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Second Substitute S.B. 167

Senator Howard A. Stephenson proposes the following substitute bill:


             1     
REGULATION OF DRONES

             2     
2014 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Howard A. Stephenson

             5     
House Sponsor: Marc K. Roberts

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill establishes provisions for the appropriate use of an unmanned aerial vehicle.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    defines terms;
             13          .    enacts the "Government Use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Act";
             14          .    prohibits a law enforcement agency from obtaining data through an unmanned aerial
             15      vehicle unless the data was obtained:
             16              .    pursuant to a warrant; or
             17              .    in accordance with judicially recognized exceptions to warrant requirements;
             18          .    establishes requirements for the retention and use of data collected by an unmanned
             19      aerial vehicle;
             20          .    establishes reporting requirements for:
             21              .    a law enforcement agency that operates an unmanned aerial vehicle; and
             22              .    the Utah Department of Public Safety; and
             23          .    provides a statement of intent.
             24      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             25          None


             26      Other Special Clauses:
             27          None
             28      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             29      ENACTS:
             30           63G-18-101 , Utah Code Annotated 1953
             31           63G-18-102 , Utah Code Annotated 1953
             32           63G-18-103 , Utah Code Annotated 1953
             33           63G-18-104 , Utah Code Annotated 1953
             34           63G-18-105 , Utah Code Annotated 1953
             35      Uncodified Material Affected:
             36      ENACTS UNCODIFIED MATERIAL
             37     
             38      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             39          Section 1. Section 63G-18-101 is enacted to read:
             40     
CHAPTER 18. GOVERNMENT USE OF UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES ACT

             41          63G-18-101. Title.
             42          This chapter is known as the "Government Use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Act."
             43          Section 2. Section 63G-18-102 is enacted to read:
             44          63G-18-102. Definitions.
             45          As used in this chapter:
             46          (1) "Law enforcement agency" means an entity of the state or an entity of a political
             47      subdivision of the state, including an entity of a state institution of higher education, that exists
             48      primarily to prevent, detect, or prosecute crime and enforce criminal statutes or ordinances.
             49          (2) "Non-government actor" means a person that is not:
             50          (a) an agency, department, division, or other entity within state government;
             51          (b) a person employed by or acting in an official capacity on behalf of the state;
             52          (c) a political subdivision of the state; or
             53          (d) a person employed by or acting in an official capacity on behalf of a political
             54      subdivision of the state.
             55          (3) "Target" means a person upon whom, or a structure or area upon which a person:
             56          (a) has intentionally collected or attempted to collect information through the operation


             57      of an unmanned aerial vehicle; or
             58          (b) plans to collect or attempt to collect information through the operation of an
             59      unmanned aerial vehicle.
             60          (4) (a) "Unmanned aerial vehicle" means an aircraft that:
             61          (i) is capable of sustaining flight; and
             62          (ii) operates with no possible direct human intervention from on or within the aircraft.
             63          (b) "Unmanned aerial vehicle" does not include an unmanned aircraft that is flown:
             64          (i) within visual line of sight of the individual operating the aircraft; and
             65          (ii) strictly for hobby or recreational purposes.
             66          Section 3. Section 63G-18-103 is enacted to read:
             67          63G-18-103. Warrant required -- Exceptions.
             68          A law enforcement agency may not obtain, receive, or use data acquired through an
             69      unmanned aerial vehicle unless the data is obtained:
             70          (1) pursuant to a search warrant;
             71          (2) in accordance with judicially recognized exceptions to warrant requirements; or
             72          (3) from a person who is a non-government actor.
             73          Section 4. Section 63G-18-104 is enacted to read:
             74          63G-18-104. Data retention.
             75          (1) Except as provided in this section, a law enforcement agency:
             76          (a) may not use, copy, or disclose data collected by an unmanned aerial vehicle on a
             77      person, structure, or area that is not a target; and
             78          (b) shall ensure that data described in Subsection (1)(a) is destroyed as soon as is
             79      reasonably possible after the law enforcement agency collects or receives the data.
             80          (2) A law enforcement agency is not required to comply with Subsection (1) if:
             81          (a) deleting the data would also require the deletion of data that:
             82          (i) relates to the target of the operation; and
             83          (ii) is requisite for the success of the operation;
             84          (b) the law enforcement agency receives the data:
             85          (i) through a court order that:
             86          (A) requires a person to release the data to the law enforcement agency; or
             87          (B) prohibits the destruction of the data; or


             88          (ii) from a person who is a non-government actor;
             89          (c) (i) the data was collected inadvertently; and
             90          (ii) the data appears to pertain to the commission of a crime;
             91          (d) (i) the law enforcement agency reasonably determines that the data pertains to an
             92      emergency situation; and
             93          (ii) using or disclosing the data would assist in remedying the emergency; or
             94          (e) the data was collected through the operation of an unmanned aerial vehicle over
             95      public lands outside of municipal boundaries.
             96          Section 5. Section 63G-18-105 is enacted to read:
             97          63G-18-105. Reporting.
             98          (1) (a) Except as provided by Subsection (1)(b), before March 31 of each year, a law
             99      enforcement agency that operated an unmanned aerial vehicle in the previous calendar year
             100      shall submit to the Utah Department of Public Safety, and make public on the law enforcement
             101      agency's website, a written report containing:
             102          (i) the number of times the law enforcement agency operated an unmanned aerial
             103      vehicle in the previous calendar year;
             104          (ii) the number of criminal investigations aided by the use of an unmanned aerial
             105      vehicle operated by the law enforcement agency in the previous calendar year;
             106          (iii) a description of how the unmanned aerial vehicle was helpful to each investigation
             107      described in Subsection (1)(a)(ii);
             108          (iv) the frequency with which data was collected, and the type of data collected, by an
             109      unmanned aerial vehicle operated by the law enforcement agency on any person, structure, or
             110      area other than a target in the previous calendar year;
             111          (v) the number of times a law enforcement agency received, from a person who is not a
             112      law enforcement agency, data collected by an unmanned aerial vehicle.
             113          (vi) the total cost of the unmanned aerial vehicle program operated by the law
             114      enforcement agency in the previous calendar year.
             115          (b) (i) A law enforcement agency that submits a report described in Subsection (1)(a)
             116      may exclude from the report information pertaining to an ongoing investigation.
             117          (ii) A law enforcement agency that excludes information under Subsection (1)(b)(i)
             118      from the report shall report the excluded information to the Utah Department of Public Safety


             119      on the annual report in the year following the year in which information was excluded.
             120          (2) Before May 31 of each year, the Utah Department of Public Safety shall, for all
             121      reports received under Subsection (1) during the previous calendar year:
             122          (a) transmit to the Government Operations Interim Committee and post on the
             123      department's website a report containing:
             124          (i) a summary of the information reported to the department;
             125          (ii) the total number of issued warrants authorizing the operation of an unmanned aerial
             126      vehicle; and
             127          (iii) the number of denied warrants for the operation of an unmanned aerial vehicle;
             128      and
             129          (b) post on the department's website each report the department received.
             130          Section 6. Statement of intent.
             131          This chapter is intended to govern the use of an unmanned aerial vehicle by a law
             132      enforcement agency. Nothing herein is intended to prohibit or impede the public and private
             133      research, development, or manufacture of unmanned aerial vehicles. Unmanned aerial vehicles
             134      will provide promising technological advances which, if properly developed, will prove
             135      beneficial to the health, safety, and welfare of the citizens of this state and greater society.


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