             35      act of dedication or implied dedication by the property owner.
             36          [(2)] (3) The requirement of continuous use under Subsection [(1)] (2) is satisfied if the
             37      use is as frequent as the public finds convenient or necessary and may be seasonal or follow
             38      some other pattern.
             39          [(3)] (4) Continuous use as a public thoroughfare under Subsection [(1)] (2) is
             40      interrupted only when:
             41          (a) the regularly established pattern and frequency of public use for the given road has
             42      actually been interrupted for a period of no less than 24 hours to a degree that reasonably puts
             43      the traveling public on notice; or
             44          (b) for interruptions by use of a [manned] barricade on or after May 10, 2011:
             45          (i) if the person or entity interrupting the continuous use gives not less than 72 hours
             46      advance written notice of the interruption to the highway authority having jurisdiction of the
             47      highway, street, or road; and
             48          (ii) the [manned] barricade is [maintained] in place for at least 24 consecutive hours,
             49      then an interruption will be deemed to have occurred.
             50          [(4)] (5) Installation of gates and posting of no trespassing signs are relevant forms of
             51      evidence but are not solely determinative of whether an interruption has occurred.
             52          [(5)] (6) If the highway authority having jurisdiction of the highway, street, or road
             53      demands that an interruption cease or that a barrier or barricade blocking public access be
             54      removed and the property owner accedes to the demand, the attempted interruption does not
             55      constitute an interruption under Subsection [(3)] (4).
             56          [(6)] (7) (a) The burden of proving dedication under Subsection [(1)] (2) is on the party
             57      asserting the dedication.

             58          (b) The burden of proving interruption under Subsection [(3)] (4) is on the party
             59      asserting the interruption.
             60          [(7)] (8) The dedication and abandonment creates a right-of-way held by the state in
             61      accordance with Sections 72-3-102 , 72-3-104 , 72-3-105 , and 72-5-103 .
             62          [(8)] (9) The scope of the right-of-way is that which is reasonable and necessary to
             63      ensure safe travel according to the facts and circumstances.
             64          [(9)] (10) (a) The provisions of this section apply to any claim under this section for
             65      which a court of competent jurisdiction has not issued a final unappealable judgment or order.
             66          (b) The Legislature finds that the application of this section:
             67          (i) does not enlarge, eliminate, or destroy vested rights; and
             68          (ii) clarifies legislative intent in light of Utah Supreme Court rulings in Wasatch
             69      County v. Okelberry, 179 P.3d 768 (Utah 2008), Town of Leeds v. Prisbrey, 179 P.3d 757
             70      (Utah 2008), and Utah County v. Butler, 179 P.3d 775 (Utah 2008).

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