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First Substitute S.B. 75

Senator Gene Davis proposes to substitute the following bill:


             1     
IDENTITY FRAUD

             2     
2000 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Sponsor: Gene Davis

             5      AN ACT RELATING TO CRIMINAL CODE; AMENDING AUTHORITY OF THE DIVISION
             6      OF CONSUMER PROTECTION; MODIFYING DEFINITIONS; AMENDING THE
             7      CONSUMER SALES PRACTICES ACT; CREATING THE CRIMINAL OFFENSE OF
             8      IDENTITY FRAUD AND SPECIFYING EXCEPTIONS; PROVIDING INVESTIGATIVE AND
             9      PROSECUTORIAL POWERS, JURISDICTION, AND PUNISHMENT; AND PROVIDING
             10      THAT COURT MAKE APPROPRIATE FINDINGS THAT A PERSON WHOSE IDENTITY OR
             11      FINANCIAL TRANSACTION CARD WAS USED WITHOUT CONSENT TO COMMIT A
             12      CRIME DID NOT COMMIT THE CRIME.
             13      This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
             14      AMENDS:
             15          13-11-3, as last amended by Chapter 105, Laws of Utah 1987
             16          76-6-506.5, as last amended by Chapter 64, Laws of Utah 1998
             17      ENACTS:
             18          13-11-4.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             19          76-6-1101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             20          76-6-1102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             21          76-6-1103, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             22          76-6-1104, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             23      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             24          Section 1. Section 13-11-3 is amended to read:
             25           13-11-3. Definitions.


             26          As used in this chapter:
             27          (1) "Charitable solicitation" means any request directly or indirectly for money, credit,
             28      property, financial assistance, or any other thing of value on the plea or representation that it will
             29      be used for a charitable purpose. A charitable solicitation may be made in any manner, including:
             30          (a) any oral or written request, including a telephone request;
             31          (b) the distribution, circulation, or posting of any handbill, written advertisement, or
             32      publication;
             33          (c) the sale of, offer or attempt to sell, or request of donations for any book, card, chance,
             34      coupon, device, magazine, membership, merchandise, subscription, ticket, flower, flag, button,
             35      sticker, ribbon, token, trinket, tag, souvenir, candy, or any other article in connection with which
             36      any appeal is made for any charitable purpose, or where the name of any charitable organization
             37      or movement is used or referred to as an inducement or reason for making any purchase donation,
             38      or where, in connection with any sale or donation, any statement is made that the whole or any part
             39      of the proceeds of any sale or donation will go to or be donated to any charitable purpose. A
             40      charitable solicitation is considered complete when made, whether or not the organization or
             41      person making the solicitation receives any contribution or makes any sale.
             42          (2) "Consumer transaction" means a sale, lease, assignment, award by chance, or other
             43      written or oral transfer or disposition of goods, services, or other property, both tangible and
             44      intangible (except securities and insurance), including the use or misuse of personal identifying
             45      information of any person in relation to a consumer transaction to, or apparently to, a person for
             46      primarily personal, family, or household purposes, or for purposes that relate to a business
             47      opportunity that requires both his expenditure of money or property and his personal services on
             48      a continuing basis and in which he has not been previously engaged, or a solicitation or offer by
             49      a supplier with respect to any of these transfers or dispositions. It includes any offer or solicitation,
             50      any agreement, any performance of an agreement with respect to any of these transfers or
             51      dispositions, and any charitable solicitation as defined in this section.
             52          (3) "Enforcing authority" means the Division of Consumer Protection.
             53          (4) "Final judgment" means a judgment, including any supporting opinion, that determines
             54      the rights of the parties and concerning which appellate remedies have been exhausted or the time
             55      for appeal has expired.
             56          (5) "Person" means an individual, corporation, government, governmental subdivision or


             57      agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, association, cooperative, or any other legal entity.
             58          (6) "Supplier" means a seller, lessor, assignor, offeror, broker, or other person who
             59      regularly solicits, engages in, or enforces consumer transactions, whether or not he deals directly
             60      with the consumer.
             61          Section 2. Section 13-11-4.5 is enacted to read:
             62          13-11-4.5. Deceptive act or practice by person other than a supplier.
             63          (1) A deceptive act or practice by a person other than a supplier in connection with a
             64      consumer transaction violates this chapter when it occurs before, during, or after the transaction.
             65          (2) Without limiting the scope of Subsection (1), a person other than a supplier commits
             66      a deceptive act or practice if the person knowingly or intentionally, with fraudulent intent, obtains
             67      or records personal identifying information which would assist in accessing the financial resources
             68      or medical information in the name of another person or accesses or attempts to access the
             69      financial resources or medical information in the name of another person through the use of
             70      personal identifying information as defined in Title, 76, Chapter 6, Part 11, Identity Fraud Act.
             71          Section 3. Section 76-6-506.5 is amended to read:
             72           76-6-506.5. Financial transaction card offenses -- Classification -- Multiple
             73      violations.
             74          (1) Any person found guilty of unlawful conduct described in Section 76-6-506.2 ,
             75      76-6-506.4 , or 76-6-506.6 shall be punished for:
             76          (a) a class B misdemeanor when the value of the property, money, or thing obtained or
             77      sought to be obtained is less than $300;
             78          (b) a class A misdemeanor when the value of the property, money, or thing obtained or
             79      sought to be obtained is or exceeds $300 but is less than $1,000;
             80          (c) a third degree felony when the value of the property, money, or thing obtained or
             81      sought to be obtained is or exceeds $1,000 but is less than $5,000; and
             82          (d) a second degree felony when the value of the property, money, or thing obtained or
             83      sought to be obtained is or exceeds $5,000.
             84          (2) Multiple violations of Subsection 76-6-506.2 (1), Sections 76-6-506.4 , and 76-6-506.6
             85      may be aggregated into a single offense, and the degree of the offense is determined by the total
             86      value of all property, money, or things obtained or sought to be obtained through the multiple
             87      violations.


             88          (3) The court shall make appropriate findings in any prosecution under this section that
             89      the card holder did not commit the crime if:
             90          (a) another person uses the financial transaction card without the card holder's consent; and
             91          (b) that person commits a crime in addition to a financial transaction card offense with the
             92      card holder's financial transaction card.
             93          Section 4. Section 76-6-1101 is enacted to read:
             94     
Part 11. Identity Fraud Act

             95          76-6-1101. Identity fraud.
             96          This part is known as the "Identity Fraud Act."
             97          Section 5. Section 76-6-1102 is enacted to read:
             98          76-6-1102. Identity fraud crime.
             99          (1) For purposes of this part, "personal identifying information" may include:
             100          (a) name;
             101          (b) address;
             102          (c) telephone number;
             103          (d) driver's license number;
             104          (e) Social Security number;
             105          (f) place of employment;
             106          (g) employee identification numbers or other personal identification numbers;
             107          (h) mother's maiden name;
             108          (i) electronic identification numbers;
             109          (j) digital signatures or a private key; or
             110          (k) any other numbers or information that can be used to access a person's financial
             111      resources or medical information in the name of another person without the consent of that person
             112      except for numbers or information that can be prosecuted as financial transaction card offenses
             113      under Sections 76-6-506 through 76-6-506.4 .
             114          (2) A person is guilty of identity fraud when that person knowingly or intentionally:
             115          (a) obtains personal identifying information of another person without the authorization
             116      of that person; and
             117          (b) uses, or attempts to use, that information with fraudulent intent, including to obtain,
             118      or attempt to obtain, credit, goods, services, any other thing of value, or medical information in the


             119      name of another person without the consent of that person.
             120          (3) Identity fraud is:
             121          (a) a class B misdemeanor if the value of the credit, goods, services, or any other thing of
             122      value is less than $300;
             123          (b) a class A misdemeanor if:
             124          (i) a value cannot be determined and the personal identifying information has been used
             125      to obtain medical information in the name of another person without the consent of that person;
             126      or
             127          (ii) the value of the credit, goods, services, or any other thing of value is or exceeds $300
             128      but is less than $1,000;
             129          (c) a third degree felony if the value of the credit, goods, services, or any other thing of
             130      value is or exceeds $1,000 but is less than $5,000; or
             131          (d) a second degree felony if the value of the credit, goods, services, or any other thing of
             132      value is or exceeds $5,000.
             133          (4) Multiple violations within a 90-day period may be aggregated into a single offense, and
             134      the degree of the offense is determined by the total value of all credit, goods, services, or any other
             135      thing of value used, or attempted to be used, through the multiple violations.
             136          Section 6. Section 76-6-1103 is enacted to read:
             137          76-6-1103. Investigation, jurisdiction, and prima facie evidence of violation.
             138          (1) In any criminal proceeding brought pursuant to this section, the crime shall be
             139      considered to have been committed in any county in which any part of the identity fraud took
             140      place, regardless of whether the defendant was ever actually in that county.
             141          (2) The Division of Consumer Protection has responsibility for investigating violations of
             142      this part.
             143          (3) A criminal conviction under this part is prima facie evidence of a violation of Section
             144      13-11-4 , of the Utah Consumer Sales Practices Act.
             145          (4) Any violation of this part constitutes a violation of Section 13-11-4 , of the Utah
             146      Consumer Sales Practices Act.
             147          Section 7. Section 76-6-1104 is enacted to read:
             148          76-6-1104. Court records.
             149          In any case in which a person commits identify fraud and uses the personal identifying


             150      information obtained to commit a crime in addition to the identity fraud, the court shall make
             151      appropriate findings in any prosecution of such a crime that the person whose identity was falsely
             152      used to commit the crime did not commit the crime.


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