During the 2011 General Session, the Legislature consolidated several programs into the Enhancement for At-Risk Students. This consolidation took effect at the beginning of FY 2012 and is intended to simplify the number of at-risk programs within the Minimum School Program. Funding is used by schools to "improve the academic achievement of students who are at risk of academic failure"(House Bill 2, 2011 General Session).
Programs consolidated into the Enhancement program include: Interventions for Student Success Block Grant, Highly Impacted Schools, and English Language Learner Family Literacy Centers. Programs within the Youth At-Risk Programs were divided into two categories. The Gang Prevention, Homeless & Disadvantaged Minority, Math Engineering & Science Achievement (MESA), and the At-Risk Regular Program are now part of the Enhancement for At-Risk Students. Youth-in-Custody remains an independent program to maintain program transparency and accountability.
This consolidation removed all prior program definitions, restrictions, and objectives. The State Board of Education was directed by the Legislature to develop a formula to distribute the funding to school districts and charter schools. In addition, the State Board of Education "shall develop performance criteria to measure the effectiveness of the Enhancement for At-Risk Students Program and make an annual report to the Public Education Appropriations Subcommittee on the effectiveness of the program" (House Bill 2, 2011 General Session).
The Legislature directed the State Board of Education to use several factors in distributing funding to school districts and charter schools. These factors include: low performance on U-PASS tests, poverty, mobility, and limited English Proficiency.
The statute also directs $1.2 million to support gang prevention activities. School districts and charter schools may apply to the State Board of Education to receive an allocation under this program.
During the 2015 General Session, the Legislature appropriated for Fiscal Year 2016, $25,681,000 from all sources for Enhancement for At-Risk Students. This is a 5.4 percent increase from Fiscal Year 2015 revised estimated amounts from all sources. The total includes $25,681,000 from the General/Education Funds, an increase of 5.4 percent from revised Fiscal Year 2015 estimates.
In addition to statewide compensation and internal service fund cost increases, the following appropriation adjustments were made during the 2015 General Session:
Statute requires the State Board of Education to report annually to the Public Education Appropriations Subcommittee on the effectiveness of the program. Board rule requires school districts and charter schools to annually report "the following performance criteria for students at-risk of academic failure: (1) student attendance information as defined by the USOE; (2) graduation rate; (3) gains in language proficiency as measured by Utah Academic Language Proficiency Assessment (UALPA); (4) gains in reading/language arts proficiency as measured by Criterion-Referenced Tests (CRT); and (5) gains in mathematics proficiency as measured by CRT" (Board Rule R277-708-4).
The following statute was passed during the 2011 General Session and governs the Enhancement for At-Risk Students Program.
- UCA 53A-17a-166 -- details the Enhancement for At-Risk Students program, including objective, funding distribution, restrictions, and reporting
Administrative Rule R277-708 was passed by the State Board of Education. The rule includes the program formula and accountability provisions required by the Legislature.
The Legislature intends that the State Board of Education review the Pupil Transportation Allocation Formula and recommend ways to improve the formula to increase efficiency, simplify allocation methodology to school districts, and provide incentives for alternative transportation methods. The Legislature further intends that the State Board of Education report its recommendations to the Education Interim Committee and the Public Education Appropriations Subcommittee by October 31, 2015.
HB0002: Item 2
The Legislature intends that the State Board of Education and State Board of Regents provide joint recommendations on how to ensure that each concurrent enrollment course is taught by a qualified instructor, that credits earned by students count towards major and minor degree requirements at state colleges and universities, and that students are advised on the transferability of credits to private and out of state institutions. The Legislature also intends that these recommendations be reported to the Education Interim Committee and the Public Education Appropriations Committee by October 31, 2015.
Please refer to the individual programs identified above for historical funding. The amount appropriated in FY 2012 includes the total ongoing funding for each program found in the FY 2011 budget, including $4,518,707 from Highly Impacted Schools, $9,383,641 from At-Risk Students, $1,764,000 from English Language Learning Family Literacy Centers, and $6,765,925 from the Interventions for Student Success Block Grant.
COBI contains unaudited data as presented to the Legislature by state agencies at the time of publication. For audited financial data see the State of Utah's Comprehensive Annual Financial Reports.