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S.B. 222

             1     

AUTOMATIC LICENSE PLATE READER SYSTEM

             2     
AMENDMENTS

             3     
2014 GENERAL SESSION

             4     
STATE OF UTAH

             5     
Chief Sponsor: Todd Weiler

             6     
House Sponsor: Daniel McCay

             7     
             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill modifies the Traffic Code by amending provisions relating to automatic
             11      license plate reader systems.
             12      Highlighted Provisions:
             13          This bill:
             14          .    amends definitions;
             15          .    provides that the restrictions on the use of an automatic license plate reader system
             16      only apply to a governmental entity;
             17          .    provides that a governmental entity may obtain, receive, or use privately held
             18      captured plate data only:
             19              .    pursuant to a warrant or a court order; and
             20              .    if the private automatic license plate reader system retains captured plate data
             21      for 30 days or fewer; and
             22          .    makes conforming changes.
             23      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             24          None
             25      Other Special Clauses:
             26          None
             27      Utah Code Sections Affected:


             28      AMENDS:
             29           41-6a-2002 , as enacted by Laws of Utah 2013, Chapter 447
             30           41-6a-2003 , as enacted by Laws of Utah 2013, Chapter 447
             31           41-6a-2004 , as enacted by Laws of Utah 2013, Chapter 447
             32           41-6a-2005 , as enacted by Laws of Utah 2013, Chapter 447
             33     
             34      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             35          Section 1. Section 41-6a-2002 is amended to read:
             36           41-6a-2002. Definitions.
             37          As used in this section:
             38          (1) "Automatic license plate reader system" means a system of one or more mobile or
             39      fixed automated high-speed cameras used in combination with computer algorithms to convert
             40      an image of a license plate into computer-readable data.
             41          (2) "Captured plate data" means the global positioning system coordinates, date and
             42      time, photograph, license plate number, and any other data captured by or derived from an
             43      automatic license plate reader system.
             44          (3) (a) "Governmental entity" [has the same meaning as defined in Section 63G-2-103 .]
             45      means:
             46          (i) executive department agencies of the state;
             47          (ii) the offices of the governor, the lieutenant governor, the state auditor, the attorney
             48      general, and the state treasurer;
             49          (iii) the Board of Pardons and Parole;
             50          (iv) the Board of Examiners;
             51          (v) the National Guard;
             52          (vi) the Career Service Review Office;
             53          (vii) the State Board of Education;
             54          (viii) the State Board of Regents;
             55          (ix) the State Archives;
             56          (x) the Office of the Legislative Auditor General;
             57          (xi) the Office of Legislative Fiscal Analyst;
             58          (xii) the Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel;


             59          (xiii) the Legislature;
             60          (xiv) legislative committees, except any political party, group, caucus, or rules or
             61      sifting committee of the Legislature;
             62          (xv) courts, the Judicial Council, the Office of the Court Administrator, and similar
             63      administrative units in the judicial branch;
             64          (xvi) any state-funded institution of higher education or public education; or
             65          (xvii) any political subdivision of the state.
             66          (b) "Governmental entity" includes:
             67          (i) every office, agency, board, bureau, committee, department, advisory board, or
             68      commission of an entity listed in Subsections (3)(a)(i) through (xvii) that is funded or
             69      established by the government to carry out the public's business; or
             70          (ii) a person acting as an agent of a governmental entity or acting on behalf of a
             71      governmental entity.
             72          (4) "Secured area" means an area, enclosed by clear boundaries, to which access is
             73      limited and not open to the public and entry is only obtainable through specific access-control
             74      points.
             75          Section 2. Section 41-6a-2003 is amended to read:
             76           41-6a-2003. Automatic license plate reader systems -- Restrictions.
             77          (1) Except as provided in Subsection (2), a [person or] governmental entity may not
             78      use an automatic license plate reader system.
             79          (2) An automatic license plate reader system may be used:
             80          (a) by a law enforcement agency for the purpose of protecting public safety, conducting
             81      criminal investigations, or ensuring compliance with local, state, and federal laws;
             82          (b) by a governmental parking enforcement entity for the purpose of enforcing state
             83      and local parking laws;
             84          (c) by a parking enforcement entity for regulating the use of a parking facility;
             85          (d) for the purpose of controlling access to a secured area;
             86          (e) for the purpose of collecting an electronic toll; or
             87          (f) for the purpose of enforcing motor carrier laws.
             88          Section 3. Section 41-6a-2004 is amended to read:
             89           41-6a-2004. Captured plate data -- Preservation and disclosure.


             90          (1) Captured plate data obtained for the purposes described in Section 41-6a-2003 :
             91          (a) in accordance with Section 63G-2-305 , is a protected record under Title 63G,
             92      Chapter 2, Government Records Access and Management Act, if the captured plate data is
             93      maintained by a governmental entity;
             94          (b) may not be used or shared for any purpose other than the purposes described in
             95      Section 41-6a-2003 ;
             96          (c) may not be preserved for more than [30 days by a private entity or] nine months by
             97      a governmental entity except pursuant to:
             98          (i) a preservation request under Section 41-6a-2005 ;
             99          (ii) a disclosure order under Subsection 41-6a-2005 (2); or
             100          (iii) a warrant issued under the Utah Rules of Criminal Procedure or an equivalent
             101      federal warrant; and
             102          (d) may only be disclosed:
             103          (i) in accordance with the disclosure requirements for a protected record under Section
             104      63G-2-202 ;
             105          (ii) pursuant to a disclosure order under Subsection 41-6a-2005 (2); or
             106          (iii) pursuant to a warrant issued under the Utah Rules of Criminal Procedure or an
             107      equivalent federal warrant.
             108          (2) (a) A [person or] governmental entity that is authorized to use an automatic license
             109      plate reader system under this part may not sell captured plate data for any purpose.
             110          (b) A [person or] governmental entity that is authorized to use an automatic license
             111      plate reader system under this part may not share captured plate date for a purpose not
             112      authorized under Subsection 41-6a-2003 (2).
             113          (c) Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, a governmental entity may preserve
             114      and disclose aggregate captured plate data for planning and statistical purposes if the
             115      information identifying a specific license plate is not preserved or disclosed.
             116          Section 4. Section 41-6a-2005 is amended to read:
             117           41-6a-2005. Preservation request.
             118          (1) A person or governmental entity using an automatic license plate reader system
             119      shall take all steps necessary to preserve captured plate data in its possession for 14 days after
             120      the date the data is captured pending the issuance of a court order requiring the disclosure of


             121      the captured plate data if a governmental entity or defendant in a criminal case requesting the
             122      captured plate data submits a written statement to the person or governmental entity using an
             123      automatic license plate reader system:
             124          (a) requesting the person or governmental entity to preserve the captured plate data;
             125          (b) identifying:
             126          (i) the camera or cameras for which captured plate data shall be preserved;
             127          (ii) the license plate for which captured plate data shall be preserved; or
             128          (iii) the dates and time frames for which captured plate data shall be preserved; and
             129          (c) notifying the person or governmental entity maintaining the captured plate data that
             130      the governmental entity or defendant in a criminal case is applying for a court order for
             131      disclosure of the captured plate data.
             132          (2) (a) A governmental entity or defendant in a criminal case may apply for a court
             133      order for the disclosure of captured plate data.
             134          (b) A court that is a court of competent jurisdiction shall issue a court order requiring
             135      the disclosure of captured plate data if the governmental entity or defendant in a criminal case
             136      offers specific and articulable facts showing that there are reasonable grounds to believe that
             137      the captured plate data is relevant and material to an ongoing criminal or missing person
             138      investigation.
             139          (3) Captured plate data that is the subject of an application for a disclosure order under
             140      Subsection (2) may be destroyed at the later of:
             141          (a) the date that an application for an order under Subsection (2) is denied and any
             142      appeal exhausted;
             143          (b) the end of 14 days, if the person or governmental entity does not otherwise preserve
             144      the captured plate data; or
             145          (c) the end of the period described in Subsection 41-6a-2004 (1)(c).
             146          (4) A governmental entity may obtain, receive, or use privately held captured plate data
             147      only:
             148          (a) (i) pursuant to a warrant issued using the procedures described in the Utah Rules of
             149      Criminal Procedure or an equivalent federal warrant; or
             150          (ii) using the procedure described in Subsection (2); and
             151          (b) if the private automatic license plate reader system retains captured plate data for


             152      30 days or fewer.




Legislative Review Note
    as of 2-19-14 5:05 PM


Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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