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H.B. 200

             1     

SALE OF SYNTHETIC CANNABINOIDS TO PERSONS

             2     
YOUNGER THAN NINETEEN

             3     
2011 GENERAL SESSION

             4     
STATE OF UTAH

             5     
Chief Sponsor: Johnny Anderson

             6     
Senate Sponsor: ____________

             7     
             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill modifies the Criminal Code prohibiting the sale, distribution, and other
             11      activities relating to products containing a synthetic cannabinoid to any person under 19
             12      years of age.
             13      Highlighted Provisions:
             14          This bill:
             15          .    provides advertising restrictions for products containing a synthetic cannabinoid;
             16          .    prohibits a person from providing a product containing a synthetic cannabinoid to
             17      any person under 19 years of age with a penalty of a class C misdemeanor for the
             18      first offense and a class B misdemeanor on the second and subsequent offenses,
             19      except for any nonprescription over-the-counter products that have been approved
             20      by the federal Food and Drug Administration;
             21          .    provides a penalty for an 18 year old person who buys or attempts to buy, accepts,
             22      or has in the person's possession a product containing a synthetic cannabinoid;
             23          .    provides that a person under the age of 18 is subject to the jurisdiction of the
             24      juvenile court and provides a penalty if that person buys or attempts to buy, accepts,
             25      or has in the person's possession a product containing a synthetic cannabinoid;
             26          .    requires direct, face to face sale of products containing a synthetic cannabinoid with
             27      specified exceptions; and


             28          .    prohibits a gift or distribution of free products containing a synthetic cannabinoid
             29      with certain exceptions.
             30      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             31          None
             32      Other Special Clauses:
             33          None
             34      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             35      AMENDS:
             36          76-10-101, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 114
             37          76-10-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1986, Chapter 66
             38          76-10-104, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 114
             39          76-10-104.1, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 316
             40          76-10-105, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 114
             41          76-10-105.1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 114
             42          76-10-111, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 114
             43          76-10-112, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1989, Chapter 193
             44     
             45      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             46          Section 1. Section 76-10-101 is amended to read:
             47           76-10-101. Definitions.
             48          As used in this part:
             49          (1) "Cigar" means a product that contains nicotine, is intended to be burned under
             50      ordinary conditions of use, and consists of any roll of tobacco wrapped in leaf tobacco, or in
             51      any substance containing tobacco, other than any roll of tobacco that is a cigarette as described
             52      in Subsection (2).
             53          (2) "Cigarette" means a product that contains nicotine, is intended to be burned under
             54      ordinary conditions of use, and consists of:
             55          (a) any roll of tobacco wrapped in paper or in any substance not containing tobacco; or
             56          (b) any roll of tobacco wrapped in any substance containing tobacco which, because of
             57      its appearance, the type of tobacco used in the filler, or its packaging and labeling, is likely to
             58      be offered to, or purchased by, consumers as a cigarette described in Subsection (2)(a).


             59          (3) "Electronic cigarette" means any device, other than a cigarette or cigar, intended to
             60      deliver vapor containing nicotine into a person's respiratory system.
             61          (4) "Place of business" includes:
             62          (a) a shop;
             63          (b) a store;
             64          (c) a factory;
             65          (d) a public garage;
             66          (e) an office;
             67          (f) a theater;
             68          (g) a recreation hall;
             69          (h) a dance hall;
             70          (i) a poolroom;
             71          (j) a café;
             72          (k) a cafeteria;
             73          (l) a cabaret;
             74          (m) a restaurant;
             75          (n) a hotel;
             76          (o) a lodging house;
             77          (p) a streetcar;
             78          (q) a bus;
             79          (r) an interurban or railway passenger coach;
             80          (s) a waiting room; and
             81          (t) any other place of business.
             82          (5) "Smoking" means the possession of any lighted cigar, cigarette, pipe, or other
             83      lighted smoking equipment.
             84          (6) "Synthetic cannabinoid" means any of the following chemical compounds from a
             85      natural or synthetic source:
             86          (a) AM-694; 1-[(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-indol-3-yl]-(2-iodophenyl)methanone;
             87          (b) CP 47,497 and its C6, C8, and C9 homologs;
             88      2-[(1R,3S)-3-hydroxycyclohexyl]-5-(2-methyloctan-2-yl)phenol;
             89          (c) HU-210; (6aR,10aR)-9-(hydroxymethyl)-6,6-dimethyl-3-(2-methyloctan-2-yl)


             90      -6a,7,10,10a-tetrahydrobenzo[c] chromen-1-ol;
             91          (d) HU-211; Dexanabinol, (6aS,10aS)-9-(hydroxymethyl)-6,6-dimethyl-3-
             92      (2-methyloctan-2-yl) -6a,7,10,10a-tetrahydrobenzo[c]chromen-1-ol;
             93          (e) JWH-015; (2-methyl-1-propyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-1-naphthalenyl-methanone;
             94          (f) JWH-018; Naphthalen-1-yl-(pentylindol-3-yl)methanone {also known as
             95      1-Pentyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole};
             96          (g) JWH-019; 1-hexyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole;
             97          (h) JWH-073; Naphthalen-1-yl(1-butylindol-3yl)methanone {also known as
             98      1-Butyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole};
             99          (i) JWH-081; 4-methoxynaphthalen- 1-yl- (1-pentylindol- 3-yl)methanone;
             100          (j) JWH-122; CAS#619294-47-2; (1-Pentyl-3-(4-methyl-1-naphthoyl)indole);
             101          (k) JWH-200; 1-(2-(4-(morpholinyl)ethyl))-3-(1-naphthoyl) indole;
             102          (l) JWH-250; 1-pentyl-3-(2-methoxyphenylacetyl)indole;
             103          (m) JWH-251; 2-(2- methylphenyl)-1-(1- pentyl-1H- indol-3-yl)- ethanone;
             104          (n) JWH-398; [1-pentyl-3-(4-chloro-1-naphthoyl)indole; and
             105          (o) RCS-8; [1-(2-cyclohexylethyl)-3-(2-methoxyphenylacetyl)indole {also known as
             106      BTW-8 and SR-18].
             107          Section 2. Section 76-10-102 is amended to read:
             108           76-10-102. Cigarettes, tobacco, and synthetic cannabinoids -- Advertising
             109      restrictions -- Warnings in smokeless tobacco advertisements.
             110          (1) It is a class B misdemeanor for any person to display on any billboard, streetcar
             111      sign, streetcar, bus, placard, or on any other object or place of display, any advertisement of
             112      cigarettes, cigarette papers, cigars, chewing tobacco, [or] smoking tobacco, any product
             113      containing a synthetic cannabinoid, or any disguise or substitute of [either] these products,
             114      except that a dealer in cigarettes, cigarette papers, tobacco or cigars, or their substitutes, may
             115      have a sign on the front of [his] the place of business stating that [he is a dealer in] the business
             116      sells these articles; provided that [nothing herein shall be construed to] this section does not
             117      prohibit the advertising of cigarettes, cigarette papers, chewing tobacco or smoking tobacco, or
             118      any substitute of either, in any newspaper, magazine, or periodical printed or circulating in this
             119      state.
             120          (2) Any advertisement for smokeless tobacco placed in a newspaper, magazine, or


             121      periodical published in this state must bear a warning which states: "Use of smokeless tobacco
             122      may cause oral cancer and other mouth disorders and is addictive." This warning must be in a
             123      conspicuous location and in conspicuous and legible type, in contrast with the typography,
             124      layout, and color of all other printed material in the advertisement. For purposes of this
             125      subsection, "smokeless tobacco" means any finely cut, ground, powdered, or leaf tobacco that
             126      is intended to be placed in the oral cavity or nasal passage. In the event the United States
             127      Congress passes legislation which requires warnings in advertisements of smokeless tobacco,
             128      the specific language required to be placed in advertisements by that legislation shall take
             129      precedence over this subsection.
             130          Section 3. Section 76-10-104 is amended to read:
             131           76-10-104. Providing a cigar, cigarette, electronic cigarette, tobacco, or synthetic
             132      cannabinoid products to a minor -- Penalties.
             133          (1) Any person who knowingly, intentionally, recklessly, or with criminal negligence
             134      provides any cigar, cigarette, electronic cigarette, [or] tobacco in any form, or a product
             135      containing a synthetic cannabinoid to any person under 19 years of age, is guilty of a class C
             136      misdemeanor on the first offense, a class B misdemeanor on the second offense, and a class A
             137      misdemeanor on subsequent offenses.
             138          (2) For purposes of this section "provides":
             139          (a) includes selling, giving, furnishing, sending, or causing to be sent; and
             140          (b) does not include the acts of the United States Postal Service or other common
             141      carrier when engaged in the business of transporting and delivering packages for others or the
             142      acts of a person, whether compensated or not, who transports or delivers a package for another
             143      person without any reason to know of the package's content.
             144          (3) This section does not apply to nonprescription over-the-counter drugs approved by
             145      the federal Food and Drug Administration.
             146          Section 4. Section 76-10-104.1 is amended to read:
             147           76-10-104.1. Providing tobacco or synthetic cannabinoid paraphernalia to minors
             148      -- Penalties.
             149          (1) For purposes of this section:
             150          (a) "Provides":
             151          (i) includes selling, giving, furnishing, sending, or causing to be sent; and


             152          (ii) does not include the acts of the United States Postal Service or other common
             153      carrier when engaged in the business of transporting and delivering packages for others or the
             154      acts of a person, whether compensated or not, who transports or delivers a package for another
             155      person without any reason to know of the package's content.
             156          (b) "Tobacco or synthetic cannabinoid paraphernalia":
             157          (i) means any equipment, product, or material used, or intended for use to package,
             158      repackage, store, contain, conceal, ingest, inhale, or otherwise introduce a cigar, cigarette, [or]
             159      tobacco, or any product containing a synthetic cannabinoid in any form into the human body,
             160      including:
             161          (A) metal, wooden, acrylic, glass, stone, plastic, or ceramic pipes with or without
             162      screens, permanent screens, hashish heads, or punctured metal bowls;
             163          (B) water pipes;
             164          (C) carburetion tubes and devices;
             165          (D) smoking and carburetion masks;
             166          (E) roach clips: meaning objects used to hold burning material, such as a cigarette, that
             167      has become too small or too short to be held in the hand;
             168          (F) chamber pipes;
             169          (G) carburetor pipes;
             170          (H) electric pipes;
             171          (I) air-driven pipes;
             172          (J) chillums;
             173          (K) bongs; and
             174          (L) ice pipes or chillers; and
             175          (ii) does not include matches or lighters.
             176          (2) Any person who knowingly, intentionally, recklessly, or with criminal negligence
             177      provides any tobacco paraphernalia to any person under 19 years of age[,] is guilty of a class C
             178      misdemeanor on the first offense and a class B misdemeanor on subsequent offenses.
             179          Section 5. Section 76-10-105 is amended to read:
             180           76-10-105. Buying or possessing a cigar, cigarette, electronic cigarette, tobacco,
             181      or product containing a synthetic cannabinoid by a minor -- Penalty -- Compliance
             182      officer authority -- Juvenile court jurisdiction.


             183          (1) Any 18 year old person who buys or attempts to buy, accepts, or has in the person's
             184      possession any cigar, cigarette, electronic cigarette, [or] tobacco, or product containing a
             185      synthetic cannabinoid in any form is guilty of a class C misdemeanor and subject to:
             186          (a) a minimum fine or penalty of $60; and
             187          (b) participation in a court-approved [tobacco] education program, which may include
             188      a participation fee.
             189          (2) Any person under the age of 18 who buys or attempts to buy, accepts, or has in the
             190      person's possession any cigar, cigarette, electronic cigarette, [or] tobacco, or product containing
             191      a synthetic cannabinoid in any form is subject to the jurisdiction of the Juvenile Court and:
             192          (a) a minimum fine or penalty of $60; and
             193          (b) participation in a court-approved [tobacco] education program, which may include
             194      a participation fee.
             195          (3) A compliance officer appointed by a board of education under Section 53A-3-402
             196      may issue citations for violations of this section committed on school property. Cited
             197      violations shall be reported to the appropriate juvenile court.
             198          Section 6. Section 76-10-105.1 is amended to read:
             199           76-10-105.1. Requirement of direct, face-to-face sale of tobacco products,
             200      electronic cigarettes, and products containing a synthetic cannabinoid -- Supremacy
             201      clause -- Penalties.
             202          (1) As used in this section:
             203          (a) "Cigarette tobacco" means a product that consists of loose tobacco that contains or
             204      delivers nicotine and is intended for use by a consumer in a cigarette.
             205          (b) "Pipe tobacco" means a product that consists of loose tobacco that contains or
             206      delivers nicotine and is intended to be smoked by a consumer in a pipe.
             207          (c) "Retailer" means a person who sells cigarettes, electronic cigarettes, cigars,
             208      cigarette tobacco, pipe tobacco, or smokeless tobacco to individuals for personal consumption
             209      or who operates a facility where a vending machine or a self-service display is permitted under
             210      Subsection (3)(b).
             211          (d) "Self-service display" means a display of cigarettes, electronic cigarettes, cigars,
             212      cigarette tobacco, pipe tobacco, or smokeless tobacco products to which the public has access
             213      without the intervention of a retail employee.


             214          (e) "Smokeless tobacco" means a product that consists of cut, ground, powdered, or
             215      leaf tobacco that contains nicotine and that is intended to be placed in the oral cavity.
             216          (f) "Synthetic cannabinoid" has the same definition as in Section 76-10-101 and may
             217      also be referred to or marketed under names such as K2, Spike 99, Yucatan Fire, Spice, Genie,
             218      or Zohai. Synthetic cannabinoids are often sprayed onto herbs or other substances and when
             219      smoked or ingested can produce a high similar to marijuana.
             220          (2) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (3), a retailer may sell cigarettes, electronic
             221      cigarettes, cigars, cigarette tobacco, pipe tobacco, [and] smokeless tobacco, and products
             222      containing a synthetic cannabinoid only in a direct, face-to-face exchange between:
             223          (i) an employee of the retailer; and
             224          (ii) the purchaser.
             225          (b) Examples of methods that are not permitted include vending machines and
             226      self-service displays.
             227          (c) Subsections (2)(a) and (b) do not prohibit the use or display of locked cabinets
             228      containing cigarettes, electronic cigarettes, cigars, cigarette tobacco, pipe tobacco, [or]
             229      smokeless tobacco, or products containing a synthetic cannabinoid if the locked cabinets are
             230      accessible only to the retailer or the retailer's employees.
             231          (3) The following sales are permitted as exceptions to Subsection (2):
             232          (a) mail-order sales, if the provisions of Section 59-14-509 are met;
             233          (b) sales from vending machines, including vending machines that sell packaged,
             234      single cigarettes or cigars, and self-service displays that are located in a separate and defined
             235      area within a facility where the retailer ensures that no person younger than 19 years of age is
             236      present, or permitted to enter, at any time, unless accompanied by a parent or legal guardian;
             237      and
             238          (c) sales by a retailer from a retail store which derives at least 80% of its revenue from
             239      tobacco and tobacco related products and where the retailer ensures that no person younger
             240      than 19 years of age is present, or permitted to enter at any time, unless accompanied by a
             241      parent or legal guardian.
             242          (4) Any ordinance, regulation, or rule adopted by the governing body of a political
             243      subdivision of the state or by a state agency that affects the sale, placement, or display of
             244      cigarettes, electronic cigarettes, cigars, cigarette tobacco, pipe tobacco, [or] smokeless tobacco,


             245      or products containing a synthetic cannabinoid that is not essentially identical to the provisions
             246      of this section and Section 76-10-102 is superseded.
             247          (5) (a) A parent or legal guardian who accompanies a person younger than 19 years of
             248      age into an area described in Subsection (3)(b) or into a retail store as described in Subsection
             249      (3)(c) and permits the person younger than 19 years of age to purchase or otherwise take a
             250      cigar, cigarette, electronic cigarette, [or] tobacco in any form, or any product containing a
             251      synthetic cannabinoid is guilty of providing tobacco as provided for in Section 76-10-104 and
             252      the penalties provided for in that section.
             253          (b) Nothing in this section may be construed as permitting a person to provide tobacco
             254      or a product containing a synthetic cannabinoid to a minor in violation of Section 76-10-104 .
             255          (6) Violation of Subsection (2) or (3) is a:
             256          (a) class C misdemeanor on the first offense;
             257          (b) class B misdemeanor on the second offense; and
             258          (c) class A misdemeanor on the third and all subsequent offenses.
             259          Section 7. Section 76-10-111 is amended to read:
             260           76-10-111. Prohibition of gift or free distribution of smokeless tobacco or
             261      electronic cigarettes -- Exceptions.
             262          (1) The Legislature finds that:
             263          (a) smokeless tobacco, or chewing tobacco, is harmful to the health of individuals who
             264      use those products because research indicates that they may cause mouth or oral cancers;
             265          (b) the use of smokeless tobacco among juveniles in this state is increasing rapidly;
             266          (c) the use of electronic cigarettes may lead to unhealthy behavior such as the use of
             267      tobacco products; and
             268          (d) it is necessary to restrict the gift of the products described in this Subsection (1) in
             269      the interest of the health of the citizens of this state.
             270          (2) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (3), it is unlawful for a manufacturer,
             271      wholesaler, and retailer to give or distribute without charge any smokeless tobacco, chewing
             272      tobacco, [or] electronic cigarette, or product containing a synthetic cannabinoid in this state.
             273          (b) Any person who violates this [section] Subsection (2) is guilty of a class C
             274      misdemeanor for the first offense, and is guilty of a class B misdemeanor for any subsequent
             275      offense.


             276          (3) (a) Smokeless tobacco, chewing tobacco, [or] an electronic cigarette, or any product
             277      containing a synthetic cannabinoid may be distributed to adults without charge at professional
             278      conventions where the general public is excluded.
             279          (b) Subsection (2) does not apply to a retailer, manufacturer, or distributor who gives
             280      smokeless tobacco, chewing tobacco, [or] an electronic cigarette, or any product containing a
             281      synthetic cannabinoid to a person of legal age upon the person's purchase of another tobacco
             282      product or electronic cigarette.
             283          Section 8. Section 76-10-112 is amended to read:
             284           76-10-112. Prohibition of distribution of cigarettes, other tobacco products, or
             285      products containing synthetic cannabinoids -- Exceptions.
             286          (1) Except as provided in Subsection (2), it is unlawful for a manufacturer, wholesaler,
             287      or retailer to give or distribute cigarettes [or], other tobacco products, or products containing a
             288      synthetic cannabinoid in this state without charge. Any person who violates this subsection is
             289      guilty of a class C misdemeanor for the first offense and a class B misdemeanor for any
             290      subsequent offense.
             291          (2) Cigarettes [and], other tobacco products, and products containing synthetic
             292      cannabinoids may be distributed to adults without charge at professional conventions where the
             293      general public is excluded.
             294          (3) The prohibition described in Subsection (1) does not apply to retailers,
             295      manufacturers, or distributors who give cigarettes [or], other tobacco products, or a product
             296      containing a synthetic cannabinoid to persons of legal age upon their purchase of cigarettes or
             297      other tobacco products.




Legislative Review Note
    as of 12-2-10 2:20 PM


Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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